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Insignia: Journal of International Relations
ISSN : 20891962     EISSN : 25979868     DOI : -
Core Subject : Humanities, Art,
Insignia Journal of International Relations is published biannually (April & November) by Laboratorium of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Jenderal Soedirman University. This journal contains articles or publications from all issues of International Relations such as: International Politics, Foreign Policy, Security Studies, International Political Economy, Transnational Studies, Area Studies & Non-traditional Issues.
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Articles 158 Documents
Islam dan Perilaku Politik di Timur Tengah Darmawan, Arief Bakhtiar
Insignia Journal of International Relations Vol 5 No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Laboratorium Hubungan Internasional, FISIP, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This paper aims to analyze religion’s roles related to the political activities in the contemporary Middle East. Constructivism is a framework that offers the way to understand the phenomenon. Constructivism provides a place for the influence of non-material factors such as the value, identity, and purpose of actor behavior in politics. This study used descriptive-interpretative method to acknowledge the problem formulation. Through the lenght of descriptive-interpretative method, author carried out data management, unification, and examination by exertly looking for patterns and relations regarding the role of Islam in political activities in Middle-East. In this article, the author examines through two levels of analysis, ie state level and regional level. At the state level, Islamic political ideology grows in a modern state and often confronts democracy. The debate over the application of Islamic law, the involvement in elections, and the adaptation of Islamic justice principles and the principle of equality are the discourses that characterize political activity in the Middle East. At the regional level, Islam exerts impact in foreign policy in the region. The regional tensions between Sunni and Shiite groups, the resistance in the context of jihad, and the emergence of ISIS are part of the conflict that contributes to regional instability. These political behaviors shows that Islam is not a religion with a single interpretation. Keywords: Islam, Middle East, constructivism, modern states, foreign policy Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis peran atau pengaruh Islam dalam aktivitas politik di kawasan Timur Tengah terkini. Konstruktivisme merupakan kerangka pemikiran yang menyediakan jalan untuk memahami fenomena tersebut. Konstruktivisme memberi tempat bagi pengaruh faktor-faktor non-material seperti nilai, identitas, dan maksud dari perilaku aktor dalam dunia politik. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif-interpretatif untuk menjawab rumusan masalah. Melalui pendekatan deskriptif-interpretatif, penulis melakukan pengaturan, penyatuan, dan pemeriksaan data dengan berupaya mencari pola dan relasi mengenai peran atau pengaruh Islam dalam aktivitas politik di Timur Tengah. Dalam artikel ini, penulis meneliti melalui dua level analisis, yaitu level negara dan level regional. Dalam level negara, ideologi politik Islam tumbuh dalam negara modern dan seringkali berhadapan dengan demokrasi. Perdebatan mengenai penerapan syariat Islam, keterlibatan dalam pemilihan umum, serta penyesuaian prinsip keadilan Islam dan prinsip persamaan hak merupakan diskursus yang mewarnai aktivitas politik di Timur Tengah. Dalam level regional, Islam memberi pengaruh dalam politik luar negeri di kawasan. Ketegangan regional antara kelompok Sunni dan Syiah, perlawanan dalam konteks jihad, serta kemunculan ISIS adalah bagian dari konflik yang menyumbang ketidakstabilan kawasan. Perilaku-perilaku politik tersebut menunjukkan bahwa Islam bukan agama dengan makna yang tunggal. Kata kunci: Islam, Timur Tengah, konstruktivisme, negara modern, politik luar negeri
Intractable Conflict in Southern Thailand Enny Fathurachmi
Insignia: Journal of International Relations Vol 1 No 01 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Laboratorium Hubungan Internasional, FISIP, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.254 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.ins.2014.1.01.414

Abstract

Konflik di Thailand Selatan antara pemerintah Thailand dan kelompok muslim Pattani menjadi satu gambaran konflik berkepanjangan ketika tidak adanya pihak ketiga yang menjadi mediator dalam konflik ini. Jika dilihat dari durasinya, tuduhan satu dengan lainnya pada pihak yang berkonflik dan kematangan dari konflik itu sendiri maka, konflik Thailand Selatan sudah dapat dikategorikan sebagai intractability conflict. Kondisi konflik Thailand Selatan menjadi potret ketidakmaksimalan negosiasi yang dilakukan oleh kedua belah pihak berkonflik tanpa ada pihak ketiga yang menjadi mediator. Tulisan ini menawarkan strategi lain yang dapat dipergunakan dalam penyelesaian konflik dengan melibatkan pihak ketiga. Kata-kata Kunci: Intractability Conflict, Thailand Selatan, resolusi konflik, pihak ketiga
Intractable Conflict in Southern Thailand Fathurachmi, Enny
Insignia: Journal of International Relations Vol 1 No 01 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Laboratorium Hubungan Internasional, FISIP, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.254 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.ins.2014.1.01.414

Abstract

Konflik di Thailand Selatan antara pemerintah Thailand dan kelompok muslim Pattani menjadi satu gambaran konflik berkepanjangan ketika tidak adanya pihak ketiga yang menjadi mediator dalam konflik ini. Jika dilihat dari durasinya, tuduhan satu dengan lainnya pada pihak yang berkonflik dan kematangan dari konflik itu sendiri maka, konflik Thailand Selatan sudah dapat dikategorikan sebagai intractability conflict. Kondisi konflik Thailand Selatan menjadi potret ketidakmaksimalan negosiasi yang dilakukan oleh kedua belah pihak berkonflik tanpa ada pihak ketiga yang menjadi mediator. Tulisan ini menawarkan strategi lain yang dapat dipergunakan dalam penyelesaian konflik dengan melibatkan pihak ketiga. Kata-kata Kunci: Intractability Conflict, Thailand Selatan, resolusi konflik, pihak ketiga
Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia dan Malaysia Terhadap China di Era Perang Dingin Nabil Ahmad Fauzi
Insignia: Journal of International Relations Vol 1 No 01 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Laboratorium Hubungan Internasional, FISIP, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1299.834 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.ins.2014.1.01.426

Abstract

Since the proclamation on the 1st October 1949, the People's Republic of China has gained an important role in international relations after World War II. The success of communism conquered China, has changed the dynamics of competition between the United States and the Soviet Union that lead the Western Bloc and the Eastern Bloc. The situation has forced the newly independent states in this era, like Indonesia and Malaysia, to determine their position. In addition to facing the same international politics pressures, the two countries also have relations in the domestic issues related to China, namely the existence of the local Communist Party and ethnic of "Chinese overseas". The external and domestic factors that ultimately affect the choice of the countries' foreign policy towards China. This article attempts to identify and explore the factors that influence the similarities and differences in Indonesia and Malaysia foreign policy towards China using the approach threat perception, leader perception and domestic legitimacy within the framework of neo-classical realism. This article is expected to provide scientific contributions to understanding the comparison of Indonesia and Malaysia foreign policy towards China. Keywords: Indonesia and Malaysia foreign policy, the existence of China, Cold War era, threatperception, leader perception, domestic legitimacy, neo-classical realism
Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia dan Malaysia Terhadap China di Era Perang Dingin
Insignia: Journal of International Relations Vol 1 No 01 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Laboratorium Hubungan Internasional, FISIP, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1299.834 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.ins.2014.1.01.426

Abstract

Since the proclamation on the 1st October 1949, the People's Republic of China has gained an important role in international relations after World War II. The success of communism conquered China, has changed the dynamics of competition between the United States and the Soviet Union that lead the Western Bloc and the Eastern Bloc. The situation has forced the newly independent states in this era, like Indonesia and Malaysia, to determine their position. In addition to facing the same international politics pressures, the two countries also have relations in the domestic issues related to China, namely the existence of the local Communist Party and ethnic of "Chinese overseas". The external and domestic factors that ultimately affect the choice of the countries' foreign policy towards China. This article attempts to identify and explore the factors that influence the similarities and differences in Indonesia and Malaysia foreign policy towards China using the approach threat perception, leader perception and domestic legitimacy within the framework of neo-classical realism. This article is expected to provide scientific contributions to understanding the comparison of Indonesia and Malaysia foreign policy towards China. Keywords: Indonesia and Malaysia foreign policy, the existence of China, Cold War era, threatperception, leader perception, domestic legitimacy, neo-classical realism
Investasi Asing di Kalimantan Timur dalam Kerjasama Bilateral: Tinjauan Melalui Perspektif Rational Choice Rahmah Daniah
Insignia: Journal of International Relations Vol 1 No 01 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Laboratorium Hubungan Internasional, FISIP, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1425.277 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.ins.2014.1.01.427

Abstract

Natural resources (SDA) potential in East Kalimantan (Kal-Tim) has a significant value, such as high income-tax local, until investors attended, specifically South Korea and Rusia. This article elaborates the concept of “Rational Choice”, which is analysis about cost, benefit, risk and how to minimize risk host country in alternative decisions. Therefore, as argued in this article, investors had positive and negative impacts to local development. Keywords : East Kalimantan, Impact, Investor, Rational Choice
Investasi Asing di Kalimantan Timur dalam Kerjasama Bilateral: Tinjauan Melalui Perspektif Rational Choice
Insignia: Journal of International Relations Vol 1 No 01 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Laboratorium Hubungan Internasional, FISIP, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1425.277 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.ins.2014.1.01.427

Abstract

Natural resources (SDA) potential in East Kalimantan (Kal-Tim) has a significant value, such as high income-tax local, until investors attended, specifically South Korea and Rusia. This article elaborates the concept of “Rational Choice”, which is analysis about cost, benefit, risk and how to minimize risk host country in alternative decisions. Therefore, as argued in this article, investors had positive and negative impacts to local development. Keywords : East Kalimantan, Impact, Investor, Rational Choice
The Compatibility of International Law and Islamic Law (Shari'a): A Case Study of Indonesia Nuriyeni Kartika Bintarsari
Insignia: Journal of International Relations Vol 1 No 01 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Laboratorium Hubungan Internasional, FISIP, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (733.143 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.ins.2014.1.01.428

Abstract

Tulisan ini menganalisa apakah ada persamaan antara hukum internasional yang bersumber dari Barat dan hukum Islam (Syariah) yang banyak diterapkan di negara-negara dengan mayoritas penduduk beragama Islam antara lain Negara-negara di Timur Tengah, sebagian Afrika (NegaranegaraMagribi), dan sebagian negara di Asia Tenggara antara lain Indonesia, Malaysia dan Brunei Darussalam. Hukum internasional dan Hukum Islam (Shari’a) memiliki persamaan mendasar dalam hal hak asasi manusia terutama jika dikaitkan dengan perlakuan yang sama apapun jenis kelaminnya. Tulisan ini mencoba menganalisa persamaan antara hukum internasional dan hukum Islam terkait hak-hak perempuan dalam pernikahan. Propinsi Aceh, Propinsi Sulawesi Selatan dan Propinsi Jawa Barat adalah 3 (tiga) propinsi di Indonesia yang menjadi studi kasus dari tulisan ini. Kata-kata kunci: Indonesia, Hukum Internasional, Hukum Islam (Syariah), Hak -hak perempuan
The Compatibility of International Law and Islamic Law (Shari'a): A Case Study of Indonesia
Insignia: Journal of International Relations Vol 1 No 01 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Laboratorium Hubungan Internasional, FISIP, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (733.143 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.ins.2014.1.01.428

Abstract

Tulisan ini menganalisa apakah ada persamaan antara hukum internasional yang bersumber dari Barat dan hukum Islam (Syariah) yang banyak diterapkan di negara-negara dengan mayoritas penduduk beragama Islam antara lain Negara-negara di Timur Tengah, sebagian Afrika (NegaranegaraMagribi), dan sebagian negara di Asia Tenggara antara lain Indonesia, Malaysia dan Brunei Darussalam. Hukum internasional dan Hukum Islam (Shari’a) memiliki persamaan mendasar dalam hal hak asasi manusia terutama jika dikaitkan dengan perlakuan yang sama apapun jenis kelaminnya. Tulisan ini mencoba menganalisa persamaan antara hukum internasional dan hukum Islam terkait hak-hak perempuan dalam pernikahan. Propinsi Aceh, Propinsi Sulawesi Selatan dan Propinsi Jawa Barat adalah 3 (tiga) propinsi di Indonesia yang menjadi studi kasus dari tulisan ini. Kata-kata kunci: Indonesia, Hukum Internasional, Hukum Islam (Syariah), Hak -hak perempuan
Pengaruh Brain Circulation untuk Memperkuat Pasar Tenaga Kerja dalam Masyarakat ASEAN 2015 Arif Darmawan; Qisty Anzilni Desiera
Insignia: Journal of International Relations Vol 1 No 01 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Laboratorium Hubungan Internasional, FISIP, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (935.368 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.ins.2014.1.01.429

Abstract

ASEAN Community 2015 became one of its own products made by ASEAN leaders to ease the creation of a variety of access both in the economic, political, social, cultural, defense and security. Within the ASEAN Community 2015, becoming one of its own steps to open markets more freely so that the movement of the mobility of goods and services can be channeled properly not only in the country in each of the ASEAN countries, however, can be transferred to all other countries. One of the constraints in this regard is how the readiness of the government of a country in ASEAN to face of fierce competition that will take place freely and openly among various countries so that if not handled properly can result in a fairly high unemployment because the foreign labor which is presented in one of the ASEAN countries is a labor that has a high skill. Therefore, the government must also concern related to the brain circulation phenomenon are able to strengthen the various sectors where the government is able to provide its own facilitieswith the provision of the allocation of funds for research and development and create policies that ensure the products to the convenience of skilled labor to carry out research in homeland then it will strengthen the stability of labor market in ASEAN. Keywords: ASEAN Community 2015, Imbalancing Competition, Brain Circulation, R&D,Stability in ASEAN labor market

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