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Determinan Stunting Anak 6-24 Bulan di Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur Koro, Suriana; Hadju, Veni; As'ad, Suryani; Bahar, Baharuddin
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Digitalisasi Versi Cetak
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Kendari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (474.201 KB) | DOI: 10.36990/hijp.v10i1.1

Abstract

Nutritional problems in children under five are still a public health problem if the prevalence of stunting is> 20%. The prevalence of stunting in general in the world is also a public health problem because it is still 26%. Nationally, the prevalence of stunting in children under five in Indonesia is 37.2%. This means that the problem of nutrition in Indonesia is still a serious public health problem. Meanwhile, the proportion of children under five with stunting is 48.2% in NTT Province, including a critical public health problem. Based on this background, this study aims to determine the determinants of stunting of children 6-24 months in South Central Timor District, East Nusa Tenggara Province. B This research is an observational study with a cross-sectional design. The research was carried out in nine sub-districts of Timor Tengah Selatan Regency. Baduta food consumption data were obtained through consumption recall, while other data were obtained through questionnaires by enumerators. Analysis of nutrients in food using a food processor 2 (FP2). The statistical test used is Chi-Square. The number of respondents studied was 3480 children, with stunting and severe stunting as many as 1416 children (40.7%), most of whom were boys, as many as 1870 children (53.7%), for 12-24 months there were 1916 children, (1%), where the results of the chi square test are significant p <0.05. Education of mothers and fathers, respectively 1827 people (52.5%) and 1754 people (50.4%) with basic education did not complete and graduated from junior high school, with the majority of jobs being mother farmers (83.3%) and fathers (65.0%), most of the socio-economic conditions are low (83.5%). Maternal TB was significant (p = 0.000) as well as parity and birth spacing, the results of the chi-square test were significantly significant, p <0.005, while exclusive breastfeeding was only 596 people (17.1%). Nutritional needs did not reach the Recommended dietary allowance. (RDA) <80% RDA, energy intake (90.3%), protein (82.6%), fat (97.9%) and KH (82.0%). History of diarrhea (17.4%), fever (32.6%), shortness of breath (2.3%), cough (31.0%) and runny nose (29.2%) and the results of the chi-square test were only fever. Significant with p = 0.016. The logistic regression results showed that gender and maternal height were the most associated with stunting nutritional status. The determinant factors of stunting were the child's age, sex, mother's education, maternal occupation, mother's height, parity, birth spacing, protein intake and a history of fever.
Exploration of Nutritional Knowledge Aspects of Pregnant Adolescents in Javanese Ethnicity in Ponorogo Regency, East Java Rizki P, Retno Inten; Indriasari, Rahayu; Bahar, Baharuddin; Thaha, Abdul Razak; Ishak, Hasanuddin; Salam, Abdul
Journal La Medihealtico Vol. 1 No. 6 (2020): Journal La Medihealtico
Publisher : Newinera Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37899/journallamedihealtico.v1i6.181

Abstract

Maternal health problems are one of the main indicators of health status, namely maternal mortality. Maternal mortality is still a major public health challenge around the world, including in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to explore aspects of nutritional knowledge related to healthy food, balanced nutrition, exclusive breastfeeding and care during teenage pregnancy for Javanese ethnicity in Ponorogo, East Java. This type of research is qualitative with a phenomenological approach. This research was conducted in June - July 2020. The main informants in this study were pregnant women aged 10-19 years in the working area of ​​the Balong Community Health Center, Ponorogo Regency. The source of the informants was determined by snowball sampling. The snowball sampling technique is a form of judgment sampling. Data collection is more emphasized through in-depth interviews (in-depth interviews), namely individual dialogue with informants obtained directly from pregnant women. The results of the study of 6 informants who were teenage pregnant women in the Balong PKM work area, Ponorogo Regency, all informants had underweight nutritional status (BMI / age) and Chronic Energy Deficiency (KEK). The knowledge explored in the form of: food for pregnant women, balanced nutrition, exclusive breastfeeding, risk of teenage pregnancy and pregnancy care. Based on the results of the interview, the informant said that foods that are good for pregnant women to consume are fruits, vegetables, milk and vitamins. Regarding balanced nutrition, all informants did not know at all what balanced nutrition for care during pregnancy, the informant said there was no difference in pregnancy care except health checks at health services, treatments such as maintaining cleanliness and regular exercise.