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Contact Name
Arifin Abdullah
Contact Email
arifin.abdullah@ar-raniry.ac.id
Phone
+628126925128
Journal Mail Official
jurnal.dusturiah@ar-raniry.ac.id
Editorial Address
Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh
Location
Kota banda aceh,
Aceh
INDONESIA
Dusturiah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial
ISSN : 20889712     EISSN : 2580536     DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.22373/dusturiah
Dusturiyah journal accepts manuscripts in Indonesian, English and Arabic with focus: a study of laws and regulations: law, fiqh, Islamic economics, politics and social institution.
Arjuna Subject : Ilmu Sosial - Hukum
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 9, No 2 (2019)" : 6 Documents clear
PRAKTEK RE-UPLOAD VIDEO OLEH YOUTUBER DAN KEABSAHAN PEMBAYARANNYA (Suatu Tinjauan dari Perspektif Konsep Hak Ibtikar) Fazlul Rahman
Dusturiyah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 9, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/dusturiyah.v9i2.5318

Abstract

Youtube is a video sharing website created by three former Paypal employees in February 2005, this site allows users to upload, watch and share videos. The company is based in San Bruno, California, and uses Adobe Flash Video and HTML5 technology to display a variety of user-made video content, including movie clips, TV clips and music videos. In addition there are also amateur content such as video blogs, short original videos and educational videos. Currently YouTube has provided two types of licenses on its site, namely Copyright frequency (cannot be re-uploaded by other parties) and Creative Commons BY Protection (CC BY) (may be re-uploaded by other parties). Even so it is not a problem without problems, the problems that still occur on Youtube are cases of copyright on the site, such as the practice of re-uploading videos here for example. This study examines how the validity of income obtained from the video re-upload activity on Youtube in terms of the Ibtikar Rights Perspective in Islam and Muamalah Fiqh. This thesis research includes the type of library research, which is data collection using study studies of books, journals, printed documents, and from sites on the internet. The results of the research conducted by the author in this thesis are unlawful in the practice of re-uploading videos that are carried out solely to obtain personal gain without giving royalties to the relevant producer / label, in other words the act is the same as a trader selling people's property otherwise without the permission of the owner or selling stolen goods, this is clearly detrimental to the creator or copyright holder because the video circulating on youtube is not given permission by the video creator to spread the creation to the public using the Youtube website. In Islam, copyright is known as Haq Ibtikar, namely a special right attached to the original video owner and part of intellectual property, both material and immaterial, so that it must be protected by law. Islam highly respects copyright as a private property right so that the right to ibtikar is classified into the Maqashid Sharia to maintain the existence of ownership of the assets of every Muslim. Every treasure that results from a video re-upload in Islam and Muamalah Fiqh is unlawful, because it is included in violating the rights of others in a vanity.  
SISTEM GARANSI BARANG ELEKTRONIK DALAM FIQIH MUAMALAH DAN UNDANG-UNDANG PERLINDUNGAN KONSUMEN Syahrizal Abbas; Edi Yuhermansyah; Dara Masyittah
Dusturiyah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 9, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/dusturiyah.v9i2.5317

Abstract

In a transaction, especially elecronic goods can not be separated from the possibility of defects or damage to goods traded in the future, causing electronic goods manufacturers to provide guarantess ( warranty ) and impose and right to consumers with certain conditions. Regarding the time or warranty period for an item according to Malikiyah scholars whose nature is not perishable takes longer. In general, currently electronic goods are only given a one-year warranty period. Whereas in Law Number 8 Article 27 of 1999 concerning the Consumer Protection Law, the risk period for goods traded within a period of 4 years has been contained. The formulation of the problem and the pupose of this study is to find out how the warranty system is in muamalah fiqh and how is the guarantee system in the consumer protection law. The research method used can be classified as a descriptive analysis of reseach in two perspectives, namely in muamalah fiqh and UUPK, and with a qualitative approach, data is obtained through library research. The resulth of this study show that the warranty system in muamalah fiqh shows that the khiyar system for goods that have defects or damage in them ( disgrace ) applies when there is a defect ( disgrace ) damage to goods that are not easily damaged. Regarding the time to sue for losses is not set a definite time limit because items that are not easily damaged, especially electronics require a long time. And the results of research into the warranty system in the UUPK stipulate that the seller or business actor is obliged to provide guarantess for goods sold as a form of warranty for damaged goods, and the seller will be subject to criminal sanctions when compensation claims made by the consumer are rejected or not fulfilled. Regarding the time limit for the prosecution of damaged goods is set for 4 ( four ) years.  
DISTRIBUSI ZAKAT UNTUK GOLONGAN FAQIR UZUR PADA LEMBAGA BAITUL MAL DI ACEH Ida Friatna
Dusturiyah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 9, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/dusturiyah.v9i2.5321

Abstract

This is an obligation to a certain Muslim who meet the requirement to pay zaka. In the other side, the government needs to operate an authorized institution to manage this kind of alms, including infaq and other Muslim’s alms. Int this case, the government of Aceh has established a kind of Islamic treasury office named Baitul Mal which mandated to preserve, manage, and develop the zaka, infaq, waqf, and other alms in Islam, including the preservation of Islamic custody. This study examines the zaka distribution by Baitul Mal office to the old poor beneficiary group. Islam basically distinguishes between miskin and faqir based on their different level, where the faqr is they are in a poorer condition. Currently, the Baitul Mal office separates the poor group into two types, namely the old poor (Faqir uzur) and the normal poor (Non-old faqir). The old poor is defined as people with old age, long sickness, and permanent disable, or with other condition they become not productive. The catagorization has consequences to the distribution portion. The Baitul Mal decided monthly consumptive distribution to the old poor group and to the normal poor is also giving incidentally by the consumptive method. This arrangement is aimed to be a guidance for all the Baitul Mal around the regencies level in targeting those types of faqr. So, here are main questions why do the Baitul Mal make this distinction and what is the impact to both type of faqr life. This study found that the Baitul mal wanted to be committed to elevating the faqr life through zaka distribution, especially to the faqr uzur that considered unproductive people and the distribution was chosen by consumptive way. This study learned that the Baitul Mal also considered to distributing part of zaka productively. The study uses the literatures and also the Baitul Mal official data. 
GOOGLE ADSENSE PERSPEKTIF HUKUM PERJANJIAN ISLAM Muhammad Bahaur Rijal; Nahara Eriyanti
Dusturiyah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 9, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/dusturiyah.v9i2.5322

Abstract

This research examines is about the mechanism of the Google Adsense contract viewed from the legal aspects of the Islamic agreement. Google Adsense mechanism is different from business mechanisms in general, the differentiation is seen from the involvement of advertisers, Google and publishers who are bound in an online contract system. The purpose of this research is to find out how the mechanism of Google Adsense, besides analyzing the legal theory of Islamic agreements on the mechanism of Google Adsense. Type of research is a descriptive-analytical field research using a pattern of Islamic legal approach. There are two theories on which this research is based, namely contract theory and online business theory for analyzing legal aspects. The contract theory used focuses on the theory of the muamalat legal perspective contract which is then used to analyze transactions in Google Adsense, then from that analysis will be known how the law of the Google Adsense business. The results of this study indicate that the mechanism that occurs in Google Adsense reflects the basic values of the contract that are in accordance with the rules of the contract law. Standard contract enforcement aims to avoid moral hazard to protect the parties involved in online business for the realization of mutual benefit and prosperity. In addition, the screening efforts imposed on Google Adsense aim to demonstrate the application of business ethics values, which are known to have implications for the validity of the contract (in accordance with Islamic treaty law)  
POTENSI DAN PETA KONFLIK PADA PILKADA ACEH TAHUN 2017 Mumtazinur - Mumtazinur
Dusturiyah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 9, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/dusturiyah.v9i2.5320

Abstract

This article is an effort to explain the potention of conflict and the correlation to the map of conflict. It begins by a brief several cases of violence or riots that occurred before the election. this paper also describes the forms of violence that occurred during regional elections in Aceh. besides, this paper also tries to provide a solution to the conditions that occur or as a preventative measure for similar cases in the future 
RUMAH AMAN BAGI KORBAN KEKERASAN DALAM RUMAH TANGGA TERHADAP PEREMPUAN DI ACEH (Studi Kasus P2TP2A Provinsi Aceh) Muslem Abdullah
Dusturiyah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 9, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/dusturiyah.v9i2.5319

Abstract

Home Safe is a temporary residence that is used to provide protection against victims in accordance with the prescribed standards. Safe house strongly is needed immediately to be built in accordance with the provisions of the law because the victim can tell and feel safe in the safe house. Integrated service center women and Children Empowerment have the task and function to prevent and handle domestic violence that the victims suffer. The problem formulation in this research is that it has not fulfilled the protection of domestic Violence as it has not been formed a safe house in Aceh province. In the discussion of researchers use the type of normative administrative research that is library Research (library) and field research (field) and use qualitative method of data derived from interviews, report notes, documents and others. Based on the research can be obtained the following results: the form of domestic violence that is the cause is economic factors in the family, factors of infidelity, drug factors, the innate factors of the perpetration itself, and Relationship between a married couple who is not balanced. While the P2TP2A effort in reducing domestic violence is to do socialization to Gampong-Gampong to the public about the laws of PKDRT law so that people know about the realm of law that occurs over violence Women. It can be concluded that domestic violence has decreased with the socialization and other performance of the P2TP2A institutions and is advised to immediately build safe houses for victims of domestic violence. 

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