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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics
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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (Buletin Teknik Elektro dan Informatika) ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285 is open to submission from scholars and experts in the wide areas of electrical, electronics, instrumentation, control, telecommunication and computer engineering from the global world. The journal publishes original papers in the field of electrical, computer and informatics engineering.
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Articles 64 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 11, No 1: February 2022" : 64 Documents clear
Enhancing optical properties of WLEDs with LaOF:Eu3+&SiO2 application Phuc Dang Huu; My Hanh Nguyen Thi
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 11, No 1: February 2022
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v11i1.2910

Abstract

After many efforts, the core-shell nanostructure of LaOF:Eu3+SiO2 that emits bright red radiation can be fabricated by simple solvothermal application succeeded by heat treatment. The resulted particles from the fabrication process are small in size, able to demonstrate circular form more efficient and prevent stacking. Photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra exhibits intense peaks at 593 nm, 611 nm, 650 nm corresponds to 5D0 -- 7FJ (J = 0, 1 and 2) Eu3+ transitions respectively. The spectral intensity parameters and Eu-O ligand behaviors are estimated by means of Judd-Ofelt (J-O) theory. CIE co-ordinates are found to be (x = 0.63, y = 0.36) which is very close to standard NTSC values (x = 0.67, y = 0.33). CCT value is 3475 K which is less than 5000 K, as a result this phosphor is suitable for warm light emitting diodes. The optimized core-shell SiO2 (coat III)@LaOF:Eu3+ (5 mol%) was used as a fluorescent labeling marker to identity latent fingerprints on both porous and non-porous surfaces. The fingerprints results are highly sensitive, selective and also has no obstruction caused by the back-ground which supports level-I to level-III fingerprint ridge recognition. The experiments outcomes suggest that the enhancements brought by the core-shell NS structure can be further examined to apply in forensic and solid state lightning applications.
Smart irrigation system with photovoltaic supply Elia Erwani Hassan; Leong Lek Chung; Mohamad Fani Sulaima; Nazrulazhar Bahaman; Aida Fazliana Abdul Kadir
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 11, No 1: February 2022
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v11i1.3338

Abstract

Maximizing crop yielding is an extensive problem faced by the population in a country. The main issue comes from the farmer who still implemented the conventional method of irrigation that required human actions, especially for water pump operation. As an alternative, the automatic solution becomes a demand with the internet of things (IoT) support system to overcome the agriculture scenario. Meanwhile, multiple sensors controlled by the ESP32 microcontroller are also used to measure the crucial parameters that influenced the living conditions of crops and are called input parameters. Meanwhile, the implementation of a fuzzy logic controller is to control the timing of water volume based on the inputs data obtained through the sensors' responses. Solar energy is the main supply because of the zero-cost expense and environmentally friendly energy generation. In large, this research developed the smart irrigation system (SIS) with photovoltaic (PV) panels as a supply to sustain the energy required for empowering the entire process. As a result, the SIS is found as a successful system in controlling the best suitable time of water irrigation. The soil evaporation contents obtained from the experiment were also close to actual accurate data reference for Melaka state to verify the solution.
Mapping of human arm impedance characteristics in spatial movements Tasnuva Tabashhum Choudhury; Md Mozasser Rahman; Md Raisuddin Khan; Fazlur Rashid; Md. Rabiul Islam Sarker
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 11, No 1: February 2022
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v11i1.3461

Abstract

In this paper, impedance characteristics are determined for discrete movement. It explores the changes in impedance characteristics of human arm during a complete task. This study considered 3D spatial movement for horizontal adduction and abduction. The human arm is considered as mass-spring-damper system and the modelling is done accordingly. The model is solved for 3 degree of freedom (3DoF) spatial movement usually used for daily work. Inertia, stiffness and damping factor are the impedance characteristics considered in the model. Using position measuring device, the position data of elbow and wrist were obtained with respect to pre-defined references. The data were used to calculate velocity, acceleration and force. Then, the impedance characteristics were determined by solving the equation of motion of the mass-spring-damper system corresponding to different position of the wrist on the trajectory. These impedance factors were then plotted to map the characteristics. The mappings were done for both total durations to complete task and for segments of the task. The impedance characteristics were observed to vary according to the movement of the arm. Significant changes of damping factor and stiffness were found to occur at the beginning and end of the arm movement.
Enhanced SLM based OFDM-DCSK communication system for PAPR reduction Sajjad R. Abdulridha; Fadhil S. Hasan
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 11, No 1: February 2022
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v11i1.3549

Abstract

In this research, a selective mapping (SLM) technique using the Walsh Hadamard (WH) matrix, the Riemann matrix, and the new enhanced Riemann matrix were introduced to reduce the peak to average power ratio (PAPR) of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing based differential chaos shift keying (OFDM-DCSK). Using a new algorithm to reduce the size of the Riemann matrix, which in turn enhances the computational complexity of the SLM system without affecting the performance of PAPR in the main method. The simulation results show that the SLM technique using the Riemann matrix gives better PAPR performance than WH and conventional techniques by gaining about (6.3, 6.15) dB, respectively, for complementary cumulative distribution function (CCDF)=10-3 and the number of candidates U=16. Also, the results show that the SLM technique based enhanced Riemann matrix gives a reduction in computational complexity by reducing the number of candidates U to 4, while maintaining the same PAPR performance.
Dynamic state power system fault monitoring and protection with phasor measurements and fuzzy based expert system Ravi Ponnala; Muktevi Chakravarthy; Suraparaju Venkata Naga Lakshmi Lalitha
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 11, No 1: February 2022
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v11i1.3585

Abstract

The main aim of this paper is building of a small micro grid test bed system with a few sources, and few loads with various types of lumped resistive (R), capacitive (C) and inductive (L) elements. Before the advent of electric smart grid every load is facilitated with its own electromagnetic. Slowly with an advancement of protection system numerical relays came into existence. Because in the numerical relays the communication between the relays and communication with central computer is possible, with this a coordinative protection system was evolved. For the monitoring and protection of system in dynamic state many of the numerical relays were now replaced by intelligent electronic devices. The system is to be centrally controlled with an improvement in data communications and the artificial intelligence into power system made it is possible to control the power system centrally. In this paper, it is presented that the fault is monitoring and protection against different types of faults, such as frequency variations, voltage variations and different fault conditions using fuzzy based expert system (FBES). The proposed protection scheme is adaptive for frequency variations, voltage variations and fault levels. The FBES scheme is implemented in the LabVIEW software with MAMDANI structure.
Mobile learning by English literature students: the role of user satisfaction Ibtihal Hassan Mussa; Nurhasmiza Abu Hasan Sazalli; Zainudin Hassan
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 11, No 1: February 2022
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v11i1.3277

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the predictors of using mobile learning (ML) among English literature students in Iraq. This study assumes that variables of UTAUT such as effort expectacny (EE) and performance expectancy (PE) as well as the subjective norms (SN) from theory of planned behavior (TPB) will affect the behavioral intention (BI) to use ML. BI and availability (FC) will affect the actual use (AU). In addition, user satisfaction is proposed as a mediating variable between PE, EE, and SN with BI. Data of this study was collected using a questionnaire from 240 undergraduate students. The data was analyzed using PLS. The findings showed that PE, EE and SN are important factors for the BI of ML. BI and FC significantly affected the AU. User satisfaction mediated only the effect of PE and EE on BI. Easier processes and instruction must be provided by univeristies to enhance the adoption of ML among English literature students.
Toward an optimum design of fractal sausage Minkowski antenna for GPS applications Riyadh Khlf Ahmed; Israa Hazem Ali
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 11, No 1: February 2022
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v11i1.3333

Abstract

Fractal is one of the important tools to produce efficient and well-suited antennas for navigation systems. A novel design of broadband fractal sausage Minkowski antenna is described in this research article. Sausage Minkowski is designed and simulated for global positioning system (GPS) application that relies on fractal geometry using computer simulation studio microwave (CST MW) software. The substrate sheet is Roger TMM4 has of 4.5 dielectric constant and 1.6 mm altitude. A small metallic patch over a large metallic ground layer is made of perfect electric conductor (PEC) material. The suggested fractal antenna can be used efficiently in the military applications which demand a narrow spectrum and a tiny antenna profile. By introducing four various levels of fractal iteration models and compared each one to the other. The main aim of this work is to increase antenna gain and reduce the antenna size, in addition to improving the semi-flat voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) with respect to decreasing the resonance frequency is. For 10% decrease in the frequency for the 3rd iteration value led to a clear improvement in the antenna characteristics such as directivity, gain, and VSWR. The reflection coefficient and bandwidth remain in range.
Robust trajectory tracking with non-singular terminal sliding mode control of a mobile manipulator Shankar J. Gambhire; Dondapati Ravi Kishore; Pandurang S. Londhe; Sushant N. Pawar
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 11, No 1: February 2022
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v11i1.3457

Abstract

This effort addresses and uses a robust-trajectory-tracking control system for kinematically redundant location tracking of a mobile manipulator (mobman) in its task space in the presence of parameter uncertainties and external disturbances. It consists of a serial manipulator with four degrees of freedom (DOF) fixed on three DOF mobile bases. A robust tracking control is achieved using the configuration of a non-singular terminal sliding mode (NSTSM) control for the entire non-linear model of a mobman. Because of the non-linear added term in the linear sliding surface, which reflects in the non-linear sliding mode known as terminal sliding mode (TSM), this control preparation satisfies systems states finite time convergence. Similarly, conventional terminal sliding mode control (CTSMC) entail singularity trouble, which is tackled by the control scheme. (Computer based) simulations are used to demonstrate the convenience, feasibility, and robustness of given techniques.
Model to enhance knowledge sharing process in academia during COVID-19 Zainab Amin Alsulami; Hayder Salah hashim; Zaid Ameen Abduljabbar
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 11, No 1: February 2022
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v11i1.3543

Abstract

Knowledge sharing (KS) is considered one of the essential processes of knowledge management (KM). Recently, the emerging Web 2.0 technologies were used by academicians and students for KS during the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that affect the knowledge-sharing process through Web 2.0 (KSWT 2.0) technologies and their impact on academic performance within higher educational institutions (HEIs) in Iraq. The technology-organization-environment (TOE) theory was used in this study to develop the conceptual framework. The population includes students and academicians at Basrah University in Iraq. Using stratified random sampling, a total of 415 academicians and students participated in this study. The results revealed that the most significant factors that positively affect KSWT 2.0 technologies were the technological factor such as relative advantage, compatibility. From the organisational factor academicians’ skills and knowledge, and from environmental factor, the peer pressure. In addition, the results proved that the KSWT 2.0 technologies positively maximised academic performance. The results presented in this study are valuable for Iraqi universities that implement or aim to use Web 2.0 technologies in the knowledge-sharing process.
Hybrid algorithm for cloud-fog system based load balancing in smart grids Afaf Saoud; Abdelmadjid Recioui
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 11, No 1: February 2022
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v11i1.3450

Abstract

Energy management is among the key components of smart metering. Its role is to balance energy consumption and distribution. Smart devices integration results in a huge data exchange between different parts of the smart grid causing a delay in the response and processing time. To overcome this latency issue, the cloud computing has been proposed. However, cloud computing does not perform well when there are large distances from the cloud to the consumers. Fog computing solves this issue. In this paper, a cloud-fog computing system is presented to achieve an accurate load balancing. The hybridization of whale optimization algorithm with bat algorithm (WOA-BAT) is proposed for load balancing. The model performance is compared to state of art load balancing techniques as throttled, round robin, whale and particle swarm optimization algorithms in terms of processing and the response time. The results reveal that the proposed WOA-BAT has better results in terms of response time than the three algorithms with 4.3% improvement compared to RR and TH. It also outperforms all the algorithms in terms of processing time by at least 22.3%.