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Contact Name
Mukhammad Zamzami
Contact Email
mukhammadzamzami@gmail.com
Phone
+6285856702143
Journal Mail Official
teosofi@uinsby.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Ahmad Yani 117 Surabaya, 60237 JAWA TIMUR - INDONESIA
Location
Kota surabaya,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam
ISSN : 20887957     EISSN : 2442871X     DOI : 10.15642/teosofi
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam (ISSN 2088-7957, E-ISSN 2442-871X) diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya pada bulan Juni 2011. Jurnal ini terakreditasi pada 3 Juli 2014 sesuai Keputusan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 212/P/2014. Jurnal yang terbit bulan Juni dan Desember ini, berisi kajian seputar tasawuf, pemikiran Islam, tafsir sufi, hadis sufi, maupun fiqh sufi.
Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December" : 9 Documents clear
The Intellectual Network of Mandailing and Haramayn Muslim Scholars in the Mid-19th and Early 20th Centuries Mhd. Syahnan; Asrul Asrul; Ja'far Ja'far
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (539.72 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.257-281

Abstract

This paper attempts to study the scholars’ network of Mandailing and Haramayn Ulama in the mid-19th and early 20th centuries. By employing the content analysis method, it was discovered that the Mandailing scholars had made intellectual encounters with those in Haramayn, and some even established networks with the Egyptians and Indians. The Mandailing scholars connote those that ethnically originated from the Mandailing clan, and data reveals that they come from Tapanuli and East Sumatera residencies, both of which are parts of the modern era North Sumatera province. This information does deny that some of these scholars were born in Makkah. During the duration evaluated by the study, it was observed that some scholars studied religion intensively and settled in Makkah, while others only learned Islam by meeting the scholars in this region during the Hajj period. The last group of scholars studied religion intensely in Nusantara, but while performing hajj, they met the scholars and learned Islam in a very limited time. Mandailing scholars studied Islamic sciences, especially Quranic exegeses, hadīth, and Sufism, and taught them to several scholars from Arab and Nusantara. These scholars include Ahmad Khatib al-Minangkabawi, ‘Abd al-Qadir b. Shabir al-Mandili (Nasution), and Hasan Masysyath. Ideologically, they studied Islamic sciences in the context of the Sunnī school of thought, especially Ash‘ariyya and Shāfi‘iyya.
The Viewpoint of Young Muhammadiyah Intellectuals towards the Religious Minority Groups in Indonesia Syamsul Arifin; Nafik Muthohirin
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (507.794 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.282-305

Abstract

Muhammadiyah strives to make a positive contribution to the progress of Indonesia. In the first century of the advent, this organization focused on advancing education, health, and compensation to the du‘af?’. Meanwhile, it issued an important point, which emphasized the minority groups through the 47th Congress in Makassar held in 2015. Hence, this article examines several issues concerning the views that underlie young Muhammadiyah intellectuals in voicing partiality towards the religious minority. It also analyzes the role or form of alignments and the implications of these views on thought upheavals within Muhammadiyah internally and nationally. The study discovered that the young intellectuals play a pivotal role in fighting for the basic rights of the religious minority, which continues to face the complicated problem of citizenship. Subsequently, this data has been focused on advocacy and intellectual works, including a literature review of attitude statements, published books, journals, research reports, and opinions in the national mainstream and alternative media.
Rethinking the Contemporary Discourse of Jihād Hasnan Bachtiar; Luciana Anggraeni; Muhammad Asep
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (609.737 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.306-325

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to evaluate the phenomenon of combative jihadism domination and the associated conditioning factors. Also, it evaluates the possibility of jihād’s dominant concept being paralleled to the Western concept of ‘just war.’ It can be argued that Islam normatively recognizes two forms of jihād, namely the greater form, which is for self-purification and improvement, as well as the lesser jihād for combative war. Although the combative meaning has historically dominated the contemporary discourse of jihād, it has been conditioned by several factors. These factors include the growth of the radical Islamism ideology, Western hegemonic behavior, globalization, and the absence of alternative narratives. Furthermore, it was discovered that the dominant concept of jihād in a legalistic view, is relatively similar to the Western concept of ‘just war,’ which in reality tends to be illegal or “breaks the law.” It also discusses the normative and historical meanings of jihād, the factors that conditioned the domination of combative jihadism, and the concept of ‘just war’.
Intellectual Network of Mandailing and Haramayn Muslim Scholars in the Mid-19th  and Early 20th Century Syahnan, Mhd.; Asrul, Asrul; Ja'far, Ja'far
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (539.72 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.257-281

Abstract

This paper is an attempt to study the scholars? network of Mandailing Ulama with those of Haramayn in the mid-19th  and early 20th century. Employing the content analysis method the research finds that the Mandailing scholars had made an intellectual encounter with the scholars in Haramayn, even some of the established networks with Egyptian and Indian scholars. The Mandailing scholars connote those who ethnically originated from Mandailing clan and data reveals that Mandailing scholars come from the residencies of Tapanuli and East Sumatera, both of which are parts of the modern era North Sumatera province. This not to deny that some of the Mandailing scholars were also born in Makkah. From the aspect of the duration of the study, some scholars studied religion intensively and settled in Makkah, while others only learned the Islamic religion by meeting the scholars of Makkah only during the Hajj period. The last group of scholars only studied religion intensely in Nusantara, but while performing hajj they met the scholars and learned religion in very limited time. Mandailing scholars studied Islamic sciences, especially Quranic exegeses, had?th, and Sufism to a number of such scholars from Arab and Nusantara as Ahmad Khatib al-Minangkabawi, ?Abd al-Qadir b. Shabir al-Mandili (Nasution) and Hasan Masysyath. Ideologically, they studied Islamic sciences in the context of the Sunn? school of thought, especially Ash?ar?yah and Sh?fi??yah. This study then fills the gap of the study of other researchers about the Nusantara Ulama Network with Middle Eastern scholars.
The Viewpoint of The Young Muhammadiyah Intellectuals towards The Religious Minority Groups in Indonesia Arifin, Syamsul; Muthohirin, Nafik
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (507.794 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.282-305

Abstract

Muhammadiyah keeps onto make a positive contribution to the progress of Indonesia. In the first century of its advent, Muhammadiyah focused on advancing education, health, and compensation to the du?af?, while through the 47th Congress in Makassar (2015), Muhammadiyah had issued an important point which emphasizes on the minority groups. This article examines a number of issues dealing with the views that underlie young Muhammadiyah intellectuals in voicing partiality towards the religious minority, the role or form of alignments and the implications of these views on thought upheavals within Muhammadiyah internally and at the national level. The study finds that the young Muhammadiyah intellectuals play a pivotal role in fighting for the basic rights of a religious minority which continues to face the complicated problem of citizenship. The data has been focused on advocacy and intellectual works, including a literature review of statements of attitudes, published books, journals, research reports, and opinions in the national mainstream and alternative media.
Rethinking the Significance of Pesantren-Based Integrative Islamic Studies in the Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah State Institute of Islamic Studies Kediri Moh. Asror Yusuf
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.326-351

Abstract

The Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah State Institute of Islamic Studies Kediri is facing many challenges, one of which is related to the number of students, as it currently seems to be less interesting and irrelevant to the work field. Moreover, the Islamic Studies provided seems to be supplying insufficient capability for graduates compared with the pesantren alumni. Based on this statement, this paper seeks to find some proper solutions to suggest. This study examined the documents of this faculty, specifically related to the curriculum, and also interviewed the stakeholders. It was concluded that to maintain and develop the faculty’s existence, some changes were necessary. These solutions include strengthening the integration within Islamic studies by using a practical theology approach in teaching and learning, as well as continuously developing the ability of students to attain a higher order of thinking. The third solution was to give special attention to the pesantren-based primary Islamic literature, which was mostly delivered in Arabic, along with strengthening the students’ ability in understanding the language.
Salafis’ Criticism on the Celebration of Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday Muhammad As'ad
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (542.295 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.353-379

Abstract

This article explains the standing of the Salafis on the celebration of the Prophet Muhammad’s birthday or mawlid. It also captures some opinions of the proponents of the mawlid against the understanding of the Salafis. Generally, their criticism of this celebration is mainly built on their theological perspective due to three reasons. The first is the requirement of authenticity, as they argue that the mawlid has no argument or dalīl, either in the Qur’ān or in the ḥadīth. Another reason is the prohibition of innovation or bid‘ah due to the status of the mawlid as an innovative act, while the third is the reprehensibility of veneration and idolatry of the Prophet. However, the proponents of the mawlid reject these arguments, admit that it is inauthentic, falls under the category of good innovation or bid‘ah ḥasanah, and is allowed to be practiced. Additionally, the Salafis condemned some practices within the mawlid, such as serving food, the act of standing up or qiyām, the recitation of related books, and the use of musical instruments. Conversely, the proponents claimed that the practices were allowed as they did not violate any Islamic or sharī‘ah teachings. Also, they represent a sincere expression of joy and happiness for the birth of Allah’s messenger and noblest person, which is Prophet Muhammad.
Redefining Rational and Revelation into the Islamic Systemology Concept Muhammad Aiman Awalluddin
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (643.767 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.407-427

Abstract

The way of thinking held by most Muslims has currently shifted from Allah-centered to logical and empiricism. Also, the separation line of Islam from these practices can be seen clearly as the majority of Muslims hold secular thoughts. Hence, the paper aims to redefine the ‘aqlī (rational) and naqlī (revelation) ways of thinking into the Islamic systemology concept. This is a concept that places Allah as an agent of everything and as the head of the system. Additionally, the process of the evolution of Greek philosophy and how it became a phenomenon in the Muslim world is extensively discussed. The application of rational reasoning, which was championed by Aristotle, is slowly degrading Muslims’ faith, as they have begun to verify everything based on logical answers. This article also strengthens the position of Abū Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī and supports the scholar’s arguments on the rejection of Western philosophy by outlining the importance of yaqīn or strong inner faith in acting and making better judgments. The Islamic systemology concepts are very important to make Muslims aware of the balance between ‘aqlī and naqlī, as both are interconnected and complementary. Ignoring naqlī means Muslims put more emphasis on the world or dunyā and less belief in Allah, and as such, they jeopardize the equilibrium of thinking.
The Revivalism of Veiled Female Students: An Account of Their Views of Democracy in Indonesia Iswahyudi Iswahyudi; Udin Safala; Umi Kulsum
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (533.926 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.380-406

Abstract

The issue of veiled female students has become a polemic, especially among the State Islamic Religious Colleges (PTKIN) in Indonesia. This is because female students wearing veils obstructs the learning activities and is also viewed as a sign of Islamic revivalism. Although this revivalism is considered as a barrier to the Islamic moderatism promulgated by the state and PTKIN, excessive concern about it is not always true. Azyumardi Azra once argued that revivalism does not always lead to radicalism and destruction and also referred to it as “inward-oriented” revivalism, which is a form of personal religiosity while practicing and living according to Islam. This article attempts to examine the revivalism of veiled female students based on their views of democracy in Indonesia. By employing the phenomenological approach, this study discovered that these students hold positive views of democracy as a means of societal welfare creation in Indonesia. However, they asserted that this democracy should be rejuvenated as it is not only a concept but also a practical matter, which must be present in the realities of the Indonesian people. Consequently, this view demonstrates inward-oriented revivalism, not a radical and destructive one.

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