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INDONESIA
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 24609048     EISSN : 27145654     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Agromedicine and Medical Sciences (AMS) adalah jurnal berkala empat bulan (Februari, Juni dan Oktober) yang berisi berbagai artikel dalam bentuk penelitian, tinjauan sistematis dan laporan kasus dalam bidang kedokteran dengan fokus pada ilmu-ilmu kedokteran dasar, kedokteran klinis dan agromedis.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 7 No 2 (2021)" : 10 Documents clear
Severe Deficit in Energy and Protein Intake Correlates wih Stunting among Children Aged 12-24 Months in Plerean Sumberjambe Jember Nunung Nurhasanah; Dwita Aryadina Rachmawati; Ika Rahmawati Sutejo
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i2.24828

Abstract

The current nutritional problems are still the world's attention, especially in developing countries, including Indonesia. The Global Nutrition Report shows that Indonesia is a country with three main nutritional problems: wasting, overweight, and stunting (under five) in infants. Stunting has short-term and long-term effects associated with growth and developmental disorders. This study wants to determine the correlation between energy and protein intake of children aged 12-24 months in Plerean, Sumberjambe, Jember. This is an observational research with cross sectional study design. The population of this study were all children aged 12-24 months in Plerean Village, Sumberjambe, Jember. A total of 48 parents/respondents were interviewed about the consumption history of the on the previous day. This is done to determine the energy and protein intake consumed by the research subjects. Measurement of energy and protein intake using 24-hours food recall method and stunting was obtained from secondary data obtained from Puskesmas Sumberjambe. This research used purposive sampling method. The data obtained is then converted into calorie units and processed using a statistical program. The results showed showed 28 subjects were male. Most parents of research subjects earn less than the Minimum Wage District (UMK). A total of 68.75% of subjects had severe deficit in energy intake. A total of 52.08% of subjects had a severe deficit protein. Using Spearman correlation test the correlation of energy intake with the incidence of stunting obtained p value = 0.000 with correlation coefficient -0.589. Then, the relationship of protein intake with the incidence of stunting obtained p = 0.001 with a correlation coefficient of -0.446. So it can be concluded that severe deficit in energy and protein intake correlates with stunting in the study subjects. Keywords: 24-hours food recall, Energy, Protein, Stunting
The Effect Of Noise On The Level of Concentration In Wood Cutting Workers In Arjasa District, Jember District Waskito Setiaji; Adelia Handoko; Ulfa Elfiah
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i2.22000

Abstract

Disorders of concentration in workers can cause workplace accidents due to decreased ability to focus attention when working. The annual work accident rate is estimated at 250 million with 1.2 million people dead. One of the causes of disturbances in worker concentration is the physical factor in the form of noise. One of the high intensity noise is found in the wood cutting industry in Arjasa District, Jember. The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of noise on the concentration level in wood cutting workers in Arjasa District, Jember. This is an analytic observational research with cross sectional study. The respondents amounted to 32 people taken with purposive sampling. The measurement of noise was using a sound level meter. The measurement of concentration level using Trail Making Test (TMT) A and B. Concentration level measurement is done when the respondent has worked for 30 minute. The results of the study showed that the majority of respondents were aged between 25-28 years (28.1%) and had worked less than the same as 2 years (53.1%). The average noise intensity of the wood cutting area was 97.5 dB (A) and the loading and unloading area was 76.2 dB (A). Average noise intensity of the wood cutting area exceeds the noise threshold value. The level of concentration of workers in the wood cutting area is lower than the loading and unloading area workers. The results of data analysis using the independent t test indicate that there are differences in the mean TMT B score: TMT A between respondents who work in noisy and non-noisy environments (p=0,004). There was a noise effect on the concentration level in wood cutting workers in Arjasa District, Jember Regency. Keywords: Noise, concentration, wood cutting workers
A Case Report: The Effect of Thread Embedding Acupuncture on Partly-Controlled Asthma Yusuf Gunawan; Irma Nareswari
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i2.26635

Abstract

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the respiratory tract where many cells and cellular elements play a role, especially eosinophils, IgE, and other components. Uncontrolled asthma causes the quality of the patient's life to decline. Acupuncture is one of the complementary therapies that are scientifically proven to help cure asthma. Many studies have proven that acupuncture plays a role in the anti-inflammatory process. In this case report, we used the acupuncture method of thread embedding penetration from point EX-B1 to BL13, LI11, ST36, and BL23 on both sides. Acupuncture therapy is done once when the patient first arrives. The results after 3 months observations showed that patients experienced an improvement in eosinophil count, decreased level of IgE, and increased Asthma Control Test values. The improvement showed patients were fully controlled in the first month until the end of the evaluation. Therefore, thread embedding could be a good, safe, and effective treatment for asthma in adults.Keywords: asthma, thread embedding acupuncture, anti-inflammation
The Use of Saturated MgSO4 Compared to Saturated Sucrose in the Flotation Method to Identify Eggs and Larvae of Soil-Transmitted Helminths from Plantation Soil Nidya Husna Kholidah; Yunita Armiyanti; Dwita Aryadina Rachmawati; Bagus Hermansyah; Yudha Nurdian
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i2.17093

Abstract

Worms infection is still common in Indonesia with a prevalence that varies around 40% -60% at all ages. This disease can be caused by infection of Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STH) that require soil media to infect humans. The many plantation lands in Jember are a suitable environment for the development of STH and STH identification in soil can be done by flotation method using MgSO4 solution or sucrose. The comparison of the effectiveness of the MgSO4 solution with the sucrose solution has not been widely studied. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of using saturated MgSO4 solution with saturated sucrose to identify eggs and larvae of STH in Sumber Wadung plantation soil, Hargomulyo Village, Silo District, Jember Regency using the flotation method. Soil samples were taken as many as 35 samples in the garden area, 35 samples around the river, and 35 samples in residential areas,. The results of identification of STH eggs and larvae obtained Ascarid eggs (1.9%) and Hookworm larvae (0.01%). The number of positive soil samples containing STH eggs and larvae using different solutions is the same as three samples (0.02%).The Wilcoxon test results showed that there was no difference in the results of using the MgSO4 solution with the sucrose solution in the flotation method (p> 0.05) so that the MgSO4 solution and sucrose solution could be used to detect eggs and larvae of STH worms and had the same effectiveness. Keyword: Soil-transmitted helminths, saturated MgSO4, saturated sucrose, flotation
Manual Acupuncture Effect on Vertigo and Tinnitus in Patient with Labyrinthitis: A Case Report Cindy Notonegoro; Christina Simadibrata
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i2.23803

Abstract

Labyrinthitis is an inflammatory disease of the inner ear perilymphatic cavity and the most common cause of prolonged spontaneous vertigo. Other symptoms are tinnitus and sensorineural hearing loss. Acupuncture is one of the non-pharmacological therapeutic modalities to improve symptoms of labyrinthitis. A 54-year-old woman complained of vertigo that is preceded by tinnitus in both ears since the last 6 months. She was diagnosed with labyrinthitis. Had taken amoxicillin and decadryl for 5 days, betaserc and dimenhydrinate when she felt dizzy, and amlodipine as a routine drug for her hypertension. Physical examination showed vital signs within normal limits, grade 2 obesity, positive Romberg test, and THI score 18. Manual acupuncture was performed at acupoints GV20, GB20, TE17, TE21, SI19, GB2, GB8, TE5, LI4, KI3, PC6 and LR3 with 20 minutes retention. After the first therapy, vertigo complaints disappeared and after 12 treatments (twice a week), frequency and intensity of tinnitus became less, with THI score of 6. Therefore, acupuncture can relieve vertigo and improve tinnitus which can be seen by a decrease of THI score. Keywords: acupuncture, labyrinthitis, tinnitus, vertigo
Formulation of Gel from Corn Silk Extract (Stigma maydis) and Burns Healing Activity Noni Rahayu Putri; Nessa Nessa; Yoga Ramadhana
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i2.20287

Abstract

Corn silk (Stigma maydis) contains compounds that play a role in wound healing, such as flavonoids, saponins, tannins. This study aims to formulate a gel from corn hair extract and see its activity in healing burns. The test group was divided into four groups: group I (hot metal induction), group II (without extract ), group III (corn hair extract concentration 5%), and group IV (comparison B®), which metal induction. The parameters observed were % wound healing, epithelialization time, and histopathology. The results of the study on the average% of burns healing rate 7, 14 and 21 days, namely group I (27,92%; 62,42%; 100%), group II (35,39%; 60,16%; 100%), group III (44,05%; 63,69%; 100%) and group IV (32,81%; 66,48%; 100%). The mean time of tissue peeling epithelialization groups I, II, and III was on day 16, and group IV was on day 17. For the histopathological results, the mean score of collagen fibers, fibroblast cells, and epithelialization was respectively group I (2,2; 2,7; 2), group II (2,8; 2,9; 2), group III (3,3; 2,9; 2,7), and Group IV (3,9; 3; 3). The results of the two-way ANOVA statistical test on % burn healing (p> 0.05) and one-way ANOVA at the time of epithelialization (p> 0.05) and the histopathological score (p <0.05) showed that group III (the corn hair extract 5 %) could influence the process of healing burns. Keywords: Burns, Corn Silk Extract (Stigma maydis), % Burn Healing, Epithelialization Time, Histopathology
Prevalence of Stunting According to WHO Growth Standards and Indonesian Growth Reference Charts: A Descriptive Study from Blega Sub-District Nafiys Hilmy; Maitsa' Fatharani
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i2.23868

Abstract

Stunting is one of the remaining health issues in Indonesia and its prevalence was still high in the last decades. There are two types of growth charts that can be used in recording the child's growth: growth standards and growth references. In recent times, the selection of the suitable growth charts has become a subject of discussion in many countries. The objective of this study is to describe the prevalence of stunting according to World Health Organization Child Growth Standards (WHOCGS) and Indonesian National Growth Reference Charts (INGRC) of children under five from the Blega sub-district. The secondary data from 2884 children were collected recapitulation of the 'Bulan Timbang' program in February 2020. Z-score of length/height-for-age was plotted according to WHOCGS and INGRC. The result showed that the prevalence of stunting were lower for the INGRC than WHOCGS (5.83% and 11.17%, with p-value <0.001). There was an advantage and disadvantage when using both two growth charts. Further research is still needed to support the result of this study. Keywords: Stunting, World Health Organization Child Growth Standards, Indonesian National Growth Reference Charts
Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Galam (Melaleuca cajuputi subsp. Cumingiana (Turcz.) Barlow) Extract against E. coli bacteria and C. albicans fungi Isnaini Isnaini; Agung Biworo; Husnul Khatimah; Khusnan Mustofa Gufron; Shafa Rahmani Puteri
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i2.23467

Abstract

Galam (Melaleuca cajuputi subsp. Cumingiana (Turcz.) Barlow) is a peat swamp forest plant. This plant is used to treat respiratory diseases, colitis, sore throat, itchy skin, diarrhea, and dizziness. This study aimed to analyze the antibacterial and antifungal activity of the methanol extract of M. cajuputi subsp. Cumingiana (Turcz.) Barlow flowers and fruit against Escherichia coli and Candida albicans bacteria. This research is a pretest-posttest research with control group design and consists of 3 stages of research. The first stage is the phytochemical screening test, the second stage determines the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the third determines the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). The results showed that the methanol extract of M. cajuputi subsp. Cumingiana (Turcz.) Barlow flowers and fruit contained terpenoids, flavonoids, phenols, saponins, quinones, steroids, tannins, while alkaloid compounds only found in the methanol extract of M. cajuputi subsp. Cumingiana (Turcz.) Barlow fruit. The MIC and MBC values ​​of M. cajuputi subsp. Cumingiana (Turcz.) Barlow flower methanol extract against E. coli were 1.67 and 2.083 mg/mL, respectively, while the MIC and MBC values ​​of the methanol extract of M. cajuputi subsp. Cumingiana (Turcz.) Barlow flower against C. albicans were 3.125 and 25 mg/mL. The MIC and MBC values ​​of the methanol extract of M. cajuputi subsp. Cumingiana (Turcz.) Barlow fruit against E. coli have same value were 3.334 mg/mL, while the MIC and MBC values ​​of the methanol extract of M. cajuputi subsp. Cumingiana (Turcz.) Barlow fruit against C. albicans were 3.125 and 12.5 mg/mL, respectively. Keywords: Galam antibacterial, antifungal, Escherichia coli, Candida albicans
Analysis of Factors Affecting the Contamination of Entamoeba sp. cyst and Soil-Transmitted Helminths egg on Dug Well Water Iza Billa Fahmi; Erma Sulistyaningsih; Dion Krismashogi Darmawan
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i2.22233

Abstract

Dug well water is often polluted by fecal waste containment such as septic tank and pit latrine system due to its distance. The common pathogenic parasites found in fecal waste containment are E. histolytica and Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STH). The port de entry of both parasites is ingestion of contaminated food or water by fecal materials. This study was aimed to analyze factors affecting the existence of Entamoeba sp. cyst and STH egg on dug well water in Bungatan Village, Situbondo. This observational analytic study used cross-sectional approach, carried out 30 respondents in Bungatan Village, Situbondo. Entamoeba sp. cyst and STH egg were examined using sedimentation method, the distance of fecal waste containment to dug well measured by measuring tape. The characteristic of fecal waste containment and dug well was observed using questionnaires. The results showed 100% fecal containment used pit latrine system, 100% had an incomplete well standard, 66,7% had unstandardized distance with fecal waste containment. Entamoeba sp. cyst and STH egg were not found on all water samples. The soil condition near the dug well (acidity, temperature, moisture, and sunlight intensity) and physical condition (temperature) of dug well water were inappropriate to the development of Entamoeba sp. cyst and STH egg. The dug well's component and its distance to fecal containment did not affect Entamoeba sp. cyst and STH egg existence in all dug well water. The physical soil condition near the dug well and the temperature of dug well water were inappropriate to the development of both parasites. Keywords: Entamoeba sp., Soil Transmitted Helminths, Dug Well, Fecal Waste Containment
Relationship between Soil-Transmitted Helminths Infection and Insulin Sensitivity in Adults at Padang City Sitti Monica Astrilia Ambon; Nuzulia Irawati; Almurdi Almurdi
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 7 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v7i2.24117

Abstract

Helminth infections in Indonesia are most often caused by Soil-transmitted Helminths (STH) species. It turns out that STH infection has a protective effect against metabolic diseases by affecting glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity. The effect related to the immune response that caused by STH infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between STH infection with insulin sensitivity in adults at Padang City. This study design was a comparative cross-sectional study with multistage random sampling technique. Stool samples were taken from 127 adults and there were 24 subjects (18.9%) infected with STH. Furthermore, We took another 24 uninfected subjects and compared their fasting blood glucose (FBG) and fasting insulin. Then, from the data We calculated it’s Homeostatic Model for Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) score to assess insulin sensitivity. Unpaired T test and chi-square were used to analyze the data. The study result showed the average levels of FBG and fasting insulin were lower in STH-infected group than STH-uninfected group. However, there was no significant difference between two groups (FBG p=0.678; fasting insulin p=0.075). Also, STH-infected group tend to had good insulin sensitivity (66.7%) than STH-uninfected group (45.8%), but statistically, there was no significant relationship between STH infection and insulin sensitivity with p value=0.244. In conclusion, there is no relationship between STH infection and insulin sensitivity. Keywords: Soil-transmitted Helminths, Insulin Sensitivity, FBG

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