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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics
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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (Buletin Teknik Elektro dan Informatika) ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285 is open to submission from scholars and experts in the wide areas of electrical, electronics, instrumentation, control, telecommunication and computer engineering from the global world. The journal publishes original papers in the field of electrical, computer and informatics engineering.
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Articles 17 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 7, No 1: March 2018" : 17 Documents clear
Quantum Dot-sensitized Solar Cells: A Review Pooja Bhambhani
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 7, No 1: March 2018
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (272.458 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v7i1.841

Abstract

Quantum dot-sensitized solar cell (QDSSC) has an analogous structure and working principle to the dye sensitizer solar cell (DSSC). It has drawn great attention due to its unique features, like multiple exciton generation (MEG), simple fabrication and low cost. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of QDSSC is lower than that of DSSC. To increase the PCE of QDSSC, it is required to develop new types of working electrodes, sensitizers, counter electrodes and electrolytes. This review highlights recent developments in QDSSCs and their key components, including the photoanode, sensitizer, electrolyte and counter electrode.
Neural Network Based Prediction of Stable Equivalent Series Resistance in Voltage Regulator Characterization Mohd Hairi Mohd Zaman; M. M. Mustafa; M. A. Hannan; Aini Hussain
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 7, No 1: March 2018
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (480.374 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v7i1.857

Abstract

High demand on voltage regulator (VR) currently requires VR manufacturers to improve their time-to-market, particularly for new product development. To fulfill the output stability requirement, VR manufacturers characterize the VR in terms of the equivalent series resistance (ESR) of the output capacitor because the ESR variation affects the VR output stability. The VR characterization outcome suggests a stable range of ESR, which is indicated in the ESR tunnel graph in the VR datasheet. However, current practice in industry manually characterizes VR, thereby increasing the manufacturing time and cost. Therefore, an efficient method based on multilayer neural network has been developed to obtain the ESR tunnel graph. The results show that this method able to reduce the VR characterization time by approximately 53% and achieved critical ESR prediction error less than 5%. This work demonstrated an efficient and effective approach for VR characterization in terms of ESR.
A Comparative Study on Optical Characteristics of InGaAsP QW Heterostructures of Type-I and Type-II Band Alignments Garima Bhardwaj; Sandhya K.; Richa Dolia; M. Abu-Samak; Shalendra Kumar; P. A. Alvi
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 7, No 1: March 2018
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (528.231 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v7i1.872

Abstract

In this paper, we have configured InGaAsP QW (quantum well) heterostructures of type-I and type-II band alignments and simulated their optical characteristics by solving 6 x 6 Kohn-Luttinger Hamiltonian Matrix. According to the simulation results, the InGaAsP QW heterostructure of type-I band alignment has been found to show peak optical gain (TE mode) of the order of~3600/cm at the transition wavelength~1.40 µm; while of type-II band alignment has achieved the peak gain (TE mode) of the order of~7800/cm at the wavelength of~1.85 µm (eye safe region). Thus, both of the heterostructures can be utilized in designing of opto-or photonic devices for the emission of radiations in NIR (near infrared region) but form the high gain point of view, the InGaAsP of type-II band alignment can be more preferred.
Detecting and Shadows in the HSV Color Space Using Dynamic Thresholds Boutaina Hdioud; Mohammed El Haj Tirari; Rachid Oulad Haj Thami; Rdouan Faizi
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 7, No 1: March 2018
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (499.567 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v7i1.893

Abstract

The detection of moving objects in a video sequence is an essential step in almost all the systems of vision by computer. However, because of the dynamic change in natural scenes, the detection of movement becomes a more difficult task. In this work, we propose a new method for the detection moving objects that is robust to shadows, noise and illumination changes. For this purpose, the detection phase of the proposed method is an adaptation of the MOG approach where the foreground is extracted by considering the HSV color space. To allow the method not to take shadows into consideration during the detection process, we developed a new shade removal technique based on a dynamic thresholding of detected pixels of the foreground. The calculation model of the threshold is established by two statistical analysis tools that take into account the degree of the shadow in the scene and the robustness to noise.  Experiments undertaken on a set of video sequences showed that the method put forward provides better results compared to existing methods that are limited to using static thresholds.
Fabrication of (Polymer Blend-magnesium Oxide) Nanoparticle and Studying their Optical Properties for Optoelectronic Applications Alaa J. Kadham; Dalal Hassan; Najlaa Mohammad; Ahmed Hashim Ah-yasari
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 7, No 1: March 2018
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v7i1.839

Abstract

Nanocomposites used in many optical devices applications. This aims to preparation of new type of polymer and study their optical properties. The polyvinyl pyrrolidone-carboxymethyl cellulose blend and magnesium oxide nanocomposites have been fabricated. The nanocomposites are prepared for different concentrations of polymer blend and magnesium oxide nanoparticles. The optical properties of nanocomposites were studied. The experimental results showed that the absorbance, absorption coefficient, refractive index, extinction coefficient, real and imaginary parts of dielectric constant and optical conductivity of (PVP-CMC) blend are increased with increase of the MgO nanoparticles concentration. The transmittance and energy band gap are decreased with increase of the MgO nanoparticles concentration. The nanocomposites have high absorbance in UV region which may be used for radiation shielding application.
Qualitative Analysis of Darlington Feedback Amplifier at 45nm Technology Rashmi Singh; Rajesh Mehra
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 7, No 1: March 2018
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (218.528 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v7i1.750

Abstract

The transistors are the key element of present communication system having high data rate. Some applications need high gain by using very low frequency, and then transistors are used. Amplifier is the key element in many applications of present high data rate communication system such as low noise amplifier (LNA), broadband amplifier, distributed and power amplifier. The Darlington pair amplifier is analyzed for high frequency performance and related effect of bandwidth. Broadband feedback Darlington pair amplifier is designed with enhanced gain, bandwidth and slew rate. This paper presents the comparison of single stage and three stage feedback Darlington feedback amplifier with reference to gain, bandwidth and slew rate. This paper is simulated on cadence analog design environment at GPDK 45nm technology. This paper shows that increase in gain, bandwidth and slew rate of three stage Darlington feedback amplifier can show better stability over the single stage Darlington feedback amplifier. 
Comparative Analysis of Various Z-source Based Five Level Cascaded H-bridge Multilevel Inverter C. R. Balamurugan; K. Vijayalakshmi
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 7, No 1: March 2018
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (415.615 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v7i1.656

Abstract

Z-source based multilevel inverters are the recent topologies as they have boosting ability and near sinusoidal output waveforms. This paper proposes different inverter topologies such as Z-source multilevel inverter and quasi Z-source multilevel inverter. This paper also deals with switched inductor and improved switched inductor topologies with quasi Z-network. The proposed switched inductor system reduces the voltage stresses caused by capacitors, power devices and diodes. In addition to multilevel inverter advantages, the proposed configuration employs Z-source inverter advantages. The Z-source inverter as compared to the traditional inverter is less costly, less complex, more efficient and more reliable. The performance of the proposed configurations is analysed by varying passive elements in impedance network and is simulated in MATLAB/SIMULINK. Phase disposition (PD) pulse width modulation (PWM) technique is applied on the proposed configurations and performance parameters are measured by the fast Fourier transform FFT analysis. The object of this paper is to develop an inverter which is used for variable speed drives with increase in output voltage by eliminating transformer and filter circuit. The performance is checked with standared parameter of the inverter.
Robust Face Recognition Using Enhanced Local Binary Pattern Srinivasa Perumal Ramalingam; Nadesh R. K.; SenthilKumar N. C.
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 7, No 1: March 2018
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (321.179 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v7i1.761

Abstract

Face recognition is an emerging research area in recognition of the people. A novel feature extraction technique was introduced for robust face recognition. Enhanced Local binary pattern (EnLBP) divided the image into sub regions. For each sub region, the salient features are extracted by obtaining the mean value of each sub region. In LBP, each pixel was replaced by applying LBP into each sub region. In this paper, the mean value of sub region was replaced for the sub region. It reduced the dimension of the image and extracts the salient information on each sub region. The extracted features are compared with similarity measures to recognize the person. EnLBP reduces the operation time and computational complexity of the system. The experimental results were carried out in the standard benchmark database LFW-a. The proposed system achieved a higher recognition rate than other local descriptors.
On Randomness of Compressed Data Using Non-parametric Randomness Tests Kamal A. Al-Khayyat; Imad F. Al-Shaikhli; V. Vijayakuumar
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 7, No 1: March 2018
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (549.435 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v7i1.902

Abstract

Four randomness tests were used to test the outputs (compressed files) of four lossless compressions algorithms: JPEG-LS and JPEG-2000 algorithms are image-dedicated algorithms, while 7z and Bzip2 algorithms are general-purpose algorithms. The relationship between the result of randomness tests and the compression ratio was investigated. This paper reports the important relationship between the statistical information behind these tests and the compression ratio. It shows that, this statistical information almost the same at least, for the four lossless algorithms under test. This information shows that 50 % of the compressed data are grouping of runs, 50% of it has positive signs when comparing adjacent values, 66% of the files containing turning points, and using Cox-Stuart test, 25% of the file give positive signs, which reflects the similarity aspects of compressed data. When it comes to the relationship between the compression ratio and these statistical information, the paper shows also, that, the greater values of these statistical numbers, the greater compression ratio we get.
The Design and Evaluation of DACADE Visual Tool: Theoretical Implications Madihah Sheikh Abdul Aziz; Gitte Lindgaard; Mohd Syarqawy Hamzah; T. W. Allan Whitfield
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 7, No 1: March 2018
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (278.701 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v7i1.901

Abstract

A goal of every designer is to create successful products for consumers. In creating a successful product, it is crucial for a designer to understand consumers’ perceptions of a product early in the design process. Nevertheless, design students lack the necessary data collection and user testing skills to support effective design decision-making. Consequently, their products might not be acceptable to the intended consumers and are thus likely to fail in the marketplace. For design students to acquire those skills, design curricula should incorporate statistical courses teaching the concepts of data and user testing. We addressed this challenge by developing an automated visual tool named DACADE, assisting design students to systematically collect and analyze data. This paper reports the theoretical implications discovered during the process from designing through to implementing and evaluating DACADE concerning the transfer of learning, the appropriateness of graphics used in a software tool, and user motivation in a learning environment.

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