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Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : -     EISSN : 19782993     DOI : -
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis (e-ISSN: 1978-2993), an international journal, provides a forum for publishing the novel technologies related to the catalyst, catalysis, chemical reactor, kinetics studies, and chemical reaction engineering.
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Articles 17 Documents
Search results for , issue "2017: BCREC Volume 12 Issue 1 Year 2017 (April 2017)" : 17 Documents clear
Analyzing Loose Contact Oxidation of Diesel Engine Soot and Ag/CeO2 Catalyst Using Nonlinear Regression Analysis Yasukazu Kobayashi; Riki Hikosaka
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 2017: BCREC Volume 12 Issue 1 Year 2017 (April 2017)
Publisher : Department of Chemical Engineering - Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1348.424 KB) | DOI: 10.9767/bcrec.12.1.606.14-23

Abstract

Loose contact (LC) oxidation kinetics of carbon black (CB) model soot and Ag/CeO2 catalyst was deduced from thermogravimetric analysis (TG) experiments. In the LC mode at ≧750 K, CB particles were likely to be combusted also by non-catalyzed oxidation, especially those particles located far from the catalyst surface, as well as Ag/CeO2-catalyed oxidation. Since the non-catalyzed oxidation is not due to catalytic activity, in order to deduce the catalytic activity from TG data, a nonlinear regression analysis method was proposed in this study to extract only the catalyzed oxidation part of the TG data. It was verified that this was successfully done with the equations used by the very good curve fits to the experimental TG data, and the catalytic activity was correctly obtained from LC samples with various degrees of physical contact between the CB and catalyst. 
Photocatalytic Degradation of Methyl Orange on Bi2O3 and Ag2O-Bi2O3 Nano Photocatalysts Seyed Ali Hosseini; Ramin Saeedi
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 2017: BCREC Volume 12 Issue 1 Year 2017 (April 2017)
Publisher : Department of Chemical Engineering - Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (37.376 KB) | DOI: 10.9767/bcrec.12.1.623.96-105

Abstract

The photocatalytic activity of Bi2O3 and Ag2O-Bi2O3 was evaluated by degradation of aqueous methyl orange as a model dye effluent. Bi2O3 was synthesized using chemical precipitation method. Structural analysis revealed that Bi2O3 contain a unique well-crystallized phase and the average crystallite size of 22.4 nm. The SEM analysis showed that the size of Bi2O3 particles was mainly in the range of 16-22 nm. The most important variables affecting the photocatalytic degradation of dyes, namely reaction time, initial pH and catalyst dosage were studied, and their optimal amounts were found at 60 min, 5.58 and 0.025 g, respectively. A good correlation was found between experimental and predicted responses, confirming the reliability of the model. Incorporation of Ag2O in the structure of composite caused decreasing band gap and its response to visible light. Because a high percentage of sunlight is visible light, hence Ag2O-Bi2O3 nano-composite could be used as an efficient visible light driven photocatalyst for degradation of dye effluents by sunlight. 
Preparation and Characterization of Sugar Based Catalyst on Various Supports Jidon Adrian Janaun; Tan Jaik Mey; Awang Bono; Duduku Krishnaiah
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 2017: BCREC Volume 12 Issue 1 Year 2017 (April 2017)
Publisher : Department of Chemical Engineering - Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (335.366 KB) | DOI: 10.9767/bcrec.12.1.478.41-48

Abstract

A novel structured carbon-based acid catalyst was prepared by depositing the carbon precursor onto glass, ceramic and aluminum supports via dip-coating method, followed by carbonization process for converting the d-glucose layer into black carbon char in an inert nitrogen environment at 400 °C. Then, the –SO3H group was introduced into the framework of the carbon char by multiple vapor phase sulfonation. Four different carbonization methods were carried out (dry pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization with or without pressurized) in the catalyst preparation while among the carbonization methods, the samples which prepared from dry pyrolysis without pressurized process showed the strong acidity due to highest adsorption of acid group in the catalyst surface although the catalyst attached onto the support was the least compared to other preparation methods. Among the catalysts, the sulfonated carbon-base catalyst that is attached on the ceramic support exhibited the highest aci-dity (1.327 mmol/g) followed by the catalyst deposited on the glass (0.917 mmol/g) and aluminum (0.321 mmol/g) supports. The porous structure of ceramic surface, allowed a better interaction between reactants and –SO3H site in the carbon. Through the FT-IR analysis, it was observed that the functional groups –COOH, –OH, and –SO3H were present in the active sites of the catalysts. The surface areas of  glass (Si–SC), ceramic (Ce–SC) and aluminum (Al–SC) catalysts were larger than 1 m2/g, whereas the pore size belongs to macroporous as the average pore size is more than 50 nm. It is also stable within the temperature of 400 °C as there was less than 10% weight loss revealed from the TGA analysis. 
Characterization and Application of Aluminum Dross as Catalyst in Pyrolysis of Waste Cooking Oil Faten Hameed Kamil; Ali Salmiaton; Raja Mohamad Hafriz Raja Shahruzzaman; R. Omar; Abdulkareem Ghassan Alsultsan
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 2017: BCREC Volume 12 Issue 1 Year 2017 (April 2017)
Publisher : Department of Chemical Engineering - Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9767/bcrec.12.1.557.81-88

Abstract

Aluminium dross, a waste material produced by dissolution of aluminum scrap, was characterized physically and chemically by various analysis techniques for a potential to be used as catalyst. Using catalyst from waste materials reduced the cost for synthesizing of new catalyst. An efficient catalyst derived from industrial solid waste was modified by acid washing for using in a pyrolysis of waste cooking oil. The modification of aluminum dross resulted in increased surface area (from 0.96 to 68.24 m2/g), acidity (from 315 to 748 µmol/g) and thermal stability. Pyrolysis waste cooking oil was used to test the performance of aluminum dross as catalyst before and after modification. The product analysis showed a better result than the unmodified material based on increased yield of bio-oil and improved selectivity. 
Synthesis and Characterization of Pure and Nano-Ag Impregnated Chitosan Beads and Determination of Catalytic Activities of Nano-Ag Zahoor Ahmad; Maryam Maqsood; Mazher Mehmood; Mirza Jameel Ahmad; Muhammad Aziz Choudhary
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 2017: BCREC Volume 12 Issue 1 Year 2017 (April 2017)
Publisher : Department of Chemical Engineering - Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.312 KB) | DOI: 10.9767/bcrec.12.1.860.127-135

Abstract

The synthesis of nano-Ag impregnated porous Chitosan beads, in crosslinked and uncrosslinked forms, was aimed to investigate their catalytic potential in reducing nitro group into amino by NaBH4. The material was found unique concerning the synthesis of well-defined Ag NPs and subsequently adsorbing them on its surface. The crosslinked and uncrosslinked chitosan beads were separately analyzed for the loading of Ag and its effect over the microstructures of the substrate. BET was used to explore the porous nature and pore size distributions of beads. At each stage, SEM coupled with EDX, FT-IR, and inductively coupled plasma (ICP) were employed to characterize the material. The catalytic activities of nano-Ag in crosslinked and uncrosslinked beads were determined by the reduction of 4-Nitrophenol (4-NP) into 4-aminophenol (4-AP) by NaBH4; which is least effective for such reduction. The catalytic activities were monitored by UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The results demonstrated the nano-Ag as a reliable and active catalyst which made NaBH4 quite capable for the nitro reduction. Moreover, the catalytic activities of crosslinked chitosan substrate were found more reproducible as compared to the uncrosslinked substrate. 
Preparation of Biofuel from Palm Oil Catalyzed by Ammonium Molybdate in Homogeneous Phase Sepehr Sadighi; Seyed Kamal Masoudian Targhi
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 2017: BCREC Volume 12 Issue 1 Year 2017 (April 2017)
Publisher : Department of Chemical Engineering - Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (379.309 KB) | DOI: 10.9767/bcrec.12.1.486.49-54

Abstract

Producing transportation fuels from bio sources was of prime importance due to the strict environmental legislations for producing clean fuels from conventional oil resources. However, the economical impacts of the biofuel production should be considered. In this study, the production of bio-naphtha and biodiesel from palm oil using homogeneous catalyst, i.e. an aqueous phase of ammonium molybdate, was studied. This catalyst was prepared by dissolving sodium molybdate in de-ionized water with hydrochloric acid, and then neutralizing the mixture with ammonium hydroxide. The solution was dried at 90 °C for 24 h to obtain ammonium molybdate. Then, characterization of the catalyst was done by informative techniques, such as XRD and FT-IR. The results showed that the main phase of the synthesized catalyst was molybdate ammonium hydrates (4MoO3.2NH3.H2O), and also bands of Mo–O, Mo–O–Mo, N–H and surface hydroxyl groups were observed in the sample. Moreover, activity test confirms that the bio-naphtha produced from the proposed method has a few aromatic components, and its sulfur content was negligible. Moreover, ash, nitrogen, sulfur and carbon residue were not detected in the produced biodiesel, and its Cetane index was 66.3. Therefore, it was a suitable fuel for diesel engines vehicles. 
Variability of Data in High Throughput Experimentation for Catalyst Studies in Fuel Processing Niels T.J. Luchters; J. V. Fletcher; S. J. Roberts; J. C. Q. Fletcher
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 2017: BCREC Volume 12 Issue 1 Year 2017 (April 2017)
Publisher : Department of Chemical Engineering - Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (623.241 KB) | DOI: 10.9767/bcrec.12.1.708.106-112

Abstract

The use of high throughout and combinatorial experimentation is becoming commonplace in catalytic research. The benefits of parallel experiments are not only limited to reducing the time-to-market, but also give an opportunity to study processes in more depth, by generating more data. To investigate the complete parameter space, multiple experiments must be performed and the variability between these experiments must be quantifiable. In this project, the reproducibility and variance in high throughput catalyst preparation and parallel testing were determined. High-performance equipment was used in a catalyst development program for fuel processing, the production of fuel cell-grade hydrogen from hydrocarbon fuels. Four studies, involving water-gas shift conversion and high-temperature steam methane reforming, were performed to determine the reproducibility of the workflow from automated catalyst preparation to parallel activity testing. Statistical analyses showed the standard deviation in catalytic activities as determined by conversion, to be less than 6% of the average value.  
Evaluation of Novel Integrated Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma as Ozone Generator Muhammad Nur; Ade Ika Susan; Zaenul Muhlisin; Fajar Arianto; Andi Wibowo Kinandana; Iis Nurhasanah; Sumariyah Sumariyah; Pratama Jujur Wibawa; Gunawan Gunawan; Anwar Usman
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 2017: BCREC Volume 12 Issue 1 Year 2017 (April 2017)
Publisher : Department of Chemical Engineering - Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (692.696 KB) | DOI: 10.9767/bcrec.12.1.605.24-31

Abstract

This paper presents a characterization of an integrated ozone generator constructed by seven of reactors of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma (DBDP). DBDP a has spiral-cylindrical configuration. Silence plasma produced ozone inside the DBDP reactor was generated by AC-HV with voltage up to 25 kV and maximum frequency of 23 kHz. As a source of ozone, dry air was pumped into the generator and controlled by valves system and a flowmeter. We found ozone concentration increased with the applied voltage, but in contrary, the concentration decreased with the flow rate of dry air. It was also found that a maximum concentration was 20 mg/L and ozone capacity of 48 g/h with an input power of 1.4 kW. Moreover, in this generator, IP efficiency of 8.13 g/kWh was obtained at input power 0.45 kW and air flow rate of 9 L/min. Therefore, be the higher ozone capacity can be produced with higher input power; however, it provided lower IP efficiency. The effect of dry air flow rate and applied voltage on ozone concentrations have been studied. At last, spiral wire copper was very corrosive done to the interaction with ozone, and it is necessary to do a research for finding the best metals as an active electrode inside of the quartz dielectric. 
Gas Phase Oligomerization of Isobutene over Acid Treated Kaolinite Clay Catalyst Dhaifallah Aldhayan; Ahmed Aouissi
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 2017: BCREC Volume 12 Issue 1 Year 2017 (April 2017)
Publisher : Department of Chemical Engineering - Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (176.167 KB) | DOI: 10.9767/bcrec.12.1.758.119-126

Abstract

Natural Kaolin Clay was calcined and treated by sulfuric acid. The resulting solid acid catalyst was characterized by FTIR, TGA, and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and tested for isobutene oligomerization in a gas phase. The characterization results showed that the acid treated clay underwent chemical and structural transformations. After acid treatment, the Si/Al ratio was increased, and the crystalline raw clay became amorphous. The effects of various parameters such as reaction temperature, reaction time and contact time on isobutene oligomerization were investigated. Catalytic tests showed that isobutene oligomerization led to dimers and trimers as major products. Tetramers were obtained as by- products. At relatively high reaction temperatures and long contact times, the conversion was enhanced while the selectivity of dimers was decreased in favor of higher oligomers. 
Modification of Coal Char-loaded TiO2 by Sulfonation and Alkylsilylation to Enhance Catalytic Activity in Styrene Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide as Oxidant Mukhamad Nurhadi
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 2017: BCREC Volume 12 Issue 1 Year 2017 (April 2017)
Publisher : Department of Chemical Engineering - Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (617.653 KB) | DOI: 10.9767/bcrec.12.1.501.55-61

Abstract

The modified coal char from low-rank coal by sulfonation, titanium impregnation and followed by alkyl silylation possesses high catalytic activity in styrene oxidation. The surface of coal char was undergone several steps as such: modification using concentrated sulfuric acid in the sulfonation process, impregnation of 500 mmol titanium(IV) isopropoxide and followed by alkyl silylation of n-octadecyltriclorosilane (OTS). The catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), IR spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption, and hydrophobicity. The catalytic activity of the catalysts has been examined in the liquid phase styrene oxidation by using aqueous hydrogen peroxide as oxidant. The catalytic study showed the alkyl silylation could enhance the catalytic activity of Ti-SO3H/CC-600(2.0). High catalytic activity and reusability of the o-Ti-SO3H/CC-600(2.0) were related to the modification of local environment of titanium active sites and the enhancement the hydrophobicity of catalyst particle by alkyl silylation. 

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