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Search results for , issue "Vol. 2 No. 4 (2013): BIOPLANTAE" : 6 Documents clear
KAJIAN PAKET PENGOLAAN TANAMAN TERPADU DAN PAKET PETANI PADI GOGO PADA DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI BATANG ASAI JAMBI Syafri Edi; Defira Suci Gusfarina
Bioplantae Vol. 2 No. 4 (2013): BIOPLANTAE
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Upland rice production is still low compared with the result of research and genetic potential. The low yield is caused by the use of cultivation technology that is not optimal and the limited of high yielding varieties cultivated that made many farmers still grow local rice for generations. High yielding varieties and Integrated Crop Management (ICM) technology is one of the reliable innovative technologies to increase the upland rice productivity. The study aims to determine the growth and production of upland rice with ICM technology package compared to farmer technology package. The experiment was conducted in the Batang Asai watershed, Panti Village, Sarolangun Jambi District. The study of ICM package and farmers package done by planting the two packages side by side on planting area of 1 ha each, consisting of four farmer cooperator, as well as for replicates. The research was done by using factorial design that compares the ICM package with farmers’ package through the t test. The results indicate that the ICM package provide a better growth and yield than the farmers package, such as the low intensity of leaf and neck blast disease and rice pest pests walang, positively impacted the percentage of grain pithy, weight of 1000 seeds and results. ICM package gives the highest yield 5216 kg/ha, while the farmer package 2,170 kg/ha, so there is an increase in the results of 3,046 kg/ha or 140.37%. Key words: Upland rice, integrated crop management
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN KOMBINASI PESTISIDA NABATI TERHADAP HASIL TANAMAN PADI (Oryza sativa L.) VARIETAS INPARA-3 SECARA SRI Rainiyati .
Bioplantae Vol. 2 No. 4 (2013): BIOPLANTAE
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This study aims to determine the effect of combinations of pesticides to pests and rice yield with System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in the tidal area. This Studies was conducted in Kuala Tungkal, especially at one of the farmers fields in Desa Bram ITAM Pembengis Kecamatan Tanjung Jabung Barat. This Studies activity was conducted from September to December 2013. The studies using randomized block design (RBD) with 6 treatments and each factor level in re-treatment 4 times with 5 plants sample. Based on the results of analysis of variance showed that administration of a combination treatment plant pesticides significantly affect plant height, number of tillers, number of productive tillers, grain permalai, production data, the percentage of pests, and no apparent effect on 1000 grain weight. In the tabulation of treatment combinations pesticide plant Leaf Extract Rhizome Extract Soursop + Jeringau get the highest production of 3.69 kg / plot treatment. Keywords: Rice, Nabati Pestisides, SRI, tidal land
APLIKASI PUPUK HAYATI TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI PADI DI LAHAN SAWAH Eli Korlina; Diding Rachmawati; Sri Zunaini Saadah
Bioplantae Vol. 2 No. 4 (2013): BIOPLANTAE
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This study aims to determine the optimal dose effect of the use of biofertilizers on growth and rice production in the field. The study was conducted from October 2013 to February 2014, in Kepung district, Kediri. The design used was a randomized block design (RBD) was repeated 3 times, with treatment as much as 13, which is a combination of biofertilizer (0, 30, 60, 90 kg/ ha), organic matter (0, 1000, 2000, 3000 kg/ha) and fertilizer (NPK 60%: 50%: 100%). For comparison (farmers) are no biofertilizer, of 300 kg urea+48 kg SP 36+50 kg KCl/ha. The results showed that the biofertilizer application had no significant effect on plant height, but the real impact on the number of tillers. The combination of biofertilizer 30 kg/ha and organic materials 3 tons/ha gives the highest number of tillers, with weights GKP production of 7.04 t/ha. While the production of GKP highest weight (7.38 t/ha), resulting in a biolfertilizer dose combination treatment of 60 kg/ ha+organic material 3 t/ha, followed by treatment of the combination of biofertilizer dose of 90 kg/ha+organic material 3 t/ha of 6.9 t/ha, as well as a combination of biofertilizer dose of 90 kg / ha+organic material 1 t/ha of 7.05 t/ha. Pest appears that rice stem borer and blast disease with relatively low attack. Keywords: rice, biofertilizer, the optimal dose, growth, yields
KAJIAN BEBERAPA VARIETAS UNGGUL BARU DAN SISTEM TANAM JAJAR LEGOWO PADI SAWAH DI DATARAN TINGGI SUNGAI PENUH JAMBI Syafri Edi; Defira Suci Gusfarina
Bioplantae Vol. 2 No. 4 (2013): BIOPLANTAE
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ABSTRACT The use of new varieties and legowo row planting system is a component of integrated crop management technology and be a deciding factor to increase production and productivity of rice plants, and is an easy technology to apply by farm level. This study aims to obtain new varieties and legowo row of upland rice planting systems in Jambi Province. Research conducted at the Sungai Penuh District, Jambi Province from June to November 2013, at an altitude of 938 m above sea level with the type of soil andosol. The project used randomized group of two factors. The first factor is the new varieties of paddy, (1) Inpari 21 (2) Inpari 28, and (3) Batang Piaman. Factor II is cropping systems, (1) Jajar legowo 2 : 1, and (2) Jajar legowo 4 : 1. The results showed that legowo row planting system 2 : 1 and 4 : 1 has not showed significant differences in all variables were observed, except observation of the dry grain yield harvest, where Inpari 28 gives the highest yield in legowo row planting system 2 : 1. The high yield result of Inpari 28 supported by the component that is relatively better results compared to Inpari 21 and varieties Batang Piaman with legowo row planting systems 2 : 1 or 4 : 1. The three varieties and two cropping systems tested were able to provide results > 5 t/ha and higher than 2013 BPS report, however, needs further research on a larger scale before it developed by the farmer. Keywords: new superior varieties, paddy, plateau, cropping systems, Jambi
PENGARUH JENIS BAHAN DASAR DAN DOSIS PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL BUNCIS (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Made Deviani Duaja
Bioplantae Vol. 2 No. 4 (2013): BIOPLANTAE
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Snap beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is one of the important legumes vegetable crops, and as a good source of protein. More attention has been done to secure high yield and good quality of snap bean and the key role through fertilization with organic fertilizers. This research purpose is to study the effect of various basic materials and doses of liquid organic fertilizers on growth and yield of two snap bean varieties. This experiment was carried out in Teaching and Research Farm, Agriculture Faculty, Jambi University. The research was design in Randomized Blok Design (RBD) the factor were combination between basic materials of liquid organic fertilizers (Gliricidia sepium, Crotolaria juncea, Leucaena leucocephala and Cromolaena odorata), and doses of liquid organic fertilizers. All the treatment replicate 3 times. The treatments were without organic fertilizer but inorganic fertilizers (NPK 16-16-16), Gliricidia sepium (doses 15.0, 20.0 and 25.0 ml/plant), Crotolaria juncea (doses 15.0, 20.0 and 25.0 ml/plant), Leucaena leucocephala (doses 15.0, 20.0 and 25.0 ml/plant), Cromolaena odorata (doses 15.0, 20.0 and 25.0 ml/plant). Data was subjected to Anova and mean comparisons were done using the Least Significat difference (LSD). The result showed there was significant difference effect between the treatments. The highest number of snap bean pod yield was achieved at Crotolaria juncea 25 ml/plant but there are no significant differences with Cromolaena odorata at 25 ml/plant and control . Keywords: Snap, Crotolaria, Leucaena, Cromolaena.
ANALISIS POTENSI SUMBERDAYA LAHAN DESA PAAL MERAH KECAMATAN JAMBI SELATAN SEBAGAI SENTRA PRODUKSI SAYURAN KOTA JAMBI Busyra Buyung Saidi
Bioplantae Vol. 2 No. 4 (2013): BIOPLANTAE
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Paal Merah Village area consists of two main Landform Group Alluvial and acidic tuff Plain. Alluvial group is small and the widest portion is acidic tuff Plain Group with slopes between 3-8%. Soil types are Typic Endoaquepts area with soil characteristics: moderate depth. Landform regions with acidic tuff little flat plains, soil type Aquic Dystrudepts with moderate depth characteristics, the top layer of somewhat coarse textured, fine sandy, slightly acidic soil pH to neutral, fluffy undercoat, drainage impeded until somewhat hampered, and the pH of acid soils. Region drier types of soil Typic Dystrudepts with soil characteristics: solum deep, well drained, slightly rough texture of the top layer, the bottom layer of smooth, pH acidic to slightly acid soil. While on land rather flat to choppy Kanhapludults Typic soil type, soil characteristics: the depth of the soil solum moderate to deep, well drained, fine texture, and pH of acid soils. Results of the evaluation of land suitability of various agricultural commodities, land can be developed for agricultural commodities featured in the Pal Merah village area of 143 ha (91.7%), while the remaining 23 ha (8.3%) could not be developed for agriculture, because it is a settlement and a service area. Results of the assessment showed that the land unit 1 (Lu-1) that is currently in the form of basin swamp with stagnant swamp grass vegetation is not appropriate (N) for the cultivation of agricultural commodities. Lu 2 and 3 with soil drainage is hampered includes quite fit (S2) for the cultivation of agricultural commodities with a lack of oxygen limiting factors (soil drainage is hampered). Lu 4 including quite fit (S2) by a factor limiting nutrient retention. While Lu 5 in addition to the retention of nutrients for crops also have limiting erosion. Based on the characteristics of the land, then in the plain areas tuff sour flat to choppy very suitable for vegetable crops such as mustard greens, spinach, chilli, egg plant, and leafy vegetable, in the alluvial basin that is now largely overgrown with potential for fisheries. Whereas in choppy lying areas suitable for the cultivation of dry land crops and perennial crops. Key words: Landform, landsuitable, cultivation, soil

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