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JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN (Journal of Environmental Health)
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 18297285     EISSN : 2540881X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan with registered number ISSN 1829-7285 (printed) and ISSN 2540-881x (online) is a scientific open access journal published by Environmental Health Department of Public Health Faculty, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia. Our journal aims to become a media of research results dissemination and exchange of scientific work of various groups, academics, practitioners and government agencies. Since 2018, this journal in one year will be published four times in January, April, July, and October.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 281 Documents
Literature Review: Healthy Home as The New Normal for Covid19 Prevention Fairuz Haniyah Ramadhani
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v12i1si.2020.1-10


Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 virus has 2 pathways of spread which are direct (through droplets) and indirect (through the surface of objects affected by droplets or through air). Therefore, social distancing by staying in home is one of the key to prevent the spread of Covid19. However, the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is increasingly common in family level. The risk of family members getting infected is higher because they begin to move outside the house during new normal. Accordingly, a good home environment is needed to improve its residents’ health. This study aims to determine the benefits of implementing healthy home as the new normal in preventing the spread of Covid19 at family level. Discussion: This study was a literature review using literature research as the data source. The literature used were in the form of research journals and articles on Covid19 and healthy home. The data used were research studies conducted from January 2016 to June 2020. There was 9 articles, about benefit healthy home on SARS-CoV-2 transmission, that selected in this study. Healthy home was the idea of homes that have fulfilled the health standards with adequate sanitation. Healthy home was purposively built to make the residents feel comfortable and stay healthy at all times. The components of healthy home were: good ventilation; natural lighting of the house; occupancy density; residents’ behavior; and waste management. Conclusion: The application of healthy home principle had many benefits for its residents and was closely related to Covid19 prevention.
Description of Physical Environment and The Existence of Sarcoptes Scabiei in Nails Prisoners Skabies Patients in Block A Country Jail Surabaya Priyani Ida Nurohmah
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol. 10 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v10i3.2018.259-266


Skabies is one of the most contagious skin diseases and is caused by the Sarcoptes scabiei mite. The aims of this study was to identify the description of the environment physical conditions and the existence of Sarcoptes scabiei on the fingernails of prisoners of the penitentiary. This study was an observational research with cross sectional approach. The population was 682 prisoners and 26 samples. This sampling was determined by using purposive sampling method to select the respondents who fulfill the inclusion criteria that have been determined. Data obtained by observation sheet then analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the physical conditions of the environment in prisons that have not fulfilled the health requirements are the clean water provision, the density of occupancy and lighting. Based on nail examination, there were 2 positive people found Sarcoptes scabiei. The conclusion from this study was the condition of the water supply, the density of the occupancy and lighting was still not meet of the health requirements. Based on nail examination, there were 2 positive people found Sarcoptes scabiei. Prisons were advised to provide counseling about the skabies proliferation diseases.
Enviromental Health Risk Assessment of Diesel Particulate Matter (DPM) in Underground Mining Muhammmad Adam Ardiansyah
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i2.2019.123-131


Workers underground mines are at risk of Diesel Particulate Matter (DPM) exposure. Exposure from DPM is one of the problems that can be found in underground mines. DPM has both carcinogenic effects and non-carcinogenic effects on humans. Due to the effects of DPM exposure, especially non-carcinogenic impacts, it is necessary to assess the risk of DPM exposure in underground mines. The Environmental Health Risk Analysis is an assessment of the health risks that can occur at any time in a population at risk. EHRA will generate quantitative risk characteristics, risk management options and communication strategies that will be applied to minimize the risk from DPM exposure. This study was conducted by looking at DPM measurement data in 4 underground mine, then calculated quantitatively by using default. Results from DPM measurements in 4 underground mines showed that DPM levels in all underground mines exceeded the threshold value of 160 μg/m3, while the mean of all DPM measurements in the underground mine is 0.374 μg/m3. To determine whether there are non-carcinogenic effects in DPM exposure, it can be seen by calculating RQ (Risk Quotient). The conclusion of this study indicate that in all underground mines having RQ> 1 then there is a need for risk management. In the implementation of risk management there are several ways, reduce the concentration of exposure (Csafe) and reduce exposure time. Risk communication by performing the role of each relevant part from stakeholders to workers exposed to DPM.
The Household’s Attitude Impacts The Low Use of Latrines in RW 02 Gempolklutuk, Tarik, Sidoarjo Renita Diah Paramita; Lilis Sulistyorini
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol. 8 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v8i2.2016.184-194


Abstract: Gempolklutuk is village with the lowest of access latrines achievement in Tarik, Sidoarjo. The low of access latrines achievements show that there are people who still defecate in the river.This research was to analyze the influence factors toward the low use of latrines in RW 02 Gempolklutuk, Tarik, Sidoarjo. This research was analytic with cross sectional design. The samples was taken from population by simple random sampling. Interviews was held to 57 household’s in RW 02, Desa Gempolklutuk. The instrument used questionnaire. The collected data was sorted and analyzed. The analysis showed that household’s attitude have infl uence toward the low use of latrines (p-value = 0.000). Good household’s attitude will be followed by good use of latrines. The moderate household’s attitude become barrier of using latrine. Education and income level, knowledge, house distance to river, family and community support factors had no effect in using latrine. It is concluded that household’s attitude was the most infl uence factor toward the low use of latrines. It is suggested to health worker or Sidoarjo’s Health Department to giving guidance for household’s who didn’t have latrines to increase using latrine.Keywords: attitude, household, latrine
The Case of Leprosy in Work Area of Talango Health Center in Sumenep Regency: Case Control Study Fetty Rhomdani; Lilis Sulistyorini
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v12i1.2020.21-29


Introduction: Leprosy was caused by Mycobacterium leprae infection which attacks the peripheral nerves and human skin. A total of 39 cases of leprosy occurred in 2018 at the Talango Health Center and became the highest prevalence in Sumenep Regency each year. Multibacillary leprosy dominates in 76.92% of cases. This study aims to analyze the influence of physical environment factors of the home namely temperature, humidity, ventilation, occupancy density, natural lighting, wall types, and floor types on the incidence of leprosy in Talango Health Center. Method: This type of research was observational analytic with a case-control research design. The respondent chosen was 25 cases and 25 controls, taken using simple random sampling. Data were collected through observation sheets which included measurements of temperature, humidity, ventilation, occupancy density, natural lighting observations, types of walls and floors. Data analysis using a chi-square test. Result and Discussion: The results of this study indicate that there was a significant correlation of ventilation variables (p = 0,03) and natural lighting (p = 0,04), whereas in the temperature (p = 1,00), humidity (p = 0,48), occupancy density (p = 1,00), wall type (p = 1,00), and floor type (p = 1,00) found no significant correlation. The physical environment of the house has not received special attention from the local community. As long as they were still comfortable living with these conditions there was no need to take any action. Conclusion: The community needs to be increased awareness by counseling and increasing knowledge of the dangers of the physical environment of the house that were not properly maintained at minimum health standards.
Higiene Sanitation Management of Food and The Existence of Bacteria in The Food in RSUD Dr. Harjono Ponorogo Titis jiastuti
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v10i1.2018.13-24


Hygienic and healthy food into the basic principles of the organization of food in hospitals. Food service hospital dedicated to the sick and at risk of pathogen contamination of germs. Implementation of food in the hospital must comply with Kepmenkes Decree No. 1204/Menkes/SK/X/2004 on Environmental Health Requirements Hospital. The purpose of this study is the management of food hygiene sanitation Identify at Hospital Dr. Harjono Ponorogo. This study is a descriptive observational. Object of the research officer food handlers, food hygiene, sanitation management, and food microbiological test (examination of E. coli and Salmonella). Collecting data using questionnaires, observation sheets, and test laboratory. Hygiene of food handlers who do not qualify the use of personal protective equipment, training of hygiene sanitation, and health screening. Sanitation management of food that does not qualify the quality of food, the food processing and presentation of food, while 9 samples prepared food laboratory test results 5 (55.6%) positive samples of E. coli. The conclusions in Hospital Dr. Harjono Ponorogo increase efforts to hygiene of food handlers and food sanitation management. Expected medical examination should be routinely expected 2 times a year, improving sanitation facilities that support the management of food hygiene, as well as water proofing regularly twice a year.
Analysis of Waste Management in The Village of Disanah, District of Sreseh Sampang, Madura Muchammad Zamzami Elamin; Kartika Nuril Ilmi; Tsimaratut Tahrirah; Yudhi Ahmad Zarnuzi; Yanuar Citra Suci; Dwi Ragil Rahmawati; Dimas Mahendra Dwi P.; Rizky Kusumaardhani; Rizqi Azizir Rohmawati; Pandhu Aji Bhagaskara; Ismi Fuatjia Nafisa
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol. 10 No. 4 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v10i4.2018.368-375


Waste is something that is always present in our daily lives. All the activities will inevitably result in the waste and so is going on in the village of Disanah, District of Sreseh, Sampang. The problem of this research is the process of waste management, which can’t be categorised as good because the process is done by discharge management is not in the appropriate place and dispose it using the combustion process. The purpose of this study was to determine the existing waste management system in the village of Disanah, District of Sreseh, Sampang. The method used on this research is a qualitative study design with observational descriptive. It conducted by field surveys, focus group discussions with participants, open interviews, and literature study. Participants used in this study is representative of the Environment Agency, the village head, village councils, youth clubs and organizations in the village. The study states that waste management still in the unfavorable category, this is due to many factors: the lack of land for the construction of temporary shelters, facilities and infrastructures are not good enough and the level of public awareness is still low about the importance to manage waste properly. The advice can be given is to socialize, to schedule regular cleanup to clean the village and create a budget for land acquisition, which will be used for temporary shelter.
Risk and Impact Control of PM2.5 and SO2 Exposure of Power Plant to Communities (A Case Study in the Steam Power Plant Babelan Bekasi) Belathea Chastine Hutauruk; Dwi Nowo Martono; Ahyahudin Sodri
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v13i2.2021.121-131


Introduction: Coal consumption for electrical energy at Steam Power Plant increase often with economic and population growth. Burning coal produces harmful pollutants such as PM2.5 and SO2 affecting public health problems and decline in social and economic conditions. Therefore, implement the strategies are needed to reduce risks and long-term impacts on the environment. The research aimed to analyze the risk and impact of air pollutants exposure and develop control strategies. Methods: This study used the methods of environmental health risk analysis, analysis of the level of understanding and perception, cost of illness analysis, and Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, and Threats analysis, Data obtained by survey, interviews using questionnaire instrument to 293 respondents, five experts to determine risk control strategies and the secondary data from Environmental Agency of Bekasi Regency. Results and Discussion: The result showed that most risk is 13-55 years old, and people who live less than two square kilometres from the power plant. The level of public understanding and perception resulted in moderate criteria. The average cost of illness is 14.51% of the average monthly income of each person. The recommendation strategies are implemented regulations of power plant location, providing guidelines for environmental controlling, air quality control regularly, tightening air quality standards, prioritizing air pollution control budgets, providing green space, implementing clean energy and renewable energy, and building capacity air quality control. Conclusion: The production of electrical energy on Steam Power Plant had an air pollution impact such as health problems, decreased income, and social disruption. Air pollution control includes structural and nonstructural strategies from internal and external Steam Power Plant to provide environmentally friendly energy production for the communities.
Hygiene and Sanitation of Food Processing Center in Gudang 100 Warehouse at Tanjung Perak Sea Port of Surabaya 2018 Tifal - Dakwani
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol. 11 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i1.2019.69-74


Food Processing Premise is a place for processing food raw ingredients to become ready to consume food. In order to function optimally, the premises are needed to be controlled frequently particularly in the port area where many visitors and staffs are in needs of health protection during their activities in this area.  For this purpose, the authority has been attempting to increase and maintain food and baverage quality in this area therefore it could avoid any public health menaces from food contamination and intoxication for the population. As basic health survey (RISKESDAS) in 2013 reported diseases contributed as public health threats such as diarrhea 3.5%, typhoid 2.2%, hepatitis 1.2% (Riskesdas, 2013). The study aims to analyse the hygiene and sanitation implementation of food processing center in Gudang 100 warehouse at Tanjung Perak Sea Port of Surabaya. This present study is an observational study with cross sectional design. The sample was obtained based on 2017 data and mapping of 60 food tenant premises. 5 places were observed during study period. The variables observed were including of location, building, sanitation facilities, dining room, food storage, ingredients, food, the process, serving, food stuff, and the employee. The variables were observed using the total score as enacted by Indonesian Ministry of Health regulation NO.1098/MENKES/SK/VII/2003 regarding of Hygiene and sanitation standards for food stalls and restaurant. The result of the study shows there are 2 food stalls (B and C) with score <700 while the other stalls (A, D and E) reach score >700. The conclusion of this study highlights the needs of adjusting the requirement of the hygiene and sanitation of food stalls and restaurant as well as provide regular trainings for food handlers.
Characteristic, Levels of lead in the blood, and hypertension of Workers Batteries Home Industry at Talun Village Sukodadi District Lamongan Regency Lian Dwi Fibrianti; R. Azizah
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol. 8 No. 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v8i1.2015.92-102


Abstract: Lead  (Pb) is one  of the pollutants  that can cause hypertension. The objectives of this study  were  to analyze characteristic, levels  of Lead (Pb) in blood  and hypertension at home industry workers  batteries.  This research was an observational descriptive studies and used cross-sectional approach. Data obtained from interviews, questionnaires, and observation. Measurement of blood  lead used Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer and blood  pressure measurements used a tensimeter. Samples were selected by total population of 10 workers  batteries  home industry. The results  of the research that most workers  age is less  than 30 years was 50%, the worker men  was 60%, workers  who have a habit of smoke was 30%, Pb levels  in the blood  of workers  30% above the standards set by ATSDR (1999) < 10 μg/dL,  and 40% of workers  have hypertension. Cross-tabulation showed  that workers  who have hypertension that workers  aged 31–40 years (50%), workers  with employment ≤ 5 year period  (40%), male workers  (66.7%), workers  who was smoke (100%), workers  with no history of hypertension and diabetes (40%) and workers  who  have  levels  of lead (Pb) in the blood  > 10 μg/dL (100%). Advise  the workers  to reduce cigarette  consumption and wear personal protective equipment such as masks, gloves and boots while they work to reduce exposure of lead (Pb).Keywords: characteristic of workers,  levels  of lead (Pb) in the blood, hypertension, workers  home industry batteries

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