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Contact Name
Mukhammad Zamzami
Contact Email
mukhammadzamzami@gmail.com
Phone
+6285856702143
Journal Mail Official
teosofi@uinsby.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Ahmad Yani 117 Surabaya, 60237 JAWA TIMUR - INDONESIA
Location
Kota surabaya,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam
ISSN : 20887957     EISSN : 2442871X     DOI : 10.15642/teosofi
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam (ISSN 2088-7957, E-ISSN 2442-871X) diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya pada bulan Juni 2011. Jurnal ini terakreditasi pada 3 Juli 2014 sesuai Keputusan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 212/P/2014. Jurnal yang terbit bulan Juni dan Desember ini, berisi kajian seputar tasawuf, pemikiran Islam, tafsir sufi, hadis sufi, maupun fiqh sufi.
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June" : 8 Documents clear
The Message, Sociocultural Background, and Politics of the Religious Islamic Sermons in the Netherlands Rr. Suhartini
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (546.707 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.152-174

Abstract

Da‘wa is not merely concerned with theology and religion but also addresses the socio-political aspects. These aspects are highly dependent on the background of the da‘i or preacher and the public space of politics in the religion which conveys the da‘wa message. Using a qualitative method, this research focuses on three questions, which are the priority of the da‘wa message, and the suitability of the da‘i qualification in the contemporary Netherlands. The third question entails how the politics of religion support the life of Muslim migrants, and for this issue, some mosques and Muslim communities were chosen for data collection. Subsequently, this research showed that the most delivered topics of da‘wa message were about aqīdah or creed, sharī‘ah, which is the Islamic law, and then akhlāq or ethics. Also, the background of the da‘i heavily influenced the selection of the da‘wa material and involved two major streams, which were Salafi and Sunni. The da‘wa activity by the Sunni da‘is tended to be more open, compared to Salafi activities. Concerning this religion’s politics, the Dutch government launched a program, which involved the Pillarization of Islam. The program was to enable the government to maintain control over the activities of Muslim migrants and was also for the benefit of the multi-origin and multi-ethnic ones. However, this measure proved to be ineffective, and da‘wa has continued without following this pillarization program, as being a Muslim is a result of personal will, and not just because of a sermon.
Negotiation of Tradition, Islam, and Modernity in the Kaum Mudo Islamic Reform Movement in Minangkabau Andri Ashadi
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (614.61 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.30-59

Abstract

At the beginning of the 20th century, when the modernism of Islam was strengthened in Minangkabau, many academics viewed the Kaum Mudo movement paradoxically. On the one hand, it was considered to be progress-oriented by negotiating and accommodating adat, and as such, the followers were referred to as reformers. Conversely, the movement was seen as opposing and eliminating against the elemental integration of local cultures or adat and modern ideas into Islam. Hence, the supporters were also referred to as puritans. This article employed Stella Ting-Toomeys’s identity negotiation theory, which refers to ethnic or traditional and religious identities as primary. Consequently, it was concluded that the Kaum Mudo Islamic reform movement in Minangkabau was rooted in religious customs and traditions and not purification. Furthermore, it was observed in several cases, such as the contests and fights for mutual influence by the existing social groups. It was also seen in the ethnic backgrounds of each character at times when attitudes, which give room for negotiations, are required. Meanwhile, the existing madrasa reform models negotiated between the traditional surau system and the modern Dutch school have displayed this movement. Finally, the existence of a synthesis of adat with Islam and modernity in Minangkabau, which are engaged in mutual negotiations, was also seen.
The Perception of Islamism by the Teachers and Students of Pesantren Mawaridussalam Deli Serdang, North Sumatra Dahlia Lubis
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (532.677 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.1-29

Abstract

Many studies on pesantren in Indonesia emphasize more on the aspect of this establishment as the oldest Islamic educational institution in the archipelago only, instead of other aspects related to this type of school. Recently, a growing number of studies have shifted their topic into one particular focus, which is radicalism or Islamism in pesantren. Consequently, this paper aims to examine the responses of pesantren teachers and students to the term ‘Islamism’. The study was conducted at Pesantren Mawaridussalam, an Islamic boarding school located in Batang Kuis village, Deli Serdang, which is in North Sumatra, Indonesia. Specifically, the responses of teachers and students to the issue of the Islamic state were elaborated. The study also focused on shariazation, which seeks to make Islam the state law, as well as democracy, and jihād, which is a struggle or fight against the enemies of Islam the religion. The findings of this study indicate that the teachers and students had varied understandings of Islamism as some argued that the term was close to Islamists, while others believed that it was identical. Despite the different understandings, most of them rejected the use of violence in fighting for the ideals of Islam.
Examining the Moderate Understanding of Islam among Higher Education Students of the State Institute of Islamic Studies Surakarta Toto Suharto
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (502.098 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.60-80

Abstract

The study of radicalism among students of the State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN), Surakarta, showed a significant increase within the recent decade. Hence, this article attempts to analyze the level of moderate understanding of these students with a survey that involved 100 persons. The past educational background of each student was deeply explored to figure out the basics of their religious understanding. Meanwhile, qualitative and quantitative designs were employed to measure their understanding of moderate Islam. The results of the study showed that the students of IAIN Surakarta had a moderate understanding of Islamic teachings, according to an outcome of 87%. The high value was because the majority of the respondents had graduated from madrasah and pesantren, which had strongly emphasized cultivating moderate religious doctrines. This outcome was different from that of general high school graduate students, where they learned the doctrines from Rohani Islam or Rohis. Also, it was discovered that the Rohis commonly hold radical and intolerant religious doctrines. This is understandable as this community tends to understand Islamic doctrines textually, scripturally, and differently from the teachings promulgated by pesantren and madrasa.
Islamism in the Perception of the Teachers and the Students of Pesantren Mawaridussalam Deli Serdang North Sumatra Lubis, Dahlia
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (532.677 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.1-29

Abstract

Many studies on pesantren in Indonesia put more emphasis only on the aspect of pesantren as the oldest Islamic educational institution in the archipelago, instead of any other aspects related to this type of educational institution. Recently, a growing number of studies have shifted their topic into one particular focus, namely radicalism or Islamism in pesantren. This paper aims to examine the responses of pesantren teachers and students to the term Islamism. This study has been conducted at Pesantren Mawaridussalam, an Islamic boarding school located in Batang Kuis village, Deli Serdang, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Specifically, this article elaborates on the responses of teachers and students to the issue of the Islamic state, shariazation (make Islamic law as the law of the state), democracy, and jih?d (a struggle or fight against the enemies of Islam). The findings of this study indicate that the teachers and the students have varied understandings of Islamism. Some argue that the term is close to Islamists, while some others believe that it is identical to Islamists. Despite such understanding, most of the teachers and the students reject the use of violence in fighting for the ideals of Islam.
The Political-Religious Relations between the Kurds and the Ottoman Empire Meirison Meirison
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (556.548 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.131-151

Abstract

The Kurds are an ethnic group that has experienced significant friction with other countries, such as Persia, Arabia, the Mongols, and Turkey. However, the Kurds and the Ottoman Empire have established completely distinct relations, including the mutual attraction of the Islamic Faith, school of thought, and the problem of nationalism. Although Islam does not discern according to the ethnicity people belong to, it is a devotion that distinguishes their degree before God. Therefore, this article attempts to examine how the Kurds have been able to survive under the auspices of the Ottoman Empire, which was formerly considered as a substitute for the previous Islamic caliphate that ruled based on shari‘a. The study discovered that the political and legal transformation in the body of the Ottoman Empire made the Kurds extremely depressed and agitated. This brought about the rise of their nationalism and intention to establish an independent state. Unfortunately, it was difficult to realize since the region’s map is shaped by the winning countries of World War I, which did not recognize the so-called Kurdistan State. Also, the surrounding countries, such as Turkey, Iran, Syria, and Iraq, did not want to lose their territory.
The Youth and Primacy against Religious Radicalism through the Organization of Mahasiswa Ahlith Thariqah Al Mu‘tabarah An Nahdliyyah (MATAN) in Indonesia Zulfan Taufik
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (486.696 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.109-130

Abstract

In Indonesia, tariqa has become a choice to counter and fight against the radical groups that target youngsters as prey. An obvious example is the organization of Mahasiswa Ahlith Thariqah Al Mu‘tabarah An Nahdliyyah (MATAN). By employing the phenomenological approach, this study considered MATAN as a Muslim youth organization that strongly emphasizes radicalism and positivism among youngsters, especially college students. Also, it maintained that MATAN has strived to synergize intellectuality and spirituality among the students, with claims of loyalty to the preservation of moderate, tolerant, inclusive, and consistent Islam. This preservation concerns sharī‘ah, ḥaqīqah, and ma‘rifah, and simultaneously maintains awareness as an integral part of Indonesian people living in the country. Therefore, they must obey the country’s rules imbued with Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution. These points can inspire every activity of the members of MATAN to actively promote and engage themselves in de-radicalization efforts. Meanwhile, the findings confirmed several studies and surveys conducted in Morocco, Algeria, and Mali, asserting that the tariqa has become a new fondness and is believed to be a savior of youngsters from religious extremism.
Radical Islamism as a Mode of Production Masdar Hilmy
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (506.09 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.81-108

Abstract

This article attempts to provide a breakthrough which I call mode of production theory. This theory will be employed to analyze the contemporary phenomenon of radical Islamism. The mode of production theory is meant to bridge the two clashing theoretical paradigms in social sciences and humanities, i.e., Weberian and Marxian. Despite its bridging nature, the paper argues that the two cannot be merged within one single thread. This is because each paradigm has its own epistemological basis which is irreconcilable to one another. Mostly adapted from Marx’s theory, the current theory of the mode of production covers five interrelated aspects, namely social, political, economic, cultural, and symbolic structures. If Marx’s mode of production theory heavily relies on a material and economic basis, the theory used in this paper accommodates cultural and symbolic structures that are Weberian in nature. Although the two paradigms can operate together, the strength of structure (Marxian) overpowers the strength of culture (Weberian). This paper further argues that such cultural-based aspects as ideology, norms, and values play as mobilizing factors under a big schematic dominant structure in the rise and development of the radical Islamist groups.

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