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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics
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Core Subject : Engineering,
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (Buletin Teknik Elektro dan Informatika) ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285 is open to submission from scholars and experts in the wide areas of electrical, electronics, instrumentation, control, telecommunication and computer engineering from the global world. The journal publishes original papers in the field of electrical, computer and informatics engineering.
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Articles 63 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 10, No 3: June 2021" : 63 Documents clear
Classification of handwritten Javanese script using random forest algorithm Mohammad Arif Rasyidi; Taufiqotul Bariyah; Yohanes Indra Riskajaya; Ayunda Dwita Septyani
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 3: June 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i3.3036

Abstract

The ability to read and write Javanese scripts is one of the most important competencies for students to have in order to preserve the Javanese language as one of the Indonesian cultures. In this study, we developed a predictive model for 20 Javanese characters using the random forest algorithm as the basis for developing Javanese script learning media for students. In building the model, we used an extensive handwritten image dataset and experimented with several different preprocessing methods, including image conversion to black-and-white, cropping, resizing, thinning, and feature extraction using histogram of oriented gradients. From the experiment, it can be seen that the resulting random forest model is able to classify Javanese characters very accurately with accuracy, precision, and recall of 97.7%.
Decision support system for selecting tourist attractions using fuzzy analytic hierarchy process Christa Bire; Daniel Kasse; Rio Bire
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 3: June 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i3.3032

Abstract

The selection of tourist attractions is a multi-criteria decision making problem, which requires time and careful consideration to make the right decision. The proper destination selection based on human needs in a particular moment affects satisfaction in traveling. This research aims to create a decision support system for selecting tourist attractions (a case study in Kupang City) using fuzzy analytic hierarchy process method. Users can input the priority scale of 9 human need attributes and then be directed to the system’s recommendations of tourist attractions. This paper also compares fuzzy analytic hierarchy process method with the original analytic hierarchy process calculations. The result shows that both methods can be a solution for multi-criteria decision making, but the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process method performs a more optimal solution for cases with uncertainty in comparisons between elements.
Security system with RFID control using E-KTP and internet of things Andi Ainun Najib; Rendy Munadi; Nyoman Bogi Aditya Karna
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 3: June 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i3.2834

Abstract

Crimes against property without using violence, in this case, are theft and burglary is the type of crime that is most common every year. However, home security needs a security system that is more efficient and practical. To overcome this, an internet of things (IoT) is needed. This research evaluated the performance prototype by reading distance from the radio frequency identification (RFID) reader using E-KTP and quality of service performance (i.e throughput and delay) from application android. This research design smart door lock using RFID sensor, passive infrared sensor (PIR), solenoid as door locks, buzzer, led, E-KTP as RFID tags and also android application to controlling and monitoring made with android studio is connected to NodeMCU V3 ESP8266 as storage data and connect with firebase realtime database instead of conventional keys. This research focuses on performance prototype and quality of service from features application is work well. Related to previous works, our evaluation shows that the performance prototype can read identity card (E-KTP) with a maximum distance is 4 cm, and performance quality of service for an application show that throughput and delay with a perfect index according to standardization telecommunications and internet protocol harmonization over network (TIPHON) depending on what features are being evaluated.
Morphological, structural and electrical properties of pentacene thin films grown via thermal evaporation technique Fatin Nor Ahmad; Yusmar Palapa Wijaya; Khairul Anuar Mohamad; Nafarizal Nayan; Megat Muhammad Ikhsan Megat Hasnan; Afishah Alias; Bablu Kumar Ghosh
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 3: June 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i3.3029

Abstract

The physical and structural characteristics of pentacene thin films on indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass were studied. The pentacene films were deposited using the thermal evaporation method with deposition times of 20, 30, and 60 minutes. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) images revealed that film thickness increased with deposition time, with a bulk phase layer appearing at 60 minutes. The presence of the thin-film phase corresponding to 15.5 Å lattice spacing was demonstrated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns in pentacene films with deposition times of 20 and 30 minutes. Meanwhile, with a deposition time of 60 minutes and a lattice spacing of 14.5 Å, the existence of the bulk phase was verified in the pentacene film. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) images of the crystallinity of the pentacene films revealed that the pentacene films deposited on ITO-coated glass exhibited the formation of similar islands with modular grains, results in a fine crystalline structure. From the current-voltage (I-V) and current density-voltage (J-V) characteristics, the pentacene films were ohmic and that current increased as the pentacene’s thickness decreased. Pentacene films deposited on an ITO-coated glass substrate showed potential in the development of broadband and narrowband optoelectronic devices on a transparent substrate.
3D Reconstruction using convolution smooth method Sofyan Arifianto; Hardianto Wibowo; Wildan Suharso; Raditya Novidianto; Dani Harmanto
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 3: June 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i3.1991

Abstract

3D imagery is an image with depth data. The use of depth information in 3D images still has many drawbacks, especially in the image results. Raw data on the 3D camera even does not look smooth, and there is too much noise. Noise in the 3D image is in the form of imprecise data, which results in a rough image. This research will use the convolution smooth methods to improve the 3D image. Will smooth noise in the 3D image, so the resulting image will be better. This smoothing system is called the blurring effect. This research has been tested on flat objects and objects with a circle contour. The test results on the flat surface obtained a distance of 1.3177, the test in the object with a flat surface obtained a distance of 0.4937, and the test in circle contour obtained a distance of 0.3986. This research found that the 3D image will be better after applying the convolution smooth method.
Optimal operation of thermal system based on optimum power flow Majli Nema Hawas; Read K. Ibrahim; Ahmed Jasim Sultan
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 3: June 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i3.1901

Abstract

This paper has demonstrated that the Newton-Raphsin (NR) load flow technique can be stretched out to produce optimal load flow (OPF) arrangement that is achievable as for all significant disparity imperatives. These arrangements are frequently desired for arranging and activity. We were examined how the load ought to be shared among different plants, when line misfortunes are represented to limit the absolute activity cost with optimal power flow computation with thought about penalty factors, steady fuel cost, and coefficient factors. The IEEE three-machines and nine- Bus bars system was a tested system. The obtained results were compared by initial operation and equality distribution through the saving cost ($/year). The comparison of results showed saving more than 1.6 million $/year under MATLAB V.18a environment.
Fabrication and characterization of printed zinc batteries M. A. Nazri; Anis Nurashikin Nordin; L. M. Lim; M. Y. Tura Ali; I. Mansor; Muhammad Irsyad Suhaimi; R. Othman; S. R. Meskon; Z. Samsudin
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 3: June 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i3.2858

Abstract

Zinc batteries are a more sustainable alternative to lithium-ion batteries due to its components being highly recyclable. With the improvements in the screen printing technology, high quality devices can be printed with at high throughput and precision at a lower cost compared to those manufactured using lithographic techniques. In this paper we describe the fabrication and characterization of printed zinc batteries. Different binder materials such as polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) and polyvinyl butyral (PVB), were used to fabricate the electrodes. The electrodes were first evaluated using three-electrode cyclic voltammetry, x-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy before being fully assembled and tested using charge-discharge test and two-electrode cyclic voltammetry. The results show that the printed ZnO electrode with PVB as binder performed better than PVP-based ZnO. The XRD data prove that the electro-active materials were successfully transferred to the sample. However, based on the evaluation, the results show that the cathode electrode was dominated by the silver instead of Ni(OH)2, which leads the sample to behave like a silver-zinc battery instead of a nickel-zinc battery. Nevertheless, the printed zinc battery electrodes were successfully evaluated, and more current collector materials for cathode should be explored for printed nickel-zinc batteries.
Estimation of the number of people in an indoor environment based on WiFi received signal strength indicator Hakam Marwan Zaidan; Emad Ahmed Mohammed; Dheyaa Hussein Alhelal
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 3: June 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i3.3038

Abstract

WiFi access points are widely spread everywhere in all our daily life routines. Using these devices to provide services other than the Internet is becoming familiar nowadays.This paper conducts an experimental study to estimate the number of people in an indoor environment through two system setups, line of sight, and non-line of sight. Relationship modeling between WiFi received signal and the number of people uses polynomial regression. The experiment comprised of two stages: first is the data collection from a controlled number of people. Then, the collected data used to train the system through polynomial regression. The second is testing the system’s effectiveness by applying it to an uncontrolled environment. Testing results revealed efficiency in using WiFi received signal strength to do the people counting (up to 60) because of the accuracy achievements of 93.17% in the line of sight system. The non-line of sight system disclosed randomness in the received signal strength indicator regardless of the change in the number of people. The  randomness is mainly caused by the fading effect of the concrete wall. Therefore it is inefficient to use the non-line of sight system in concrete buildings.
A basic mathematical testbed for energy efficiency analyses of DC power distribution systems/microgrids Faizan Dastgeer; Hafiz Muhammad Anees; Hasan Erteza Gelani; Kashif Amjad; Rameez Arif
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 3: June 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i3.2775

Abstract

DC power distribution has become a topic of interest in the recent past, despite being given up a long time. A number of research efforts have been carried out in this field; especially the idea of DC distribution for microgrids has witnessed a significant amount of time and attention. System efficiency is one of the under-research areas of this field that has witnessed a lot of research efforts which were generally simulation based studies. Detailed mathematical efficiency analysis is missing in the present body of knowledge. In this regard, the current research effort aims to present a foundation level mathematical efficiency analysis set-up that may be used as an analytical testbed for different efficiency studies especially those related to the comparative evaluation of DC and AC systems. The current effort highlights the strong dependence of AC and DC distribution system efficiency on the factor of time. The efficiency advantage of DC over AC or vice versa within a specified duration depends on the ratio of DC and AC grid powers summed over the duration.
Design and comparative analysis of three phase, four phase and six phase switched reluctance motor topologies for electrical vehicle propulsion Sandeep Vuddanti; Vinod Karknalli; Surender Reddy Salkuti
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 3: June 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i3.3054

Abstract

Switched reluctance motor (SRM) is attracting the scientific community in recent days because of its special structural benefits. Good research work has been conducted on this machine since the ages. It has evolved as an alternative to the conventional electrical machines in variable speed drives due to rugged architecture, high-speed operation, four quadrants, lack of magnet, and adaptability to harsh surroundings. This paper reviews different topologies of SRM for electric vehicle (EV) application and a comparative study of suitable machines for electric vehicle propulsion. This paper elaborates on the design methodology and the analysis of various phases of operation of SRMs. During the design procedure, the finite element method (FEM) of optimization is used to enhance motor performance. In this study, the three different phase (3, 4 and 6) motors are analyzed in machine design software and finite element analysis outcomes and SRM simulation approach are discussed.