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Contact Name
Mukhammad Zamzami
Contact Email
mukhammadzamzami@gmail.com
Phone
+6285856702143
Journal Mail Official
teosofi@uinsby.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Ahmad Yani 117 Surabaya, 60237 JAWA TIMUR - INDONESIA
Location
Kota surabaya,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam
ISSN : 20887957     EISSN : 2442871X     DOI : 10.15642/teosofi
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam (ISSN 2088-7957, E-ISSN 2442-871X) diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya pada bulan Juni 2011. Jurnal ini terakreditasi pada 3 Juli 2014 sesuai Keputusan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 212/P/2014. Jurnal yang terbit bulan Juni dan Desember ini, berisi kajian seputar tasawuf, pemikiran Islam, tafsir sufi, hadis sufi, maupun fiqh sufi.
Articles 20 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December" : 20 Documents clear
Sunan Ampel dan Nilai Etis Islam Nusantara: dari Tantra-Bhairawa kepada Praktik Keagamaan Nir-Kekerasan Zumrotul Mukaffa
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (461.593 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.374-410

Abstract

This article focuses its discussion on the order of ethical values behind the success of Sunan Ampel, one of the Nine Saints (Walisongo), to co-modify the Pancamakara ritual that involves the Tantra-Bhairawa sect during the era of Majapahit Kingdom. The Pancamakara has also been called Pancamakara Puja, Cakra Puja, Mo-Limo or Panca Ma, which stand on five basic elements, namely mamsa, matsya, madya, maithuna, and mudra. The study finds that Sunan Ampel had successfully created the concept of Pancamakara and its sustainability as exchange values with Islam with no intention to deconstruct its utility values totally. The value order consists of certainty to always emphasize Islamization and bridge Islam and local religious rituals to achieve peaceful and non-violent religious practices. The value order is transformed into the existing pattern of culture. Consequently, the implementation pattern of Pancamakara as a religious ritual had still been preserved, but its substance was entirely deconstructed. Through his magical touch, Sunan Ampel had preserved Pancamakara that had no longer based on the five basic elements called Mo-Limo. Instead, the doctrine commands people to avoid the five basic elements, and it now becomes Moh-Limo (unwilling to commit five immoral acts).
Relasi Murshid dan Murid dalam Bimbingan Tarekat Shādhilīyah di Pesulukan Thoriqot Agung Tulungagung Chabib Musthofa
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (576.432 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.339-373

Abstract

This article attempts to reveal the relation of murshid and murīd (pupil) of the Tarekat Shādhilīyah at Pesulukan Thoriqot Agung (PETA) in Tulungagung East Java. The author discusses the pattern of constructive relation between murshid and his pupils to build an objective social reality of the tariqa in terms of its teaching and ritual aspects. This moment subsequently becomes a medium of adaptation of the pupils. It helps the pupils reach spiritual happiness and internalize it into his/her consciousness and behaviors. Within such relation, social construction affirms that community is a result of human’s production, and it stands beyond the zone of an external phenomenon. This external phenomenon consists of material and non-material subjects. In time, the external phenomenon becomes an objective reality, which forms other people’s understanding and behavior in other different periods. Murshid has been the main subject within a tariqa who is capable of coloring the spiritual realm of his pupils. The plot of murabbī al-rūḥ (spiritual educator) attached upon murshid is not a mysteriously hidden, abstract, and unseen epithet. Instead, this spiritual status is applied in his social action and behavior, and it colors the spiritual actions of his murīd.
Kritik Pemikiran Khalifah Hizbut Tahrir yang Autokratik Ainur Rofiq Al Amin
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (367.867 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.434-458

Abstract

The proponents of Hizbut Tahrir (HT) claim that the structure of HT’s political system has been the sole best system, and it is deemed as a single compatible system to deal with all problems faced by the modern people in this modern age. The political system has been claimed as being capable of replacing all existing political systems in the world nowadays. They call this political system khilāfah coupled with khalīfah as the central elements. To the proponents of HT, the khilāfah system they promulgate among the Islamic communities throughout the world has been a legacy of the Prophet Muhammad. Therefore, the Muslim communities have to uphold this system regardless of their geographical boundaries. This article seeks to track roots of thought, which provide the political system called khilāfah and khalīfah propagated by HT foundation for its existence. In doing so, I will refer to authoritative references written and published by the proponents of HT. The study finds that the model of election, appointment, impeachment, and power of khalīfah along with obedience upon him, leads to autocratic governance.
Rigiditas dan Fleksibilitas Diskursus Fiqih Wanita Hizbut Tahrir Umi Chaidaroh
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (491.577 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.459-492

Abstract

Many women in modern times take part in public spaces. Moreover, women are also involved with Islamic movements, which are often associated with fundamentalist movements such as Hizbut Tahrir (HT). In Indonesia, HT has a wing of women’s organization called the Muslimah Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (MHTI). Women’s activists play a pivotal role in the public space to help HT achieve its goals. Fundamentalist women who work in the public sphere seem to contradict the growing assumption asserting that Islamic fundamentalist movements are often associated with the magnitude of oppression against women. It has been, however, seems to be a paradox. Considering the aforementioned argument, it is important to examine the thoughts concerning women’s jurisprudence of HT. Using a comparative approach, this study focuses on written literature as the main source. The study results prove that the thought concerning women’s jurisprudence of HT tends to be rigid. Interestingly, however, the study also finds that the jurisprudence shows its flexibility within particular cases, but it is even called liberal.
Genealogi Keilmuan Muḥammad b. ‘Abd al-Wahhāb Muhammad Chabibi
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (397.201 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.493-515

Abstract

Wahhabism is an Islamic ideological school attributed to a Muslim scholar named Muḥammad b. ‘Abd al-Wahhāb of Najd. ‘Abd al-Wahhāb has carried out religious preaching to promulgate his ideas into a number of regions within the Arabic Peninsula, aiming at also spreading them throughout the world. In doing so, he has been supported by political and military power provided by an Amīr named Muḥammad b. Sa‘ud. ‘Abd al-Wahhāb’s da‘wah sought to invite Muslims to purify their faith and promote Islamic revivalism (Islamic orthodoxy). Employing Michel Foucault’s “theory of genealogy”, this article attempts to look at the relational bond of knowledge and power. The historical analysis finds genealogy within ‘Abd al-Wahhab’s knowledge along with the earlier network of Ḥanbalī’s authorities in Damascus through the ijāzah he accepted from his teachers. Ijāzah is a symbol of the legitimacy of enthusiasm in Islamic scientific genealogy. The associations between religion and politics have been another important factor in the success of the Wahhabi movement.
Orientasi Local Wisdom dalam Kajian Filsafat Islam di Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam Raden Lukman Fauroni
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (386.517 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.411-433

Abstract

The article scrutinizes the study of Islamic philosophy along with its dynamics within historical contexts. The dynamics of Islamic philosophy have been, among others, caused by the debate between proponents and opponents within the field. This article finds and demonstrates a new trend within the study of Islamic philosophy, which focuses on local wisdom. The Department of Aqidah and Filsafat Islam (AFI/Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy) of State Islamic University (UIN) Yogyakarta focuses on the integration of studies on philosophy, Islamic theology (kalām), and Sufism functionally as analytical tools in dealing with the contemporary problem of humanity. The Department of AFI of UIN Bandung puts emphasis on strengthening the Islamic philosophy, which is oriented to the development of Sundanese and Nusantara philosophy. Meanwhile, the Department of AFI of IAIN Surakarta addresses its study toward the Islamic philosophy to develop the philosophy of Java Islam. The dialogue and intense interaction with local wisdom will strengthen the Islamic philosophy and help it finds its momentum to offer applicative and appropriate solutions toward contemporary national and humanity problems. The Islamic philosophy based on local wisdom will also be able to eradicate the radical trans-national ideology.
Pemikiran Sufistik dan Toleransi Beragama KH. Sholeh Bahruddin di Pesantren Ngalah Pasuruan Muhammad Muntahibun Nafis; Muhammad Ainun Najib
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (362.945 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.330-352

Abstract

Sufism and tariqa (Sufi order) play a significant role in building and enhancing mutual-peaceful dialogue between Islam and other religions and cultures. The Sufis establish cooperation with followers of other religions. This is because Sufism holds a moderate view and understanding of Islamic doctrines. Sufism is, therefore, not limited only to spirituality and the mystical realm, but it is also able to create a harmonious relationship among humans and between humans and nature. This article seeks to present a related study on the doctrine of religious tolerance within Sufism promulgated by KH. Sholeh Bahruddin, the headmaster of Pesantren (Islamic boarding school) Ngalah Pasuruan East Java. Kiai Sholeh sees Sufism as the main foundation of religious tolerance. As the murshid of the Tarekat Qādirīyah wa Naqsabandīyah Mujaddadīyah Khālidīyah Kiai Sholeh has intensively cultivated Islam raḥmah li al-‘ālamīn in the pesantren he leads. This doctrine emphasizes that Islam raḥmah li al-‘ālamīn perceives all human beings as kabeh dulur (all are brothers) regardless of their religious and social background and political preference. Through the concept of kabeh dulur, Kiai Sholeh builds human relationships with anyone, including people of different faiths and beliefs.
Integrasi Agama dan Sains Melalui Pemaknaan Filosofis Integrated Twin Towers UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya M. Syamsul Huda
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (441.454 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.283-315

Abstract

The article discusses the Integrated Twin Towers paradigm introduced by Sunan Ampel State Islamic University (UIN) Surabaya. The paradigm promulgates an integrated pattern of Islamic studies and sciences as its epistemological basis and philosophical framework. It can be observed within the concept of knowledge development, which focuses not only on religious knowledge but also on pure scientific knowledge. This paradigm is considered an innovative-solutive scientific idea to bridge the interrelated connection of religion and science. The study finds that the idea of the Integrated Twin Towers is epistemologically based on philosophical rationalistic-empirical and religious-normative foundations, which are integrated through Islamic studies and sciences or what so-called Islamic Humanities. The Islamic Humanities is centered upon the integration of Islamic knowledge, social and humanities, science, and technology. The paradigm puts religion and sciences within a harmonious and dialectic gradation point. One tower becomes a subject matter, while the other becomes an approach. It also finds that this paradigm methodologically employs interdisciplinary and cross-disciplinary methods or generally called multidisciplinary methods.
Perjumpaan Psikologi dan Tasawuf Menuju Integrasi Dinamis Mujiburrahman Mujiburrahman
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (320.81 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.261-282

Abstract

The problematic relations between religion and science do not only occur in Western societies but also in Muslim societies. While early modern Muslim reformists strongly encouraged Muslims to adopt modern sciences, later reformists argued that modern sciences should be Islamized. The idea of Islamization of knowledge has been widely discussed and contested. Another alternative to the idea of Islamization is integration. The integration should be dynamic in the sense that they interact in a mutually illuminating, enriching, and renewing mode. This paper presents the possibility of dynamic integration between Psychology and Sufism. Some modern psychologists argue that Sufism is not scientific because it is not based on empirical observation, while some others say that modern psychology’s denial of metaphysical realities is in fact not based on strong evidence but assumptions. In the light of integration, instead of opposing the two disciplines to one another, one actually can draw the lines where modern psychology and Sufism meet and separate. The rational and empirical basis of modern psychology can be enriched, renewed, and illuminated by the metaphysical and spiritual basis of Sufism, and vise-versa.
Pemikiran Ibn Taymīyah tentang Sharī‘ah sebagai Tujuan Tasawuf Izzuddin Washil; Ahmad Khoirul Fata
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (434.221 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.316-338

Abstract

Ibn Taymīyah rejects no all doctrines of Sufism, although he criticizes some of them. For instance, he does firmly refuse the doctrine of waḥdat al-wujūd and fanā’ altogether. Ibn Taymīyah has a unique concept of Sufism, which differs from other concepts of Sufism promulgated by other Sufis, especially those of Wujūdīyah proponents. Ibn Taymīyah’s concept of Sufism puts great emphasis on its appropriateness with stipulations of sharī‘ah. The compatibility of sharī‘ah and taṣawwuf has been the main feature of his model of Sufism. When other Sufis start their mystical journey from the stage of sharī‘ah, Ibn Taymīyah puts sharī‘ah as the final stage. To him, sharī‘ah is the main goal of mystical journeys; taṣawwuf should be based on sharī‘ah, and it also must end with sharī‘ah. Using al-Taftazānī’s perspective, this study finds that the character of Ibn Taymīyah’s Sufism is Taṣawwuf Akhlāqī. This is so because he prefers to purify morality than such mystical experiences as waḥdat al-wujūd or fanā’ and the uses of symbols to reveal the mystical experiences.

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