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Asia Pacific Journal on Religion and Society
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Articles 28 Documents
THE FATWAS OF MAJELIS ULAMA INDONESIA ON THE AHMADIYAH DOCTRINES Lilik Rofiqoh
Asia-Pacific Journal on Religion and Society Vol 5, No 1 (2021): APJRS
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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This paper discusses two relevant fatwas and corresponding recommendations by Indonesian’s Ulema Council (Majlis Ulama Indonesia: MUI) on the doctrines of Ahmadiyah. In doing so, it takes the historical background of the issue of the fatwas along with its political context. MUI in issuing the fatwa received the full political support of the New Order government, which at that time was highly concerned with the national security and stability. Moreover, Indonesia did not seem able to reject the influence of the transnational Islamic countries’ policy, which stronglydemanded that Ahmadiyah must be banned from any Muslim country. A strong influence of particularly the government has created distrust in the MUI’s authority as an Islamic scholar organization that was politically notsterilized. Many have doubted that MUI’s fatwa was genuine and/or even effectively binding, particularly when its fatwa dealt with the status of sects within Islam–whether or not they are heretic.  
PESANTREN AND MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY: A Study on Muslim Scholar Behavior at Islamic Boarding School Bangkalan Madura Shofiyullah Mz
Asia-Pacific Journal on Religion and Society Vol 5, No 1 (2021): APJRS
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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This article describes the roles of three Madurese kyais in developing and disseminating the awareness of multiculturalism in their respective community. This role is functional as they have often been involved in solving social and cultural problems in their respective areas. The research this article presents was focused on their active roles in the District of Bangkalan, an area in the East Java province where a handful number of religious and ethnic minorities live together with the Muslim Madurese majority. Leading three different Islamic boarding schools, Kyai Haji (KH) Abdullah Schal, KH Abd Muhaimin Makky, and KH A Jazuli Nur often used their respective pesantren as a proxy to disseminate the understanding of cultural pluralism in society. In this phenomenological research, the author used observations and in-depth interviews with the key figures to understand how the kyais functioned in society, and together with the local government, to spread an understanding of the importance of cultural diversity and contribute to providing solutions to cultural problems.  
MEASURING RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN INDONESIA: The Reconstruction of State’s Role, the Revitalisation of Faith’s Inclusiveness Fawaizul Umam
Asia-Pacific Journal on Religion and Society Vol 5, No 1 (2021): APJRS
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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This paper describes the challenges to nurture religious freedom in Indonesia due to the misrepresentation of the state’s roles. It discusses religious freedom based on the spirit of individual rights to practice religion (including not to embrace any religion). An analysis is started by proposing facts about the violence of religious freedom and some actual threats to religious freedom. Then, it is concluded with solution of two levels, namely reconstructing the relation between state and religion (public), and revitalizing the inclusiveness of religious pluralism in the people’s consciousness using Islam as its perspective. This is because religious freedom is still a great challenge for Indonesia both in the present and in the future. If we respond to the challenges wisely, the establishment and existence of religious freedom, peace, and inter-religious cooperation in this state is not impossible. Therefore, the prospect of religious freedom in Indonesia relies on the state’s and its citizens’ readiness to embrace the peaceful and tolerant values as the foundations to live in societies of multi-faiths groups.
RELIGIOUS INTELLECTUALISM AND SOCIETY: An Editorial Note Raihani Raihani
Asia-Pacific Journal on Religion and Society Vol 5, No 1 (2021): APJRS
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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A dominant culture, which is usually rooted in religion, exists in every society (Buckingham, 2012). We can easily point to a number of countries to support this statement. The United States of America, England, and Australia are some of countries where the society is predominantly Christians. The cultures rooted in the Christian traditions can be seen and traced in people’s daily life, behaviors and interactions, even though, perhaps, many of the society members rejected any formal affiliation to Christianity. Even after secularization in which religious adherence was no longer valued, the influence of the long religious tradition remains intact in many of the world’s societies.
ISLAM AND THE STATE IN INDONESIA: A Sociological and Historical Perspective Imron Rosyidi
Asia-Pacific Journal on Religion and Society Vol 5, No 1 (2021): APJRS
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract: This paper presents an analysis of the process of the birth of the new Muslim intellectual generation in Indonesia who prefer cultural to political movements. This new generation promotes a pivotal movement in driving and encouraging changes in the political concept of Pancasila and Islamic state. In Indonesian history, Muslim intellectuals were considered less dominating than Nationalist intellectuals in shaping the form of the state. In the early historyof Indonesian independence, they attempted to promote the  mportance of Islam as the state official ideology. However, since 1970s there had been changes in the orientation of the Muslim intellectuals’ struggle in that they preferred cultural approaches in the shaping of Indonesian state. As a result, many Muslim intellectuals did not have strong eagerness to promote Islam as the state ideology, but still managed to exert their influences to the state through social and professional organizations. As discussed in this paper, one notable example of these organizations is ICMI, whose establishment andgrowth have been significant in recent Indonesian history.
THE POSITION OF ISLAMIC LAW IN THE INDONESIAN LEGAL SYSTEM (1900-2003) Yudian Wahyudi
Asia-Pacific Journal on Religion and Society Vol 5, No 1 (2021): APJRS
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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This article examines the development of Islamic law in Indonesia in a chronological way within the contexts of the Dutch colonialism up to 1942, the Japanese occupation from 1942 to 1945, and the post-independence to date. It analyzes such development from the perspectives of continuity and change theory. This analysis is focused on three main themes, namely: (1) the laws on issues in worshiping practices, human relations, and crimes; (2) the subjects of the laws as found in the figures of kyais (Islamic scholars), prominent individuals influenced by either Wahhabism or Western education, and leaders of organizations; and (3) implementation of  slamic laws on women affairs. This study revealed that a number of changes in Indonesian Islamic law over the last one hundred years in which moderate Shafiite and Sufi domination of Indonesian Islamic discourse was seriouslychallenged by the most rigorous and literalist school of Islamic law as represented by Hanbalisme.
Popular Islam: A Contemporary Phenomenon in Indonesia Zully Qodir; Imron Rosidi
Asia-Pacific Journal on Religion and Society Vol 3, No 2 (2019): APJRS
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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This article confirms that popular Islam is an emerging Islamic phenomenon in Indonesia. The rise of popular Islam is due to the symbolic understanding of Islam. This kind of Islam leads to formalism  Islam, rather than substantial ones that lead to humanity and justice. Popular Islam has been influenced a lot because of the presence of celebrity preachers and their large-scale campaigns from social media such as Instagram, Facebook, Linkedin, and Whatshap. The biggest challenge of Indonesian Islam, in addition to the rise of popular Islam, is the growth of an Islamic spirit that uses identity in politics so as to arouse Islamic radicalism and extremism. Islamic radicalism-extremism is not actually a culture of Indonesian Islam, but later developed in Indonesia.
Towards Reformulation of Waqf: An Indonesians Discourse Sofiandi Sofiandi
Asia-Pacific Journal on Religion and Society Vol 3, No 2 (2019): APJRS
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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In terms of history, waqf has played a very important role in improving the economic life of Muslims in all parts of the world. The main function of waqf which is closely related to worship practices must be followed by various and creative efforts in operating the economic functions it contains. The modern paradigm of management of waqf assets productively demands a more advanced management mechanism with all forms and spaces to innovate which ultimate goal is to carry out and run the economic functions. Some Muslim countries have succeeded in doing this. However, Indonesia, which has the most Muslim population in the world, does not benefit significantly from waqf. This article aims to offer a reformulation landscape on the concept of waqf that can be applied in Indonesia.
Tropes of The Crusades In Indonesian Muslim Discourse Mark Woodward
Asia-Pacific Journal on Religion and Society Vol 2, No 1 (2018): APJRS
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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"Crusade" is the movement of Europeans from the Middle Ages to conquer the holy land of Jerusalem from the hands of Muslims who have ruled for centuries there. This is a classic model of religious warfare. Crusaders increasingly colour the conversation of Muslims in terms of war, peace and global politics. The description of the crusade on Muslim militants and the president of the United States has led to the proliferation of crusading rhetoric even in a country like Indonesia where nota is not involved at all in the Middle East war in the 13th century. This article examines the problem of using crusades and semantic relations with the word Zionism in present-day Indonesia.
The Conflict of Ulayat Or Customary Land in Limo Koto Kampar-Riau An Analysis from Sociological and Customary Law Perspective H. Hertina
Asia-Pacific Journal on Religion and Society Vol 2, No 1 (2018): APJRS
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Tulisan ini meneliti peran FKUB dalam menciptakan kerukunan agama dalam masyarakat. Diawali dengan pemaparan tentang pentingnya study agama untuk menciptakan suasana kondusif yang toleran, penelitian ini difokuskan pada deskripsi institusi yang dilanjutkan dengan eveluasi kinerja FKUB dalam menciptakan kerukunan beragama di Kabupaten Kampar dan Kota Pekanbaru. Temuan yang didapatkan adalah, walaupun usia FKUB masih terbilang dua tahun, peran atau kinerjanyanya cukup signifikan.

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