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Jurnal Tashwir
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Articles 54 Documents
Presisi Kiblat Masjid-Masjid di Kota Banjarmasin Hakim, Budi Rahmat; Syaikhu, Akhmad; Hanafi, Mashunah
TASHWIR Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : IAIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18592/jt.v1i1.152

Abstract

Precision of Qibla direction of mosques in Bajarmasin city are varied. Based on the category designed, the precision of the mosques are varied from very high, high, medium high, fair, low, very low. Among 40 mosques investigated, 3 mosques categorized as very high precision, 1 mosque categorized as high precision, 2 mosques categorized as medium high precision, 7 mosques categorized as fair presicion, 7 mosques categorized as low presicion and a total majority of 20 mosques placed into the category of very lowKeywords: Precision, Qibla, and Mosques
Studi Penerapan Akuntansi Zakat pada BAZNAS Provinsi Kalsel dan BAZNAS Kota Banjarmasin Helmi, Rahman; Rahmi, Nispan; Ipansyah, Nor
TASHWIR Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : IAIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18592/jt.v1i1.160

Abstract

This research is aimed to find out how the implementation of alms accounting in the alms management dan its compatibility with the 109 PSAK regarding alms accounting and dole. The research is carried out in BAZNAS of South Kalimantan and BAZNAS of Banjarmasin city by using descriptive-comparative method. The data of the research is obtained through interview dan documentation study. The result of the research indicates that in general, the implementation of alms accounting in BAZNAS of South Kalimantan has been in accordance with PSAK 109, namely: deviding the fund based on the source and its designation which include alms fund, dole fund, non halal fund, administrator fund which respectively is presented separately in (1) Financial Position Report, (2) Fund Alteration Report, dan (3) Cash Flows Report. Whereas the implementation of alms acoounting in BAZNAS of Banjarmasin city is not entirely in accordance with the 109 PSAK because the disclosure of the financial report is only presented with Fund Alteration Report.Keywords: BAZNAS, alms accounting, PSAK 109, financial report.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana penerapan akuntansi zakat pada pengelola zakat dan kesesuaiannya dengan PSAK 109 mengenai Akuntansi Zakat dan Infak/Sedekah. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada BAZNAS Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan dan BAZNAS Kota Banjarmasin dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif-komparatif. Data penelitian diperoleh melalui wawancara dan studi dokumentas.. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penerapan akuntansi zakat pada BAZNAS Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan secara umum telah sesuai dengan PSAK 109, yaitu: dengan membagi dana berdasarkan sumber dan peruntukannya, meliputi dana zakat, dana infak, dana non halal, dan dana pengelola yang masing-masing disajikan secara terpisah dalam (1) Laporan Posisi Keuangan, (2) Laporan Perubahan Dana, dan (3) Laporan Arus Kas. Sedangkan penerapan akuntansi zakat pada BAZNAS Kota Banjarmasin belum sepenuhnya sesuai dengan PSAK 109 karena pengungkapan laporan keuangan hanya disajikan dengan Laporan Perubahan Dana.Kata kunci: BAZNAS, akuntansi zakat, PSAK 109, laporan keuangan.
Kepercayaan dan Perilaku Masyarakat Banjar dalam Hubungan Kekerabatan dengan Buaya Jelmaan di Banjarmasin dan Banjarbaru Basrian, Basrian; Maimanah, Maimanah; Arni, Arni
Jurnal Tashwir Vol 1, No 2 (2013)
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Abstract

Some Banjar people believe in and eshtablish familiarity with crocodile incarnation. Such crocodiles are believed can help or even disrupt the keepers family. One of the rituals of the belief is that the family make offerings that is put into the river, so that the crocodile will not tempt to annoy and otherwise help the keepers family. The kinship with animals is called totemism which is a hereditary belief.Keywords: belief, behavior, incarnated crocodile.Sebagian masyarakat Banjar mempercayai dan menjalin keakraban dengan buaya jelmaan. Buaya jelmaan dipercaya dapat membantu, dan mengganggu keluarga pemeliharanya. Dari kepercayaan itu, mereka memberi sesajen yang dimasukan ke dalam air sungai, agar buaya jelmaan tidak mengganggu dan dapat membantu mereka. Hubungan kekerabatan dengan binatang adalah paham totem yang merupakan kepercayaan turun temurun yang diwariskan.Kata kunci: kepercayaan, perilaku, buaya jelmaan
Sosiologi dan Kepercayaan Masyarakat Banjar (Analisis Perilaku Kontemporer Orang Banjar di Kalimantan Selatan) Syadzali, Ahmad; Ainah, Noor; Sani, Abdul
TASHWIR Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : IAIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18592/jt.v1i1.156

Abstract

This research concerns on the sociology and behavior of Banjar community by applying analysis of anthropological-sociological phenomena approach focused on: how to identify the social phenomena and the emergence of community’s symbols of trust in Banjar people sociology? How is the actual relevance between the social behaviors and trusts behind the attitudes, expressions, cultural behaviors of Banjar people in the social life which exists in South Kalimantan? What are the major factors in the emergence of the current behavior in the social life and trusts of Banjar people? Answering the previous questions, it is found that most of the trusts of the people are the people’s heritage, besides the new factors related to business and trade behavior of the people. From the findings, it is evident that various trusts and contemporary behaviors of business of Banjar people are influenced by insufficient comprehension of Islamic values and some others because of the effect of the trusts themselves which impact on their social life.Keywords: Sociology, contemporary behaviors and businessPenelitian tentang Sosiologis dan Prilaku Masyarakat Banjar dengan analisis pendekatan fenomenona antropologis sosiologis memfokuskan pada ;bagaimana idenfikasi fenomena sosial dan pemunculan simbol-simbol kepercayaan masyarakat dalam sosiologis orang Banjar? Bagaimana relevansi aktual antara prilaku sosial dengan kepercayaan di balik sikap, ungkapan, prilaku budaya orang Banjar dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat yang ada di Kalimantan Selatan? Faktor-faktor dominan apa saja sehingga munculnya prilaku mutakhir dalam kepercayaan dan kehidupan bermasyarakat pada orang Banjar tersebut? Menjawab itu diketemukan sejumlah kepercayaan yang sebagian besar adalah warisan leluhur, namun juga ada yang baru terutama terkait dengan prilaku bisnis dan berdagang orang Banjar. Dari temuan jelas bahwa berbagai kepercayaan dan prilaku kontemporer bisnis orang Banjar dipengaruhi oleh kekurang mantapan pemahaman nilai keislaman dan sebagiannya karena pengaruh kepercayaan itu sendiri yang membawa dampak atau efek sosiologis terhadap kehidupan mereka.Kata Kunci: Sosiologi, perilaku kontemtemporer dan bisnis.
Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Prestasi Belajar Mahasiswa PMTK Fak. Tarbiyah dan Keguruan IAIN Antasari Assidiqi, Hasby; Rivilla, Sessy Rewetty; Sabirin, M.
TASHWIR Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : IAIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18592/jt.v1i1.159

Abstract

The level of achievement of student learning does not occur by itself, but there are various factors that influence it such as, motivation, habits of study, students’ attitude toward the learning environment and the students’ perception toward the lecturers in the classes. The causality between those psychological factors toward the achievement of the students learning is very complicated to be investigated. Therefore, to accommodate the problem, a relevant statistical technique which enables the researcher to solve the problem is required. The statistical technique used is Structural Equation Modeling (SEM).Keyword: Structural Equation Modeling, achievement, psychological factors.Tinggi rendahnya pencapaian belajar mahasiswa bukanlah terjadi dengan sendirinya, melainkan ada berbagai faktor yang mempengaruhinya diantarannya adalah faktor motivasi, kebiasaan belajar, sikap mahasiswa terhadap lingkungan belajar serta persepsi mahasiswa terhadap dosen di kelas. Kausalitas antar faktor psikologis di atas terhadap prestasi belajar mahasiswa sangatlah rumit untuk diteliti. Oleh karenanya, untuk mengakomodasi permasalahan di atas, diperlukan teknik statistik yang relevan dan mampu memecahkan masalah tersebut melalui indikator-indikator faktor tersebut. Teknik statistik yang dimaksud adalah Model Persamaan Struktural (MPS).Kata kunci: Model Persamaan Struktural, prestasi, factor-faktor psikologis.
Manajemen Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pendidikanpada MTs Muhammadiyah 3 Al-Furqan Banjarmasin Mof, Yahya; Khairani, Alfian; Khaliq, Abdul
Jurnal Tashwir Vol 1, No 2 (2013)
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Abstract

The existence of schools as formal educational institutions which has its own management becomes increasingly necessary. Therefore the collaboration between community and institution has to be developed sinergically, considering the interests and the same ideals to save and enlighten the future of generation of the nation. The forms of community participation in education at MTs Muhammadiyah 3 Al Furqon Banjarmasin quite diverse, i.e.: 1) participation as madrasah committee board, 2) participation in various madrasah activities, and 3) community participation in keeping madrasah security. Strategy and approach which have been performed in order to foster and develop the community participation in education at MTs Muhammadiyah 3 Al Furqon Banjarmasin include three points: 1) Identification of problems; 2) treatment and approach; 3) development. Key words: Management, participation and community Sekolah sebagai lembaga pendidikan formal yang mempunyai manajemen tersendiri dalam pengelolaan pendidikan, keberadaannya  menjadi semakin dibutuhkan. Karenanya kolaborasi antara masyarakat dengan lembaga harus dikembangkan secara sinergis, mengingat adanya kepentingan dan cita-cita yang sama yakni menyelamatkan dan mencerahkan masa depan generasi bangsa. Bentuk partisipasi masyarakat dalam pendidikan pada MTs Muhammadiyah 3 Al Furqon Banjarmasin cukup beragam, yakni 1) partisipasi sebagai pengurus komite madrasah, 2) partisipasi dalam berbagai kegiatan-kegiatan di madrasah, dan 3) partisipasi masyarakat dalam menjaga keamanan madrasah. Strategi dan pendekatan yang telah dilakukan dalam rangka membina dan menumbuhkembangkan partisipasi masyarakat dalam pendidikan pada MTs Muhammadiyah 3 Al Furqon Banjarmasin meliputi tiga hal yakni: 1) Identifikasi Masalah; 2) Perlakuan dan Pendekatan; dan 3) Pembinaan. Kata kunci: Manajemen, Partisipasi dan Masyarakat
Urang Banjar dan Kosmologi Nur Muhammad: Analisis Filosofis tentang Materi, Ruang dan Waktu Khaliq, Abdul; Rusydi, M.; Hakim, Abdul
TASHWIR Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : IAIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18592/jt.v1i1.157

Abstract

Banjar people are known as the religious community. It can be seen from the social values espoused by the people that are related to Islamic values. For Banjar people, every Rabiul Awwal or Rajab month is commemorated as the birth and the Isra Mi‟raj of the Prophet Muhammad Saw. In the commemoration, expression of love for the Prophet Muhammad is sung by maulid poems. These poems often contain the teachings of Nur Muhammad. In the history of the community, the closeness between the community and Nur Muhammad is proven by the teachings of Abdul Hamid Abulung in his wujudiyyah holy book and Datu Sanggul in his barencong holy book. Other major figure in Banjarmasin who has deceased yet still provides profound teachings to the community was Guru Izai who also taught Nur Muhammad teachings.Keyword : Nur Muhammad, Cosmology, Material, Space, TimeMasyarakat Banjar dikenal sebagai masyarakat religius. Hal ini bisa dilihat dari nilai sosial yang dianut masyarakatnya yang terkait dengan nilai-nilai Islam. Di Masyarakat Banjar setiap Rabiul Awwal atau Rajab akan diperingati kelahiran dan Isra Mi‟rajnya Nabi Muhammad Saw. Dalam aktivitas ini ungkapan rasa cinta kepada Nabi Muhammad selalu disenandungkan lewat syair-syair maulid. Sementara syair-syair maulid ini sering mengandung ajaran Nur Muhammad. Dalam kesejarahan masyarakat Banjar pun ditemukan bahwa kedekatan masyarakat Banjar ini dengan Nur Muhammad bisa ditemukan dalam ajaran tokoh-tokoh seperti Abdul Hamid Abulung dengan wujudiyyahnya dan Datu Sanggul dengan kitab barencongnya. Tokoh besar lainnya di Banjarmasin yang telah meninggal dunia namun masih memberikan bekas mendalam pada masyarakat Banjar yakni Guru Izai juga mengajarkan ajaran Nur Muhammad ini.Kata Kunci: Nur Muhammad, Kosmologi, Materi, Ruang, Waktu
Filsafat Hidup Tuan Guru Tasawuf Kota Banjarmasin Kumari, Fatrawati; Hakim, Abdul; Rusdiah, Rusdiah
Jurnal Tashwir Vol 1, No 2 (2013)
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Abstract

Sufism grows in almost all parts of Indonesia, including Banjarmasin. The teaching of Sufism takes place through recitation by Islamic scholars, either in the mosques, prayer rooms, and houses. One thing that is typical from Sufism recitation is the simplicity of the pattern and the figure of the Islamic scholars. This fact is inseparable from the principle that guides the scholars in living everyday life. To live life as a Sufism Islamic scholar is not simple since this profession is not promising material when compared with Islamic scholars of general religious knowledge. To observe further, a qualitative study is designed with using Sufism and philosophy approach. Through in-depth interview with four samples of Sufism Islamic scholars who are considered influential in Banjarmasin, some points are found. First, from philosophy point of view, the Sufism scholars’ view on the nature of work, the nature of society, and the nature of worship indicates a strong tendency on spiritual orientation, even though still they try to balance the material and spiritual. Secondly, from Sufism point of view, it is identified that all the Sufism scholars show clearly the pattern of Sunni Sufism. Key words: Islamic scholars, Sufism, life philosophy Tasawuf berkembang hampir di semua wilayah Indonesia, tak terkecuali di Banjarmasin. Pengajaran tasawuf  berlangsung melalui pengajian-pengajian oleh tuan guru, baik di masjid, mushalla, maupun rumah penduduk. Satu hal yang khas dari pengajian tasawuf adalah kesederhanaan pola pengajian dan sosok tuan gurunya. Kenyataan tersebut tidak lepas dari prinsip hidup yang dipedomani seorang tuan guru tasawuf dalam menjalani kehidupan sehari-hari. Menjalani hidup sebagai seorang tuan guru tasawuf bukan hal yang mudah karena profesi ini tidak menjanjikan materi jika dibandingkan dengan tuan guru ilmu agama umum.  Untuk mengkaji lebih jauh, dilakukan penelitian kualitatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan filsafat dan tasawuf. Melalui teknik wawancara mendalam terhadap 4 sampel tuan guru tasawuf yang dianggap berpengaruh di kota Banjarmasin, ditemukan beberapa hal. Pertama, dari sudut filsafat, pandangan tuan guru tasawuf tentang hakikat bekerja, hakikat bermasyarakat dan hakikat beribadah memperlihatkan dengan jelas kecenderungan yang kuat pada orientasi spiritual meskipun mereka berusaha menyeimbangkan antara materil dan spiritual. Kedua, dari sudut pandang tasawuf, dapat diketahui, bahwa semua tuan guru tasawuf memperlihatkan dengan jelas corak tasawuf sunni. Kata kunci: tuan guru, tasawuf, filsafat hidup.
Pembelajaran Akidah Akhlak di Madrasah Tsanawiyah Negeri Model Darussalam Martapura Kabupaten Banjar Sy, Syarifuddin; Hairunnisa, Hairunnisa; Rahmawati, Laila
Jurnal Tashwir Vol 1, No 2 (2013)
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Abstract

This field study is a descriptive qualitative study. It is found that the planning of moral creed learning has been performed well in which the prota form of promissory learning plan is made periodically, learning plan of each sub-chapter and syllabus development. Learning implementation: preliminary activities cover preparing the students psychic and physical, giving motivation and apperception. The core activities: exploratory process, elaboration and confirmation. The closing activities summarize the lessons. Evaluation tools: true-false items, objective tests, essays and attitude observation are all performed well. Influencing factors: teachers, students, facilities and environment.   Keywords: learning, faith and ethics, equipment. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian lapangan yang bersifat deskriptif kualitatif. Hasilnya: perencanaan pembelajaran Akidah Akhlak terlaksana dengan baik di mana perencanaan pembelajaran berbentuk prota promes dibuat secara berkala, RPP setiap sub bab dan pengembangan silabus.  Pelaksanaan pembelajaran: kegiatan pendahuluan meliputi menyiapkan peserta didik secara psikis dan fisik, memberikan motivasi dan apersepsi. Kegiatan inti: proses eksplorasi, elaborasi dan konfirmasi. Kegiatan penutup merangkum pelajaran. Alat evaluasi: soal benar salah, objektif, isian dan pengamatan sikap terlaksana dengan baik. Faktor yang mempengaruhi: faktor guru, siswa, fasilitas dan lingkungan. Kata kunci: Pembelajaran, akidah akhlak, perangkat.
Fenomena Aliran Keagamaan di Banjarmasin (Studi Kasus Ahmadiyah) Maimah, Maimanah; Arni, Arni; Djazimah, Nurul
TASHWIR Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : IAIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18592/jt.v1i1.113

Abstract

Since its establishment, Ahmadiyah until today has always given rise to various controversies. The Organization of Islamic Conferences stated that Ahmadiyah was heretical. This is because some of its teachings are contradicted to those of Islam such as their belief in Mirza Ghulam Ahmad who is believed to be the prophet Isa al Masih and Tazkirah holy book as one of the source of Islamic teachings that its position equal to Al Qur’an. However, Ahmadiyah in various countries including Indonesia still exist, such as in Banjarmasin. Ahmadiyah that got into Banjarmasin in 1958 was brought by a Malaysian Ahmadiyya muballigh. Today, Ahmadiyyah Banjarmasin totaling 34 people while the total amount of its followers in Kalimantan is 113 people. Keywords : Controvercy, heresy, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Tazdkirah.