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Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 24609048     EISSN : 27145654     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Agromedicine and Medical Sciences (AMS) adalah jurnal berkala empat bulan (Februari, Juni dan Oktober) yang berisi berbagai artikel dalam bentuk penelitian, tinjauan sistematis dan laporan kasus dalam bidang kedokteran dengan fokus pada ilmu-ilmu kedokteran dasar, kedokteran klinis dan agromedis.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 4 No 2 (2018)" : 10 Documents clear
Difference of Right Ventricular Systolic Function Before and After Hemodialysis in Chronic Kidney Disease Stage V In RSD dr. Soebandi Jember Saskia Mediawati; Suryono Suryono; Enny Suswati
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 4 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v4i2.7873

Abstract

End stage renal disease is a clinical state with an irreversible chronic decreasing function of renal that need a hemodialysis or renal transplant as theraphy. One of the complication of End stage renal disease is cardiovascular. Cardiovascular complication is a major cause of mortality and mobility in End stage renal disease by 44% in Indonesia. Systolic function of right ventricle can be used to assess the heart function. The purpose of this study is to differentiate the systolic function of right ventricle in patient with end stage renal disease in RSD dr. Soebandi Jember. We used analytical observational approach with cross sectional method held at Dialysis and Echocardiography Unit of RSD dr. Soebandi Jember from September to November 2017. Thirty patients with end stage renal disease who routinely undergoes dialysis were observed. Shapiro-Wilk test results 0,000 significance shows that the data is not normally distribute. Wilcoxon test results significance level 0,005 which shows there is a differentiation between before and after hemodialysis of systolic function in end stage renal disease patients of RSD dr. Soebandi Jember. Keywords : End stage renal disease, systolic function on right ventricle, hemodialysis
Increased Plasma GLP-1 Levels after Resistant Starch Type 3 From Cassava Starch (Manihot Esculanta Crantz) Diet on Diabetic Rat Elly Nurus Sakinah
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 4 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v4i2.7876

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) occur when human body is unable to produce enough insulin and/or unable to use insulin effectively, resulting in an increase of blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia). Indonesia has ranks fourth after United States, China and India in the prevalence of DM. Controling blood sugar and insulin levels can be done through the stimulation effect of Glucagon- like peptide-1 (GLP-1). The goal of this study was to determine the effects of resistant starch type 3 (RS3) from cassava starch in increasing plasma GLP-1 levels. This reasearch use male mouse (Ratttus novergicus) as a diabetic model by providing a high-fat diet (HFD) for one mounth than combine with intraoperitonel injection of low dose streptozotocin (STZ). The mouse then grouped into 4 groups randomly (1) normal or negative control, (2) cassava starch diet, (3) RS3 diet, (4) positive control. Blood sugar levels were measured before and after STZ injection to determine the diabetic conditions (blood sugar > 200 mg /dL). After 4 weeks of dietary administration blood sugar and plasma GLP-1 levels were examined using ELISA. Statistical analysis showed decreased in blood sugar levels and increased in plasma GLP-1 levels after one mounth of RS3 diet. This research shows that RS3 from cassava starch has a potential role as a nutritional therapy on diabetes mellitus condition. Keywords: Resistant starch type 3, cassava starch, GLP-1, Blood Sugar, Diabetes Mellitus
The Difference Of Visual Acuity And Macular Thickness Post Bevacizumab Therapy In Secondary Macular Edema Retinal Vein Occlusion Citra Rahmadani; Nur Khoma Fatmawati; Rahmat Bakhtiar
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 4 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v4i2.7875

Abstract

Retinal vein occlusion is the second most common cause of blindness in retinal vascular disease after diabetic retinopathy and may lead to complications of macular edema. Bevacizumab is an influential treatment as an anti vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). This study aims to determine the difference of visual acuity and macular thickness before and after treatment of Bevacizumab. This is a quasi experimental study in patients with secondary macular edema retinal vein occlusion who meets the inclusion criteria. Visual acuity and macular thickness were evaluated after one month of treatment. This study was conducted for two months since May-June 2017 by collecting secondary data from medical record at SMEC Samarinda from January 2016 – June 2017. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon. Sixteen eyes from 16 patients were diagnosed with macular edema secondary retinal vein occlusion given bevacizumab treatment. The mean visual acuity before therapy was 1.106 LogMAR ± 0.509 and increased to 0.889 logMAR ± 0.608 (p = 0.116) after treatment while the mean macular thickness before therapy was 504.06 μm ± 301.273 and decreased to 348.81 μm ± 181.17 (p = 0.017) after treatment. There was a significant effect on the decrease in macular thickness but no significant effect on visual acuity improvement in patients with macular edema secondary retinal vein occlusion at SMEC Samarinda. Keywords: Retinal vein occlusion, macular edema, bevacizumab
The Correlation between Noise in Workplace and Sleep Quality in Workers at PT. Muroco Jember Wood Processing Factory Lathifa Rusyda Gani; Dwita Aryadina Rachmawati; Laksmi Indreswari; Alif Mardijana; Yudha Nurdian
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 4 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v4i2.6790

Abstract

Noise is a problem that can’t be resolved properly until now because it is one of the factors that sometimes is neglected from the work environment, so it can be a serious threat to the health of workers. The production tools and engines in the factory as the result of technology development produce a sound that can cause noise and interfere with health. Noise can also cause a variety of other disorders such as physiological, psychological, and communication disorders. Psychological disorders can include discomfort, lack of concentration, insomnia, and irritability. Sleep disorders can be associated with 13% of occupational hazards. Workers who have sleep disorders have a 1.62 times higher risk of experiencing work accidents compared with workers who do not have sleep disorders. The aim of this study is to determine the correlation between noise in workplace and sleep quality in workers at PT. Muroco Jember wood processing factory. This is an analytical observational study with cross sectional study design using workers of the factory who meet inclusion and exclusion criteria. Noise in the workplace was measured with sound level meter and sleep quality of the workers was measured with Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Questionnaire. Spearman correlation test result between these variables is p= 0,899. That result indicates that there is no significant correlation between noise in workplace and sleep quality in workers at PT. Muroco Jember wood processing factory. Keywords: Noise, Sleep Quality, Worker
Images of Previous Mothers through Health Education, Additional Food Package Materials and Community Empowerment in Sucopangepok Village District of Jelbuk-Jember Lantin Sulistyorini
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 4 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v4i2.7874

Abstract

The period of pregnancy greatly determines the quality of human resources of the future, because the condition of the fetus in the womb determines the growth of children. Factors that affect maternal health is the mother's nutritional condition. The research design is descriptive. The sampling technique uses total sampling. The sample size of trimester II and III pregnant women were 58 respondents. Univariate data analysis. The result of analysis indicated that pregnant women were mostly at risk of chronic energy deficiency (79.3%), pregnant woman's knowledge level about fulfillment of nutritional requirement during pregnancy after health education mostly categorized good (51.7%), knowledge level of posyandu cadre the fulfillment of nutritional needs of pregnant women before and after health education is mostly categorized good (51.9% and 74.0%). The attitude of posyandu cadre in fulfillment of the nutritional requirement of the pregnant mother before and after health education mostly categorized good (66.7% and 74.0%). Motivation of posyandu cadres in maintaining the nutrition of pregnant women after the treatment was mostly good (70.4%), the weight of pregnant women before and after local-based supplementary feeding showed increased weight according to gestational age (79.3% and 91.4%). The results showed most of the pregnant women have normal nutritional status with arm circumference size ≥23.5 cm. Suggestions for pregnant women to keep their nutritional status normal by maintaining diet and always carrying out routine atenatal care visits and health workers providing supplementary feeding to pregnant women with chronic energy shortages. Keywords: Maternal care movement, additional food package, nutritional status
The Analgesic Effectiveness Test of Cocoa Husk (Theobroma cacao L.) Extract to Licking Time of Mice Induced by Formalin Yuli Lusiana Sari; Desi Dwi Wisudanti; Muhammad Ali Shodikin
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 4 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v4i2.6328

Abstract

Cocoa (Theobroma cacao L) is an industrial material that often used in chocolates production, but the part that used is cocoa bean, so that cocoa husk accumulate as waste. This study aimed to determine effectiveness of cocoa husk extracts to first and second phase of licking time of mice induced formalin. This study used 28 mices that divided into seven groups. NaCMC 1% to group K(-), 0.0048 mg/gBW sodium diclofenac to K(+), extracts dose variations, ie 0.25 mg/gBW, 0.5 mg/gBW, 1 mg/gBW, 2mg/gBW and 4 mg/gBW to group K1, K2, K3, K4, and K5 administered orally 30 minutes before subcutaneous injection of 200 μl formaldehyde 2.5% on hind paw. Graph of dose response on first phase data was fluctuate with highest inhibition percentage occurred on dose group 0,5 mg/gBW and 1 mg/gBW, that is 68,750% while on second phase data was biphasic with highest inhibition percentage occurred on dose group 1mg/gBW, that is 94,052%. One Way ANOVA analysis showed no significant difference (p> 0.05) on first phase, but showed significant difference (p <0,05) on second phase. This results indicated that cocoa husk extracts can decrease second phase, inflammatory phase significantly. Keywords: cocoa, analgesic, licking time, formaldehyde, inflammatory phase
Combination Effect of Methanol Extract of Hibiscus rosasinensis L. Leaf and Ciprofloxacin against Shigella dysentriae In Vitro Billy Jusup Kurniawan; Muhammad Ali Shodikin; Bagus Hermansyah
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 4 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v4i2.6541

Abstract

One of way to preventing bacterial resistance is a combination of natural plant products with antibiotics. Hibiscus rosasinensis leaf proved to have antibacterial activity against Shigella dysentriae. Ciprofloxacin is the first-choice antibiotic to treat Shigella dysentriae infection. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of methanol extract of Hibiscus rosasinensis leaves and ciprofloxacin against S. dysentriae bacteria in vitro. The type of this study was quasi experimental design with posttest only control group design using nine treatment groups (with concentration variation of 0.5 μg / mL, 1 μg / mL, 2 μg / mL, 4 μg / mL, 8 μg / mL, 16 μg / mL, 32 μg / mL, 64 μg / mL, and 128 μg / mL with 5 μg / 5 μL ciprofloxacin) and one control group (only 5 μg / 5 μL ciprofloxacin). The method used was agar well diffusion. The data was the diameter of inhibition zone around the well. The results showed that the variant of hibiscus leaf concentration could inhibit the growth of Shigella dysentriae but formed smaller inhibition zone diameter than ciprofloxacin alone. Keywords: combination, hibiscus rosasinensis leaf, ciprofloxacin, Shigella dysentriae
Effect of Vitamin C to Malondialdehyde (MDA) Level in Medical Students Jember University with Psychological Stress Rahmad Adi Prasetyo; Laksmi Indreswari; Aris Prasetyo
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 4 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v4i2.6423

Abstract

Medical students may to receive excessive psychological stressors during their education. The response of stress experienced by the body can activate the sympathetic neuron pathways and complex system hypothalamic pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. This can lead to a state of oxidative stress in the body through an increase of metabolism, mitochondrial oxidation, neutrophil activity, glycolysis and lipolysis processes. The level of malondialdehyde (MDA) is the most frequently used parameter for assessing oxidative stress conditions in the body. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that can neutralize the effects of free radicals through electron transfer mechanisms. This study aims to determine the effect of vitamin C on MDA levels in medical students of Jember University who experienced psychological stress. This is clinical test study with Quasi Experimental approach that used Pretest - Posttest Control Group Design with 32 sample of medical students Jember University who experienced psychological stress. The level of psychological stress was determined through questionnaire of Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) version Damanic Indonesian while the examination of MDA levels by the TBARs test. The result of T test analysis between MDA level at pretest and posttest is p= 0,000. It shows that there is effect of vitamin C consumption to the malondialdehyde (MDA) level in medical students Jember University with psychological stress. Keywords: Psychological stress, Malondialdehyde, Vitamin C
Risk Factors of Perinatal Death Age 0-28 Days at RSD dr. Soebandi Jember Ainindya Pasca Rachmadiani; Muhammad Ali Shodikin; Cicih Komariah
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 4 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v4i2.6737

Abstract

Abstract Perinatal deaths are babies who die at <28 days of birth. According to WHO, there are 2.7 million perinatal deaths worldwide in 2015. In 2016, the number of infant mortality at Jember is 50.19 per 1000 live births and become the second rank in Jawa Timur after Probolinggo. Infant mortality has been associated by maternal, gestational and neonatal factors. The aim of this study is to determine the risk factors of perinatal death age 0-28 days in RSD dr. Soebandi Kabupaten Jember. This research was analytic observasional with case control design doing in RSD dr. Soebandi Kabupaten Jember. The samples were 65 cases and 65 controls. Data analysis was done by Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test with significance value < 0,05. The results showed APGAR Score (p <0.001, OR = 6.51), birth weight (p <0.001, OR = 9.66), body length (p <0.001 OR = 5.07), gestational age (p = 0.002; OR = 2.92), congenital anomalies (p = 0.013; OR = -) and maternal age (p = 0.001; OR = 4.51) were risk factors for perinatal death 0-28 days in RSD dr. Soebandi Kabupaten Jember. Keywords: perinatal deaths, neonatal factors, maternal factors, gestational factors.
The Correlation of Risk Factors to the incidence of Pediculosis capitis on Students in Pondok Pesantren Miftahul Ulum, Jember Nihayah Lukman; Yunita Armiyanti; Dini Agustina
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 4 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v4i2.6488

Abstract

ABSTRACT Pediculosis capitis is a scalp disease caused by obligate ectoparasite (mite or lice) infection of Pediculus humanus var. capitis. This disease is a contagious disease that influenced by environment and behavior, so it becomes a dominant public health problem in densely populated environment like in boarding school. Some risk factors that cause Pediculosis capitis are; sex, educational level, hair wash frequency, use of comb or hair accessories together, use of bedding or bed together, hair length, and hair type. This study aims to determine the most dominant incidence, analyze the risk factors, and know the biggest risk factors to the incidence of Pediculosis capitis in santri at Pondok Pesantren Miftahul Ulum, Jember. The type of research that used was observational analytics with case control design conducted on 287 samples of SMP and SMA Miftahul Ulum students who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criterias. From this research, the proportion of Pediculosis capitis incidence was 214 respondents (74,6%), and then analyzed by Chi-Square test, it was found that the variables had significant relationship (p <0,05) to Pediculosis capitis occurrence, among others; sex, hair wash frequency, use of comb or hair accessories together, use of bedding or bed together, hair length and hair type. The result of logistic regression test shows that sex was the most biggest variable (p value = 0,000). Keywords: Pediculosis capitis, risk factors, boarding school

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