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Jurnal Etika Respons
ISSN : 08528639     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Social,
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 14, No 01 (2009): Respons" : 6 Documents clear
Hannah Arendt: Kekerasan bukan Tindakan Politik, Namun bukan tanpa Resiko Benyamin Molan
Respons: Jurnal Etika Sosial Vol 14, No 01 (2009): Respons
Publisher : Respons: Jurnal Etika Sosial

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Abstract: This paper considers the implication of Hannah Arendt’s criticism of the relationship between violence and politics. For some political theorists and philosophers, it is taken for granted, that violence and politics are inextricably intertwined. For Arendt, it is crucial to  keep the two clearly and distinctly apart. After arguing for a tripartite division between the human activities of labor, work and action, Arendt identifies the politics as the part of action, and the violence as the part of labor and work. This is the way Arendt argues to keep the politics and the violence clearly apart.Kata Kunci: Kekerasan, politik,  kerja (labor), karya (work), tindakan (action), kebebasan
Politik, Kekuasaan, dan Kekerasan Perspektif Hannah Arendt Stanislaus Nugroho
Respons: Jurnal Etika Sosial Vol 14, No 01 (2009): Respons
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Abstract: Politics is not a simple word. Aristotle identifies it with human togetherness. In line with this identification, Hannah Arendt suggests that politics is not a kind of dominating actions, but the way in which the human beings promote freedom of actions in the public sector. The essence of politics, then, is communication. In this line of thought, power can be understood as one’s ability to act/behave with and within others/in togetherness with others on base of a given mandate. Violence is nothing else but an anti-political stance of togetherness.Kata Kunci: Politik, kekuasaan, kekerasan, kebebasan, komunikasi
Antara Dasein dan Caritas Pemikiran Hannah Arendt mengenai Kekuasaan Alex Seran
Respons: Jurnal Etika Sosial Vol 14, No 01 (2009): Respons
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Abstract: The rediscovery of Arendt’s 1929 dissertation, Der Liebesbegriff bei Augustin, forces a modification of the standard of interpretation of Arendt’s relationship both to the Christian philosophic tradition and to Martin Heidegger. The dissertation is an extended encounter with Heidegger’s Dasein  through an inquiry of St Augustine’s thought of caritas. Arendt’s thought on Existenz was methodologically focused on a turn from death and committed to test Heidegger’s phenomenology of Being-towards-death. Although contingency is central to Arendt’s Existenz, she insisted on invalidating determinism at every opportunity which allowed her to transform the fact of birth into a miraculous exemplar of natality to begin her own “turn” away from Heidegger’s gridlock of givennes. For Arendt, birth regenerates the power of contingency of individual person inserted into a community, i.e., the existing web of conflicting wills and intentions. The study of Arendt’s dissertation is significant because all her later works can be read as footnotes to it, as Jean Elshtain termed it.Kata Kunci: Dasein, existenz, waktu, natalitas
Menggali Warisan Hannah Arendt dalam “Asal-Usul Totalitarisme” Alois A. Nugroho
Respons: Jurnal Etika Sosial Vol 14, No 01 (2009): Respons
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Abstract: Arendt’s analysis of totalitarism in The Origins of Totalitarism has combined several dimensions of power: imperialism, racism, and anti-Semitism. Under these exercises of power, polis as a model of politics is reduced into the holocaust and colonization. This article finds out that those processes bring forth the society into the dichotomy between the pariah and the parvenu, the people and the mass, human qua human and human qua citizen, and the authentic and the unauthentic. This phenomenological analysis of the dichotomy shows that emotion may be the only sources of disturbancesKata Kunci: Totalitarisme, rasisme, pariah, pervenu, massa, warga negara, yang otentik
Penderitaan Ayub dan Kekerasan Massa: Refleksi René Girard dan Hannah Arendt Iman Sukmana
Respons: Jurnal Etika Sosial Vol 14, No 01 (2009): Respons
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Abstract: Assuming that violence can be found in many fields in our life, this article proposes the logic of violence in the story of Job. It shows us how Job suffers in his life. His suffering was absurd in his eyes. He didn’t understand why he should suffer. The problem was not only why he got suffering in his life, but also why his friends and people around him changed their attitudes towards him. Many people thought that Job suffered because of his sin. Their thought was mimetic among them. So, many people had the same perception about Job. There was an unanimity of opinion which judged that Job was a sinner. They asked Job to confesse his sin if he wanted to be saved. The unanimity of their voice became verbal abuse to Job, but people didn’t know that they made Job as a “scapegoat”.Kata Kunci: Ayub, kekerasan, kambing hitam, mimesis, banal, massa.
Demokrasi: Pergumulan Melawan Sang Demagog Refleksi Atas Pemikiran Plato, Aristoteles dan Hannah Arendt Mikhael Dua
Respons: Jurnal Etika Sosial Vol 14, No 01 (2009): Respons
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Abstract: As far as it develops, democracy has been practiced in many forms of civil states as the only way to reduce many forms of domination. The course of political history, however, shows that democracys is not the ideal form of the states, especially because it cannot be purified from the phenomena of the demagogues. The turn from democracy to tyranny can be explained from this point of view: democracy is the source of the demagogues. This paper will deal with the question of the relationship between democracy and the demagogues. By following Plato, Aristotle and Hannah Arendt who concern with the question of the essence of the politics, the paper brings forth the idea that the constitution of democracy should be developed into the constitution of the freedom of the people. In such a way, politics can be identified with the human togetherness.Kata Kunci: Demokrasi, demagog, kebebasan, konstitusionalisme, filsafat Yunani

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