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INDONESIA
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
ISSN : 08544425     EISSN : 2338834X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 34 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA" : 34 Documents clear
The Addition of Potato Biscuit in the Feed of Sumatran Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang Boddaert, 1785) and Javan Slow Loris (Nycticebus javanicus Geoffroy, 1812): The effects on Digestibility and Feed Efficiency Farida, Wartika Rosa; Sari, Andri Permata; Astuti, Wulansih Dwi
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (911.676 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2884

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis experiment aims to determine the effect of the addition of potato biscuit on digestibility and feed efficiency in Sumatran slow loris (Nycticebus coucang). Research has been conducted on Small Mammals Captivity Breeding of Zoology Division, Research Center for Biology - LIPI for 66 days consisting of a 10 days adaptation period of feed and 56 days (8 weeks) data collection period. The material used is four Sumatran slow lorises (N. coucang) and two Javan slow lorises (N. javanicus). Feed given during the study are banana, papaya, dragon fruit, guava, passion fruit, boiled sweet potato, boiled egg potato biscuits, crickets, and meal worm. Feed treatment to Sumatran slow loris consisting of feed control (T0) and T0 plus potato biscuits (T1), while Javan slow loris was only fed T1 as a comparison. Parameters measured were consumption, digestibility, and feed efficiency. The most palatable feed types for Sumatran slow loris and Javan slow loris are banana, cricket, and meal worm. Mean of feed intake at T0 and T1 treatment was 38.63 and 37.42 g / head / day, and that of Javan slow loris is 42.51 g / head / day. Mean of dry matter digestibility of Javan slow loris> T1> T0, namely 92.02%, 91.21%, and 88.95% respectively; whereas the highest average feed efficiency (EPP) is at 12.06% for Sumatran Slow loris and 9.10% in Javan slow loris. The average of total digestible nutrients (TDN) of Javan slow loris> T1> T0, namely 87.04%, 85.34%, and 83.54% respectively.Keywords: consumption, digestibility, feed utilization, Nycticebus coucang, Nycticebus javanicus
Rediscovered of Gnetum gnemon var. tenerum Markgr. in Kalimantan Astuti, Inggit Puji; Witono, Joko Ridho
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2900

Abstract

SHORT COMMUNICATIONRediscovered of Gnetum gnemon var. tenerum Markgr. in Kalimantan
Interaksi Genotipe x Lingkungan dan Stabilitas Karakter Agronomi Kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) Sundari, Titik; Nugrahaeni, Novita
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2889

Abstract

ABSTRACTResearch aimed to determine effect of genotype x environment interactions (GEI) on agronomic characters and yield stability of soybean genotypes were conducted at eight locations, namely Ngawi, Probolinggo, Banyuwangi, Jember, Malang, Sleman-Yogyakarta, Rembiga and Sesela-West Lombok. Materials used in the study were nine soybean genotypes consisting of six promising lines and three improved cultivars (Malabar, Wilis, and Ringgit). A randomized complete block design was used in each location, repeated four times. Observations were made on flowering days, maturity days, plant height, number of filled pods, seed weight per plant, 100 seed weight and seed yield. Results showed that the effect of GEI was significant on all of the observed agronomic characters. Maturity days, filled pods number, seed weight per plant, and seed yield were predominantly influenced by environmental factors, plant height and 100 seed weight were predominantly influenced by genetic factors, whereas flowering days was influenced by GEI. Genotype I/M-824-19 was stable with yield average lower compared to that of all genotypes and Agl/I-1114-8 was stable with yield average higher than the yield average of all genotypes. Wilis and M/IB-895-2 were classified as unstable, but gave yield average higher than the yield average of all genotypes.Keywords: adaptation, promising lines, soybean, stable
Model Eutrofikasi 2-Dimensi Berlapis untuk Optimalisasi Lokasi Zona Budidaya Ikan Karamba Jaring Apung (KJA) Di Waduk Jatiluhur Harsono, Eko
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2896

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe development of floating net aquaculture in Jatiluhur reservoir that reach up 21000 to 26 717 plot have been resulted in eutrophication that interfere of water treatmen raw water, tourism and water sports, so the reduction and redeployment zones floating net in the reservoir needs to be done. The purpose of this study looking for zone of floating net aquaculture in Jatiluhur reservoir. The zone is obtained from the optimization by maximizing the density plots floating net per segment in alternate zones with constraints status trophic allowed in the area of water treatment raw water in take, tourism and water sports in the downstream Jatiluhur reservoir through simulation of the chlorophyll-a concentration distribution from the 2 -dimensional layered eutrophication model for scenarios increase every 10 plots floating net in segments of alternative zones 1, 2, 3 in the downstream reservoirs and alternate zone 4 in the middle of the reservoir. The results of the eutrophication 2-dimensional layered model calculation been obtained segment length and width of 100 m. The optimization results show, the carriying capacity of water due to zoning plots Jatiluhur reservoir floating net per segment in the middle of the reservoir is greater than the downstream of the reservoir, and to get water Jatiluhur reservoir in oligotrophic status that does not interfere with other uses of the reservoir water, and to get water Jatiluhur reservoir in oligotrophic status that does not interfere with other uses of the reservoir water, the highest density of a plot floating net per segment is the alternative zone 4 of 10 plot floating net per segment or 4,420 plot floating net. For the the aquaculture fish in floating net in the area are currently recommended to be moved to alternative zone 4 which is located in the central part Jatiluhur reservoir.Keywords: floating net plot zone, Jatiluhur reservoir, optimalitation, 2-dimensional layered eutrophication
Variabilitas Musiman Jenis Mamalia di Kawasan Industri Semen PT Indocement Tunggal Prakarsa TBK Unit Palimanan, Jawa Barat Kartono, Agus Priyono; Choirunnisa, Amalia; Prayogi, Kendy Danang; Chandra, Rufidi
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2885

Abstract

ABSTRACTA study on seasonal variability of mammals species was carried out in the cement industrial area of PT Indocement Tunggal Prakarsa Tbk. Palimanan Plant, West Jawa. The combined action of climatic factors and habitat types have an important contribution to the diversity of mammals. Season conditions in the cement industrial and quarry area can be divided into the dry and rainy seasons. Eight main habitat types are present in the region: the conservation area of Mount Blindis, tree stands within the factory area, tree stands outside the factory area, area surrounding the pool/artificial lake, area of Jatropha curcas plantation, buffer zone, shrubs, and paddy fields in the cement industrial area and quarry. The objective of this study was to compare the diversity of mammals based on the season and habitat types. Total of mammals found are 17 species, comprising 10 species of aerial mammals (bats) and 7 species of terrestrial mammals. We found that species richness in the dry and rainy season was significantly different (p = 0.000). Dry season is richer (13 species, 105 individuals) than rainy season (12 species, 93 individuals). Index of mammals species diversity in the dry season is H=1.65±0.12 with evenness index J=0.64; while the rainy season is H=1.87±0.10 with evenness index J=0.75. Communities similarities of mammals between the dry season with the rainy season is 64%.Keywords: Mammals, bats, species richness, diversity, evenness, similarity community
Penapisan dan Karakterisasi Rhizobakteria serta Uji Aktivitasnya dalam Mendukung Perkecambahan dan Pertumbuhan Benih Jagung (Zea mays L.) Agustiyani, Dwi
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2890

Abstract

ABSTRACTPlant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) are a group of bacteria known to influence plant growth by direct or indirect mechanisms. In search of efficient PGPR which potential as biofertilizers, a total of 26 isolates of rhizobacteria were isolated from various plant rhizosphere. These 26 isolates were screened through in vitro methods for PGPR properties like phosphate solubilization, siderophore, IAA and amonia production, and catalase activity. The result revealed that 9 isolates showed positive activities for phosphate solubilization 17 isolates for IAA production 18 isolates for siderophores 19 isolates for ammonia production and all of the isolates have catalase activities . Only four isolates (Az.KT.CSC, Az.D.8B, Az.D.8A and Az.Lo.10B) exhibited multiple plant growth promoting traits viz., phosphate solubilization, siderophore, IAA, amonia production, and catalase activity. Ten isolates that have different characters were further investigated for quantitative analysis of IAA production, HCN production and its effect on germination and seedling growth of Zea mays. The range of IAA production was 3,12– 134,27 ppm, among ten isolates, Az.D.8B isolate produced the highest IAA (134,27 ppm). Production of HCN was detected in eight isolates. Four isolates positively affected the germination of Zea mays seeds. Highest root elongation was recorded when seeds were treated with Az.Lo.5 isolate. Whereas, the highest chlorophyl content and plant high were recorded when seeds were treated with Az.B.8B isolate.Keywords: N-fixing bacteria, PGPR, IAA, siderophore, catalase
Dinamika Sel Heterokis Anabaena azollae dalam Media Tumbuh dengan Konsentrasi Nitrogen Berbeda Murti Pratiwi, Niken Tunjung; Ayu, Inna Puspa; Hariyadi, Sigid; Nursiyamah, Siti; Sulaiman, Goran Suryanti Afifah; Iswantari, Aliati
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (750.84 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2897

Abstract

ABSTRACTAnabaena azollae is an heterocyst Cyanophyceaean as symbiont of Azolla sp. Anabaena azollae is able to fix N2 from atmosphere and transform it into ammonium by its heterocyst cell. This research was conducted to study the influence of different concentration level of nitrogen to the dynamic of Anabaena azollae heterocyst cell. Research was conducted by observing heterocyst cell and variation nitrogen concentration in growing media in 21 days. In each sampling of Azolla sp., heterocyst observation was conducted for every 1000 cells in Anabaena azollae filament colonies. Result showed that media with 0 mg/L nitrogen has the highest number of heterocyst cell. In early observation, there was increasing of ammonium concentration in media 0 mg/L and 5 mg/L. Media without nitrogen addition has generated the highest number of heterocyst cell.Keywords: Anabaena azollae, Azolla sp., heterocyst
Stok Karbon dan Biomasa Beberapa Komoditas Tanaman Pertanian Di Bodogol- Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango – Jawa Barat Rahajoe, Joeni Setijo; Alhamd, Laode; Handayani, Dewi
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2886

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe study of carbon stock and biomasa of agricultural commodities was conducted in the Bodogol village, Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park - West Java. The purpose of this research to determine the biomasa, carbon stock and the rate of decomposition of agricultural commodities by using destructive sample and litterbag method. Six of agricultural commodities: green beans/buncis (Phaseolus vulgaris), chilli (Capsicum annum), corn (Zea mays), bean (Vigna cylindrica), peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) and cassava (Manihot esculenta), were calculated their biomasa and carbon stocks. The result showed that the biomasa of agriculture commodities in the range of 0.152 to 4.216 t ha-1, with a carbon stock ranging from 0.01 to 1.83 t ha-1. The decomposition rate (k) of those commodities were k = 5.6 y-1; 5.48 y-1, 5.18 y-1, 5.04 y-1, 4.42 y-1, and k = 1.21 y-1, for Manihot esculenta, Vigna cylindrica, Arachis hypogea, Zea mays, Capsicum annum and Phaseolus vulgaris, respectively.Keywords: Biomasa, Gede Pangrango, Carbon, Agricultural commodities
Effect of Nitrogen Addition on the ?-Amylase Production by Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus oligosporus and Neurospora crassa in media contained Sargassum and Rice Seed on Solid State Fermentation Kanti, Atit
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1007.246 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2891

Abstract

ABSTRACTAmylase is one of the hydrolytic enzymes which is commercially important and represent about 25–33% of the world enzyme market. Amylase production is affected by substrate for enzyme productions include particle size, initial moisture content and nutrient addition. The present study describe the effect of N-species addition on alpha amylase production by Aspergillus niger Km1, Rhizopus oligosporus Km2 and Neurospora crassa Km3 in medium contained sargasum and rice seed on solid state fermentation. Various ration of media composition contained dried sargassum and rice seed were studied. The effect of particle size of sargassum, initial water content on ?-amylase production were evaluated. The best media composition was then augmented with N-species include sodium nitrate, yeast extract, and peptone on solid state fermentation. Best media composition was 60:40 (w/w) of sargassum and rice seed respectively, with initial moisture content was 60%. Increase 5 times of amylase activity was obtained when sodium nitrate (0,5% w/w) was added to production medium. N-species significantly affect Alpha amylase production on sargassum and rice seed with maximum alpha amylase production was 36,66 unit by Rhizopus oligosporus.The economic value of Sargassum can be increased through alpha amilase production.Keywords: Amylase, Nitrogen, solid state fermentation, Rhizopus oligosporus, Neurospora crassa
Variasi Suara Panggilan Kodok Hylarana nicobariensis (Stoliczka, 1870) Dari Lima Populasi Berbeda di Indonesia (Anura: Ranidae) Kurniati, Hellen; Hamidy, Amir
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (932.382 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2877

Abstract

Hylarana nicobariensis (Stoliczka, 1870) is a very common frog, which has a wide distribution, covering the southern part of Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Bali and Palawan in the Philippines. The presence of this frog is very easy to be recognized by listening its shrill call that is sounded loudly all day. Detailed descriptions of H. nicobariensis’s calls from Ulu Gombak in Peninsular Malaysia and Danum Valley in Sarawak have been published by Jehle and Arak (1998), which are some call characters of the frog from the two locations are significantly different. To determine the call characters that can distinguish among populations of this frog, advertisement calls of five different populations (Batukaru, Curup, Limau Manis, Curug Nangka and Lake Ecology Park) were analyzed. The characters of the call waves on the five populations are different in the structure of sub-pulses, dominant frequency and lower frequency. Among the five populations, the population from Lake Ecology Park is the most different in the terms of the dominant frequency (3996.95 ± 124.74 Hz) and lower frequency (1692.51 ± 80.77 Hz), of this population both these characters occupy the highest level compared to four other populations; however individuals from Curup occupy the lowest level on dominant frequency (2919.67 ± 67.76 Hz) and lower frequency (832.96 ± 32.42 Hz).Key words: Ranidae, Hylarana nicobariensis, bioacoustics

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