cover
Contact Name
Arifin Abdullah
Contact Email
arifin.abdullah@ar-raniry.ac.id
Phone
+628126925128
Journal Mail Official
jurnal.dusturiah@ar-raniry.ac.id
Editorial Address
Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh
Location
Kota banda aceh,
Aceh
INDONESIA
Dusturiah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial
ISSN : 20889712     EISSN : 2580536     DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.22373/dusturiah
Dusturiyah journal accepts manuscripts in Indonesian, English and Arabic with focus: a study of laws and regulations: law, fiqh, Islamic economics, politics and social institution.
Arjuna Subject : Ilmu Sosial - Hukum
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 7, No 2 (2017)" : 6 Documents clear
MAZHAB FIQH DALAM PANDANGAN SYARIAT ISLAM (Mengkritisi Pendapat Mewajibkan Satu Mazhab) Muhammad Yusran Hadi
Dusturiyah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/dusturiyah.v7i2.3256

Abstract

ABSTRAK Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan kedudukan mazhab Fiqh dalam Islam dan hukum bermazhab. Banyak persoalan yang timbul akibat ketidakpahaman persoalan mazhab seperti sikap taqlid, fanatisme mazhab dan pendapat mewajibkan suatu mazhab tertentu. Akibatnya, timbul perpecahan dalam ummat Islam hanya gara-gara berbeda mazhab. Lebih ekstrim lagi, hanya karena berbeda dengan mazhabnya atau doktrin ulamanya, maka al-Quran dan Haditspun ditolak. Istilah “mazhab” tidak dikenal pada masa para sahabat, tabi’in dan tabi’ tabi’in. Mazhab-mazhab muncul setelah masa ketiga generasi awal tersebut yaitu pada abad kedua Hijriah. Masa ini dikenal dengan periode imam-imam mujtahid. Namun, para imam tidak mewajibkan mazhab mereka untuk diikuti. Bahkan mereka memerintahkan para murid dan pengikut mazhabnya untuk mengikuti dalil. Istilah “mazhab” menjadi semakin populer pada pertengahan abad ke empat, karena para ulama pengikut mazhab (muqallidin) mengfokuskan diri dalam mengembangkan dan menyebarkan mazhab imamnya masing-masing. Mereka meninggalkan ijtihad dan bertaqlid kepada imam-imam mazhab empat. Menurut mereka, pintu ijtihad telah tertutup. Maka mereka mewajibkan taqlid kepada imam atau mazhab tertentu dan tidak boleh berbeda darinya. Sejak masa inilah pemikiran dan keilmuan umat Islam mengalami kemunduran. Kondisi ini mendapatkan kritikan tajam dari para ulama besar seperti Imam Addabusi Al-Hanafi, Imam Ibnu Hazm (wafat 456 H), Imam Ibnu Abdi al-Bar (wafat 463 H), al-Hafizh Ibnu al-Jauzi (wafat 597), Imam ‘Izzuddin bin Abdissalam (wafat 660 H), Imam Abu Syamah (wafat 665 H), Imam Nawawi (wafat 676), Syaikhul Islam Ibnu Taimiyyah (wafat 728 H), Imam Ibnu al-Qayyim (wafat 751 H), Imam asy-Syatibi (wafat 790 H), Imam Sayuthi (wafat 911) dan para tokoh ulama lainnya. Mereka mengecam taqlid para ulama dan menyerukan mereka untuk berijtihad. Tulisan ini menyimpulkan bahwa mazhab adalah pendapat para ulama mujtahidin yang tidak ma’shum. Mazhab merupakan madrasah dalam belajar syariat. Mazhab bukan syariat yang mutlak kebenarannya dan wajib diikuti. Mengikuti syariat (al-Quran dan as-Sunnah) hukumnya wajib. Adapun mazhab tidak wajib. Taqlid terhadap imam atau mazhab tertentu haram bagi seorang mujtahid. Kewajiban bagi ulama dan penuntut ilmu ittiba’ dalil. Kewajiban orang awam adalah bertanya kepada ulama mazhab siapapun tanpa harus terikat dengan ulama tertentu. Ia tidak wajib mengikuti mazhab tertentu dalam segala persoalan dan secara terus menerus, namun boleh berpindah dari satu mazhab ke mazhab lainnya sesuai dengan dalil.
SERPIHAN PEMIKIRAN HUKUM ISLAM DALAM MAZHAB SYIAH Muhammad Siddiq Armia
Dusturiyah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/dusturiyah.v7i2.3262

Abstract

In the begining, Sect of Shiah was born from political background, then became part of Islamic Jurisprudence. The sect of Shiah has emerged from the differen perspective of seeing Chalif of Ali Bin Abi Thalib. From the extrem perspective of Shia, they claim that Jibril as the angel revealition has made a serious mistake, because of delivering revealition to Muhammad instead of Chaliph Ali bin Abi Thalib. Thus, not all of Sect of Shiahs’ are misleading, some of them still have a right path. This article will explore the Islamic legal thought in the perpective of Shia sects, to get a clear point of view on them and to prevent misunderstanding of Shia sects in the Islamic society. Keywords: Sects, Shia, Misleading Thought
Konflik Etnis Dayak dan Madura dalam Masalah Hutan Kalimantan : Perspektif Green Thought Mumtazinur Mumtazinur
Dusturiyah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/dusturiyah.v7i2.3255

Abstract

This article is an effort to explain the correlation between natural Resources and conflict that involved Dayak and Madura ethnic in Kalimantan. This writing begins by a brief description of ethnicity and conflict and also a glance of natural Resources. This article also describing conflict of ethnic about forest issue in Kalimantan through Green Thought. This perspective discern the logical correlation between living Environment and conflict emergence.
WAKAF TUNAI DALAM PERSPEKTIF MAJELIS ULAMA INDONESIA (Analisis Terhadap Fatwa MUI No.2. Tahun 2002 Tentang Wakaf Uang) Dr. Armiadi Musa
Dusturiyah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/dusturiyah.v7i2.3254

Abstract

MUI fatwa against legal permissibility (jawaz) wakaf cash has the basis of consideration nash argument (hadith Ibn Umar) which reads ihbas ashlaha wa sabbil tsamarataha. The basic considerations of MUI also exist in the aspect of its mashlahah, that the money waqf has flexibility (flexibility) and the great benefit that is not owned by other objects, in addition to its easiness in capturing waqif. The MUI sees it necessary to the development of meaning because of the substance of that understanding is the necessity of ta'bid on the substance of mawquf substance (baqa 'ainih). So the element of his devotion is to emphasize only aspects of matter not including the nature of things as well as the eternal intrinsic value of money (baqa 'ashlih). So with the development of understanding of this wakaf, is expected to open opportunities for reinterpretation of the meaning of waqf more relevant in the economic development of society. MUI also sees the need for the addition of "aw ashlihi" (baqa ashlih) which means the subject of fixed property is not lost, the addition of sentence in the definition of wakaf is also in order to understand or interpret the dedication on the aspect of the nature of the wakaf (nature)
PENGENYAMPINGAN PIDANA DENDA BAGI PENJUAL KHAMAR: QANUN, PUTUSAN HAKIM DAN TEORI HUKUM PROGRESIF Ihdi Karim Makinara
Dusturiyah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/dusturiyah.v7i2.3258

Abstract

This study discusses criminal prosecution of fines for perpetrators of jarimahkhamar crimes in Aceh. Uqubatta'zir was previously formulated alternative cumulative in Article 26 paragraph (2) Qanun NAD Number 12 Year 2003 and has been used in Decision Number 22/JN/2009/MS.Mbo.The judges of the MahkamahSyari'iyyahMeulaboh did not impose a fine on the convicted person.The culprit is a non-Muslim, he has a family, and this is his second crime. While Article 16 paragraph (1) and (2) Qanun Aceh Number 6 of 2014 formulates a fine with an alternative formulation. If the formulation in these two paragraphs finds a concrete legal event, what judge will use a fine to the same perpetrator. Judge is not a funnel of law, so it must give justice according to the situation of the convicted person. Because the criminal not only reply, but educate and prevent.
PERAN DEWAN PERWAKILAN RAKYAT DAERAH (DPRD) DALAM PENGAWASAN KEUANGAN DAERAH Ayumiati Ayumiati
Dusturiyah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/dusturiyah.v7i2.3257

Abstract

Budgeting is planning arranged systematically in form of numeral and stated in unit of monetary which covering entire company activities for particular period in the future. In arrangement of budget for public sector should be determined the allocation of amount of fund in each program and government activity in monetary unit. In this case, role of DPRD to monitor local finance is very needed, so that the program which has arranged can run effectively, efficient and economical. In addition, monitoring conducted by DPRD should be direct and indirectly. As for the direct monitoring was observing, investigating, and inspection, while the indirect monitoring was to learn the report accepted from implementation. Be sides, in implementation of monitoring the DPRD has special committee referred to Budgeting Committee.

Page 1 of 1 | Total Record : 6