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Design of Reflectance Pulse Oximeter and BPM using the Max30100 Sensor in Early Detection of Hypoxemia in Patients with Cardiovascular Disorders Huang, Chiu-Hua; Guo, Jia-Wei
International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021): November
Publisher : Forum Ilmiah Teknologi dan Ilmu Kesehatan (FORITIKES)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (730.165 KB) | DOI: 10.35882/ijahst.v1i1.1

Abstract

Blood oxygen saturation meter is a tool used to monitor the state of oxygen saturation in the blood and also the patient's heart rate (BPM) and to assist in the physical assessment of the patient without going through blood gas analysis. Oxygen saturation measuring devices usually use the difference in the wavelengths of red and infrared led light that will be captured by the photodiode. The purpose of this research is to make a pulse oximeter equipped with a display of SPO2, BPM values ​​and an additional SP02 signal. The design of this measuring instrument uses the MAX30100 sensor, the minimum system circuit of Arduino ATmega328p and OLED (Organic Light-Emitting Diode). Data from the MAX30100 sensor enters the I2C pin on the minimum Arduino system, then the microcontroller is processed to produce the percentage of SPO2 value, BPM value, and SPO2 signal which is then displayed on the OLED. The test is done by comparing the module with standard measuring instruments which produces the largest % error of 0.81% for Spo2 and 0.87% for BPM. The error presentation is obtained from factor measurements, if there is finger movement it will cause a large error. From the results obtained, the tool is still feasible to use because in the "Guidelines for Testing and Calibrating Medical Devices" Ministry of Health RI 2001, the maximum limit in the pulse oximeter error tolerance is for Spo2 1% and BPM 5%.