Amrullah, Hilma
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Family Function and Misuse of Drug in Adolescents in Indonesia Oktriyanto, Oktriyanto; Amrullah, Hilma; Titisari, Anastasia Septya
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 16, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v16i2.23304


In Indonesia drug in adolescents shows a number that tends to be high. This phenomenon is certainly an indication that there are character problems in children and adolescents in Indonesia, which certainly cannot be separated from the role of parents. In this case the function of parents and government support is needed in an effort to handle the use of drugs in teenagers in Indonesia. The results showed that the majority of adolescents who used drugs were more in adolescents who had heads of households with low education and had families with a low wealth index, were in whole families, and more in adolescents who lived in rural areas. Teenage boys tend to use drugs more than girls. Teenagers who use drugs have more characteristics of the 20-24 year age group,  low education and are not working. The factors that significantly affect the use of drug use among adolescents include socio-cultural functions, place of residence, adolescence, adolescent sex, work status, adolescent access to PIK-R programs, and knowledge of the impact of drugs.
Faktor Pendukung Pendewasaaan Usia Perkawinan : Enabling Factors of Marriage Age Maturity Angraini, Wulan; Amrullah, Hilma; Febriawati, Henni; Yanuarti, Riska
Jurnal Bidan Cerdas Vol. 3 No. 4 (2021)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33860/jbc.v3i4.535


Introduction: Maturity of age marriage (PUP) plays as an important role in implementation of population development and family planning programs that aimed in improving quality of life. The proportion of adolescents in Province Bengkulu who know about family development is still below national figure, which is only 61,67%. Purpose: it is known factor maturity age marriage in Province Bengkulu. Methods: Design research cross-sectional used secondary data from Performance Survey and Accountability Program (SKAP) in 2019. Research time July to December 2020. The research population who were successfully interviewed was 69,662 families. The sample research was coverage in Province Bengkulu were 341 people. Data analysis are univariable and bivariable chi-square. Results: 71.6% of adolescents in Bengkulu Province plan to get married when they are 21 years old for women and 25 years for men. Gender is factor enabling that influences maturity of age marriage (p-value=0.013 OR: 1,89 CI 95%: 1,16-3,07). Residence of adolescents (p-value=0.374) and wealth index of adolescents (p value=0.491) did not have a significant relationship with maturity of age marriage of adolescent in Bengkulu Province. Conclusion: Understanding of the ideal age for marriage needs to be give early as possible to prevent child marriage. Interventions related to maturity age marriage in rural areas need to be increased for adolescents through PLB which is an extension of the BKKBN.
Determinants of Low Birth Weight in Indonesia Oktriyanto, Oktriyanto; Rahardja, Mugia Bayu; FN, Desi Nury; Amrullah, Hilma; Pujihasvuty, Resti; PN, Margareth Maya
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 17, No 4 (2022)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v17i4.33365


Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the main factors influencing the development of chronic disease in adulthood in surviving or surviving infants. This study aims to determine the determinants of the incidence of LBW in toddlers (infants aged 0-5 years) in Indonesia. This study uses a data set from the 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS). The dependent variable is the child’s LBW status, while the independent variable consists of 3 variable blocks, namely; distal, intermediate and proximal variables. The number of samples in this study was 14,372 people. Data analysis was done descriptively and inferentially. The results showed that, of the 14,262 samples analyzed, 7% showed LBW. The highest probability of LBW was associated with the type of birth of twins (AOR: 22,087; 95%CI: 18,344-26,194), the order of birth of the 4th child or more (AOR: 2,231; 95%CI: 1,887-2.598), experiencing pregnancy complications (AOR: 1.887; 95% CI: 1.543-2.134), number of ANC visits less than 4 times (AOR: 1.763; 95% CI: 1.411-2.202), low maternal education (AOR: 1.711; 95% CI: 1.344-2.143), no consumption of iron tablets during pregnancy (AOR: 1.316; 95% CI:1.109-1.623), and households with low wealth quintiles (AOR: 1.301; 95% CI: 1.197-1.324. Various aspects have been associated with LBW which is expected to contribute on elaborating health and family policies and promoting better living conditions for mothers and children in Indonesia.