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Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 24609048     EISSN : 27145654     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Agromedicine and Medical Sciences (AMS) adalah jurnal berkala empat bulan (Februari, Juni dan Oktober) yang berisi berbagai artikel dalam bentuk penelitian, tinjauan sistematis dan laporan kasus dalam bidang kedokteran dengan fokus pada ilmu-ilmu kedokteran dasar, kedokteran klinis dan agromedis.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 5 No 3 (2019)" : 10 Documents clear
Bacterial Mapping Toward Patients in Intensive Care Unit Dr. Soebandi Jember Hospital Achmad Ma'ruf Fauzi; Muhammad Ali Shodikin; Yuli Hermansyah
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i3.6821

Abstract

Intensive Care Unit (ICU) a part of the hospital with specialized staff and equipment specially to the observation, care and treatment of patients suffering from life threatening complications. The importance of knowing the mapping of bacterial is to know the types of bacterial and the resistance of bacterial to the therapy that will be given. The research used is descriptive by taking primary data. Criteria of research sample in the form of blood culture in patients in ICU RSD. Dr. Soebandi Jember. Sampling method is by using total sampling technique. The results is S. xylosus (55.60%), S. epidermidis (11.10%), Enterobacter cloacea (11.10%) and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (11.105). Sensitivity test results of Staphylococcus xylosus bacteria showed resistant to class III cephalosporin group, Erythromycin, penicillin, clindamycin and macroloid. While the sensitive to chloramphenicol, linezolid, glikopeptida and vancomycin. The results of the antibiotic sensitivity test of Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterobacter cloacea, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia are sensitive to tetracycline and aminoglycoside antibiotics. Meanwhile, antibiotic sensitivity test of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Streptococcus sp are resistant to antibiotic penicillins, fourth generation cephalosporin, erythromycin, azithromycin. Streptococcus sp and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia are resistant to ceftriaxone antibiotic.
The Relationship between Exposure Tobacco Smoke in Pregnant Women with Perinatal Death in Jember Regency Reny Ekawati; Supangat Supangat; Hairrudin Hairrudin
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i3.9610

Abstract

Perinatal death is an indicator of the success implementing a country's health services. Perinatal death rate in Indonesia in 2012 was 26/1000 live births. In 2017 there were 225 cases of infant mortality from 34,669 births in Jember Regency. Perinatal death is influenced by maternal, infant, health services and the living environment. The environmental conditions of the residence can be affected by cigarette smoke. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of exposure tobacco smoke in pregnant women with perinatal death in Jember Regency and to find out the main source of exposure tobacco smoke in pregnant women in Jember Regency. Type of research is analytic observation with case control study design. The sampling technique is consecutive sampling. The study sample was mothers who had a dead baby in the perinatal period (perinatal death) who resided in the Jember regency on the birth of January-December 2017. The sample size was 30 for each group. Collected data was carried out by univariate analysis and bivariate analysis using the chi-square test and fisher exact test if the chi-square test requirements were not met. Results of univariate analysis in this study showed that 89.47% of the main sources of exposure tobacco smoke originated from home and 73.68% from husbands. Results of the chi-square test between exposure tobacco smoke with perinatal death p value 0.579 (p> 0.05). Confounding variables that had no significant difference between the case and control groups were parity (p = 0.116, p> 0.05), education (p = 0.083, p> 0.05), birth distance (p = 0.26, p> 0.05), and birth attendants (p = 0.492, p> 0.05). Based on the results of these studies it can be concluded that exposure tobacco smoke in pregnant women is not associated with perinatal death and the main source of exposure tobacco smoke in pregnant women comes from home and at most from husbands. Keywords: exposure tobacco smoke, pregnant women, perinatal death
The Difference of Potassium Level in Stage 5 Kidney Chronic Disease Patients Whose Using New and Re-use Hemodialyzer in RSD dr. Soebandi Jember Yuli Hermansyah; Dinda Ayu Wanodya Supriatiningsih; Bagus Hermansyah
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i3.9540

Abstract

Stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition where the renal function decrease, marked by the GFR value < 15/ml/minute/1,73 m2 with or without kidney damage history for 3 months or more that needs kidney replacement therapy, including hemodialysis. In Indonesia, hemodialysis was chosen for 82% from all the cases that needs kidney replacement therapy. However, the cost for hemodialysis therapy is considered as too expensive and burdens The National Health Insurance, Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial (BPJS), allowing the reuse of hemodialyzer as an alternative for cost-effectiveness. Re-use hemodialyzer is a term for using the same hemodialyzer for the same patient but on different therapy session. The main purpose of this research is to investigate the difference of Potassium level in stage 5 chronic kidney disease patients whose using new and re-use hemodialyzer in RSD dr. Soebandi Jember. This research used quasi experimental design by using blood sample that will be measured for the potassium level after using new hemodialyzer and re-use hemodialyzer for the 4th time in Hemodialysis Installation of RSD dr. Soebandi Jember on December 2018. Total sample of 19 patients chosen using inclusion and exclusion criteria. Collected data were analyzed using paired t-test. The result of statistical test shows that there is no significance potassium level difference in stage 5 chronic kidney disease whose using new and re-use hemodialyzer for the 4th time (p=0,094). The effectivity of hemodialyzer that still has a good condition and hemodialysis therapy that has been done in accordance with the procedure until the 4th reuse is the main factor of this result. Keywords: CKD, potassium, re-use hemodialyzer
The Effectiveness of Edamame Seed (Glycine max L. Merril) Ethanolic Extract to Fibroblast Count on Second Degree Burn Wound Healing Arifah Nur Hasanah; Ika Rahmawati Sutejo; Enny Suswati
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i3.6831

Abstract

Burn wound healing process consists of three phases of inflammation, proliferation and remodelling. The number of fibroblasts has increased during the proliferation phase. Oxidative stress in burn may disrupt proliferation through TGF-β inhibition, result in decreased number of fibroblasts and poor burn wound healing. Genistein in edamame seeds has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antioxidant properties. Edamame contains vitamins A, C, and E which is also have antioxidant properties. Edamame has been suggested to protect burn wound healing from oxidative stress. This study aimed to understand the effectiveness of edamame seed (Glycine max L. Merril) ethanolic extract (ED) to fibroblast count in second degree burn wound healing. This is true experimental research with post test only control group design. The study was conducted at University of Jember during November until December 2017. The sample of this research was 24 rat models of second degree burn which was made by attaching hot metal (60 ° C) for 5 seconds on the shaved back of the rats. The sample was divided into 6 groups with topical treatment, among others: positive control group (silver sulfadiazine), negative control group (Na CMC 0.5%), group with ED 20%, ED 40%, ED 60%, and ED 80%. Treatment was given for 15 days and skin sample was taken on the 16th day. Observation of the number of fibroblasts was done by taking pictures of histhologic preparations in Hematoxylin and Eosin staining under 400x magnification of light microscope. The number of fibroblast of each picture was processed using Image-J software. In one way ANOVA test, significance value of 0.011 (p≤0,05) indicated that there was at least a significant difference between 2 groups. LSD’s post hoc analysis showed that there was a significant difference in the group ED 20, 40, and 60% compared with negative control. Keyword: burn wound healing, vegetable soybean, genistein, fibroblast count, silver sulfadiazine
Correlation between Cholinesterase Levels and Blood Glucose Levels in Farmers Exposed to Organophosphate Pesticide in Desa Sukorambi Kabupaten Jember Sofiannisa Achmadila; Kristianningrum Dian Sofiana; Yudha Nurdian
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i3.9652

Abstract

The use of organophosphate pesticides by farmers can cause long-term health risks, one of which is an increase in blood glucose levels. This study aims to determine whether there is a relationship between the levels of cholinesterase as an indicator of exposure to organophosphate pesticides and blood glucose of farmers in Sukorambi Village, Jember Regency. Secondary data in the form of general characteristics of the sample were obtained through interviews, while the primary data was obtained from examining the levels of cholinesterase and blood glucose levels of farmers at the Biochemical Laboratory of the Faculty of Medicine, Jember University. The research method is observational-analytic with cross-sectional study design. Based on the results of statistical analysis using the Spearman correlation test (p = 0.05), it was concluded that there was no significant relationship between the two variables (p = 0.0802).
The correlation between Mother's Knowledge About Language Stimulation and Language Development Of Toddlers in Lengkong, Mumbulsari, Jember Mardhiyyah Nurul Hasanah; Dwita Aryadina Rachmawati; Erfan Efendi
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i3.9628

Abstract

Abstract The first three years of age is an important period for the development of children’s languange. Early stimulation as a parent especially mother to promote children’s development needs to be done. Before doing stimulation, the mothers need sufficient knowledge about development stimulation so mothers can do stimulation properly to their children. The aim of this study is to analyze the correlation between the mother’s knowledge about language stimulation and language development of toddlers in Lengkong , Mumbulsari, Jember. An analitic observational study with cross sectional study design which the subjects were 70 mother who have toddlers at Lengkong, Mumbulsari, Jember who met inclusion and exclusion criteria. The result of spearman correlation test between mother’s knowledge about language stimulation and language development of children aged 1-3 years is p=0,000 (p<0.005) which mean there is significant correlation between the mother’s knowledge about language stimulation and language development of children aged 1-3 years in Lengkong , Mumbulsari, Jember. Keywords: knowledge, stimulation, language development.
The Relationship Between Clean Water Sources And The Incidence Of Diarrhea In Kampung Baru Resident At Ngagelrejo Wonokromo Surabaya I Made Subhawa Harsa
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i3.13813

Abstract

Abstract Water is a good medium for bacterial growth, so that contamination is happening especially if less attention in terms of hygiene and sanitation. The use of bed water sources can increase the risk of diarrhea. Diarrhea is one of the environmentally based disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Kampung Baru village located around Jagir Kali Surabaya Most people are in the middle to low socioeconomic level. The lifestyle of them, also pays less attention to environmental hygiene and sanitation, so that it can cause water pollution which can increase the risk of diarrhea. This study was an observational analytic cross sectional study. Entire study population villagers of Kampung Baru. A sample of 75 respondents drawn with simple random sampling technique. The data used is primary data obtained through the distribution of questionnaires, interviews, and observations. Data analysis using the Spearman rank test with a significance level (α = 0.1). The results showed that 53,3% affected diarrhea and 46,7% didn’t affected (P =0.087, r=0.463). The results showed a medium correlation between the source of water with the incidence of diarrhea in Kampung Baru Resident At Ngagelrejo Wonokromo Surabaya. Keyword : Diarrhae, Water Sanitation
The Difference Incidence of Maternal Uterine Inertia Between Labor With and Without Anemia in Hospital of dr. Soebandi Jember Dina Ayu Savitri; Yonas Hadisybroto; Pipiet Wulandari
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i3.9514

Abstract

One of the indirect causes of maternal death is anemia. Anemia in pregnancy is a woman with a hemoglobin level below 11 g / dl caused by iron deficiency in pregnant women so that the hemoglobin level becomes low and cannot meet the need for oxygen to perfusion to the tissues. This consumes energy in the affected muscles and buildup of lactic acid which causes fatigue and reduced muscle contraction during labor. Inadequate uterine contractions are called uterine inertia and are characterized by a prolonged phase of labor, which is weak, rarely and short duration. The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in the incidence of uterine inertia between labor and anemia released in RSD dr. Soebandi Jember. This study was analytic observational with a cross sectional research design. The study population was all pregnant women who had improved labor and were included in the medical record at RSD Dr. Soebandi Jember period January 1, 2017 - December 31, 2017. Samples from this study were mothers who had approved the delivery and fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria that had been determined until the number of samples could be fulfilled. The number of samples in this study were 76 samples. The type of data used in this study is secondary data obtained by researchers from the medical records of pregnant women who have received labor. The data included in this study contain demographic data consisting of the age of pregnant women and parity, clinical data in the form of uterine inertia and laboratory data consisting of anemia status. In analyzing the data with Chi Square test (X²), a significance value of 0.011 was obtained so that it can be concluded that Ho is rejected and Ha is accepted which means that the incidence of uterine inertia between free labor and anemia is not important in RSD Dr. Soebandi Jember. Keywords: anemia, uterine inertia, pregnancy, age, parity.
Difference between Location of Soil with Risk of Contamination of Soil-transmitted Helmints Eggs and Larvae (Observational Study of Coffee Plantation Area in Silo District, Jember Regency) Rezza Putri Mahartika; Yunita Armiyanti; Cholis Abrori; Bagus Hermansyah; Yudha Nurdian
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i3.9468

Abstract

Soil-transmitted Helminths (STH) is a group of worms whose life cycle through the soil. The species of STH are roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), hookworms (Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale), and Strongyloides stercoralis. STH causes helminthiasis that infects more than 1.5 billion people or 24% of the world's population. Jember has many plantation areas. One of the plantations in Jember is Garahan Kidul plantation located in Sidomulyo village, Silo Sub-district, Jember. Soil on plantations tends to be moist and loose. This condition is ideal for the development of STH eggs and larvae. The general purpose of this study was to differentiate the numbers of soil contamination by STH eggs and larvae in soil samples in the garden area, riverside, and worker housing taken in the coffee plantation area in Silo District, Jember. This type of research is observational analytic with cross sectional research design. Soil samples are taken in the garden area, riverside, and worker housing that has a loose or not hard and moist soil texture. The results of the observation found that there were 4 eggs of Ascaris lumbricoides, 6 eggs and larvae of hookworm, and 2 eggs and larvae of Strongyloides stercoralis. There is the same amount of soil contamination at the location of the garden and riverside, which are 2 positive samples or 5.71% with a density of 0.02 eggs and larvae / gram of soil, while the number of soil contamination at the workers housing location is 8 positive samples or 25.71 % with a density of 0.11 eggs and larvae / gram of soil. Data were analyzed using Fisher's test. The results of data analysis showed a value of p = 0.0693 (p> 0.05) so that there were no differences in the number of soil contamination by STH eggs and larvae in the garden and river bank locations and p = 0.042 (p <0.05) so that there were differences the number of soil contamination by STH eggs and larvae at the location of worker housing with the location of garden and riverside. Keywords: STH, garden, riverside, wooker housing
Protective Effect of Cassava Leaf Extract on Gentamicin-Induced Hepatotoxity In Mice Rosita Dewi; Rena Normasari
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i3.13815

Abstract

Abstract Gentamicin usage can cause the damage of liver structure and function. The basic mechanism inducing liver damage from gentamicin is lipid peroxidation in cell membrane and the suppresion of antioxidant defence system in liver. Antioxidant in cassava leaf such as vitamin C, carotene, flavonoid, dan mineral can protect liver from drug toxicity effect. This research aimed to determine hepatoprotective effect of cassava leaf through microscopic observation of liver histopathology slide of mice induced by gentamicin. The research design was post test only control group design. Mice were divided into five groups, normal group, positive control (gentamicin 80 mg/kg b.w.); P1, P2, and P3 (gentamicin 80 mg/kg b.w. and cassava leaf extract 150 mg/kg b.w., 300 mg/kg b.w., 450 mg/kg b.w. respectively, for 14 days). The average score of liver cell damage was determined by microscopic observation of 200 liver cells undergoing parenchymal degeneration, hidrophic degeneration, and necrosis. One Way Anova analysis showed significant difference among the groups (p<0,05) and Post Hoc Tukey HSD test showed that cassava leaf extract at the dose level of 450 mg/kg b.w. resulted significant liver cell characteristic improvement in liver histophatology slide (p<0,05) compared to positive control group. It could be concluded that cassava leaf extract had protective effect on gentamicin-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Keywords: cassava leaf extract, hepatotoxicity, gentamicin, liver histopathology

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