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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics
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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (Buletin Teknik Elektro dan Informatika) ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285 is open to submission from scholars and experts in the wide areas of electrical, electronics, instrumentation, control, telecommunication and computer engineering from the global world. The journal publishes original papers in the field of electrical, computer and informatics engineering.
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Articles 57 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 9, No 6: December 2020" : 57 Documents clear
Diabetes prediction based on discrete and continuous mean amplitude of glycemic excursions using machine learning Lailis Syafaah; Setio Basuki; Fauzi Dwi Setiawan Sumadi; Amrul Faruq; Mauridhi Hery Purnomo
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 9, No 6: December 2020
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v9i6.2387

Abstract

Chronic hyperglycemia and acute glucose fluctuations are the two main factors that trigger complications in diabetes mellitus (DM). Continuous and sustainable observation of these factors is significant to be done to reduce the potential of cardiovascular problems in the future by minimizing the occurrence of glycemic variability (GV). At present, observations on GV are based on the mean amplitude of glycemic excursion (MAGE), which is measured based on continuous blood glucose data from patients using particular devices. This study aims to calculate the value of MAGE based on discrete blood glucose observations from 43 volunteer patients to predict the diabetes status of patients. Experiments were carried out by calculating MAGE values from original discrete data and continuous data obtained using Spline Interpolation. This study utilizes the machine learning algorithm, especially k-Nearest Neighbor with dynamic time wrapping (DTW) to measure the distance between time series data. From the classification test, discrete data and continuous data from the interpolation results show precisely the same accuracy value that is equal to 92.85%. Furthermore, there are variations in the MAGE value for each patient where the diabetes class has the most significant difference, followed by the pre-diabetes class, and the typical class. 
Bangla handwritten character recognition using MobileNet V1 architecture Tapotosh Ghosh; Md. Min-Ha-Zul Abedin; Shayer Mahmud Chowdhury; Zarin Tasnim; Tajbia Karim; S. M. Salim Reza; Sabrina Saika; Mohammad Abu Yousuf
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 9, No 6: December 2020
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v9i6.2234

Abstract

Handwritten character recognition is a very tough task in case of complex shaped alphabet set like Bangla script. As optical character recognition (OCR) has a huge application in mobile devices, model needs to be suitable for mobile applications. Many researches have been performed in this arena but none of them achieved satisfactory accuracy or could not detect more than 200 characters. MobileNet is a state of art (convolutional neural network) CNN architecture which is designed for mobile devices as it requires less computing power. In this paper, we used MobileNet for handwritten character recognition. It has achieved 96.46% accuracy in recognizing 231 classes (171 compound, 50 basic and 10 numerals), 96.17% accuracy in 171 compound character classes, 98.37% accuracy in 50 basic character classes and 99.56% accuracy in 10 numeral character classes. 
Integrating device to device network with internet of health things: Towards minimum power allocation Mahmoud Shuker Mahmoud; Dalal Abdulmohsin Hammood; Ahmed Alkhayyat
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 9, No 6: December 2020
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v9i6.2491

Abstract

Among the crucial invention of the 5G is the device to device (D2D) system, whereby cellular gadgets correspond via immediate transfer or by multihop transfer excluding the ground-terminal. It is probable that D2D users are concurrent with human body network. Due to this, we suggested an internet of health things (IoHT) system which enables collaboration work among D2D users and human body indicators. We may regard the power as the most unique source in the wireless body area network (WBAN). The least needed transferring capacity may accomplish a particular degree of function, and minimum capacity for transfer holds a crucial responsibility in decreasing power usage. In this study, we discovered the needed transfer energy of four transferring modes: the straight transferring system, the double-hop transferring system, as well as double increasing coordinated transferring system with Rayleigh medium vanishing in its layout. Besides that, we suggested an energy-competent system named as efficient-power transmission mode selection-based (EPTMS) system. The suggested system chooses suitable transferring system whereby it offers the least needed transferring energy that assures a particular transfer duration. The statistical as well as simulation results shows that the two-master node cooperative protocols (TMNCP), EPTMS may enhance system conduction within the main criteria.
Marketplace affiliates potential analysis using cosine similarity and vision-based page segmentation Wildan Budiawan Zulfikar; Mohamad Irfan; Muhammad Ghufron; Jumadi Jumadi; Esa Firmansyah
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 9, No 6: December 2020
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v9i6.2018

Abstract

One success factor of an online affiliate is determined by the quality of the content source. Therefore, affiliate marketplaces need to do an objective assessment to retrieve content data that will be used to choose the right product in the appropriate product filter. Usually, the selection is not made using a good and measured system so that the selection of product content is only based on parts that are not in accordance with what is seen or subjective. However, if analyzed using a good and measurable system will produce an objective product content and can have a positive impact on users because the selection is based on factual data. The purpose of this research is to analyze the potential of the affiliate marketplace by combining cosine similarity with vision-based page segmentation. This is a new breakthrough made for optimization to get the best content in accordance with the required criteria. This work will produce a number of product recommendations that are appropriate for publication and then made use of for comparison that matches the required criteria. At the limited evaluation stage, the performance of the proposed model obtained satisfactory results, in which 5 queries tested were all as expected. 
Temperatures effects on cascaded Mach-Zehnder interferometer structures Ary Syahriar; Rahmat Alamtaha; Zulkifli Alamtaha; Putri Wulandari
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 9, No 6: December 2020
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v9i6.1982

Abstract

To increase bandwidth and number of channels per fiber for more than one wavelength in the same fiber the dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) technology has been utilized. One of the devices that are important in DWDM is an optical interleaver. This paper discussed the effects of temperatures in the DWDM interleaver by using the Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) structures which is arranged in two-stage cascaded MZI and the three-stage cascaded MZI geometries. The main consequences of increase temperature inside the fiber optics are the change of effective refractive index in the material of silica fiber due to the thermo-optics effects. In our analysis we have used the transfer matrix method to investigate the wavelength dependence of output power to the temperatures changes that varies from 30oC to 430ºC. In the calculation we have used the C-Band range wavelength which is around 1530 to 1565 nm. It has been shown that the change of temperatures may shift the wavelength inside the MZI output power in linear manners. These effects may be used to tune wavelength transmission inside the MZI structures to suit the ITU-T defined grid. 
A non-invasive and non-wearable food intake monitoring system based on depth sensor Muhammad Fuad Kassim; Mohd Norzali Haji Mohd; Mohd Razali Md Tomari; Nor Surayahani Suriani; Wan Nurshazwani Wan Zakaria; Suhaila Sari
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 9, No 6: December 2020
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v9i6.2256

Abstract

The food intake counting method showed a good significance that can lead to a successful weight loss by simply monitoring the food intake taken during eating. The device used in this project was Kinect Xbox One which used a depth camera to detect the motion of a person’s gesture and posture during food intake. Previous studies have shown that most of the methods used to count food intake device is worn device type. The recent trend is now going towards non-wearable devices due to the difficulty when wearing devices and it has high false alarm ratio. The proposed system gets data from the Kinect camera and monitors the gesture of the user while eating. Then, the gesture data is collected to be recognized and it will start counting the food intake taken by the user. The system recognizes the patterns of the food intake from the user by following the algorithm to analyze the gesture of the basic eating type and the system get an average accuracy of 96.2%. This system can help people who are trying to follow a proper way to avoid being overweight or having eating disorders by monitoring their meal intake and controlling their eating rate.
Increasing data storage of coloured QR code using compress, multiplexing and multilayered technique Azizi Abas; Yuhanis Yusof; Roshidi Din; Fazli Azali; Baharudin Osman
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 9, No 6: December 2020
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v9i6.2481

Abstract

Quick response (QR) code is a printed code of black and white squares that is able to store data without the use of any of the electronic devices. There are many existing researches on coloured QR code to increase the storage capacity but from time to time the storage capacity still need to be improved. This paper proposes the use ofcompress, multiplexing and multilayered techniques, as an integrated technique known as CoMM, to increase the storage of the existing QR code. The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) text characters are used as an input and performance is measured by the number of characters that can be stored in a single black and white QR code version 40. The experiment metrics also include percentage of missing characters, number of produced QR code, and elapsed time to create the QR code. Simulation results indicate that the proposed algorithm stores 24 times more characters than the black and white QR code and 9 times more than other coloured QR code. Hence, this shows that the coloured QR code has the potential of becoming useful mini-data storage as it does not rely on internet connection.
Comparative analysis of observer-based LQR and LMI controllers of an inverted pendulum Nura Musa Tahir; Mustapha Muhammad; Musa Idi; Salinda Buyamin; Ladan Maijama’a; Sa’id Musa Yarima
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 9, No 6: December 2020
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v9i6.2271

Abstract

An inverted pendulum is a multivariable, unstable, nonlinear system that is used as a yardstick in control engineering laboratories to study, verify and confirm innovative control techniques. To implement a simple control algorithm, achieve upright stabilization and precise tracking control under external disturbances constitutes a serious challenge. Observer-based linear quadratic regulator (LQR) controller and linear matrix inequality (LMI) are proposed for the upright stabilization of the system. Simulation studies are performed using step input magnitude, and the results are analyzed. Time response specifications, integral square error (ISE), integral absolute error (IAE) and mean absolute error (MAE) were employed to investigate the performances of the proposed controllers. Based on the comparative analysis, the upright stabilization of the pendulum was achieved within the shortest possible time with both controllers however, the LMI controller exhibits better performances in both stabilization and robustness. Moreover, the LMI control scheme is effective and simple.
Small and medium enterprise business solutions using data visualization Norhaslinda Kamaruddin; Raja Durratun Safiyah; Abdul Wahab
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 9, No 6: December 2020
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v9i6.2463

Abstract

The small and medium enterprise (SME) companies optimize performance using different automated systems to highlight the operations concerns. However, lack of efficient visualization in reporting results in slow feedbacks, difficulties in extracting root cause, and minimal corrective actions. To complicate matters, the data heterogeneity has intensely increased, and it is produced in a fast manner making it unmanageable if the traditional methods of analytics are applied. Hence, we propose the use of a dashboard that can summarize the operational events using real-time data based on the data visualization approach. This proposed solution summarizes the raw data, which allows the user to make informed decisions that can give a positive impact on business performance. An interactive intelligent dashboard for SME (iid-SME) is developed to tackle issues such as measurement of cases completed, the duration of time needed to solve a case, the individual performance of handling cases and other tasks as a proof of concept. From the result, the implementation of the iid-SME approach simplifies the conveyance of the message and helps the SME personnel to make decisions. With the positive feedback obtained, it is envisaged that such a solution can be further employed for SME improvement for better profit and decision making. 
Integrating Scrum development process with UX design flow Nora Khaled Al Ghanmi; Nor Shahida Mohd Jamail
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Vol 9, No 6: December 2020
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eei.v9i6.2484

Abstract

Nowadays, Agile software development practices are being widely adapted all over the world. Scrum is one of the most known Agile models, it satisfies the business needs and put the main focus on the product. One common challenge for the development of customer-facing products is having a good user experience. This paper presents integrating Scrum development process with user experience design flow. In this study, papers relating to the topic of user experience (UX) process integration with Agile development process, how to measure it and how to improve it, from the year 2010 onwards are reviewed. This is to identify how organizations can integrate UX design flow and Scrum development and get the benefits of both. The conducted review identifies a number of limitations in the existing integrations efforts. A proposed process model to resolve these limitations is presented. Along with our experience in implementing it on an ongoing software development project. The results of applying this process, its impact on the project outcomes quality and the employees’ satisfaction with the process are discussed. The goal of this study is to aid organizations in integrating UX design into their development process.