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Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 24609048     EISSN : 27145654     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Agromedicine and Medical Sciences (AMS) adalah jurnal berkala empat bulan (Februari, Juni dan Oktober) yang berisi berbagai artikel dalam bentuk penelitian, tinjauan sistematis dan laporan kasus dalam bidang kedokteran dengan fokus pada ilmu-ilmu kedokteran dasar, kedokteran klinis dan agromedis.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 6 No 3 (2020)" : 10 Documents clear
The Effectiveness of Vitamin C Addition to Blood Glucose Levels of Hyperglycemic Mice with Glimepiride Treatment Indi Kamilia Fitri; Cholis Abrori; Dion Krismashogi Dharmawan
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i3.9994

Abstract

In people with diabetes mellitus (DM) there is a decrease in basal vitamin C levels which is thought to be a result of oxidative stress in the condition of hyperglycemia that it needs to increase vitamin C as an antioxidant. Hyperglycemia in DM needs to be lowered by pharmacological therapy, named glimepirid so the purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of vitamin C addition to the reduction of KGD hyperglycemic mice with glimepirid treatment. This study is true experimental with a sample of 25 mice 20-30 grams and divided into five groups, first the control group (K0); STZ induction group (K1); STZ induction group with glimepirid treatment (K2); STZ induction group with the treatment of vitamin C (K3); STZ induction group by treatment of a combination of glimepirid and vitamin C (K4). STZ is injected intraperitonially 150 mg / kgBB. All groups were measured for KGD 1 after induction of STZ and KGD 2 after treatment for fourteen days. The results of the STZ induction group with the treatment of a combination of glimepirid and vitamin C (K4) experienced a smaller and not significant decrease in BSL in the STZ induction group with a single glimepirid (K2) treatment. These results are thought to have an influence from interactions between drugs that cause one drug to not work optimally. The conclusion of this study is that administration of glimepirid, vitamin C, or both can reduce blood glucose levels in hyperglycemic mice with the greatest decrease occurring in the glimepirid group.
The extract of kemangi leaves as inhibitor of biofilm from Staphylococcus aureus in vitro Putu Sri Maharani Utami; Noorhamdani Noorhamdani; Masruroh Rahayu
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i3.17541

Abstract

Biofilm is a mechanism of bacterial defense against antimicrobials that can cause resistance. Staphylococcus aureus is a biofilm-producing bacteria and the most often cause of skin and soft tissue infections. Therefore, efforts are needed to prevent the formation of Staphylococcus aureus biofilms. Basil leaves are herbal plants that contain eugenol and tannin compounds, which are thought to inhibit the formation of biofilms. This research is a laboratory experimental study that aims to prove the effect of basil leaves ethanol extract (Ocimum sanctum) on the establishment of Staphylococcus aureus biofilms with in vitro method and determine the minimum inhibitory biofilm concentration needed. In this study, the tube method with 7 different concentrations was used. The results of biofilm ring formation obtained and measured quantitatively using Mean Gray Value in Adobe Photoshop CS6. From the study’s results, is found that the increase in extract concentration is directly proportional to the thinning of the biofilm ring on the tube with a minimum inhibitory concentration of biofilm at a concentration of 30%. The Pearson correlation test showed a very strong and significant correlation (r = 0.898, p = 0,000), and the Oneway ANOVA comparison test known a significant difference among the mean of each group (p = 0,000). From these results it can be known that the ethanol extract Ocimum sanctum can inhibit the formation of Staphylococcus aureus biofilms in vitro.
The Antibacterial Effect of Ethanol Edamame Seeds (Glycine Max (L) Merril) Extract to E.coli Bacteria Diayu Putri Akhita; Edy Junaidi; Septa Surya Wahyudi
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i3.11120

Abstract

Abstract Infectious diseases can occur in all parts of the body. One of the causes infection in humans is Eschericiae coli bacteria. Eschericiae coli is a rod-shaped bacteria, a gram negative bacteria, facultative aerobics and classified family member of Enterobacteriaceae from the Gammaproteobacteria class. Along the times, E.coli bacteria have resistent to some antibiotics. So we need a new alternative. There is a antibacterial substance in the isoflavon group contained in edamame. Genistein is a main isoflavon in edamame that have antiinflammation, antibacterial, and antioxidant effects. The purpose of this study was to determine is there any antibacterial effects in ethanol edamame seeds extract to E.coli bacteria. This study used a true experimental research design in vitro with a post test only control group design. The average diameter results of the inhibition zone were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis method and obtained p = 0.001 which means there are significant differences in at least two groups. After that, the Mann Whitney post hoc test was conducted and a significant difference was found in the positive and negative control groups for all groups but there was no difference in the treatment group, both groups K1, K2 and K3 for all groups. Keywords : Edamame, Antibacterial, E.coli
Potential of Cocoa Extract (Theobroma cacao) in Inhibiting Erythrocyte Damage Induced by Physalia utriculus Venom Adinningtyas Intansari; Al Munawir; Laksmi Indreswari
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i3.9661

Abstract

Physalia utriculus is one of the invertebrate marine biota that is often found in Indonesia. Some symptoms of venoming due to jellyfish stings cause pain, itching, and hemolysis. In Indonesia, 13 cases of jellyfish stings were reported in 2005-2009 with three people dying in Java, Bali, and Bangka. Cocoa beans (Theobroma cacao L.) contain fat, carbohydrates, proteins, and polyphenol compounds that are useful as antioxidants. Polyphenols in the form of epicathechins, catechins, and procyanidins serve to provide protection to hemolysis. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of ethanol extract of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in inhibiting the damage of erythrocyte induced by Physalia utriculus in vitro. This study used 28 samples of erythrocytes divided into seven groups, namely the normal control group, negative controls, and treatment with cocoa ethanol extract 0.2%, 0.1%, 0.04%, and 0.02%. Each subsequent group induced venom Physalia utriculus. The results showed that the average speed of erythrocyte lysis in the treatment group by giving cocoa ethanol extract 0.2%, 0.1%, 0.04%, and 0.02% respectively (seconds ± standard deviation) was 858,25 ± 94,44; 1.000,5 ± 159,93; 678,5 ± 19,71; and 1.006 ± 159,50. The mean speed of erythrocyte lysis in the negative control group was 1,025 ± 164.63 and the positive control group with the administration of N-Acetylcystein can last up to one hour after administration of venoms. Test for normality and homogeneity shows that data is normally distributed and homogeneous. One Way Annova analysis shows the significance value of p <0.05, then a post hoc analysis test was performed with the Bonferoni method to find out the differences in significance in each group. In this study it can be concluded that the administration of cocoa ethanol extract has no potential to inhibit erythrocyte damage that has been venomed by Physalia utriculus in vitro. Keywords: Physalia utriculus, cacao, erythrocyte damage
Correlation between Personal hygiene and Household Overcrowding to the Incidence of Pediculosis capitis in Sukogidri Village Jember Warda Ayu Nadira; Erma Sulistyaningsih; Dwita Aryadina Rachmawati
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i3.9843

Abstract

Abstract Pediculosis capitis is an infection of human hair or scalp caused by Pediculus humanus var. capitis. This disease is classified as a neglected disease and is quite developed in developing and poor countries. Risk factors that influence the incidence of pediculosis capitis is the level of education of parents, socio-economy, personal hygiene, age, gender, and household overcrowding. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between personal hygiene and household overcrowding to the incidence of pediculosis capitis in Sukogidri Village Jember. This study was an observational analytic study, with a cross sectional approach carried out on 230 respondents in Sukogidri Village Jember. In this study, head lice was examined using crescent combs, filling in personal hygiene questionnaires, and measuring the area of ​​respondent’s house. The results showed the prevalence of pediculosis capitis in Sukogidri Village was 44.3% (102 respondents). The results of data analysis using the fisher test and chi-square test showed that personal hygiene and household overcrowding had a significant relationship (p <0.05) as a risk factor for the incidence of pediculosis capitis in Sukogidri Village Jember. Keyword : personal hygiene, household overcrowding, pediculosis capitis
Association Between Risk Factors with The Event of Nasopharynx Carcinoma in Soebandi Hospital Period Of January 2017- March 2019 Emda Zein Cik Fitria; Nindya Shinta Rumastika; Pipiet Wulandari
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i3.13814

Abstract

Abstract Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is the highest malignancy in the head and neck regio. The cause of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is unknown, but there are several risk factors that can trigger nasopharyngeal carcinoma which include age, gender, genetics, occupation, geographical location, consumption of salted fish, consumption of grilled fish / grilled meat, consumption of canned foods and smoking. This study aims to determine the risk factors that influence the incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The type of this study is a obervasional analysis with a case control design carried out on 40 samples that fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The instrument of this research is in the form of medical record recapitulation and structured interviews. The bivariate test results were age (p=0.043), sex (p=1,000), genetics (p=0.044), occupation (p=0.740), geographical location (p= 1,000), consumption of salted fish (p = 0.004) , consumption of grilled fish / grilled meat (p=0.007), consumption of canned foods (p = 0.106) and smoking (p = 0.527). The multivariate test results were the consumption of salted fish with a value (p = 0.004), consumption of salted fish / grilled meat (p = 0.023), genetic (p = 0.062), and age (p = 0.264). The conclusion of this study is the consumption of salted fish, consumption of grilled fish / grilled meat, genetics and age have a significant relationship with the event of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and the most influential relationship is the consumption of salted fish. Keywords: nasopharyngeal carcinoma, risk factor, dr. Soebandi hospital
The Relationship Duration of Sitting and Work Posture Risk with LBP in Library Staff University of Jember Diana Eki Cahyani; Muhammad Hasan; Nindya Shinta Rumastika
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i3.9840

Abstract

Low back pain (LBP) is one of the occupational diseases caused by non-ergonomic conditions. The global point prevalence of LBP which limits activity in 2015 was 7.3%. This figure shows that in one time there were 540 million people who experienced LBP. As many as 90% of cases of low back pain are not caused by organic abnormalities but by errors in body position at work. Risk factors that have the potential to cause complaints include age, gender, Body Mass Index (BMI), smoking habits, work period, poor work posture, and standing or sitting too long. This study aims to determine the relationship between duration of sitting and risk of work posture with the level of LBP complaints in Jember University library employees. The type of research used was analytic observational with cross sectional study design. The sampling technique is done by total sampling. The research samples were University Library staff in Jember who experienced LBP complaints and in accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria of this study. The sample size was 22 respondents. The instruments of this study were respondent characteristics questionnaire sheets, LBP screening sheets, and Modified Quick Exposure Check (QEC) assessment sheets. Bivariate analysis using the gamma correlation test. The results of the bivariate analysis between duration of sitting and LBP complaint rates obtained p = 0.827. The results of the bivariate analysis between the risk of work posture and LBP complaints were obtained p = 0.916. The two results of the analysis indicate that there is no significant relationship between the duration of sitting and the risk of work posture with the level of LBP complaints in Jember University library employees. Keywords: low back pain, duration of sitting, work posture, library staff
DNA Quality and Quantity on Blood Spot Post Soil and Ultraviolet-C Exposure Muhammad Afiful Jauhani; Sheilla Rachmania
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i3.19937

Abstract

Bercak darah dapat ditemukan di tempat kejadian perkara (TKP) pada banyak kasus tindak kekerasan. Asam deoksiribonukleat (DNA) pada darah dapat digunakan sebagai data primer untuk proses identifikasi akan tetapi bercak darah di TKP berisiko rusak akibat pajanan tanah dan ultraviolet. Tujuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mempelajari efek kombinasi dari pajanan sinar ultraviolet-C dan tanah terhadap kualitas dan kuantitas DNA pada bercak darah. Sebanyak 20 gelas berisi 200 gram tanah ditetesi 900µl darah dan diberikan pajanan sinar ultraviolet-C dalam tiga kelompok berdasarkan durasi pajanan yakni satu hari, tiga hari, dan lima hari. Satu kelompok digunakan sebagai kontrol. Ekstraksi DNA dilakukan menggunakan DNAZol dilanjutkan dengan pengukuran spektrofotometri untuk mengetahui kualitas dan kuantitas DNA. Peningkatan konsentrasi DNA dapat diamati yaitu 681,1 pada hari pertama menjadi 1274,7 pada hari ketiga dan mulai menurun menjadi 1090,6 pada hari kelima, sedangkan kemurnian DNA terus menurun secara konstan seiring dengan meningkatnya durasi pajanan. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pajanan sinar ultraviolet-C dan tanah menyebabkan degradasi molekul DNA menjadi fragmen-fragmen molekul yang lebih kecil sehingga terjadi peningkatan kuantitas DNA yang disertai penurunan kualitas DNA. Penurunan kualitas DNA dapat mempersulit proses identifikasi sehingga isolasi DNA sampel pada tanah terbuka yang terpajan matahari harus dilakukan sesegera mungkin. Kata Kunci: DNA, darah, tanah, ultraviolet C, patologi forensik
Subacute Stent Thrombosis: Case Series Analysis Suryono Suryono
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i3.19207

Abstract

Abstrak Perkembangan penanganan penyakit jantung koroner (PJK) mengalami kemajuan pesat. Pada era percutaneus coronary intervention (PCI) mortalitas dan morbiditas PJK menurun dengan penempatan stent pada area stenosis. Namun, manajemen ini masih menyisakan masalah baru berupa stent trombosis (ST) akut sekitar 0,5-2,2% dari total kasus dengan mortalitas 45%. Beberapa faktor seperti prosedur intervensi, pasien dan karakteristik lesi serta resistensi platelet menjadi pemicu kejadian ST. Kemajuan industri stent, perkembangan prosedur intervensi, dan preparasi pasien dapat menekan kejadian ST, namun resistensi antiplatelet sebagai pemicu ST pada masing-masing individu belum dapat diprediksi.
Reduction of Blood Glucose Levels by Apple Vinegar in Mice Induced by Dexamethasone Mochammad Syaruz Rachmansyah; Edy Junaidi; Erfan Effendi
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i3.11481

Abstract

The number of people with diabetes mellitus (DM) in the world is 425 million in 2017. The use of antidiabetic drugs usually lasts long enough with high side effects. Therefore, an alternative treatment with lower side effects and the efficacy same with synthetic drugs is needed. One of alternative treatment is apple fruit which can be processed into apple vinegar. Several studies have found the hypoglycemic effect of apple cider vinegar in various dosages. The author wants to know the reduction of blood glucose levels and the effective dose of apple vinegar in reducing blood glucose levels in mice induced by dexamethasone. The type of research is true experimental laboratories with pre and post-test with control group design. This study used 28 mice. Mice were given dexamethasone for 10 days to induce hyperglycemia. After experiencing hyperglycemia, mice were divided into 7 groups consisting of negative control group, positive control group, and treatment group of 0.0625 mL apple cider vinegar, 0.125 mL, 0.25 mL, 0.5 mL, and 1 mL. The research data obtained ΔGDP in each group. Furthermore, the reduction in glucose levels is calculated. Effective dose calculation by regression analysis using percentage reduction of blood glucose levels curve. The final results showed the maximum effective dose of apple vinegar in reducing blood glucose levels is 0.341 mL with percentage reduction of blood glucose levels is 18.6%.

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