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Utilization of Probiotic and Organic-Cn on Ruminal Ecosystem In Vitro Astuti, Wulansih Dwi; Ridwan, Roni; Tappa, Baharuddin
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 12, No 4 (2007)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (52.992 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v12i4.493

Abstract

Improvement of nutrient intake was needed to increase cattle productivity. Probiotics and organic Cr, as feed additives, might have beneficially improve ruminant microbial ecosystem, and optimize digestion process by rumen microbes. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of combination between probiotic or mixed probiotcs and organic Cr on rumen fermentation activity. An in vitro study was held based on randomized block design with 5 treatments and 3 replications. The treatments were (A) Control ration, (B) Control ration + probiotic TSD 10, (C) Control ration + probiotic TSD 10 + organic Cr, (D) Control ration + mixed probiotics, and (E) Control ration + mixed probiotics + organic Cr. Organic Cr concentration was supplemented 2 ppm, whereas probiotics supplement contained 109 cfu/g. Supplementation of probiotic and organic Cr increased dry matter and organic matter digestibility but decreased total VFA and NH3 concentration. Treatment E (combination between mixed probiotics and organic Cr) gave the highest dry matter (52.45 %) and organic matter (51.96 %) digestibilities. It also tended to increase NH3 and total VFA production. Supplementation of single or mixed probiotics showed no difference for dry matter and organic matter digestibilities, and proportion of individual VFA. Mixed probiotics gave higher VFA and NH3 concentration compared to single probiotic. Probiotics supplementation resulted in a tendency for higher acetate proportion, while organic Cr supplementation resulted in a tendency of higher propionate proportion. Key Words: Probiotic, Organic Cr, Ruminal Microbes, VFA
Performa Pertumbuhan Kukang Jawa (Nycticebus javanicus E. Geoffroy,1812) yang Diberi Tambahan Biskuit dan Monkey Chow dalam Pakan Farida, Wartika Rosa; Astuti, Wulansih Dwi; Sari, Andri Permata
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 10, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Biologi Indonesia
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v10i2.2109

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of the addition of biscuits and monkey chow in the feed to the growthperformance of java slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus E. Geoffroy, 1812). Research has been conducted in CaptivitySmall Mammals, Zoology Division, Research Center for Biology - LIPI for 52 days consisted of a 10 days period offeed adaptation and 42 days (6 weeks) period of data collection. The material used is six java slow loris aged 1 - 1,5years consisted of three males and three females. Alternative feed given during the study were banana (Musa sp.),papaya (Carica papaya), fuji apple (Malus domestica), pear (Pyrus amygdaliformis), guava (Psidium guajava),cucumber (Cucumis sativus), sweet potato (Ipomea batatas), boiled quail eggs, biscuits sprinkled with sugar, monkeychow, crickets, and mealworm. Parameters measured were feed intake, body weight gain, feed efficiency, and totaldigestible nutrients (TDN). The data were analyzed using analysis of variance, followed by Duncans multiplerange test. The results showed the average of dry matter intake in PII (45.89 g / head / day) was significantly higher(P <0.05) than that in PI (43.19 g / head / day) and P0 (42,17g / head / day. The average of body weight gain ofslow loris in PI> PII> P0, namely respectively 3.49 g / head / day, 3.41 g / head / day, and 3.15 g / head / day,while the feed efficiency in the treatment PI> P0> PII, respectively 8.20%, 7.47%, and 7.44%. The average oftotal digestible nutrients (TDN) of slow loris in PI (96.33%) was significantly higher (P <0.05) than that in PII(92.91%) and P0 (85.50%). The data of nutrient consumption can be used as a basis for the preparation of rationsand feed for slow loris in captivity.Key words: growth, feed efficiency, Nycticebus javanicus, captive breeding
The Addition of Potato Biscuit in the Feed of Sumatran Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang Boddaert, 1785) and Javan Slow Loris (Nycticebus javanicus Geoffroy, 1812): The effects on Digestibility and Feed Efficiency Farida, Wartika Rosa; Sari, Andri Permata; Astuti, Wulansih Dwi
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (911.676 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2884

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis experiment aims to determine the effect of the addition of potato biscuit on digestibility and feed efficiency in Sumatran slow loris (Nycticebus coucang). Research has been conducted on Small Mammals Captivity Breeding of Zoology Division, Research Center for Biology - LIPI for 66 days consisting of a 10 days adaptation period of feed and 56 days (8 weeks) data collection period. The material used is four Sumatran slow lorises (N. coucang) and two Javan slow lorises (N. javanicus). Feed given during the study are banana, papaya, dragon fruit, guava, passion fruit, boiled sweet potato, boiled egg potato biscuits, crickets, and meal worm. Feed treatment to Sumatran slow loris consisting of feed control (T0) and T0 plus potato biscuits (T1), while Javan slow loris was only fed T1 as a comparison. Parameters measured were consumption, digestibility, and feed efficiency. The most palatable feed types for Sumatran slow loris and Javan slow loris are banana, cricket, and meal worm. Mean of feed intake at T0 and T1 treatment was 38.63 and 37.42 g / head / day, and that of Javan slow loris is 42.51 g / head / day. Mean of dry matter digestibility of Javan slow loris> T1> T0, namely 92.02%, 91.21%, and 88.95% respectively; whereas the highest average feed efficiency (EPP) is at 12.06% for Sumatran Slow loris and 9.10% in Javan slow loris. The average of total digestible nutrients (TDN) of Javan slow loris> T1> T0, namely 87.04%, 85.34%, and 83.54% respectively.Keywords: consumption, digestibility, feed utilization, Nycticebus coucang, Nycticebus javanicus
PERFORMA PERTUMBUHAN KUKANG JAWA (NYCTICEBUS JAVANICUS E. GEOFFROY,1812) YANG DIBERI TAMBAHAN BISKUIT DAN MONKEY CHOW DALAM PAKAN Farida, Wartika Rosa; Astuti, Wulansih Dwi; Sari, Andri Permata
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 10, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Biologi Indonesia
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v10i2.2109

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of the addition of biscuits and monkey chow in the feed to the growthperformance of java slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus E. Geoffroy, 1812). Research has been conducted in CaptivitySmall Mammals, Zoology Division, Research Center for Biology - LIPI for 52 days consisted of a 10 days period offeed adaptation and 42 days (6 weeks) period of data collection. The material used is six java slow loris aged 1 - 1,5years consisted of three males and three females. Alternative feed given during the study were banana (Musa sp.),papaya (Carica papaya), fuji apple (Malus domestica), pear (Pyrus amygdaliformis), guava (Psidium guajava),cucumber (Cucumis sativus), sweet potato (Ipomea batatas), boiled quail eggs, biscuits sprinkled with sugar, monkeychow, crickets, and mealworm. Parameters measured were feed intake, body weight gain, feed efficiency, and totaldigestible nutrients (TDN). The data were analyzed using analysis of variance, followed by Duncan's multiplerange test. The results showed the average of dry matter intake in PII (45.89 g / head / day) was significantly higher(P <0.05) than that in PI (43.19 g / head / day) and P0 (42,17g / head / day. The average of body weight gain ofslow loris in PI> PII> P0, namely respectively 3.49 g / head / day, 3.41 g / head / day, and 3.15 g / head / day,while the feed efficiency in the treatment PI> P0> PII, respectively 8.20%, 7.47%, and 7.44%. The average oftotal digestible nutrients (TDN) of slow loris in PI (96.33%) was significantly higher (P <0.05) than that in PII(92.91%) and P0 (85.50%). The data of nutrient consumption can be used as a basis for the preparation of rationsand feed for slow loris in captivity.Key words: growth, feed efficiency, Nycticebus javanicus, captive breeding
THE ADDITION OF POTATO BISCUIT IN THE FEED OF SUMATRAN SLOW LORIS (NYCTICEBUS COUCANG BODDAERT, 1785) AND JAVAN SLOW LORIS (NYCTICEBUS JAVANICUS GEOFFROY, 1812): THE EFFECTS ON DIGESTIBILITY AND FEED EFFICIENCY Farida, Wartika Rosa; Sari, Andri Permata; Astuti, Wulansih Dwi
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2884

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis experiment aims to determine the effect of the addition of potato biscuit on digestibility and feed efficiency in Sumatran slow loris (Nycticebus coucang). Research has been conducted on Small Mammals Captivity Breeding of Zoology Division, Research Center for Biology - LIPI for 66 days consisting of a 10 days adaptation period of feed and 56 days (8 weeks) data collection period. The material used is four Sumatran slow lorises (N. coucang) and two Javan slow lorises (N. javanicus). Feed given during the study are banana, papaya, dragon fruit, guava, passion fruit, boiled sweet potato, boiled egg potato biscuits, crickets, and meal worm. Feed treatment to Sumatran slow loris consisting of feed control (T0) and T0 plus potato biscuits (T1), while Javan slow loris was only fed T1 as a comparison. Parameters measured were consumption, digestibility, and feed efficiency. The most palatable feed types for Sumatran slow loris and Javan slow loris are banana, cricket, and meal worm. Mean of feed intake at T0 and T1 treatment was 38.63 and 37.42 g / head / day, and that of Javan slow loris is 42.51 g / head / day. Mean of dry matter digestibility of Javan slow loris> T1> T0, namely 92.02%, 91.21%, and 88.95% respectively; whereas the highest average feed efficiency (EPP) is at 12.06% for Sumatran Slow loris and 9.10% in Javan slow loris. The average of total digestible nutrients (TDN) of Javan slow loris> T1> T0, namely 87.04%, 85.34%, and 83.54% respectively.Keywords: consumption, digestibility, feed utilization, Nycticebus coucang, Nycticebus javanicus
Utilization of Probiotic and Organic-Cn on Ruminal Ecosystem In Vitro Wulansih Dwi Astuti; Roni Ridwan; Baharuddin Tappa
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 12, No 4 (2007): DECEMBER 2007
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (52.992 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v12i4.493

Abstract

Improvement of nutrient intake was needed to increase cattle productivity. Probiotics and organic Cr, as feed additives, might have beneficially improve ruminant microbial ecosystem, and optimize digestion process by rumen microbes. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of combination between probiotic or mixed probiotcs and organic Cr on rumen fermentation activity. An in vitro study was held based on randomized block design with 5 treatments and 3 replications. The treatments were (A) Control ration, (B) Control ration + probiotic TSD 10, (C) Control ration + probiotic TSD 10 + organic Cr, (D) Control ration + mixed probiotics, and (E) Control ration + mixed probiotics + organic Cr. Organic Cr concentration was supplemented 2 ppm, whereas probiotics supplement contained 109 cfu/g. Supplementation of probiotic and organic Cr increased dry matter and organic matter digestibility but decreased total VFA and NH3 concentration. Treatment E (combination between mixed probiotics and organic Cr) gave the highest dry matter (52.45 %) and organic matter (51.96 %) digestibilities. It also tended to increase NH3 and total VFA production. Supplementation of single or mixed probiotics showed no difference for dry matter and organic matter digestibilities, and proportion of individual VFA. Mixed probiotics gave higher VFA and NH3 concentration compared to single probiotic. Probiotics supplementation resulted in a tendency for higher acetate proportion, while organic Cr supplementation resulted in a tendency of higher propionate proportion. Key Words: Probiotic, Organic Cr, Ruminal Microbes, VFA
PENGARUH SUBSTITUSI RUMPUT GAJAH DENGAN LIMBAH SERAI PADA PAKAN RUMINANSIA TINGGI HIJAUAN TERHADAPKECERNAAN DAN PRODUKSI METAN SECARA IN VITRO Rusli Fidriyanto; Gunawan Priadi; Yashanti Berlinda Paradisa; Wulansih Dwi Astuti; Roni Ridwan; Rohmatussolihat Rohmatussolihat; Ki Ageng Sarwono; Muh Whatman; Yantyati Widyastuti
Agric Vol 33 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian dan Bisnis, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24246/agric.2021.v33.i2.p103-114

Abstract

Lemongrass is the raw material for lemongrass oil production. Indonesia is one of the ten largest lemongrass oil producing countries in the world. Lemongrass oil industry will be generated large amount of lemongrass waste. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) substitution with lemongrass waste on high forage feed on in vitro rumen fermentation. This study was arranged with randomized block design with 5 treatments (100R: 0% lemongrass waste, 75R: 25% lemongrass waste, 50R: 50% lemongrass waste, 25R: 75% lemongrass waste, and 0R: 100% lemongrass waste) and 4 different rumen collecting time as block. The results showed that the substitution of grass with lemongrass waste did not give a significant difference to dry matter content, but it could reduce protein content and increase crude fiber and crude fat significantly (P <0.05). The results of the in vitro analysis showed that lemongrass substitution did not affect pH, gas production rate, butyric acid, valeric acid, iso-butyric acid, and iso-valeric acid both in terms of quantity and proportion. The used of lemongrass by 25% (75R) was not affected on organic matter, potential gas production and methane production (24 hours) but decreased protein content and increased lag time significantly (p <0.05). The used of lemongrass by 50% was significantly reduce methane gas production (P <0.05). The increased of lemongrass waste concentration was affected partial VFA profile by decreasing in the amount of acetic acid. A significant decreased in the A/P ratio occurred in the used of lemongrass by 100%. Lemongrass waste could be used as elephant grass substituted up to 25% in high-forage feed without decreasing potential gas production, digestibility, and partial total VFA.