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INDONESIA
Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan
ISSN : 14119900     EISSN : 25415506     DOI : -
Core Subject : Economy,
Journal of Economic & Development Studies (JESP) aims to publicize the results of research concerning economics and development at local, national, and international levels.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 210 Documents
THE IMPACT OF TRADE LIBERALIZATION ON POVERTY REDUCTION IN INDONESIA Adha, Mufti Alam; Nahar, Faiza Husnayeni; Azizurrohman, Muhammad
Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan JESP Volume 19 Nomor 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jesp.19.2.5009

Abstract

Nowadays, trade liberalization is considered as development strategy policy to increase economic growth and reduce poverty in many countries, particularly in developing countries. It is reported that Indonesia has been actively joining many trade agreements in order to ease the distribution of goods and services to other countries. Hence, this study analyses the impact of trade liberalization on poverty reduction by using an Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method from 1984 to 2017. The Trade Openness Ratio (TOR) is used as a dependent variable in order to measure trade liberalization. Other variables such as GDP, exchange rate and labor force are considered as control variables. The empirical result shows that TOR and labor force have a positive impact on poverty, whereas GDP and exchange rate have a negative impact. This finding is different with previous researches, particularly where trade liberalization has been negatively affecting poverty. Such a result is justifiable because Indonesian firms are not ready to compete with foreign firms where high competitiveness exist. 
COMPARISON OF COMPANIES’ STOCK RETURNS BETWEEN CONSUMER SECTOR AND CONSTRUCTION SECTOR ON THE INDONESIA STOCK EXCHANGE Christian, Christian; Rustam, Rinaldi
Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan Vol 19, No 2: October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jesp.19.2.5006

Abstract

This research attempts to analyze risk and stock return of consumer sector and construction sector at Indonesian Stock Exchange. This research used the documentation method to collect the data. Data has been taken from Bloomberg Terminal. The sample is four corporations, with two corporations for each sector from 2011 until 2016. This research is using the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) and Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) for data analysis. Unfortunately, the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) has poor overall explanatory power, whereas the Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) model allows multiple sources of systematic risks to be taken into account and performs better than the CAPM, but both of the tests are considered. In regression analysis, the dependent variable used in the model is stock return. The result shows that inflation has insignificant effect on stock return. Furthermore, consumer sector has negative and significant effect on stock return. Conversely, construction sector has positive and significant effect on stock return.
SHARI'AH APPROACHES TO PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCT ENHANCEMENT IN ISLAMIC BANKING AND FINANCE; AN APPRAISAL Bakar, Mohd. Daud
Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan JESP Volume 4 Nomor 2, Oktober 2003
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jesp.v4i2.11880

Abstract

Abstract
ANALISIS KJNERJA PEMBANGUNAN MELALUI INDEKS PEMBANGUNAN MANUSIA: STUDI KASUS PADA 14 KECAMATAN DI DIY ma'ruf, ahmad
Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan JESP Volume 2 Nomor 1, April 2001
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Pembangunan yang dilakukan suatu negara selalu diidentikan dengan pembangunan ekonomi. Namun, keberhasilan pembangunan ekonomi tersebut akan lebih lengkap jika disertai pula dengan tidak meningkatnya jumlah penduduk yang hidup di bawah “garis kemiskinan absolut” dan distribusi pendapatan semakin timpang (Meier, 1995). Hal ini menandakan bahwa pembangunan juga menyangkut pembangunan manusia, di mana konsep ini memiliki dimensi yang sangat luas. Tulisan ini ditujukan untuk mengetahui kinerja pembangunan dengan indicator keberhasilan pembangunan manusia berupa Index Pembangunan Manusia (IPM) atau Human Development Index (HDI) yang dikembangkan oleh UNDP, yang memuat tiga komponen pokok, yaitu kesehatan, pendidikan dan pendapatan nyata. Studi yang dilakukan di 14 Kecamatan terpilih di DIY menemukan hasil bahwa tingkat kinerja pembangunan di 14 Kecamatan tersebut termasuk cukup baik (indikasinya memiliki nilai IPM diatas 50).
IMPLEMENTATION OF ISLAMIC BUSINESS ETHICS ON SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES (SMEs): CASE STUDY OF SMEs XYZ Oktarina, Amimah; Mu'alim, Amir
Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan Vol 18, No 2: October 2017
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jesp.18.2.4042

Abstract

The rapid growth of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises sector(SMEs) in Indonesia increases business competition become strict and complicate among them. Competition of existing businesses tends to be unhealthy and ignore the ethical values. It makes the discourse of business ethics at SMEs is indispensable in order to form the basis for operations and avoid deviations ethical values. As a manufacturer of fish processing has been certified halal by the MUI,SMEs XYZ should be able to apply Islamic business ethics in its activities. So it is not only profit oriented, but also pay attention to ethical values. This study aimed to describe the implementation of Islamic business ethics which consists of four (4) axiomswhich areunity, equilibrium, free will, and responsibility in SMEs XYZ. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative analysis through the 4 (four) stages of data collection, data reduction, data display, and conclusion. The result in this study is SMEs XYZ was implemented Islamic business ethics on its operations.
The Impact of Airport Construction on Farm Households’ Income Matufany, Olga Melinda; Istiqomah, Istiqomah; Kadarwati, Nunik; Purnomo, Sodik Dwi
Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan Vol 22, No 1: April 2021
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jesp.v22i1.9206

Abstract

Infrastructure development is needed to encourage economic growth. However, infrastructure development requires land acquisition, which may adversely impact the community. This study aims to analyze the impact of Kertajati International Airport construction on the farm households’ income and welfare level. This research data used primary data with a simple random sampling method to select 76 farm households in the most affected village. The analysis techniques were income analysis and paired sample t-test. The results showed that farm income was significantly higher before the airport construction. Nevertheless, off-farm income increased after the airport construction, leading to an insignificant household income difference before and after the land acquisition. As for the prosperity level, on average, the farm households lived below the decent living standard. The results imply the importance of increasing farmers’ capacity so that that compensation funds can be utilized to increase household income.
EFISIENSI KINERJA KEUANGAN BADAN AMIL ZAKAT DAERAH (BAZDA): PENDEKATAN DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS (DEA) Lestari, Alfi
Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan JESP Volume 16 Nomor 2, Oktober 2015
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Abstract: The great potential of Zakat, Infak and Sedekah (ZIS) in East Lombok Regency is believed to be able to create justice wealth distribution and welfare of the people. However, received ZIS funds have not yet been optimal and is still far from the potential of Zakat. So that, it was needed of optimizing the potential of Zakat, one only measured from high efficiency. This research aims to analyze efficiency financial performance of Regional Zakat Institution (BAZDA) by using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method with intermediations approach. Quantitative approach is conducted in this descriptive research. The object in this research is financial report BAZDA East Lombok Regency in period 2012-2014. This research applied Data Envelopment Analysis method with Constant Return to Scale (CRS) asumption. There are two variables that have been used in this research is the input and output variables. The input variables are received ZIS funds, operating cost and wage staff. While the output variables are allocated ZIS funds and fixed assets. The Results of these studies indicate that BAZDA in East Lombok Regency, efficiency at the end of 2012-2014 was 100 percent. Efficiency goes on because the actual is t same as a target that was determined by DEA. Abstrak: Besarnya potensi Zakat, Infak dan Sedekah (ZIS) di Kabupaten Lombok Timur diyakini dapat menciptakan keadilan distribusi kekayaan dan kesejahteraan masyarakat. Akan tetapi, dana ZIS yang terhimpun belum optimal dan masih jauh dari potensi zakat yang ada. Sehingga dibutuhkan optimalisasi potensi zakat, salah satunya diukur dari tingkat efisiensinya. Studi ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis Efisiensi Kinerja Keuangan Badan Amil Zakat Daerah (BAZDA) menggunkan metode Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) dengan pendekatan intermediasi. Objek yang diteliti adalah laporan keuangan BAZDA Kabupaten Lombok Timur periode 2012-2014. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) dengan asumsi Constant Return to Scale (CRS). Ada dua variabel yang digunakan dalam studi ini yaitu variabel input dan output. Variabel input yang digunakan adalah dana ZIS yang terhimpun, aktiva tetap dan gaji karyawan. Sementara variabel outputnya adalah dana ZIS yang tersalurkan dan biaya operasional. Hasil studi ini menunjukkan bahwa BAZDA Kabupaten Lombok Timur mengalami efisiensi pada tahun 2012-2014 yaitu sebesar 100 persen. Efisiensi terjadi karena nilai actual tidak sama dengan nilai target yang ditetapkan oleh DEA.
EFISIENSI TEKNIS BADAN USAHA MILIK DAERAH (BUMD) BIDANG JASA PRODUKSI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH Suwardi, Maskun; Prasetyo, P. Eko
Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan Vol 19, No 1: April 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jesp.19.1.4111

Abstract

This research was aimed to analyze the level of technical efficiency and identify some factors that influence it and also solutions necessary to conduct to improve the efficiency of BUMD of production service field in Central Java Province. The analysis method used a Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) by a frontier analysis approach. The BUMN analysis unit of production service field was in Central Java. Variables used were input variables (capital deposited, total expenses and employee numbers) and output variables (income, profit before tax and dividend realization). Data used was a secondary data of BUMD of production service field periods 2011-2016. The research objects covered PD. CMJT, PT. SPJT, PT. SPHC, PDAB TU and PT. PRPP. The research results showed that out of five BUMDs of production service field in Central Java Province, there were two inefficient BUMDs include PDAB TU and PT. PRPP. PDAB TU was not efficient in 2012, 2013 and 2016, while PT. PRPP was not efficient during 2011-2016. Three out of five BUMDs namely PD. CMJT, PT. SPJT and PT. SPHC achieved efficiency of 100% during research period. The BUMDs inefficiency occurred due to combining unsuitable input variable magnitude so that needed to conduct adjustment of input factor magnitude in yielding output efficiently 100%. It could be concluded that there is a trend of efficiency in BUMD of production service field every year and there are two inefficient BUMDs. The BUMD inefficiency was caused by combining disproportional input factor magnitude. It was suggested the two inefficient BUMDs should adjust input factor value magnitude in achieving output efficiently 100%
Factors Influencing the Households’ Adaptation under Natural Disaster Risk in the Coastal Areas of Giao Thien, Giao Thuy, Nam Dinh, Vietnam Phong, Nguyen Thanh; Mai, Nguyen Ngoc; Aditto, Satit
Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan Vol 21, No 1: April 2020
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jesp.21.1.5034

Abstract

This research is to identify the impacts of natural disaster risk on households of local residents and to identify the adaptation of households with natural disaster risk in Giao Thien commune, Giao Thuy district, Nam Dinh province, Vietnam. Both qualitative and quantitative methods are applied in this study to assess the overall impact of disasters on the livelihood strategies of households in response to natural disaster.  The findings show that the risks of natural disasters affecting the livelihood of the local population in the study area are typhoons, floods, coastal erosion/ sea level rise, and saltwater intrusion. Currently, people in the researching area are not merely affected by one disaster but usually 2-3 or even 4 types of disasters in a short period of time. Therefore, this leads to economic losses, in the form of assets of the households. There are 6 solutions to cope with disaster risks that people often used to reduce the damage include: (1) regularly monitor information; (2)  Change season calendar; (3) Change crop varieties; (4) Buy insurance; (5) Save of fertilizer and pesticide inputs; (6) Save seed production.
PERAMALAN PENJUALAN AIR BERSIH DAN FORMULASI STRATEGI PERUSAHAAN DAERAH AIR MINUM Abdullah, Wahyu
Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan JESP Volume 15 Nomor 1, April 2014
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Abstract: The study aims to analyze the rate of the water selling in approximately one year ahead with the best method analysis, by identifying the internal environment factor and the external firm factor, then formulates the strategy that is used by PDAM Sleman. The method uses in this research is the time series, the matrix Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE), External Factor Evaluation (EFE), and also the matrix Strength, Opportunity, and Threat (SWOT). The data is the actual selling of water from PDAM Kabupaten Sleman approximately 4 years since January 2010 to November 2013, known has the trend period (prone to increase). Then based on the matrix of IFE shows that the PDAM Sleman has the highest score of 0,444. The EFE matrix shows the highest possibility of PDAM Sleman is the huge market with the renewal water source, with the score of 0,511. Based on total score of IFE and EFE, it places PDAM Sleman in the V on the matrix of IE. Abstrak: Tujuan dari studi ini adalah menganalisis tingkat peramalan penjualan air bersih selama kurang lebih satu tahun ke depan dengan metode analisis terbaik, serta meng­iden­tifi­kasi faktor-faktor lingkungan internal dan eksternal perusahaan, dan kemudian memfor­mulasikan strategi yang dapat diterapkan oleh PDAM Kabupaten Sleman. Metode studi yang digunakan dalam studi ini adalah metode analisis time series, yaitu metode tren musiman, kemudian matriks Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE), External Factor Evaluation (EFE), dan juga menggunakan matriks Strenght, Weakness, Opportunity, and Threat (SWOT). Data yang digunakan adalah penjualan aktual air bersih PDAM Kabupaten Sleman selama kurang lebih 4 tahun periode Januari 2010 sampai November 2013, diketahui memiliki unsure tren (cenderung meningkat) dan unsure musiman. Kemudian, berdasarkan matriks IFE menun­jukkan bahwa faktor kekuatan PDAM Kabupaten Sleman yang memiliki skor tertinggi adalah unit produksi yang cukup memadai dengan skor sebesar 0,444. Sedangkan matriks EFE menunjukkan peluang terbesar bagi PDAM Kabupaten Sleman adalah adanya potensi pangsa pasar yang cukup besar dan sumber air baku yang cukup banyak, dengan skor sebesar 0,511. Berdasarkan total nilai skor terbobot dari matriks IFE dan EFE tersebut menempatkan PDAM Kabupaten Sleman pada sel nomor V dalam matriks IE.  

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