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INDONESIA
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 18297285     EISSN : 2540881X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan with registered number ISSN 1829-7285 (printed) and ISSN 2540-881x (online) is a scientific open access journal published by Environmental Health Department of Public Health Faculty, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia. Our journal aims to become a media of research results dissemination and exchange of scientific work of various groups, academics, practitioners and government agencies. Since 2018, this journal in one year will be published four times in January, April, July, and October.
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Articles 204 Documents
A Correlation Study : Levels of Butyrylcholinesterase and Paraoxonase 1 Activity amongst Shallot Farmworkers in Brebes Regency, Central Java, Indonesia Suratman, Suratman; Kuswanto, Kuswanto; Widiyanto, Agnes Fitria
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 11, No 4 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i4.2019.354-360

Abstract

Organophosphate insecticides (OPs) are one of the pesticides commonly used in agricultural activities either to eradicate or to protect crops from insect attacks. Aside from the advantages proposed, this OPs substance also brings some worrisome threats for individual and population. Shallot farmworkers in Brebes Regency are population at risk to OPs exposure. The activity levels of Butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) in blood play important roles as a biomarker of exposure as well to measure the occurrence of OPs exposure in a human body and as a biomarker of susceptibility as well to measure the level of detoxifying OPs. The aim of this study was to analyse the correlation between levels of BuChE and PON1 activities amongst shallot farmworkers. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 88 male subjects selected randomly from Dukuhlo Village in Brebes Regency, Indonesia, occupationally exposed to OPs from April to May 2017. Using a structured questionnaire, a survey was carried out based on sociodemographic characteristics. Blood samples were collected to determine the levels of BuChE and PON1 activity. These samples were then analysed at laboratories of Cito in Tegal and Gaky, Undip in Semarang. Furthermore, data were analysed systematically using univariate and bivariate (a Spearman’s Rank test). A significant correlation was found between these both variables (p=0.025 and rho=0.238) with slightly moderate positive relationship. To sum up, farmworkers with higher PON1 activity may have a better chance of detoxifying the acute effect of OPs exposure. A further research is needed to identify correlation between PON1 activity, levels of thyroid hormones, and OPs metabolites in urine.
Analyze of House Conditions and The Rat Existence Affected to The Leptospirosis Cases in Klaten District Katulistiwa, Nisa Azza; Lestari, Kusuma Scorpia
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 8, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v8i1.2015.1-13

Abstract

Abstract: In Klaten district,  leptospirosis cases raised  up  during  6 years (2006–2013), except in 2012.  The  healthy houses coverage raised up as well, although some houses still had not met healthy house criteria. The aim of this study was to analyze of house conditions and the rat exsistence affected to the leptospirosis cases in Klaten district. This study was observational analytic study used case control design. This study  was conducted on November, 2013–June, 2014 by using questionnaire, interview, and observation. The sample was 60 respondents with 30 cases and 30 controls. The independent variables  were the house conditions, house components, sanitation facilities, behavior,  and rat existence in the  house. Bivariate analysis  used chi square  test,  the  result showed that the  house conditions (p value  =  0.009 OR = 6.882), behavior  (p value = 0.017 OR = 6.000), and the rat existence in the house (p value = 0.030 OR = 10.545) were related to the leptospirosis cases. Multivariate analysis  used logistic regression test, the result showed unhealthy house conditions was the dominant risk factors that affect to the leptospirosis cases with value of probability about 74,6% and  two-fold  higher  risk compared with healthy house conditions. The suggestion for community in Klaten District is attempting to improve  the environmental house health by having a clean  and healthy living, such as always to put the garbage away to the waterproof  and closed bins and to put the garbage away regularly from house in the evening to prevent  rats go into house.Keywords: housing conditions, rat, unhealthy houses, leptospirosis
Physical Sanitation of the House that Influence the Incidence of ARI in Children under Five in Kalianget Timur Village Agungnisa, Adhasari
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 11, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i1.2019.1-9

Abstract

Physical sanitation of the house and parent’s behavior are the factors that could affect the incidence of ARI in children under five. The aim of this research was to analyze what factors of house physical sanitation that affect the occurrence of ARI among children under five in East Kalianget Village. This research was an observational research, with cross sectional design. The samples in this research were 60 children under fives randomly chosen through simple random sampling. Data collection was done through interview, observation, thermohygrometer, roll meter, lux meter, and EPAM 5000. Data was analyzed using chi-square and binary logistic regression analysis. The results showed that children under five’s bedroom density (p=0.241) was affecting the occurrence of ARI among children under five, meanwhile ventilation area (p=0.241), air temperature (p=0.948), humidity (p=0.830), and lighting (0.393) were not affecting the occurrence of ARI among children under five. Communities of East Kalianget Village that have unsuitable occupancy density are suggested to reset the number of their bedroom’s occupants, for example maybe a father sleeping in the living room to prevent the occurrence of ARI among children under five.
Utilization of Clean Water, Personal Hygiene of Toddler Caregivers, and Smoking Behavior of Family Members as Risk Factors for Cases of Stunting Toddlers Ravsanjanie, Milada Mohammad; Pawitra, Aditya Sukma; Diyanah, Khuliyah Candraning; Zakaria, Zainul Amiruddin; Marmaya, Najihah Hanisah BTE
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 13, No 1 (2021): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v13i1.2021.48-56

Abstract

Introduction: Pasuruan District was in the 7th rank of the highest stunting prevalence in the East Java Province (39.7%). Stunting cases that are not handled properly lead to the decrease of cognitive and motor skills, productivity, and even lead to death. One of the risk factors for stunting cases is a history of infection with toddlers (or children under five) from poor behavior of family and caregiver. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of clean water use, personal hygiene for toddler caregivers, and the smoking behavior of family members in cases of stunting toddlers in Pasuruan District. Methods: The research was conducted using a case-control design with a ratio of 1: 1. Sampling using stratified random sampling and the proportion of 2% of 2,718 toddlers. Toddlers with z-scores <-3SD – <-2SD became a case group of 118 and toddlers with z-scores ≥-2SD – 2SD became controls of 114. Results and Discussion: There was an effect between smoking inside the house (p = 0.004, OR = 0.473), dishes and drinking utensils washed with soap and running water (p = 0.029, OR = 2.726), washing hands with soap and running water by caregivers (p = 0.002, OR = 2.52), and cutting fingernails by caregivers (p = 0.006, OR = 0.544) on cases of stunting toddlers. Conclusion: Clean water utilization, personal hygiene of toddler caregivers, and the smoking behavior of family members are the risks in the incidence of stunting toddlers in Pasuruan District. The variable of dishes and drinking utensils washed with soap and running water is the highest risk (OR = 2.726) for cases of stunting toddlers in Pasuruan District. The food and drink utensils that are not washed properly and correctly will allow bacterial contamination which causes toddlers to become infected.
Sanitation and Personal Hygiene on Canteen Dharma Wanita Persatuan Airlangga University Yuasadam, Noor Zain
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 10, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v10i2.2018.175-180

Abstract

Airlangga University is one of the renowned universities in Indonesia which has a big share in the nation’s development. But it could run when supported with adequate facilities, among these facilities are one of the vital facilities where this facility is used as a dining area. Another term for this is the place to eat cafeteria where the canteen also has a stake in a healthy society also participated in it or make sick people in it, so that the cafeteria had to obtain special treatment in order to ensure the safety of food dijajakannya. But to refute it would require a special study where the cafeteria as its targets, especially female university canteen dharma airlangga who have close relations with the university management office airlangga. From the research that found that women getting the canteen dharma according 45.34 Permenkes No.1096/Menkes/Per/VI/2011 Concerning Sanitation Hygiene Jasaboga these results was considered inadequate and largely irrelevant to the prestigious universities in Indonesia.
Study Literature Review : The Effect of Lockdown on the Covid19 Pandemic Period on Air Quality Zahro, Shofi Hikmatus
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 12, No 1si (2020): SPECIAL ISSUE
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v12i1si.2020.11-20

Abstract

Introduction: Covid19 is an infectious disease caused by the corona virus. This virus was first detected in Wuhan China. Covid19 has been defined as pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) since March 11, 2020. So there needs to be a policy to overcome the pandemic by implementing lockdown. The effect on the health sector one of which is environmental health includes air quality. The purpose of this literature review study is to determine the effect of the lockdown policy during the Covid19 pandemic on air quality parameters. Discussion: This research used a narrative literature review method. Selected journals that match the topic and inclusion criteria. The results of data analysis show that there is an effect of the lockdown policy during the Covid19 pandemic, namely an increase in AQI and O3 . Meanwhile, decreased concentration occurs in the PM10; PM2.5; NO2 ; CO; and SO2 parameters. Conclusion: Lockdown policy provided a big influence on the air quality in Sale City Marocco and Sao Paulo Brazil. Lockdown policies during the Covid19 period strongly influenced the concentration of NO2 .6
The Implementation of Total Sanitation Programme Based of Community - Stop Defecating Carelessly in the Lembur Timur and Luba Village Subdistrict Lembur of Alor District on 2015 Yusran, Yosef
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 9, No 2 (2017): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v9i2.2017.163-171

Abstract

Nationally data show that no province in Indonesia to reach the targets of the Millennium Development Goals in 2015, that is 100% access to the toilets. Open defecation behavior is the main cause in occurrence of disease based environment. This research was conducted to describe the implementation process of the first pillar a program called Community Based Total Sanitation, “Stop Open Defecation” in the Lembur Timur and Luba Village, District Alor subdis– Lembur on 2015. This research was evaluative draft summative approach system descriptive analyzed. The interview was carried out in public health centre and village on 14 people that implementing Community Based Total Sanitation. The subjects of Reviews These studies were taken in purposive sampling. In-depth interviews, examination of documents and observations conducted to get a more information about the variables Examined. Variable in this Research was process of the program. Research results showed variable training facilitator, plan of action, natural leader as well as monitoring and evaluation were eligible with Permenkes No. 3 on 2014 about Community Based Total Sanitation, whereas the variabel of trigger and advocacy were not eligible. There were no document trigger and recommendations written advocacy activities related to the government of the village. Community empowerment efforts haven’t been running because not maximal formed Village Community Based Total Sanitation Committee. Need to increase the knowledge of sanitarian with conduct a study and comparative study to other public health centre with the recording system and reporting as well as the establishment of Village Community Based Total Sanitation Committee.
NO2 and SO2 Exposure to Gas Station Workers Health Risk in Kendari City Alchamdani, Alchamdani
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 11, No 4 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i4.2019.319-330

Abstract

Gas station workers played an important role in providing fuel needs in the community for the transportation system to run smoothly. The higher motor vehicle user, the intensity of refueling also increases. They were at high risk of being exposed to hazardous pollutants from both vehicle emissions and fuel vapors. Although NO2 and SO2 had non-carcinogenic effects, they are still irritants that cause chronic airway disorders. This study aims to analyze the health risks experienced by gas station workers due to NO2 and SO2 exposure in Kendari City. This research was a Quantitative Descriptive study with Environmental Health Risk Method Analysis. The number of samples was 13 operators chosen with total sampling. Measurement of NO2 and SO2 concentrations were carried out in the morning, afternoon and evening. The results of this study showed the highest intake value obtained for NO2 (real-time) was 0.00635 mg/kg/day and SO2 (real-time) 0.00057 mg/kg/day. The highest risk level obtained for NO2 is 0,31775 (RQ<1) and SO2 0,00275 (RQ<1). The conclusion of this study is the quality of ambient air NO2 and SO2 at SPBU 74,931.10 is still safe and meets the National Ambient Air Quality Standard in a short time. But otherwise, it will be at high risk for health if the operator was exposed for a long time and continuously. It should be made an effort to monitor and control air pollution. As well as the policy of using Personal Protective Equipment to minimizing exposure to ambient pollutants.
Description Between Cats Exposure with Toxoplasmosis Disease on Cats Owner and Not- Cats Owner in Mulyorejo Subdistrict, Surabaya City Agustin, Prayuani Dwi; Mukono, J
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 8, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v8i1.2015.103-117

Abstract

Abstract: Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by  Toxoplasma gondii that transmitted from  animals  to humans. Actually, the symptoms of toxoplasmosis are asymptomatic with non-spesific and  similar to other diseases. Cats  are definite  host  of Toxoplasma gondii.  The  feces from  infected cat  contains million oocysts and  infective  to humans. Detection of toxoplasmosis in human  can be done with a serological test to see the levels of immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-toxoplasmosis. The purpose of this study  was to identification  toxoplasmosis and  describe between exposure from  cats  with toxoplasmosis disease to people who  own and  don’t  own  cats  in Mulyorejo Subdistrict, Surabaya  City. This study  was an descriptive observational research with cross sectional design in two populations. The  subject was  choosen randomly.  This study  was  done to 25 respondents as  cat  owner  and 25 respondents who  weren’t.  Data was collected from questionnaire and  respondent’s blood  sample. Prevalence of toxoplasmosis in cat owner  52% and 48% in not-cat  owner.  Crosstabulation showed that there  were  similar tendency between variables  of feral cats, number of feral cats,  and  presence of cat’s feces to toxoplasmosis disease on cats owner and not-cats  owner in Mulyorejo Subdistrict, Surabaya  City.It is expected that the community is able to notice  the presence of feral cats and cat’s feces around  it to avoid the risk of infection  from Toxoplama  gondii.Keywords: Cats owner,  Not-cats  owner,  Cat, Toxoplasmosis
The assessment of Food Handlers’ Hygiene and Environmental Sanitation in Tofu Home Industry Jombang 2018 Floridiana, Zamia
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 11, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i1.2019.75-82

Abstract

Food security is an important aspect to produce quality food that is feasible and safe for consumption by general population. Good Manufacturing Product (CPPB) is a guideline in assuring food security adhered in food production process starting from raw materials to storage system. Tofu is highlyIndonesia and it is a product with a short storability or shelf life. Among other protein sources in food, tofu had a greater consumption value of 0.157 kg/ capita/ week in 2017(Badan Pusat Statistik, 2017). The tofu producers include IRT  Jombang. The purpose of this study is to analyze the hygiene of food handlers and environmental sanitation based on Peraturan Kepala BPOM RI 2012 about CPPB conducted in IRT  Jombang. This research used qualitative research, observational research, and used data collection techniques such as interviews and observations. Interviews were conducted on food handlers and IRT owners while observations were made using an observation sheets. Tofu and clean water were sampled and tested in the laboratory. The results obtained were lack of food handlers hygiene and environmental sanitation. While for laboratory tests on tofu obtained negative results Salmonella sp. and Staphylococcus aureus, and exceeded the maximum limit of Coliform Total and Total Plate Numbers (ALT). Laboratory test results for chemical quality of tofu were negative in formalin and borax. It is recommended to improve monitoring and supervision system of food handlers’ hygiene and environmental sanitation in the production environment of tofu home industries

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