Anggara, Ferian
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KARAKTERISTIK DAN GENESA PENGAYAAN UNSUR-UNSUR TANAH JARANG PADA BATUBARA LAPANGAN BATUBARA MUARA TIGA BESAR UTARA, TANJUNG ENIM, CEKUNGAN SUMATERA SELATAN Anggara, Ferian; Cikasimi, Mutiara; Rahmat, Basuki; Wibisono, Sigit Arso; Susilawati, Rita
Buletin Sumber Daya Geologi Vol. 14 No. 3 (2019): Buletin Sumber Daya Geologi
Publisher : Pusat Sumber Daya Mineral Batubara dan Panas Bumi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1655.644 KB) | DOI: 10.47599/bsdg.v14i3.288

Abstract

Batubara telah menjadi salah satu sumber alternatif unsur-unsur tanah jarang (UTJ) seiring dengan meningkatnya permintaan terhadap kebutuhan unsur-unsur tersebut. Kondisi geologis spesifik menyebabkan pengayaan konsentrasi UTJ pada batubara. Keterdapatan lapisan tipis material vulkanik (tonstein) pada Lapangan Batubara Muara Tiga Besar Utara, Formasi Muara Enim, Cekungan Sumatera Selatan menjadi salah satu indikasi terdapatnya pengayaan UTJ. Penelitian dilakukan menggunakan metode petrografi sayatan poles, analisis-analisis X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), proksimat, dan geokimia; Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass/Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-MS/AES). Analisis geokimia menunjukkan pola distribusi UTJ didominasi oleh tipe UTJ Berat (Heavy Rare Earth Elements, HREE). Plot diagram nilai Coutl dan REOash menunjukkan prospek pengayaan UTJ termasuk ke dalam daerah prospek. Pola distribusi UTJ dan anomali redox sensitive dan redox non-sensitive menunjukkan tipe genetik pengayaan UTJ adalah tufaan. Pengayaan UTJ terjadi oleh proses pencucian alkaline tonstein yang terendapkan pada fase penggambutan dalam pembentukan batubara.
PENGARUH KANDUNGAN ABU DAN ZAT TERBANG TERHADAP MAKSIMUM FLUIDITAS BATUBARA FORMASI TANJUNG DI DAERAH SEKAKO, KALIMANTAN TENGAH: THE INFLUENCE OF ASH AND VOLATILE MATTER CONTENTS ON MAXIMUM FLUIDITY OF TANJUNG FORMATION COAL IN SEKAKO AREA, CENTRAL KALIMANTAN PROVINCE Wiranata, Beny; Amijaya, Hendra; Anggara, Ferian; Tanggara, Deddy N.S.P.
Buletin Sumber Daya Geologi Vol. 15 No. 2 (2020): Buletin Sumber Daya Geologi
Publisher : Pusat Sumber Daya Mineral Batubara dan Panas Bumi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.47599/bsdg.v15i2.242

Abstract

High to low volatile bituminous coals of Tanjung Formation in Central Kalimantan Province is known to be potentially used as a metallurgical or coking coal. Coal maximum fluidity is one important parameter which is strongly connected to the quality of the coke produced. This study aims to determine the relationship between coal maximum fluidity and its volatile matter and ash content. Four coal from A seam and 6 coal from B seam of Tanjung Formation in Sekako area were sampled using a ply by ply channel sampling method. Samples are dominated by bright coal and banded bright coals lithotype. All coal samples are subjected to proximate and Gieseler plastometer analysis in the laboratory. The coal samples Laboratory results show that coal in the study area have ash content ranging from 2,79 to 9,05 (wt%, adb), volatile matter contents varies from 35,14 to 39,50 (wt%, adb) and coals maximum fluidity varies from 22263 to 49029 (ddpm). Further data evaluation indicates that in the study area, coal ash content are negatively correlated (r= -0.656, R2= 0.431) and had no significant effect on the maximum of coal fluidity (r = -0,656, R2 = -0,431 and sig. 0,055 > 0,05). On the other hand, coal volatile matter are positively correlated (r = 0.794; R2 = 0.6301) and had a significant effect (sig. 0.003 <0.05) on the maximum fluidity of coal. The increase of ash content causes the decrease of coal maximum fluidity, whereas the increase of coal volatile matter causes the increase of coal maximum fluidity. The correlation of volatile matter content and coal maximum fluidity can be expressed by an equation of y = 6327,9x - 200248.