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Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 24609048     EISSN : 27145654     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Agromedicine and Medical Sciences (AMS) adalah jurnal berkala empat bulan (Februari, Juni dan Oktober) yang berisi berbagai artikel dalam bentuk penelitian, tinjauan sistematis dan laporan kasus dalam bidang kedokteran dengan fokus pada ilmu-ilmu kedokteran dasar, kedokteran klinis dan agromedis.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 6 No 2 (2020)" : 10 Documents clear
Effect of Cigarette Smoke Exposure Status on Pregnant Women as Passive Smokers with Birth Weight in Arjasa Health Center, Jember Regency Anis Talitha Damarawati; Dwita Aryadina Rachmawati; Hairrudin Hairrudin
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i2.9650

Abstract

In Indonesia, there are around 65.6 million women and 43 million children exposed to cigarette smoke and thus act as passive smokers. If pregnant women act as passive smokers, then it can increase the risk of pregnancy complications, including LBW. Babies with LBW are one of the public health problems that must be considered because LBW is a major predictor of infant mortality, especially in the first month of life. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exposure to cigarette smoke on pregnant women as passive smokers on the incidence of LBW in Arjasa Health Center, Jember Regency. This type of research uses an observational analytic method with a retrospective case control study design. The sample of this study amounted to 60 people. The bivariate analysis using the chi square test stated that there was a significant relationship between exposure to 2x3 cigarette smoke (p = 0.031), exposure to 2x2 cigarette smoke (p = 0.030; OR = 4) and age of pregnant women (p = 0.033; OR = 5.2) with birth weight at Arjasa Community Health Center, Jember Regency. While the results of bivariate analysis using the chi square test stated that there was no significant relationship between jobs (p = 0.422; OR = 1.78), history of parity (0.784; OR = 1.3), and ANC frequency (p = 1,000; OR = 1.17). the results of multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that there was a significant effect between exposure to cigarette smoke (p = 0.050; OR = 3.39) and age (p = 0.037; OR = 4.6) on birth weight at Arjasa Health Center, Jember Regency. The conclusion of this study is that exposure to cigarette smoke has a significant relationship with birth weight and age is the most influential risk factor for birth weight in Arjasa Health Center, Jember Regency. Keywords: Birth weight, LBW, cigarette smoke exposure
The Correlation between Wearing High Heels and Pain Intensity on Calcaneus Area and Range of Motion Ankle Changes Muhamad Hasan; Indah Amin Sugiharti; Dwita Aryadina Rachmawati
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i2.6836

Abstract

High heeled shoes or commonly called high heels, is a type of shoe with high sole designed. Wearing high heels can make women more beautiful and attractive. But, the use of high heels are not appropriate with public’s knowledge about how to wear these shoes properly and correctly. It is proved by so many musculosceletal injuy cases because of wearing high heels. Injury cases that mostly appear is pain on calcaneus area as a result of plantar fasciitis and achilles tendinitis. Besides causing injury, the use of high heels also can cause the range of motion ankle become changed due to body postural adaptation during wearing high heels. The aim of this study is to determine the correlation between wearing high heels and pain Intensity on calcaneus area and range of motion ankle changes. This is an analytical survey study with cross sectional study design. This study using women workers in Matahari Departement Store Johar Plaza Jember and Roxy Square Jember who met inclusion and exclusion criteria. Pain intensity on calcaneus area was measured with visual analog scale (VAS) questionnaire and the large of range of motion ankle was measured with goniometer. Spearman correlation test result between wearing high heels and pain intensity on posterior and medial calcaneus area is p<0,05, this result indicates that there is significant correlation between wearing high heels and pain intensity on posterior and medial calcaneus area. While correlation between wearing high heels and range of motion ankle changes has result>0,05, this result indicates that there is no significant correlation between wearing high heels and range of motion ankle canges. Keywords: High heels, pain intensity on calcaneus area, range of motion ankle changes
Comparison Of The Effect Of Vitamin E And Rosmarinic Acid On Expression Of P65 NF-KB Subunit In Diabetes Rat Wahyu Prima; Nur Samsu; Husnul Khotimah
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i2.17540

Abstract

One of the causes of diabetic nephropathy (ND) that have important role is the increase of free radicals due to high levels of glucose which causes oxidative stress. Oxidative stress activates Angiotensin II and the transcription factor of Nuclear Factor kappa B (NFKb). Prevention and slowing down of ND progression is by using antioxidants. The example of antioxidants are Vitamin E and Rosmarinic Acid (RA). Vitamin E is a conventional antioxidant while RA is a potent antioxidant that also has anti-inflammatory effects. This laboratory experimental study aimed to compare the effects of Vitamin E and RA on the expression of NFKb p-65 in glomelurus of type 2 diabetes rats. NFKb expression of p-65 of positive control increased significantly compared to negative controls (p <0.001), Vitamin E and RA were able to reduce NFKb expression compared to positive controls (p = 0.022 and p = 0.001). respectively there was no significant difference between NFKb expression in the Vitamin E group and Rosmarinic acid but RA decreased better than Vitamin E. It can be concluded that AR had a better effect compared to Vitamin E on the decrease in NFKb p-65 expression in glomelurus type 2 diabetes rats. Keyword: Diabetic nephropathy, Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-Kb), Rosmarinic Acid, Vitamin E
The Effect of Red Spinach Extract (Amaranthus tricolor L.) on Serum Malondialdehyde of Male Rattus Novergicus Fracture Model Aris Prasetyo; Ahmad Baihaqi; Laksmi Indreswari
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i2.6838

Abstract

Fracture is a musculoskeletal injury with a high incidence rate. The healing process of fracture is disturbed by the oxidative stress, because of imbalance quantity of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) and antioxidant capacity in the body that neutralizes it. Antioxidants in red spinach have the potential to suppress the level of oxidative stress. The study aimed to determinate the effect of red spinach ethanolic extract on decreasing oxidative stress by measuring malonaldialdehyde (MDA) concentration in fracture healing process. The study used thirty rats and divided into five groups; negative control group, positive control group,and three treatment groups of red spinach ethanolic extract in a dose of 35,4 mg/150gBB, 70,8 mg/150gBB, and 141,6 mg/150gBB manually fractured on right femur under anaesthesia and immobilized by leucodur plaster. Each group was treated orally respectively one week. The result of One Way Anova showed a significance of 0,000 (p<0,05) in which there was a significant difference in serum MDA levels between the treatment groups and the control groups. The result of LSD test between P1 group and P3 group showed significantly different in which decreased serum MDA levels were consistent with increasing doses of red spinach ethanolic extract. The study concluded that red spinach ethanolic extract had a positive effect on supression of oxidative stress in fracture healing process. Keywords: Red spinach ethanolic extract, fracture healing process, MDA, ROS
The Effectiveness of Tamarindus indica Extract in Total Osteoblast Cell of Male Wistar Rat’s Femur Bone Induced by Aluminium Indah Pratiwi; Rena Normasari; Rony Prasetyo
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i2.17813

Abstract

Aluminum is widely used in life but includes non-essential metals toxic to the human body that most accumulates in the femur. Aluminum is toxic because it increases the number of free radicals resulting in oxidative stress that causes osteoblast apoptosis. Tamarindus indica has the most potent antioxidant effect on the seed. The polyphenol content in Tamarindus indica seed are myricetin, procyanidin B2, and caffeic acid. Antioxidants in Tamarindus indica seed have mechanism of donating electrons from the -OH group in the phenolic ring to stop oxidative chain reactions and prevent the formation of hydroxyl radicals and lipid peroxidation that play a role in cell apoptosis. The purpose of this study to determine the effect of giving Tamarindus indica extract on the total osteoblasts of femur bone in male wistar rats induced by aluminum. This research is a true experimental in vivo with randomized post-test only control group design using 25 male Wistar rats divided into five groups. Aluminum is given orally dose 300mg/kgBB and Tamarindus indica extract dose 25, 50, 100mg/kgBB for 10 weeks. The results of this study indicate the average total of osteoblasts in groups K, P1, P2, P3, P4 are 15.21 ± 1.71; 18.48 ± 3.65; 17.8 ± 7.05; 17.13 ± 1.16; 16.74 ± 5.71. Data analysis used the Kruskal Wallis test. The results of data analysis showed that there was no significant differences in all groups (p = 0.581). Based on the results of this study, Tamarindus indica extract that was given to male wistar rats induced by aluminum for 10 weeks had no effect on the total osteoblasts.
The Effect of Isotoma longiflora Leaves Extract to The Cornea Neovascularization of Wistar Rats Chemical Trauma Model Hasbi Maulana Arsyad; Cicih Komariah; Muhamad Hasan
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i2.6853

Abstract

Eye chemical trauma was an eye trauma caused by a substance with a pH<7 (acid) and pH>7 (alkali). Chemical trauma can be caused by pesticides. In Indonesia, 78.9% of farmers had eye complaints due to pesticides exposure. The occurrence of alkali chemical trauma of eye could cause cornea neovascularization (CNV). Alkali chemical trauma caused intense inflammation resulting a vascularization of the cornea that was supposed to be avascular. The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of Isotoma longiflora leaves extract the cornea neovascularization of wistar rats chemical trauma model. This research used true experimental design method with post-test only controlled group design. The sample of this study were 30 male wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) divided into six groups, 1 positive control group (dexamethasone 0.1%), 1 negative control group (DMSO 0,1%), and 4 treatment groups of Isotoma longiflora leaves extract (0.25 mg/ml, 0.5 mg/ml, 1 mg/ml, 2 mg/ml). The result of Shapiro-Wilk and Levene's test showed that p>0.05 that means the data was normally distributed and has the same variant. One Way ANOVA test results obtained significant differences between groups on the 7th day (p=0.001). The result of Post Hoc LSD test showed that group P3 and P4 were significantly different to negative control, P1 and P2 groups. P3 and P4 groups with 1 mg/ml and 2 mg/ml Isotoma longiflora leaves extract could inhibit cornea neovascularization.
The Effect of Zumba Exercise to Women's Waist Hip Ratio Laksmi Indreswari; Yunita Dewi Anggraeni; Rena Normasari
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i2.17449

Abstract

Abdominal obesity is a global public health problem. The high prevalence of abdominal obesity triggers an increase in morbidity and mortality in chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular, and cancer. One of the causes of the high prevalence of abdominal obesity is the lack of physical activity. Prevention efforts are needed through the identification of risk factors such as measurement of waist hip ratios. The respondents of this study were divided into two groups: 28 respondents who did zumba exercise for four weeks and 28 control respondents. The statistical test performed was a paired t-test comparison test. The results of this study indicate the value of t-count > t-table value (7.184 > 2.052) and the significance of 0.000 < 0.05. These results indicate that there is a decrease in the waist hip ratio after doing zumba exercise for four weeks.
Evaluation of CD4 Number In HIV / AIDS Patients Who Are Running The Antiretrovial Treatment Program Thatit Nurmawati; Yeni Kartika Sari; Aprilia Putri Hidayat
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i2.16790

Abstract

HIV is a health problem for Indonesia and the world. Enforcement of diagnoses and control efforts continue to be made to reduce the number of HIV / AIDS cases. ARVs are becoming efforts to cure HIV by increasing CD4 cell counts. CD4 cell count is a determinant of ARV therapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate CD4 cell counts in people with HIV / AIDS who were implementing ARV programs. The study design was observational using secondary data in the form of medical record records. The study population was HIV sufferers who registered to run an HIV / AIDS antiretrovial treatment program at the Cendana Poly Ngudi Waluyo Regional Hospital in Blitar in June 2017. Samples in the study were 30 people according to inclusion and exclusion criteria with a sampling technique using a purposive sampling method. Research instruments using questionnaires. Data analysis uses descriptive method. The results showed that this CD4 cell count had a CD4 cell count of 200 cells / mm 3 by 10%, 200-499 by 90% in patients who were on ARV programs. The patient's condition and obata resistance result in a CD4 cell count not exceeding 500 mm / cell. Key words: amount CD4, ARV , patient HIV
The Activity of Cainito Leaves Ethanol Extract (Chrysophyllum cainito L.) on Wistar’s Total Erythrocites Induced Cyclophosphamide Heri Puguh Widodo; Ika Rahmawati Sutejo; Rini Riyanti
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i2.7588

Abstract

One of the commonly used chemotherapy drugs is cyclophosphamide. However, the use of cyclophosphamide can provide various toxic effects. The most common toxic effect of cyclophosphamide is bone marrow suppression with anemia as one of its markers. The antioxidant content of cainito leaf potentially increase the production of blood cells, especially erythrocytes. The aims of this study is determining the effectiveness of the cainito leaf ethanol extract against cyclophosphamide induced mouse erythrocyte count in vivo. A sample of 20 male wistar rats was divided into five groups; normal group, negative control group, and three groups of ethanol extract of cainito leaf with dose 100 mg/kgBW, 200 mg/kgBW, and 400 mg/kgBW were administered for one week followed by intraperitoneal cyclophosphamide with dose 50 mg/kgBW as much as one time. One Way Anova Test result showed a significance of 0.015 (p<0.05). However, the LSD test results showed no significant different results between the negative control group and the treatment group. The conclusion was that there was no difference in the amount of erythrocytes in mice given only cyclophosphamide with previous rats given cainito extract.
The Effectiveness of Vitamin D Addition to Decreasing Blood Glucose Levels of Hyperglycemic Mice Model with Glimepirid Therapy Tsintani Nur Aristiana; Cholis Abrori; Muhammad Ali Shodikin
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i2.10206

Abstract

Abstract Low 25-hydrocyvitamin D (25(OH)D3) levels are usually found in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study aims to compare the effectiveness of fasting blood glucose levels in hyperglycemic mice model with glimepirid single therapy, hyperglycemic mice model with vitamin D, and mice model of hyperglycemic with glimepirid therapy plus vitamin D. This study used the true experimental research design with the randomized posttest only control group design. There were 25 male mice (Mus musculus) strain Balb/C with 20-30 g body weight and 2-3 months old which were grouped into 5 groups. The negative control group (K1) was injected with placebo and the positive control group (K2) was injected with STZ 150 mg/kgBW i.p. Groups P1, P2, and P3 were given STZ injection of 150 mg/kgBW i.p and given glimepirid 0.26 mg/kgBW; vitamin D 6,5 ml/kgBW; glimepirid 0,26 mg/kgBW with vitamin D supplementation 6,5 ml/kgBW. The results of the Tukey post hoc tests obtained differences in the mean of delta KGD between groups P1 and K2 = 122,55; in group P2 with K2 = 81,60; and in group P3 with K2 = 74,40. From these data, it can be concluded that in the group given glimepirid plus vitamin D there was no additional effectiveness in decreasing fasting blood glucose levels of hyperglycemic mice model compared to the group given only glimepirid therapy and the group given vitamin D alone. Keywords: diabetes mellitus, vitamin D, glimepiride, streptozotocin.

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