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Jurnal Sosioteknologi
ISSN : 18583474     EISSN : 2443258X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Social, Engineering,
Jurnal Sosioteknologi is a journal that focuses on articles that discuss results of an intersection of research fields of science, technology, arts, and humanities as well as the implications of science, technology, and arts on society. It is published three times a year in April, August, and December. Jurnal Sosioteknologi is a collection of articles that discuss research results, conceptual ideas, studies, application of theories, and book reviews. Jurnal Sosioteknologi has been indexed by Google Scholar and Indonesian Publication Index (IPI). ISSN: 1858-3474 Jurnal Sosioteknologi adalah jurnal yang memfokuskan pada tulisan berupa penelitian interseksi bidang ilmu sains, teknologi, seni, dan ilmu kemanusiaan serta implikasi sains teknologi dan seni terhadap kehidupan masyarakat. Terbit tiga kali setahun pada bulan April, Agustus, dan Desember. Jurnal Sosioteknologi berisi tulisan yang diangkat dari hasil penelitian, gagasan konseptual, kajian, dan aplikasi teori, serta ulasan buku. Jurnal Sosioteknologi telah terindeks oleh Google Scholar, Citerseerx, dan Indonesian Publication Index (IPI). ISSN: 1858-3474
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Articles 7 Documents
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PERAN TEKNOLOGI KOMUNIKASI DALAM RANTAI NILAI PEDAGANG DI PASAR TRADISIONAL Rufaidah, Popy
Jurnal Sosioteknologi Vol. 7 No. 14 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Seni Rupa dan Desain ITB

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Communication technology is one of the communication tools which has important role in human life. The used of it exists among people of all ages and of all social classes. Small scale entrepreneurs such as traders in traditional markets use communication technology for example cellular phones as tools to communicate among their clients to facilitate their commercial activities in their value chain. The study examined traders in 15 traditional markets in Bandung area. The result of the study showed that communication technology is one of the tools which have changed the culture of traders' society in the traditional markets. The traders used communication technology in its value chain particularly for communicating their business to among of their traders in the markets and to their suppliers. The study recommended, firstly, the importance of providing accessible and economical communication technology for micro scale entrepreneurs such as traders at the traditional markets. Secondly, government collaborates with national telecommunication cellular providers to support the economic growth of the small scale traders particularly the traders with micro scale in the traditional markets.
KONSEP ‘AQABAH DALAM TAŞAWWUF AL-GHAZĀLĪ: Tela’ah atas Kitab Minhāj al-‘Ābidīn Purwanto, Yedi
Jurnal Sosioteknologi Vol. 7 No. 14 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Seni Rupa dan Desain ITB

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Al-Ghazālī‟s complete name was Abū Hāmid Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Al-Ghazālī Al-Ţūsī (450-505H/1058-1111M). He contibuted greatly to the development of taşawwuf mastered the majority of Islamic traditional knowledge, such as Fiqh, Tafsir, Kalam and taşawwuf with his wide and deep knowledge at least in Muslim Sunni‟s perspective, he was considered, at least in Muslim Sunni prespective, as the most complete Muslim thinker who answered most at Islamic questions, especially in sufism. It is not surprising that his works, especially in sufism has exerted great the influences on Islamic world generally and Indonesia especially in interpreting sufi doctrines for long time. The influence of al-Ghazālī‟s thought can be seen from the great numbers of studies on sufism conducted by educated Muslim society from the Islamic boarding high school till university or college. With observing several works of al-Ghazālī thought in many boarding schools and the tendency for student college to study the thought of al-Ghazālī, the writer conclude that concerning religious matters Indonesian Muslim community have considered al-Ghazālī‟s works as reference more authoritative than the other thinkers in this field. Al-Ghazālī dominated the study of it in educated Indonesian Muslim are : Ihya‟ „Ulūm al-Dīn, Bidāyah al-Hidāyah and Minhāj al-„Ābidīn. These works had been translated into Indonesian language. Furthermore, the last two works have been explained with Arabic language, first the book „Bidāyah al-Hidāyah‟ by Nawawi Banten with title al-Marāqi al-„ubūdiyyah, secondly the book „Minhāj al-„Ābidīn‟ by Ihsān Ibn Muhammad Dahlān (d.1330H/1952M), a „alim from Jampes, Kediri with titled Sirāj al-Tālibīn. Al-Ghazālī‟s Minhāj al-„Ābidīn is interesting and very important to study. This book is a short composition but contains the esential doctrines (at sufism). It was the last work of al-Ghazālī before he passed away, just his extraordinary friends who listen directly from al-Ghazālī. This book summons its readers to reflect the essence of Ibādah (Worship) and its various steps to make it perfect. There are seven steps: 1) knowledge and gnosis (al-„ilm wa al-ma‟rifah), 2) repentance (al-tawbah), 3) permanent barriers (al-„awā‟iq), 4) temporary barriers (al-„awārid), 5) encouraging factors (al-khawf wa al-raja‟), 6) blaming spirit (al-qawādih) and 7) praising God (al-hamd wa al-shukr). The worship is the form of obedience and slavery at man to his Lord, so that worship would be most valuable thing which guides man to the heaven, but to reach a perfection in worship, a man must go through many blocks, and it needs sacrifice, al-Ghazālī called the stages and the barriers in worship with „Aqabah. The result of this research shown that in reality the whole difficulties which must be passed through by worshiper in his worship, the difficulties which must be faced is comparable with the path, full of barriers and temptations which can deviate the worshiper in his worship, „Aqabah in worship could only be through with a hard struggle of Mu‟min. With this theory al-Ghazālī wants to show us how to cope with all difficulties in worship. As far the method to pass through the „Aqabah are:] „Aqabah in knowledge and gnosis (al-„ilm wa al-ma‟rifah) can be throug by seeking for knowledge and education in theology, science of law, ethics, exact sciences, history, etc. „Aqabah in repentance (al-tawbah) is pass through by relizing bad effect of sins, the severe punishment of Allāh for sins doers and his weakness to defend from Allāh‟s punishment. „Aqabah in permanent barriers (al-„awā‟iq)is passed through by hard struggle to go through the many kind of barriers like the world, creation, men, devil, and desire which followed by praying for the help from Allāh. „Aqabah in temporary barriers (al-„awārid) is passed through by fearness and please to Allāh‟s windows. „Aqabah in encouraging factors (al-khawf wa al-raja‟) is passed through fearness and hope to Allāh SWT. „Aqabah in blaming spirit (al-qawādih), is passed through by sincerty of intention to Allāh SWT in worship. And „Aqabah in praising God (al-hamd wa al-shukr) is passed through by replacing our thank to Allāh SWT for his mercies and blessings He has given. Hopefilly this research will be useful as the sources information and the basic theory and practice in doing worship in accordance with Islamic shari‟ah. To apply or to implement this information in this research needs the practical measure to create a conducive environment for concentrating worship, in the form of institutions which can lead the education in good worship by applying „Aqabah Theory of al-Ghazālī.
PERAN VISI DALAM MENGAWAL PROSES REFORMASI JATI DIRI BANGSA Putra, Chandra T.
Jurnal Sosioteknologi Vol. 7 No. 14 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Seni Rupa dan Desain ITB

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Speaking of a nation's identity, should be influenced by what it did in the past, its present condition, and what vision it has for the future. Nation's identity needs to be continuously reformed. Since way back from independence, Indonesia has been through an up and down with its development progress. Its history and present condition should be managed into a vision that can mobilize its people to step onto a better future. This article is meant for capturing a flash look at Indonesian past and present, some visions that have arose in Indonesia, and how those visions would be meant for its citizens to interpret it.
Meneropong Masa Depan Asia Melalui Kacamata Michael Backman Putra, Chandra T.
Jurnal Sosioteknologi Vol. 7 No. 14 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Seni Rupa dan Desain ITB

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Backman hadir lagi dengan bahasan yang telah menjadi spesialisasinya, Asia. Sudah lima buah buku (termasuk buku ini) yang dia hasilkan, dan kesemuanya mengulas mengenai Asia dari segi ekonomi, bisnis, dan politik. Backman memang terkenal karena keahliannya ini. Dia memiliki kolom tetap Asian Business di koran Melbourne Age, menulis berbagai artikel lepas mengenai bisnis, budaya dan pengelolaan perusahaan Asia yang khas, dan juga menjadi pembicara rutin di seminar dan konferensi yang diselenggarakan berbagai media ternama dan pemerintah di penjuru dunia. Spesialisasi bahasannya tentu akan menjadi daya tarik tersendiri bagi calon pembaca buku ini.
DIFFERENCES IN MEN’S AND WOMEN’S ESL ACADEMIC WRITING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE Waskita, Dana
Jurnal Sosioteknologi Vol. 7 No. 14 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Seni Rupa dan Desain ITB

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This study examines men’s and women’s ESL academic writing in their written assignments at the University of Melbourne. Three sets of men’s and women’s academic writing were analyzed for several common features of academic writing including syntactic complexity, means of integrating cited information, and methods of presenting arguments. The findings showed significant differences between the men’s and women’s texts in those three aspects. The structure of the women’s texts tended to be more complex than the men’s. The women also used more paraphrases to integrate cited information, and presented better organized arguments. Those characteristics of the women’s texts presumably would be advantages for their success in academic writing, and indicate a higher level of proficiency in ESL academic writing.
CRITICAL REVIEW OF ETHNOGRAPHIC APPROACH Nurani, Lusia Marliana
Jurnal Sosioteknologi Vol. 7 No. 14 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Seni Rupa dan Desain ITB

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There are two basic characteristics of ethnography: (1) the observation takes place in natural setting, (2) researchers must understand how an event is perceived and interpreted by the people in a speech community. In other words, the researchers try to interpret the situation being observed from the perspective of the participants. Ethnography also relies on observations of interactions and interviews with participants in naturally occurring situation. The next characteristic of ethnography is the characteristic of "holistic" which means seeing the data as a whole in order to get a basis for explanation about the observable fact. Another characteristic is that ethnographic approach does not formulate the hypothesis prior to the research. The hypothesis will emerge as the data collection occurs. Ethnographic research has one main drawback related to reliability. It is difficult to replicate ethnographic research because an event in natural setting cannot be reproduced. There is also one main problem dealing with validity. Unlike another research where the researcher can maximally control external variables, the ethnographic research does not have this facility because the research is carried out in natural setting and due to the long time period of observation. Despite the limitations of the ethnographic approach, it has benefits for research in naturalistic setting such as class room research, language learning process in a particular speech community, and so forth because the finding is more real than a research that manipulates variables by using external experiments. Key words: ethnography, observation, natural setting
STUDI PUNGLI DI TERMINAL, STASIUN KERETA API, DAN PELABUHAN UDARA DI KOTA BANDUNG Azhari, Siti Kusumawati
Jurnal Sosioteknologi Vol. 7 No. 14 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Seni Rupa dan Desain ITB

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Terminal is one of the places where illegal retribution frequently takes place. One kind of illegal retribution os often experienced by bus drives or drives of other public transportation vehicles. The drives have to pay for this illegal retribution on top of the legal retribution. This illegal retribution is often collected by amember of an organization and a member of a gang. This action not only causes a loss to the nation's revenue but also violetes the people's social and economic rights. Thus, this action can be categorized as corruption (criminal act) and results in high cost for both the passengers of airplane and train, and therefore has to be eradicated. In relation with the above-mentioned fact, this study wa conducted to know further about this criminal act, which takes place both in Bandung city's airport and railway stations. The method used in this study was qualitative one, in which some direct observation and interviews were carried out. In addition, photographing and video shooting were also done. It was found that not only the bus drivers and other public transportation drivers who were affected by this illegal retribution, but also were the sellers and both the passengers of airplane and train. They could not refuse to pay the illegal retribution since they were threatened by the illegal retribution collectors. It was also found the the illegal collectors include the officials of the airport and railways, members of an organization and member of a gang

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