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Asy-Syir'ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum
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Articles 13 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 50, No 1 (2016)" : 13 Documents clear
Asal Usul dan Implementasi Ahli Waris Pengganti Perspektif Hukum Islam Hajar M.
Asy-Syir'ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum Vol 50, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Sharia and Law - Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajish.2016.50.1.49-79

Abstract

The existence of substitute heir still causes polemics either in the side of its derivation or in its validity.The substitute heir in KHI is formulated through yurisprudence which is taken from customary law. The substitute heir in customary law is an adoption of civil law (BW) of Dutch derived from Code Civil Napoleon in French. French’s civil law was born of romen’s law.The substitute heir develops toovercome the matters partaining to inheritance either in the level ofheir, traditional deliberation,  or  judicature  institution.  The substitute  heir  is  a  culture which is not based on faith, contrary to judicature principle, ijbari basic, not accordance with the elements pertaining inheritance  and it is also contrary  to  superiority  and  hijab  principle.  Therefore,  it  needs  to review.
Desentralisasi sebagai Upaya Pembangunan Desa secara Menyeluruh Menurut UU No. 6 Tahun 2014 Khoiriza N., Muhammad
Asy-Syir'ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum Vol 50, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Sharia and Law - Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/asy-syir'ah.2016.501-11

Abstract

Various regulations have been issued by the government to develop the village since 1948 by Law No. 22 on Local Government. The final rule is Law No. 6 of 2014 on the Village. The genesis of Law No. 6 of 2014 is the embodiment of a decentralized system. This paper intends  to  explain  how  the  decentralization  system  provided  by  Law No. 6 of 2014 gives effect to undertake rural development as a whole. Through this legislation anyway been delegated from thecentral state to local governments to lead to the village government can be realized. With the delegation of authority from the central government to village government,  the  village  government  has  the  power  to  manage  all matters  relating  to  his  village  and  ended  up  giving  a  significant influence in the development  of the  village. Nevertheless,  the overall rural development may occur when leader and staff of the village can create policies that impact on rural development which is determined according to the priorities in the Minister of Rural No.5 of 2015.
Konsep Siyasah dalam Yahudi dan Islam Ahmad Yani Anshori
Asy-Syir'ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum Vol 50, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Sharia and Law - Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajish.2016.50.1.181-198

Abstract

The  essence  of  siyasah  is  the  management  of  the  umat`s affairs  by  the  government  based  on  akhlak.  Siyasah  held in  certain territory  and  particular  political  contract  anyway.  The  aim  is  to establish the religion and maintain worldly affairs towards the common maslahah.  In  the  discourse  of  history,  the  responses  to  siyasah  are different.  There  are  who  regard  siyasah  as  the  cause  of  Muslim`s stagnation, but the others assert siyasah as the foundation, pillar, and moral  to  regulate  state  and  government.  The  discourse  of  siyasah  in Jews and Islam are the real examples of these responses.
Rekonstruksi Fiqh dalam Merespon Perubahan Sosial M. Noor Harisudin
Asy-Syir'ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum Vol 50, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Sharia and Law - Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajish.2016.50.1.81-107

Abstract

Change  is  sina  qua  none  in  life.  Fiqh  respond  to  changes with the tools that have been prepared. Rigid nature onthe one hand and bending on the other side of the fiqh made itelastic in the face of various  changes.  No  wonder  if  the  views  of  fiqh  changing  following the  change  of  date  and  place  (salihun  likulli  zaman  wa  makan). Precisely there, fiqh finds himself as the legal formulationthat always compitable with all space and time.
Tinjauan Sistem Hukum dalam Penerapan Peraturan Daerah (Perda) Syari’ah di Tasikmalaya Lindra Darnela
Asy-Syir'ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum Vol 50, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Sharia and Law - Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajish.2016.50.1.259-285

Abstract

Tasikmalaya is an area that strives to formalize the  Shari'ah in  the  form  of  regional  regulation.  Some  rules  are  made  in order  to support  such  efforts.  In  looking  at  the  effectiveness  of  the enforcement of the law, the legal system is used as a perspective in this study.  The  paper  looked  at  the  implementation  of  the  Regional Regulation  Sya'riat  Islam  in  the  three  elements  of  the  legal  system. Based on the substance of the law, there are several provisions of the regulations that contain bias and allow violence against minorities, such as  the  word  Muslim  and  misleading.  In  terms  of  legal  structure, authorities in charge of ensure the entry into force of these regulations, do not seem to serious in performing their duties. Whereas in the case of the legal culture of society Tasikmalaya provide enormous support in the implementation of the Regulation of Islamic Shari'ah. However this issue is reaping the pros and cons.
Hukum Keluarga Islam ala Negara: Penafsiran dan Debat atas Dasar Hukum Kompilasi Hukum Islam di Kalangan Otoritas Agama dan Ahli Hukum Euis Nurlaelawati
Asy-Syir'ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum Vol 50, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Sharia and Law - Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajish.2016.50.1.199-222

Abstract

This  article  explores  the  reaction  to  and  criticism  of  the reform  aspects  introduced  in  the  kompilasi  which  have  arisen  among Indonesian Muslim, the ulama of two biggest Muslim organizations in particular and the legal apparatus and scholars. It addresses the issue by looking at specific questions relating to the rationales ofthe reforms. Deploying  socio-historical  legal  approach,  it  displays  the  reform aspects, the arguments and the tendency in their criticism and debate, as well as the key concepts and interpretations of Islamthey have used. It argues that these ‘ulama have distinct and differentways of looking at the reforms, which is intersected with the general attitude of these two organizations in deducting the laws of Islam. Thisarticle stresses that  the  reforms  have  always  not  been  accepted  in  their  whole  by Muslim  society  and  that  the  Islamic  rationales  of  the  reforms  have often  been  deemed  inappropriate,  demonstrating  in  this  sense  the harsh debate between the use of fiqhand Qur’anand between the use of Islamic classical law and the incorporation of  adatlaw as their sources and bases. Further it shows that, although the proposal of reforms was proclaimed  to  be  based  on  the  societal  growing  needs  and demands, they remained to be objects of criticism and debates from such certain groups of Muslims and legal apparatus who argued to also base their criticism on the needs of society.
Perbandingan GreenKonstitusi, GreenEkonomi, dan Hukum Ekonomi Syariah di Indonesia Mohamad Nur Yasin
Asy-Syir'ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum Vol 50, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Sharia and Law - Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajish.2016.50.1.109-139

Abstract

The  rejection  of  unjustice  exploitation  to  natural environment  is  central  theme  of  green  constitution,  green  economic, and  sharia  economic  law.  The  problems,  how  do  comparison of essence and implementation between one and others. In  this paper is used study method in law normative. There are two important findings. First, the similarity of essence of green constitution, greeneconomic, and sharia economic law is focus on environment justice (eco-justice). The  differences,  environment  justice  under  perspective  of  (a)  green constitution  means  natural  environment  has  to  be  welfare  of  people, (b) green economic means natural environment is part of production, distribution,  and  ethical  consumption,  and  (c)  sharia  economic  law means  give  the  right  for  future  generations  to  enjoy  natural environment. Second, the similarity of implementation challenge faced by  three  concepts  is  inconsistention  of  law.  The  differences, inconsistention of law faced by (a) green constitution isinconsistension of environments Act with 1945 Constitution, (b) green economic is the loss  of  unlawfull  meaning  of  lawful  term  (c)  sharia  economic law  is systemic disobedience by sharia corporation to sharia principles.
Reevaluasi Hak-Hak dan Pembinaan Terhadap Narapidana Narkotika dalam Sistem Pemasyarakatan di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Narkotika Kelas II A Yogyakarta Ach. Tahir
Asy-Syir'ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum Vol 50, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Sharia and Law - Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajish.2016.50.1.287-314

Abstract

It is generally known that  the rights  of inmates have  been well  executed  by  the  Wirogunan  penitentiary  in  Yogyakarta.  Some caveats  need  to  be  evaluated  by  the  Ministry  of  Justice and  Human Rights especially Directorate General of Corrections, there are medical service, less availability of decent food, the high cost of prison canteen food,  unresponsive  response  to  gripe,  complicated  remission procedure.It  also  needs  to  be  considered  in  developing  inmates  that some inmates never be the member of correctional institution before, upgrading facilities, coaching personality and autonomy theinmates it self.
Metodologi Ijtihad Mazhab Indonesia: Menelusuri Pemikiran Ushul Fikih Hazairin Agus Moh Najib
Asy-Syir'ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum Vol 50, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Sharia and Law - Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajish.2016.50.1.1-20

Abstract

Hazairin is one of the pioneers who initiated the importance of  Islamic  law  with  Indonesian  pattern.  Even,  he  viewed  the importance  of  the  new  school  (mazhab)  in  Islamic  law,  namely  the Indonesian  mazhab. However, Hazairin’s thought on the methodology of ijtihad, as a basis for the establishment of a school of Islamic law, has not  been  widely  studied.  His  thought  which  was  more  studied  is  the idea  of  the  Indonesia  mazhab and  also  about  inheritance  law.  This article  specifically  explores  the  framework  of  Usul  Fiqh  proposed  by Hazairin. Epistemologically, the main topic of Usul Fiqh is about the sources of Islamic law and the method of how to formulate Islamic law from  the  source.  Therefore,  this  article  examines  Hazarin’s  thought about the two things, namely the sources of Islamic lawand its legal formulation method. From the study done, both on the  sources of law and Islamic law formulation method, Hazarin put the role of ulu al-amri (government, policy  makers)  in  a  strategic  position.  The  method  of legal formulation done by  ulu al-amrirequires  musyawarah(discussions), which  involves  jurists  and  other  relevant  scientific  experts  (collective ijtihad).  Results  of  ijtihad decided  by  ulu  al-amri will  automatically become binding formal rules of law, so that if the resultsof ijtihad is followed  and  practiced  by  the  public  widely,  it  will  become  a new school of Islamic law, namely the Indonesian mazhab.
Teori Pertingkatan Norma dalam Usul Fikih Syamsul Anwar
Asy-Syir'ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum Vol 50, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Sharia and Law - Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajish.2016.50.1.141-167

Abstract

In  this  article,  the  writer  investigates  the  possibility  of  the existence of the notion of legal norm hierarchy in IslamicLaw through analysing several key concepts such as  hukm shar’i(detailed legal rule), asl kulli  (general principle),  qaidah fiqhiyyah  (legal maxim), and  kulliyyat (universals). The writer comes to the conclusion that itis possible to say the Islamic law knows the hirarchical structure of legal norms, but not  in  the  formal  sense  of  the  term,  rather  much  more  in  the substansial  one.  This  means  that  every  legal  norm  in  Islamic  Law  is based on a higher norm, but this higher norm does notfunction as a norm  which  formally  autorizes  its  making,  but  forms  a  source  from which it can be drived.

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