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Gambaran Kadar Kolesterol Total pada Pecandu Kopi Kecamatan Poasia Kota Kendari Darmayani, Satya; Rosanty, Anita; Rahmayani, Dian
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Juni
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Kendari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (187.11 KB) | DOI: 10.36990/hijp.v10i1.122

Abstract

One of the effects of coffee consumption that still questionable is the increase in total cholesterol levels. The content of cafestol in coffee beans could be expected to block the process of ?-oxidation of cholesterol that increases cholesterol levels in the blood. This study aimed to describe the normal total cholesterol levels and high total cholesterol levels in coffee addicts in the working area of Puskesmas Poasia, Subdistrict of Poasia. The research sample amounted to 38 people taken by purposive sampling. The results showed that the total cholesterol levels test in coffee addicts obtained as many as 14 people (36.84%) with normal total cholesterol levels and as many as 24 people (63.16%) had a high total cholesterol level, but from 24 people of the coffee addicts, there are 4 of them in young age and allowed the possibility of an increase in cholesterol levels become faster due to genetic, lifestyle and unhealthy diet. It concluded that of the 38 people of coffee addicts who tested the cholesterol levels, the number of coffee addicts with high total cholesterol levels more than coffee addicts with normal total cholesterol levels. Therefore, it suggested people reduce consumption of coffee, especially those for coffee addicts.
Inhibition of Juice Komba-Komba (Chromolaenaodorata) Leaf Against Growth of Bacteria Staphylococcus aureus Yunus, Reni; Hilam, Muhammad; Darmayani, Satya
International Journal of Applied Biology Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): International Journal of Applied Biology
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/ijab.v3i1.6062

Abstract

Nowadays many plants can be used as traditional medicines to overcome various diseases including infections, because the use of traditional medicines is relatively safer compared to drugs derived from chemicals. One of the local plants in Southeast Sulawesi that has been empirically used as a medicine for wounds is a race of plants. Komba-komba leaves (Chromolaena odorata) containcompounds alkaloid, flavonoids, tannins, phenols, triterpenoids, saponins and steroids which have their respective functions in inhibiting the growth of microorganisms or antibacterial. This study aims to determine the inhibition of komba-komba leaf extract (Chromolaena odorata) on the growth ofbacteria Staphylococcus aureus. This type of research is experimental laboratories. The method used was agar diffusion with 5 treatment concentrations, namely komba-sheep leaf extract concentration (Chromolaena odorata) 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100%, positive control (tetracycline) and negative control (aquadest) and repetition . The results showed that there was a inhibition zone of komba-komba leaf extract (Chromolaena odorata) on the growth ofbacteria Staphylococcus aureus at a concentration of 20% at 2 mm, a concentration of 40% at 3.7 mm, a concentration of 60% at 4.7 mm, a concentration of 80% 6.2 mm and a concentration of 100% by 8 mm.
Penataan Penjualan Ikan Asin Bebas Formalin sebagai Makanan Khas Masyarakat Kota Kendari Menuju Produk Unggulan Yang Sehat dan Higienis: (Studi Kasus: Pasar Tradisional dan Modern Kota Kendari) Darmayani, Satya; Hasnah, Nur; Yuniarty, Tuty; Yunus, Reni
Journal of Community Development Articles In Press
Publisher : Indonesian Journal Publisher

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Abstract

Community services are focused on getting healthy and hygienic food sold in the city of Kendari. In the initial stage, the examination is carried out by taking samples of salted fish sold in traditional and modern markets and then tested whether they contain formaldehyde. If the findings of salted fish contain formaldehyde, education and guidance will be given about alternative formalin ingredients that are safe for health. A total of 60 samples of salted fish were taken from 7 traditional markets in Kendari city and 2 modern markets. The formalin content of fish was analyzed qualitatively. The results of this analysis showed 6 samples or about 10% contained formaldehyde. Based on the results of the analysis of 60 samples, it was found positive results in traditional markets and negative results for samples from modern markets. Thus, the Kendari City Traditional Market has stated that salted fish contains formaldehyde and is very dangerous if consumed continuously.
Comparison the number of bacteria between washing hands using soap and hand sanitizer as a bacteriology learning resource for students Darmayani, Satya; Askrening, Askrening; Ariyani, Apita
JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia) Vol. 3 No. 3 (2017): NOVEMBER
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22219/jpbi.v3i3.4862

Abstract

Hands are the principal carriers of bacterial diseases, therefore very important to know that washing hands with soap or hand sanitizer is highly effective healthy behaviors to reduce bacteria in the palm. This study aimed to determine the total number of bacteria between washing hands with soap and hand sanitizer, also applying the results of these studies as a learning resource in bacteriology. The research design was the true experiment with pretest-posttest control group research design and laboratory examination. Analysis of data using paired t-test and independent sample t-test with α = 0.05. The result using paired t-test obtained t count= 2.48921> t 0.05 (14) = 2.14479 (with liquid soap), obtained t count= 2.32937> t 0.05 (14) = 2.14479 (with hand sanitizer). As for the comparison of the total number of bacteria include washing hands with soap and hand sanitizer using independent samples t-test obtained results there were differences in the total number of bacteria include washing hands with liquid soap and hand sanitizer with t count= 2.23755> t 0.05 ( 13) = 2.16037. That results showed hand sanitizer more effective to reduce the number of bacteria than the liquid soap, that was hand sanitizer 96% and liquid soap by 95%.
The use of silica sand, zeolite and active charcoal to reduce BOD, COD, and TSS of laundry waste water as a biology learning resources Assiddieq, Moch; Darmayani, Satya; Kudonowarso, Wirapati
JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia) Vol. 3 No. 3 (2017): NOVEMBER
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22219/jpbi.v3i3.4864

Abstract

The aquatic environment contaminated with detergent waste in high concentrations can endanger the lives human and biota in the water. This study aimed to determine the decrease of BOD, COD and TSS content of laundry liquid waste by using filter media of silica sand, zeolite, and activated charcoal. Filter medium 1a can reduce BOD level from 98.6 mg/L to 58.80 mg/L (40.36%), while medium 1b can decrease BOD level to 21.20 mg/L (78.48%). It showed that media 1a had not fulfilled the quality standard of BOD of waste water that is 50 mg/L, while media 1b had fulfilled the standard of quality. Filter media 1a can decrease COD level from 210 mg/L to 78.80 mg/L (62.47%), whereas medium 1b can decrease COD to 25.60 mg/L (87.80%). This showed that media 1a and media 1b had met the quality standard of COD of waste water that is 100 mg/L. Filter media 1a can decrease TSS level from 465 mg/L to 122.5 mg/L (73.65%), whereas medium 1b can decrease TSS level to 52.3 mg/L (88.75%). This showed that media 1a and media 1b had met the quality standard of TSS of waste water that is 150 mg/L.