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Brawijaya Law Journal
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BRAWIJAYA LAW JOURNAL, Journal of Legal Studies Brawijaya Law Journal (BLJ) is a newly established journal in the field of legal studies. The Journal is published annually by Law Faculty Brawijaya University, Indonesia. BLJ is an open access, peer-reviewed e-journal which aims to offer an international scientific platform for national as well as cross-border legal research. The materials published include major academic papers dealing critically with various aspects and field of laws as well as shorter papers such as recently published book review and notes on topical issues of law. Printed version of the series can be printed on demand (POD). The website of the journal can be accessed through lawjournal.ub.ac.id
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Alternative Dispute Resolution" : 9 Documents clear
Arbitration and Other Alternative Dispute Resolution for Commercial Dispute (Reviewed from the Strengths of ADR and Decision of Arbitration) Suherman, Suherman
Brawijaya Law Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Alternative Dispute Resolution
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.blj.2019.006.01.08

Abstract

Arbitration and other alternative dispute resolution (ADR) can be used as an option for parties who conduct commercial transactions. This research is crucial to analyse what is the best dispute method  for parties to be able to resolve their commercial business disputes. It is argued that the most important of ADR is the efficiency and effectivines in relation to the enforcement of a judgement on the commercial dispute especially foreign arbitral award.This research also seeks to analyse strengths and weaknesses of each ADR method because it is very important to know in resolving disputes in the field of trade and also related to the implementation of decisions, especially in foreign arbitral award and how to improve decisions and applied in Indonesia in relation to commercial dispute. The research method used in this research is normative juridical consisting of primary, secondary and tertiary legal materials, which were collected by conducting a literature review and interview technique and then processed qualitatively according to the problems and the theoretical framework logically and systematically to achieve the objective of this research, namely finding the best alternative dispute resolution in commercial dispute resolution in business transactions.This paper argued that while each of ADR method has their own strengths and weaknesses, business actors mostly prefer too have arbitration method as their ADR method in solving their disputes. However,the applying mechanism of foreign arbitration awards need further attention from Indonesian government.
The Supremacy of the Dispute Settlement Mechanism (DSM) under the World Trade Organization (WTO) Widiatedja, I Gusti Ngurah Parikesit
Brawijaya Law Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Alternative Dispute Resolution
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.blj.2019.006.01.05

Abstract

The existence of inequality and poverty in some countries doubted the contribution of the WTO. The overwhelming spirit of national interest through the imposition of discriminatory and protective measures has deteriorated the WTO. Given its role for enforcing trade commitments, the dispute settlement mechanism is crucial to save the future of WTO. This paper aims to analyse the existence of the dispute settlement mechanism of WTO, whether it is still supreme in upholding the vision of trade liberalization. This paper argues that the supremacy of this mechanism has ensured the future of WTO by looking at two parameters. Firstly, it has a ruled-based character with a high level of legalism. Next, by looking at the decision of the Panel and the Appellate Body, the dispute settlement mechanism has effectively controlled the overwhelming spirit of national interest. This mechanism shows its supremacy by limiting the capacity of the WTO member states to impose discriminatory and protective measures, particularly related to public morals exception and cultural concern.
Legal Status of Cryptocurrency in Indonesia and Legal Analysis of the Business Activities in Terms of Cryptocurrency Chang, Soonpeel Edgar
Brawijaya Law Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Alternative Dispute Resolution
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.blj.2019.006.01.06

Abstract

Indonesia’s recent development in legal policy toward cryptocurrency is pertinent to ask whether this new investment market has any more risk to throw over Indonesia than how to protect the existing variable parties by overall structural formation. This tendency has prevented the government to implement the machinery of more fundamental keynote of policy. Against this backdrops, this research first analyzes the existing laws and regulations to examine the current legal status of virtual currency in Indonesia with the method of conceptual analysis. Despite the Government’s skeptical stance about economic soundness that cryptocurrency market leads, however, how to protect the various parties in the existing market is a different issue which still needs an urgent attention from policy makers, legal practitioners, judiciary and academic researchers. Therefore, this paper further studies the relevant laws and regulations governing the actual operation of cryptocurrency exchange in Indonesia to discuss the more practical aspects by interviewing an Indonesian cryptocurrency exchange and professional lawyers at Dentons HPRP. Subsequently, the most worrisome legal risks in the industry are diagnosed by interviewing a global cryptocurrency exchanges. This study concludes that BAPPEBTI Regulation No. 5 of 2019 cannot be the good answer to minimize the risk and will only harm bona fide market participants without a good-standing authority.
Development of Non-Litigation Civil Dispute Settlement Model Based on Madurese Local Wisdom to Reduce Cases Accumulation in Court Hasanah, Uswatun; Hamzah, Mohammad Amir; Winarwati, Indien
Brawijaya Law Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Alternative Dispute Resolution
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.blj.2019.006.01.09

Abstract

Arbitration and other alternative dispute resolution (ADR) can be used as an option for parties who conduct commercial transactions. This research is crucial to analyse what is the best dispute method  for parties to be able to resolve their commercial business disputes. It is argued that the most important of ADR is the efficiency and effectivines in relation to the enforcement of a judgement on the commercial dispute especially foreign arbitral award.This research also seeks to analyse strengths and weaknesses of each ADR method because it is very important to know in resolving disputes in the field of trade and also related to the implementation of decisions, especially in foreign arbitral award and how to improve decisions and applied in Indonesia in relation to commercial dispute. The research method used in this research is normative juridical consisting of primary, secondary and tertiary legal materials, which were collected by conducting a literature review and interview technique and then processed qualitatively according to the problems and the theoretical framework logically and systematically to achieve the objective of this research, namely finding the best alternative dispute resolution in commercial dispute resolution in business transactions.This paper argued that while each of ADR method has their own strengths and weaknesses, business actors mostly prefer too have arbitration method as their ADR method in solving their disputes. However,the applying mechanism of foreign arbitration awards need further attention from Indonesian government.
Legal Protection for Investee Company in Venture Capital Agreement in Indonesia Sihabudin, Sihabudin
Brawijaya Law Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Alternative Dispute Resolution
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.blj.2019.006.01.07

Abstract

Business and entrepreneurship are one of the fundamental and important factors in the economy of a nation. In Indonesia lending is being intensified to small and medium-sized companies that are unable to borrow capital from banks through the establishment of venture capital by the government. The existence and role of financial institutions in the form of venture capital in Indonesia is important to study, because it is a new institution that is starting to develop, which certainly has an influence on the development of the business world and legal institutions and institutions. The research method used is empirical juridical, which is qualitative by means of descriptive analysis. The results of the study are that although venture capital has not been based on clear legal aspects, in practice, venture capital activities are complemented by an agreement. Venture Capitalist has a stronger position on the investee company, while freedom of contract can only be applied well when both parties have the same position. However, venture capital tends to protect interest (capital) with special provisions, including its responsibilities. Therefore there is a need for a model and further regulation of the contents of the "standard venture capital agreement", especially the financing mechanism as well as its implementation instructions, so as to provide clearer, more complete and stronger implementation guidelines. A financing agreement made between a venture capital company and its partner company is based on a standard contract that requires supervision and protection to maintain balance. Measures of protection and supervision are through the basis of legislation, control carried out by the government, control carried out by judges (courts) and legal consultants and notaries.
Arbitration Mechanisms in Settlement of Maritime Disputes in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects Babatunde, Ekundayo O
Brawijaya Law Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Alternative Dispute Resolution
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.blj.2019.006.01.01

Abstract

The maritime industry is globally recognized as one of the most economically viable industry capable of facilitating sustainable development thus, amicable settlement of maritime disputes is paramount to guarantee unhindered trade and commerce environment. Arbitration is an age-long Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanism applied in the amicable settlement of disputes in a relaxed and semi-formal environment. It is particularly suitable for resolving commercial disputes because of the enforceability of arbitral awards as depicted by the existing international arbitral jurisprudence. Various law of the Sea tribunals such as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) or an ad hoc panels expressly recognizes arbitration as one of the models for settlement of disputes as a suitable alternative to litigation. In Africa, as nations recover from the era of ocean blindness, maritime practice and administration is prioritized to aid economic growth. The objective of this study is to evaluate application of arbitration as an ADR mechanism for settling maritime disputes in Nigeria’s maritime practices with the aim of identifying the challenges confronting Nigerian’s involvement in maritime business, particularly as it relates to application of Arbitration to dispute settlement. It was found that there are certain loopholes in relevant laws which work hardship against local businesses in cases of maritime disputes settlement. The study suggests viable solutions based on lessons from other climes to create level playing field for parties who opt for arbitration to settle maritime related disputes.
The Shifting of Alternative Dispute Resolution: from Traditional Form to the Online Dispute Resolution Latifah, Emmy; Bajrektarevic, Anis H; Imanullah, Moch Najib
Brawijaya Law Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Alternative Dispute Resolution
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.blj.2019.006.01.02

Abstract

The emergence of disruptive technologies has transformed how the conflict is resolved. If Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) has been understood as a more efficient method of resolving dispute than through the court, then in line with the development of technologies, Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) considered as the most efficient mechanism in ADR. Through ODR, access barriers are reduced, effectiveness increases, software becomes smarter and some ADR elements are challenged. This article focuses on the shifting of dispute resolution from the traditional approach to the new generation one which called digital justice.
An Assessment of the ‘Lawfulness’ of Use of Force as Dispute Settlement Method Rahman, Md Mustakimur; Tushi, Mohsina Hossain
Brawijaya Law Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Alternative Dispute Resolution
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.blj.2019.006.01.03

Abstract

Public international law has been developing and working with international humanitarian law & international human rights law together. As it developes, international law is renovating its nature from softer to harder. Although it is a great achievement to see that international (criminal) law has the influence to deal with some particular international criminals, however, the world is still far beyond from its ambition. Sometimes states are behaving very unusual against other states and using force for various reasons. While using force against other states is prohibited under Article 2(4) of the UN Charter. Nevertheless, states can use force under Article 51 if it is necessary for self-defence and only if it is approved by the Security Council under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. However, it is a question of fact that how a state can use force(s) and how it will be legitimate under several international laws? Hague law prohibits the use of new weapons and engine in the war because it seems disproportionate and unnecessary while the UN Charter is silent about the method of using force. Hence, it seems not clear that how a ‘force’ would be measured and will pass the ‘legality’ test. The indicator, thus remain unclear and very subjective.
Discourse Interpretation of Public Policy in the Context of Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards in Indonesia Saraswati, AAA Nanda; Hidayat, Choirul
Brawijaya Law Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Alternative Dispute Resolution
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.blj.2019.006.01.04

Abstract

The use of the concept of "public policy" by the national judiciary as a basis for the refusal of recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards leaves an issue in the Indonesian judicial system. The main problem often questioned by the international community is that Indonesia refuses to enforce and even reject foreign arbitral awards on the grounds of violating public policy. This paper aims to analyze the interpretation of the concept of public policy used by judges as one of the reasons for the refusal of the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards and whether such interpretation is in accordance with international standards. The results shows that Indonesian courts tend to use a "domestic" approach when interpreting public policy namely as a provision and principles of law and national interests, rather than the international standard approach. Such approach have raised a number of critics from other countries. Not only because it is not in accordance with the values and principles of international law, but the interpretation is considered not to prioritize the purpose of the New York Convention, namely facilitating the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards

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