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Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 24609048     EISSN : 27145654     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Agromedicine and Medical Sciences (AMS) adalah jurnal berkala empat bulan (Februari, Juni dan Oktober) yang berisi berbagai artikel dalam bentuk penelitian, tinjauan sistematis dan laporan kasus dalam bidang kedokteran dengan fokus pada ilmu-ilmu kedokteran dasar, kedokteran klinis dan agromedis.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 7 No 1 (2021)" : 10 Documents clear
The Correlation between Occupational Stress and Job Performance of Healthcare Workers at the University of Jember Medical Center Arista Nur Isnaini; Inke Kusumastuti; Ida Srisurani Wiji Astuti
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i1.20401

Abstract

Healthcare professionals are prone to experiencing stress and burnout due to their responsibility to care for one’s life and mistakes in the care delivery might lead to dire consequences for the patient. Occupational stress in the healthcare service could reduce the job performance of healthcare workers. This study was therefore conducted to determine the effect of occupational stress on the performance of healthcare workers in the University of Jember Medical Center. This study employed a cross-sectional design. The research sample was 28 healthcare workers at the University of Jember Medical Center. The results of the Pearson test showed a significance value of p = 0.725, indicating no significant correlation between occupational stress and job performance of health workers at the University of Jember Medical Center. Occupational stress might be experienced by healthcare workers at University of Jember Medical Center because University of Jember Medical Center as the first level of healthcare facilities acts as a gatekeeper with significant workload and functions. However, this occupational stress didn’t affect the work performance of the healthcare workers at University of Jember Medical Center due to their excellent stress management. Future studies might benefit from utilizing other more objective stress-related measurements and recruiting larger sample size. Keywords : Occupational stress, Job Performance, Healthcare Worker
The Effect of Young Coconut Water (Cocos Nucifera L.) Consumption on VO2max in Young Adults Non-Athletes Aris Prasetyo; Dheis Aninditha Suspim
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i1.20185

Abstract

Abstract The availability of carbohydrates and electrolytes in the body greatly affects Volume Oxigen Maximum (VO2max) to maintain stamina and endurance. The administration of young coconut water has the effect of increasing VO2max because it contains carbohydrates and electrolytes. The administration of young coconut water 15-60 minutes before exercise has the potential to delay exhaustion and increasing performance because glucose levels are maintained and muscle glycogen stores are restored. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of administration of young coconut water on VO2max in young adults non-athletes. This study used a quasi experimental research design with a cross over design clinical trial. A total of 30 male non-athletes aged 18-24 years who fulfill the inclusion criteria were divided into groups randomLy, the treatment group (given 300 mL of coconut water) and the control group (given 300 mL of mineral water) 60 minutes before treatment, then crossover carried out 3 days after treatment. The results showed the control group fitness index was 141.83 ± 44.69, and the fitness index of the treatment group was 176.01 ± 59.07. The sample characteristics based on VO2max showed that the treatment group had a greater VO2max by a mean of 4.84 ± 1.05 compared to the control group with a mean of 4.19 ± 0.78. The results of the Paired T-Test showed a significance value of p= 0.000 (p <0.05) indicating that there was a significant difference between the control group and the treatment group. The conclusion of this study is that giving young coconut water increases VO2max levels in young adults non-athletes. Keywords: Young coconut water, VO2max, fitness index
The Protection Effect Of Methanol Extract From Asam Jawa Seed On Testicular Tissue Damage Induced By Aluminium Chloride (AlCL3) Rena Normasari; Muhammad Iqbal Fauzi; Ayu Munawaroh Aziz
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i1.19645

Abstract

Aluminum is known has neurotoxin effect that can lead to alzheimer's disease, dementia, and parkinson's. Metal ions such as aluminum can distract homeostasis and increase oxidative stress level, formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can overwhelm antioxidant defenses and cause DNA damage, lipid peroxidase, leading to the destruction of testicular cells. Tamarindus indica’s seeds are one of the traditional plant and useful as antioxidants. Tamarindus indica’s seeds are able to protect testicular cells from damage caused by ROS. The purpose of this study to determine the effect of methanol extract from Tamarindus indica’s seeds to prevent aluminum chloride induced testicular damage to be measured from the histopathological features. This study is a quasi experimental design with a posttest design only with non-equivalent groups using thirty male Wistar rats divided into five groups, one control group and four treatment groups. The control group was given 1 mL of aquabides solution orally. Group P1 was given a dose of aluminum solution 300 mg/kgBW orally. Groups P2, P3, and P4 were each given an aluminum solution at dose of 300 mg/kgBW orally and an extract solution at a dose of 25, 50, 100 mg/kgBW orally for 10 weeks. The results of the observations showed that the scores varied between groups. Data analysis using Kruskal-Wallis test obtained p value = 0.006 (p <0.05). Post Hoc test using Mann Whitney obtained varied p values. Post Hoc analysis between K and P1 groups, P1 and P3 groups, P1 and P4 groups showed a significant difference with p value <0.05. Based on the results of this study, methanol extract from tamarind seeds (Tamarindus indica) that was given to male wistar rats had prevented histopathological damage to the testes of rats induced by aluminum chloride (AlCl3). Keywords: aluminium, testicular cell, Tamarindus indica
The Effect of Azadirachta indica leaves extract on Transforming Growth Factor-β and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α in a Plasmodium berghei infected Mice model Zainabur Rahmah
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i1.21867

Abstract

Malaria is a health problem for the world's population and is predominantly located in tropical and subtropical areas. The three countries with the most malaria cases are India (58%), followed by Indonesia (20%), then Myanmar (16%). This study aims to determine the effect of neem leaf extract on increasing TGF-β expression and decreasing TNF-α expression in mice infected with Plasmodium berghei. In this study there were four groups, namely Treatment 1 (in Plasmodium berghei infection without therapy). Treatment 2 (in Plasmodium berghei infection and treated with Azadirachta indica leaf extract at a dose of 0.25 mg / g BW). Treatment 3 = (in Plasmodium berghei infection and therapy with Azadirachta indica leaves at a dose of 0.5 mg / g BW). Treatment 4 = (in Plasmodium berghei infection and treated with Azadirachta indica leaves at a dose of 1 mg / g BW). TGF-β examination by elisa method and TNF-α by immunohistochemistry. Data analysis using SEM (Structural Equation Modeling) The results of treatment 1 and 2 showed a decrease in plasma TGF-β expression (t = 1.13; tcount = 1.93; ≥ttabel = 1.96) and spleen (tcount = 1.53; tcount = 1.45; ≥ttabel = 1.96) but there was an increase in spleen TNF-α expression (tcount = 1.77; tcount = 1.00; ≥ttabel = 1.96). Groups 3 and 4 showed an increase in plasma TGF-β expression (tcount = 5.13; tcount = 2.42; ≥ttable = 1.96) and spleen (tcount = 2.00; tcount = 1.97; ≥ttabel = 1.96) but there was a decrease in spleen TNF-α expression (tcount = 2.03; tcount = 2.11; ≥ttabel = 1.96). Conclusion: Azadirachta indica leaf therapy can increase TGF-β expression and decrease TNF-α expression in the spleen. Keywords: Azadirachta indica ethanol extract, transforming growth factor- β, tumor necrosis factor-α
The Effect of Alopurinol on Blood Urea Nitrogen and Creatinine Serum Levels in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Miftakhul Huda; Pulong Wijang Pralampita; Dini Agustina; Cholis Abrori; Septa Surya Wahyudi
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i1.10928

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a structural and function disorder of renal for > 3 months with implications for individual health. CKD has become a health problem throughout the world and its implementation provides a considerable economic burden on the health system. The decreasing value of GFR (glomerular filtration rate) in CKD can cause uric acid retention so that serum uric acid levels increase (hyperuricemia). Hyperuricemia can occur due to an increase in urinary metabolism (overproduction), a decrease in uric acid expenditure (underexcretion), or a combination of both. The group of antihyperuricemic drugs that have good effectiveness and long-term safety is xanthine oxidase inhibitors. The commonly used xanthine oxidase inhibitor drug is allopurinol. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was an effect of allopurinol on kidney function in CKD patients. The results of this study are expected to provide input in the treatment of hyperuricemia in CKD patients and reduce the progression of CKD. This study used a retrospective observational analytic design with a cross-sectional approach. The study population was CKD patients from January 2018 to January 2019 at Bina Sehat Hospital Jember. The sampling technique uses purposive sampling. This study uses secondary data obtained from medical records of CKD patients at Bina Sehat Hospital Jember. Secondary data obtained in the form of identity data and the results of laboratory tests of patients. The medical record data that has been obtained is distributed and analyzed using a paired T-test to compare the mean or mean differences of the two groups in pairs. The bivariate test results for blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine levels in CKD patients were obtained p <0.001. Based on these results there is a significant relationship between blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine levels before and after consuming allopurinol. The conclusion was that allopurinol was shown to be able to provide an effect on the kidney function of CKD patients based on blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine levels. Keywords: Chronic kidney disease, hyperuricemia, allopurinol
Efficacy and Safety of Transcatheter Ventricular Septal Defect Closure Using Nit-Occlud Le VSD coil in Short-term Observation Saraswati Dewi; Mahrus Abdur Rahman; I Ketut Alit Utamayasa; Taufiq Hidayat
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i1.21439

Abstract

Nit-Occlud Le VSD coil, an alternative device for closing VSD transcatheter, started to be used in dr. Soetomo Hosptal in 2017, but no research has been done on the results of closure with this device. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Nit-Occlud Le VSD coil. Descriptive observational method was used. The results are as follow: Of the 17 patients who underwent transcatheter closure during January to December 2018, 10 (58, 8%) cases were closed with Nit- Occlud Le VSD coil. The success of implantation is 100%, 8 cases were closed with Nit-Occlud Le VSD coil, 2 plus an amplatzer (ADO 1 and AVSO). Type of VSD: perimembranaous 7 (70%), subaortic 2 (20%) and mid muscularis 1 (10%). Immediate complete closure in 7/10 (70%), while 3 (30%) obtained residual DSV. The closure rate at the first month of follow up becomes 80%. Median length of post-catheterization was 2 days (2 - 3 days). Complications: 1 (10%) mild aortic regurgitation, 1 (10%) hemolysis and 2 (20%) with additional second device (ADO 1 and AVSO): first case: moderate residual VSD and severe aortic regurgitation; second case: severe tricuspid regurgitation and residual VSD that disappeared in first month. The residual VSD altered from 30% to 10%, and closure rate was 80% at the first month of observation. VSD closure with Nit-Occlud Le VSD coil provides good efficacy and safety for patients. Keywords: VSD, Nit-Occlud Le VSD coil.
Effect of Morus alba L. Ethanol Leaves Extract on Conjunctivitis Wistar Rats Model by Staphylococcus aureus Gama Wisnu Sanjaya; Cicih Komariah; Dini Agustina
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i1.7299

Abstract

Conjunctivitis is inflammation in the conjunctiva, with clinical signs of exudation, cellular infiltration, and vascular dilatation. In adults, Staphylococcus species are the most common pathogenic bacteria resulting in bacterial conjunctivitis. Previous studies in vitro, explaining that mulberry leaf extract can inhibit the growth of S. aureus bacteria. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of mulberry leaf ethanol extract (Morus alba L.) on wistar mice conjunctivitis model by S. aureus. This type of research is true experimental with pretest-posttest control group design. The 24-wistar mice were adapted for 7 days. On day 8, a conjunctivitis induction was performed with 1.5 x 108 CFU / ml of S. aureus at 1 drop every 10 minutes for 1 hour (left 3 days) until conjunctivitis . On day 12 until day 19 (7 days), given mulberry leaf extract 45%, 55%, 65% and 75%. The results of TPC S. aureus logarithm on MSA medium of the 11th (pretest) day conjunctival swab and the 17th day (posttest) of rat adaptation were K (-) (5.70 and 4.07); K (+) (5.78 and 3.31); P1 (5.65 and 3.78); P2 (5.63 and 3.82); P3 (5.84 and 3.74); and P4 (5.69 and 3.63), with the posttest group there was improvement in conjunctivitis symptoms rather than the pretest group. The result of One Way Way Anova data analysis showed significant result at pretest p = 0,002 and posttest p = 0,046 (p <0,05) and paired t-test got significant result p = 0,000 (p <0,05). From this study it can be concluded that mulberry leaf extract (Morus alba L.) has the effect of decreasing the number of colonies of S. aureus bacteria and improving symptoms of conjunctivitis. Keywords: mulberry leaf extract, conjunctivitis, S. aureus
The Correlation between Knowledge Level and Personal Hygiene with Scabies Occurrence in Miftahul Ulum Islamic Boarding Schools Jember Regency Anthia Ayu Nandira; Yunita Armiyanti; Rini Riyanti
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i1.19151

Abstract

Scabies is caused by infestation and sensitization of Sarcoptes scabiei hominis varieties. Scabies is easily transmitted to individuals who live in groups such as boarding schools. Knowledge of scabies that is lacking and low in individual hygiene among student causes a transmission to be faster and wider. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the characteristics, level of knowledge and individual hygiene of the student with the occurrence of scabies at the Miftahul Ulum Islamic Boarding School in Kalisat District, Jember Regency. This study used an observational analytical method with cross-sectional. Of the population of 358 students, 229 students were willing to become respondents. The results showed that 105 students (45.9%) suffered from scabies. The chi-square test results showed the characteristics of respondents such as gender, pruritus complaints, pruritus onset when entering the hut, treatment history was associated with the incidence of scabies (p <0.05). Risk factors for individual hygiene in the form of using towels alternately and washing towels together were also associated with the incidence of scabies (p <0.05). Bivariate analysis at the level of individual knowledge and hygiene as a whole showed no significant association with the incidence of scabies (p> 0.05). The result of multiple logistic regression test showed 2 variables, namely, sex and pruritus onset when entering the lodge significantly associated with the incidence of scabies (p <0.05). Keywords : scabies, knowledge level, personal hygiene
Relationship of Cholinesterase Activity with Blood Glucose Levels Due to Pesticide Exposure to Farmers in Mlokorejo Village Muhammad Ryznar Faisal Nur Luqmani; Kristianningrum Dian Sofiana; Bagus Hermansyah
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i1.20576

Abstract

Increase in blood glucose levels can be caused by the long-term use of pesticides by farmers. This study aims to determine whether there is a correlation between the activity of cholinesterase as an indicator of exposure to pesticides and blood glucose of farmers in Mlokorejo Village, Jember Regency. The research method is observational-analytic with a cross-sectional study design. Data in the form of general characteristics of the sample were obtained through interviews, while the data of the activity of cholinesterase and blood glucose levels of farmers were obtained at the Biochemical Laboratory of the Faculty of Medicine, Jember University. The sample size of this study is 30 samples. All of the samples are having an increased activity of cholinesterase. Most of the samples are having normal blood glucose levels. Based on the results of statistical analysis using the Spearman correlation test (a= 0.05), it was concluded that there was no significant correlation between the two variables (p = 0,191). Keywords: blood glucose, cholinesterase, pesticides
The Effect of Coping on Family Health in Dealing with COVID-19 Pandemic Sugeng Mashudi; Sri Susanti; Sulistyo Andarmoyo; Elok Yulidaningsih; Yuzana binti Mohd Yusop
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i1.21522

Abstract

The emergence of the COVID 19 pandemic is perceived as an unprecedented pressure. If the pandemic is prolonged, it will be able to reduce family health. This study provides an analysis of the effect of coping on family health in dealing with COVID 19. Researchers use the family health theory approach to answer the research objectives. Using a sampling quota, an online survey of 90 respondents throughout Indonesia. The results showed that 15% of family health is determined by the family's coping during the face of the COVID 19 pandemic. It is necessary to apply various coping strategies to support optimal family health. Keywords: COVID 19, coping, family health, pressure.

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