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INDONESIA
Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science
Published by Universitas Udayana
ISSN : 2088155X     EISSN : 26544008     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Journal AGROTROP
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 10 No 2 (2020)" : 9 Documents clear
Efek Penggunaan Beberapa Sinar LED pada Tanaman Buah Naga Merah (Hylocereus polyrhizus) ADHIATMA DHIYAN SAPUTRA; I GUSTI ALIT GUNADI; I WAYAN WIRAATMAJA
Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science Vol 10 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/AJoAS.2020.v10.i02.p09

Abstract

Effects of Using Multiple LED Beams on Red Dragon Fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus). Red dragon fruit plant (H. polyrhizus) is a tropical plant and is very adaptable to growing environments and weather changes such as sunlight, wind, and rainfall. Dragon fruit plants is a long day plants (plants that require long enough sun exposure), which means that to produce this plant requires at least 12 hours of radiation. Knowing this, there needs to be a solution so that production stability can be controlled, one of which is by modifying the environment. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of several colors of LED light (Light Emitting Diode) at the initiation stage of dragon fruit flowers in an effort to increase production. This study used a randomized block design with four treatments and nine replications, while the treatment consisted of control plants, the administration of white LED lights, yellow LED lights and blue LED lights. Three variables were observed, namely the number of flower buds, the number of blooming flowers and the number of young fruits. The results showed that the use of yellow LED lights give the best light intensity when compared to other treatments so that the yellow LED light treatment gave the best results on each variable including 6.44 pieces for flower buds, 7.56 pieces for flowers blooms and 7.56 pieces for young fruit.
Pengaruh Paket Pupuk Organik, Anorganik dan Pupuk Hayati Terhadap Sifat Tanah dan Hasil Tanaman Kangkung Darat (Ipomea reptana Poir) pada Tanah Vertisol YAYAN VANDANI; TATI BUDI KUSMIYARTI; KETUT DHARMA SUSILA
Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science Vol 10 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/AJoAS.2020.v10.i02.p05

Abstract

The effect of Organic, Inorganic and Biofertilizer Package on the Properties of Soil and Yield of Land Kale on the Vertisol. This study aims to determine the effect of organic, inorganic and biofertilizer packages on the soil properties and yield of land kale (Ipomea reptana Poir) on the Vertisol. The experiment used a Randomized Block Design (RBD) with 6 treatments and 4 replications. Parameters observed consisted of total-N, available-P, available-K, organic-C, cation exchange capacity (CEC), base saturation, pH, permeability, bulk density, total microorganism, plant height, fresh weight of plants and oven dry weight. Statistical analysis using univariate, the effect of treatment seen based on the F test, if the treatment has a significant effect then proceed with the LSD test level of 5%. The results of variance analysis showed that the effect of the package of organic, inoganic and biofertilizers had a very significant effect on the parameters of organic C, significantly effected the available-P of the soil and did not significantly effect the total-N, CEC, base saturation, pH , permeability, bulk density, total microorganism, and no significant effect on the parameters of land kale.
Kajian Paket Dosis Semi Organik terhadap Sifat Tanah dan Hasil Tanaman Padi (Oryza sativa L) I WAYAN NARKA; I NYOMAN DIBIA; I WAYAN DANA ATMAJA
Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science Vol 10 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/AJoAS.2020.v10.i02.p01

Abstract

The study of packages of semi-organic fertilization on soil properties, and yield of rice (Oryza sativa L). The aim of this study was to know the effect of semi organic fertilization doses on soil properties and yield of rice. The Randomized block design (RBD), with 3 replications and 9 treatments was used in this study. P0 (without fertilizer), P1 (25 tons of organic fertilizer ha-1), P2 (300 kg of Urea ha-1, 150 kg SP36 ha-1 and 75 kg KCl ha-1), P3 (biourin liquid fertilizer) P4 (½ P1 + ½ P2), P5 (½ P1 + ½ P3, P6 (½ P2 + ½ P3), P7 (2/3P1 + 1/ 3 P2) and P8 (2/3P3 + 1/3P2). The results showed that the application of semi-organic fertilizer on soil properties such as soil salinity, C-organic content, P-available and Nitrogen content of soil significantly affected by the treatment, while potasium_available and soil pH is not significantly affected by the treatment. Yield of rice had a very significant effected by treatment. The semi-organic fertilizer P4 (combination of 50 % anorganic + 50 % organic compost) and P6 (combination of 50 % inorganic + 50 % biourine) can produce oven dry grain 33.35 g per bushel and 32.63 g per bushel respectively or increased 57.91 % and 54.50 % of controls.
Uji Daya Simpan dan Efektivitas Prototipe Pupuk Hayati Mikoriza dengan Media Pembawa Pasir Vulkanik dan Pasir Laut KADEK JUNIARI; I NYOMAN RAI; I MADE SUKEWIJAYA
Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science Vol 10 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/AJoAS.2020.v10.i02.p06

Abstract

Time Storage and Effectivity of the Prototype of Mychorrhiza Biological Fertilizer with Volcanic and Sea Sand as the Carrier Media. This research aimed to study time storage and the efectivity of prototype of mychorrhiza biological fertilizer with volcanic and sea sand as the carrier media. The study was arranged using a randomized block design with 2 factors. The first factor was carrier media of mychorrhiza spore consist of 2 levels i.e. volcanic and and sea sand, and the second factor was time storage of prototype of mychorrhiza biological fertilizer consist of 3 levels i.e. 1, 2, and 3 month. The result of research showed that volcanic sand carrier media was better than the sea sand media proved by higher total dry weight. The best time storage of prototype of mychorrhiza biological fertilizer in this research was 1 month indicated by the highest amount of spores after storage. The interaction between carrier media and time storage gave significantly different just to stem diamater and fresh weight of corn cob.
Pengaruh Beberapa Formula Pupuk Terhadap Sifat Kimia Tanah dan Hasil Tanaman Sawi Hijau (Brassica juncea L.) di Subak Tegal Lantang Kecamatan Denpasar Barat MADE KRISNANDA ADI SAPUTRA; KETUT DHARMA SUSILA; TATI BUDI KUSMIYARTI
Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science Vol 10 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/AJoAS.2020.v10.i02.p02

Abstract

Effect of Some Fertilizer Formulas on Soil Chemical Properties and Yield of Green Mustard (Brassica juncea L.) in Subak Tegal Lantang, West Denpasar District. The aims of this study is to determine the effect of several fertilizer formulas on soil chemical properties and yield of green mustard (Brassica juncea L.) in Subak Tegal Lantang, West Denpasar District. This study used a Randomized Block Design (RBD) consisting of 6 treatments including controls and repeated 4 times with a total of 24 treatment plots. Fertilization treatment consists of three types of fertilizers, namely organic fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer, and biofertilizer. The fertilizer formula tested consisted of P0 = control (without fertilizer), P1= 5 tons of compost ha-1 + 300kg Phonska ha-1 + 200kg Urea ha-1, P2= 5 tons of compost ha-1 + 300kg Phonska ha-1 + 200kg Urea ha-1 + biofertilizer (1 cc / liter water / plot), P3= 10 tons of compost ha-1 + 300kg Phonska ha-1 + 200kg Urea ha-1, P4= 10 tons of compost ha-1 + 300kg Phonska ha-1 + 200kg Urea ha-1 + biofertilizer (1 cc / liter of water / plot), P5= biofertilizer with a concentration of 1 cc / liter of water / plot. The data from the observed parameters then analyzed statistically using analysis of variance (Anova) to determine the significance of the treatment. If it has a significant effect on the parameters observed, then it will be followed by the LSD test at the 5% real level. The results of study showed that the fertilizer formula treatment had a very significant effect on organic-C (P <0,01) and significantly affected the plant fresh weight (P <0,05), but had no significant effect on the acidity (pH), total-N, available-K, available-P, cation exchange capacity, base saturation, plant height, number of leaves, and plant dry weight. The P4 fertilizer formula gave the highest increase in soil organic-C content significantly by 2.99% or an increase of 66% compared to the control and gave the highest yield of fresh greens mustard by 23.64 tons ha-1.
Karakteristik Morfologi dan Kelimpahan Populasi Parasitoid (Hymenoptera) pada Hama Invasif Kutu Putih Ubi Kayu, Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Fererro (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) di Bali I KADEK WISMA YUDHA; I WAYAN SUPARTHA; I WAYAN SUSILA
Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science Vol 10 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/AJoAS.2020.v10.i02.p07

Abstract

Morphological Characteristics and Populations Abundance of Parasitoid (Hymenoptera) on Invasive Pests Cassava Mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Fererro (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Bali. This study aims to know the morphological characteristics of parasitoid, population abundance and distribution patterns of parasitoid associated with P. manihoti on cassava crop in Bali. The study was conducted on all cassava crop in Bali with a field observation method that was determined by taking shoots of cassava plants attacked by cassava mealybug P. manihoti, then cassava mealybug P. manihoti were nurtured, then observation was carried out every day until parasitoid appeared and being identified. The results of the study showed that there were three dominant types of parsitoid that were found to be associated with invasive pest P. manihoti, namely Anagyrus lopezi, Acerophagus papayae and Blepyrus insularis. The abundance of parasitoid populations was dominated by parasitoid A. lopezi with a range of values 48.6–81.8%. Then followed by parasitoid A. papayae 7.7 - 37.1%, and B. insularis 3.4 - 14.3%. The distribution pattern of parasitoid varies in each species, parasitoid A. lopezi spreads in groups categories, Parasitoid A. papayae and B. insularis spread random-regulary on cassava crop throughout on each of the Regencies in Bali.
Kinerja Teknologi Budidaya Jagung Hibrida di Indonesia TRI HASTINI; IRMA NOVIANA
Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science Vol 10 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/AJoAS.2020.v10.i02.p03

Abstract

The performance of hybrid maize cultivation technology in Indonesia. Maize is the most important crop after rice. Beside as a food, maize has other functions as forage and raw material of bioethanol. In Indonesia, the need of maize increases every year. To fulfil the need, an appropriate breakthrough that can increase maize production significantly, is required. The most popular breakthrough is the use of hybrid variety, that is the first generation derived from two or more pure lines crossing. This review discusses the results of hybrid maize researchs and assessments at various types of agroecosystem. Maize hybrid variety planting accompanied by the appropriate location specific technologies could increase maize productivity significantly.
Pengaruh Penambahan Ca(NO3)2 Terhadap Hasil Tanaman Selada Kriting (Lactuca Sativa L.) pada Sistem Hidroponik Deep Flow Technique (DFT) NI NYOMAN SURYANTINI; GEDE WIJANA; RINDANG DWIYANI
Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science Vol 10 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/AJoAS.2020.v10.i02.p08

Abstract

The Effect of Addition of Ca(NO3)2 to the Results of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in the Hydroponic System of Deep Flow Technique (DFT). Plants, in general, require composition, concentration, and volume of nutrient solutions which different depends on the type and phase of plant growth. Leaf vegetable crops such as lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) require higher Nitrogen (N) nutrients than other vegetable crops, but the problem we faced at the moment is the hydroponic nutrients that are traded only in the general form of nutrient, therefore the addition of N nutrients in the form of calcium nitrate (Ca(NO3)2) needs to be done to meet the needs of lettuce plants. This study was aimed to determine the effect of the addition of Ca(NO3)2 and to find the optimum dosage of the addition of Ca(NO3)2 to the general hydroponic nutrition of vegetables on lettuce use DFT hydroponic system. The treatments consisted of five levels which are nutrition AB Mix general vegetable as a control, and nutrition AB Mix with the addition of 30 g, 60 g, 90 g, and 120 g Ca(NO3)2. The results of the observation showed that the treatment of the addition of Ca(NO3)2 fertilizer had a very significant effect on all observed variables, except for the diameter of the lettuce plant. The optimum addition of Ca(NO3)2 for lettuce was found at 90.04 g with a maximum yield of 207.92 g.
Respons Pertumbuhan Bibit Salak (Salacca edulis L.) terhadap Dosis Spora Endomikoriza pada Media Pembawa Pasir Vulkanik dan Pasir Laut DEWA AYU ARI FEBRIYANTI; I WAYAN WIRAATMAJA; I KETUT SUADA
Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science Vol 10 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/AJoAS.2020.v10.i02.p04

Abstract

Response of Salak Seedling (Salacca edulis L.) Growth to Endomycorrhizal Spore Doses on Volcanic Sand and Sea Sand Carrier. Endomycorrhizae has several benefits, such as increase water absorption and nutrients of plant, protect plants from root pathogens and toxic substances, play a role in improving soil structure, and increase nutrient solubility. This study aimed to determine the growth response of salak seedlings to doses of endomycorrhizal spores in media carrying volcanic sand and sea sand. This study used a factorial randomized block design (RBD) with two treatments i.e. the number of spores and the type of carriers media. The results showed no significant interaction between the number of mycorrhizal spores doses with the carrier media on all observed variables. Spores doses significantly affected stem diameter and root mycorrhizal infection variables. The highest stem diameter was achieved at the dose of 75 spores that was 1.60 cm which was significantly different from control (1.28 cm), whereas the highest root infection was obtained at the dose of 225 spores (92.50%) which significantly higher than control (36.25%). At the observation of 4 MAP (month after planting) the highest root infection was obtained at the dose of 150 spores (82.50%) compared to control (10.00%). Volcanic sand carrier media produced the highest plant dry weight (3.59 g) which was significantly different to the sea sand (2.43 g).

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