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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics
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Core Subject : Engineering,
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (Buletin Teknik Elektro dan Informatika) ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285 is open to submission from scholars and experts in the wide areas of electrical, electronics, instrumentation, control, telecommunication and computer engineering from the global world. The journal publishes original papers in the field of electrical, computer and informatics engineering.
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Articles 64 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 10, No 6: December 2021" : 64 Documents clear
Symptoms based endometriosis prediction using machine learning Visalaxi Sankaravadivel; Sudalaimuthu Thalavaipillai
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 6: December 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i6.3254

Abstract

Endometriosis a painful disorder that stripes the uterus both inside and outside. Endometriosis can be diagnosed by the medical practitioners with the help of traditional scanning procedures. Laparoscopic surgery is the authentic method for identifying the advanced stages of endometriosis. The statistical approach is a state-of-art method for identifying the various stages of endometriosis using laparoscopic images. The paper focuses on a well-known statistical method known as chi-square and correlation coefficients are implemented for identifying the symptoms that are correlated with various stages of endometriosis. Chi-square analysis performs the association between symptoms and stages of endometriosis. With these analysis, an algorithm was proposed known as endometriosis prediction factor algorithm (EPF). The EPF algorithm predicts the presence of endometriosis if the derived value is greater than 1. From the chi-square analysis, it is identified that mild endometriosis is influenced 34% by menstrual flow, minimal endometriosis is influenced 40% by dysmenorrhea, where moderate endometriosis is influenced 31% by tenderness and deep infiltrating endometriosis is influenced 22% by adnexal mass.
Comparing the performance of linear regression versus deep learning on detecting melanoma skin cancer using apple core ML Herry Sujaini; Enriko Yudhistira Ramadhan; Haried Novriando
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 6: December 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i6.3178

Abstract

Melanoma is a type of deadly skin cancer. The survival rate of the patients can fall as low as 15.7% if the cancer cell has reached its final stage. Delayed treatment of melanoma can be attributed to its likeness to that of common nevus (moles). Two machine learning models were developed, each with a different approach and algorithm, to detect the presence of melanoma. Image classification is using the regression algorithm, and object detection is using deep learning. The two models are then compared, and the best model is determined according to the achieved metrics. The testing was conducted using 120 testing data and is made up of 60 positive data and 60 negative data. The testing result shows that object detection achieved 70% accuracy than image classification’s 68%. More importantly, linear regression’s 43% false-negative rate is noticeably high compared to convolutional neural network’s (CNN) 25%. A false-negative rate of 43% means almost half of sick patients tested using image classification will be diagnosed as healthy. This is dangerous as it can lead to delayed treatment and, ultimately, death. Thus it can be concluded that CNN is the best method in detecting the presence of melanoma.
Implementation of double-layer loaded on octagon microstrip yagi antenna Kamelia Quzwain; Alyani Ismail; Yudiansyah Yudiansyah; Nadia Media Rizka; Aisyah Novfitri; Lia Hafiza
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 6: December 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i6.3193

Abstract

A double-layer loaded on the octagon microstrip yagi antenna (OMYA) at 5.8 GHz industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) Band is investigated in this paper. The double-layer consist of two double positive (DPS) substrates. The OMYA is overlaid with a double-layer configuration were simulated, fabricated and measured. A good agreement was observed between the computed and measured results of the gain for this antenna. According to comparison results, it shows that 2.5 dB improvement of the OMYA gain can be obtained by applying the double-layer on the top of the OMYA. Meanwhile, the bandwidth of the measured OMYA with the double-layer is 14.6%. It indicates that the double-layer can be used to increase the OMYA performance in term of gain and bandwidth.
Power quality disturbances classification using complex wavelet phasor space reconstruction and fully connected feed forward neural network R. Likhitha; A. Manjunatha
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 6: December 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i6.3207

Abstract

Power quality disturbances (PQD) degrades the quality of power. Detection of these PQDs in real time using smart systems connected to the power grid is a challenge due to the integration of energy generation units and electronic devices. Deep learning methods have shown advantages for PQD classification accurately. PQD events are non-stationary and occur at discrete events. Pre-processing of power signal using dual tree complex wavelet transform in localizing the disturbances according to time-frequency-phase information improves classification accuracy.Phase space reconstruction of complex wavelet sub bands to 2D data and use of fully connected feed forward neural network improves classification accuracy. In this work, a combination of DTCWT-PSR and FC-FFNN is used to classify different complex PSDs accurately.The proposed algorithm is evaluated for its performance considering different network configurations and the most optimum structure is developed. The classification accuracy is demonstrated to be 99.71% for complex PQDs and is suitable for real time activity with reduced complexity.
An approach of re-organizing input dataset to enhance the quality of emotion recognition using the bio-signals dataset of MIT Van-Dung Pham; Thanh-Long Cung
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 6: December 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i6.3248

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to propose an approach of re-organizing input data to recognize emotion based on short signal segments and increase the quality of emotional recognition using physiological signals. MIT's long physiological signal set was divided into two new datasets, with shorter and overlapped segments. Three different classification methods (support vector machine, random forest, and multilayer perceptron) were implemented to identify eight emotional states based on statistical features of each segment in these two datasets. By re-organizing the input dataset, the quality of recognition results was enhanced. The random forest shows the best classification result among three implemented classification methods, with an accuracy of 97.72% for eight emotional states, on the overlapped dataset. This approach shows that, by re-organizing the input dataset, the high accuracy of recognition results can be achieved without the use of EEG and ECG signals.
Development of 3D convolutional neural network to recognize human activities using moderate computation machine Malik A. Alsaedi; Abdulrahman Saeed Mohialdeen; Baraa Munqith Albaker
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 6: December 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i6.2802

Abstract

Human activity recognition (HAR) is recently used in numerous applications including smart homes to monitor human behavior, automate homes according to human activities, entertainment, falling detection, violence detection, and people care. Vision-based recognition is the most powerful method widely used in HAR systems implementation due to its characteristics in recognizing complex human activities. This paper addresses the design of a 3D convolutional neural network (3D-CNN) model that can be used in smart homes to identify several numbers of activities. The model is trained using KTH dataset that contains activities like (walking, running, jogging, handwaving handclapping, boxing). Despite the challenges of this method due to the effectiveness of the lamination, background variation, and human body variety, the proposed model reached an accuracy of 93.33%. The model was implemented, trained and tested using moderate computation machine and the results show that the proposal was successfully capable to recognize human activities with reasonable computations.
Frequency based edge-texture feature using Otsu’s based enhanced local ternary pattern technique for digital image splicing detection Vikas Srivastava; Sanjay Kumar Yadav
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 6: December 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i6.3188

Abstract

Sharing information through images is a trend nowadays. Advancements in the technology and user-friendly image editing tool make easy to edit the image and spread fake news through different social networking platforms. Forged image has been generated through an advanced image editing tool, so it is very challenging for image forensics to detect the micro discrepancy which distorted the micro pattern. This paper proposes an image forensic detection technique, which implies multi-level discrete wavelet transform to implement digital image filtering. Canny edge detection technique is implemented to detect the edge of the image to implement Otsu’s based enhanced local ternary pattern (OELTP), which can detect forgery-related artifact. DWT is implemented over Cb and Cr components of the image and using edge texture to improve the Otsu global threshold, which is used to extract features using ELTP technique. Support vector machine (SVM) is used for classification to find the image is forged or not. The performance of the work evaluated on three different open available data sets CASIA v1, CASIA v2, and Columbia. Our proposed work gives better results with some of the previous states of the work in terms of detection accuracy.
Customized moodle-based learning management system for socially disadvantaged schools Ika Qutsiati Utami; Muhammad Noor Fakhruzzaman; Indah Fahmiyah; Annaura Nabilla Masduki; Ilham Ahmad Kamil
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 6: December 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i6.3202

Abstract

This study aims to develop Moodle-based LMS with customized learning content and modified user interface to facilitate pedagogical processes during covid-19 pandemic and investigate how teachers of socially disadvantaged schools perceived usability and technology acceptance. Co-design process was conducted with two activities: 1) need assessment phase using an online survey and interview session with the teachers and 2) the development phase of the LMS. The system was evaluated by 30 teachers from socially disadvantaged schools for relevance to their distance learning activities. We employed computer software usability questionnaire (CSUQ) to measure perceived usability and the technology acceptance model (TAM) with insertion of 3 original variables (i.e., perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and intention to use) and 5 external variables (i.e., attitude toward the system, perceived interaction, self-efficacy, user interface design, and course design). The average CSUQ rating exceeded 5.0 of 7 point-scale, indicated that teachers agreed that the information quality, interaction quality, and user interface quality were clear and easy to understand. TAM results concluded that the LMS design was judged to be usable, interactive, and well-developed. Teachers reported an effective user interface that allows effective teaching operations and lead to the system adoption in immediate time.
Noise resistance territorial intensity-based optical flow using inverse confidential technique on bilateral function Darun Kesrarat; Vorapoj Patanavijit
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 6: December 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i6.3243

Abstract

This paper presents the use of the inverse confidential technique on bilateral function with the territorial intensity-based optical flow to prove the effectiveness in noise resistance environment. In general, the image’s motion vector is coded by the technique called optical flow where the sequences of the image are used to determine the motion vector. But, the accuracy rate of the motion vector is reduced when the source of image sequences is interfered by noises. This work proved that the inverse confidential technique on bilateral function can increase the percentage of accuracy in the motion vector determination by the territorial intensity-based optical flow under the noisy environment. We performed the testing with several kinds of non-Gaussian noises at several patterns of standard image sequences by analyzing the result of the motion vector in a form of the error vector magnitude (EVM) and compared it with several noise resistance techniques in territorial intensity-based optical flow method.
Personal air-conditioning system using evapolar as heat waste management Nor Azazi Ngatiman; Abdul Qaiyum Mohd Shariff; Tole Sutikno; Suparje Wardiyono; Mustafa Manap; Mohd Hatta Jopri
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 10, No 6: December 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v10i6.3283

Abstract

Air-conditioning system that uses compressor-based initiate more energy and affects bill rate. As a result, an application of the Peltier impact module, a portable air-conditioning system is introduced to compensate user convenience by lowering sensible and latent heat inside the office area. Thermoelectric Peltier module is a thermoelectric semiconductor that offers cooling and hot plate once the plate is supplied by electric. The result reduces the cost, power consumption, and give thermal comfort in a dedicated space. The advantage of the study is the ability to cost deduction due to low power consumption and green technology devices factor because without refrigerant that harms the environment. Redesign the product with Evapolar as heat waste management affect the performance and need to be validated. The development stage of this product is better compared to a previous product which offers small scale, light, and portable. This product focuses on the office room, which gives a good feeling to users. This product uses air to remove the heat waste and the result indicates Evapolar is fit enough in dissipating heat. Finally, the performance of this system developed demonstrated that it can attain thermal comfort level.