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The Influence of Age and Nutritional Status on Heat Strains Incident on Workers of Brem Making in Kaliabu Village, Madiun Siska Wahyu Handayani; Sri Hernawati; Farida Wahyu Ningtyias
Health Notions Vol 5, No 2 (2021): February
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (HNST)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33846/hn50204

Abstract

Workers at brem industries are particularly at risk of heat strains at work. This is due to the age factor of the workers as well as the nutritional status that can be the main cause in case of heat strain events. Purpose of this study was to find out the level of influence of age factor and nutritional status on heat strain events in brem industries workers in Kaliabu village, Madiun. Quantitative observational analytical research with a cross sectional approach where the sample of research amounted to 157 respondents from a total population of 266 workers. Regression test with Amos 23 tools in analyzing data. Result in the age variable was 0.072 and for the nutritional status obtained the result of 0.079 against the incidence of heat strains where both variables had a significant influence on heat strains. So that the need for spatial planning and fulfillment of good nutrition by industry managers. Keywords: heat strain; nutritional status; age; brem; industries
Pengaruh Kelembaban Udara, Suhu dan Kepadatan Hunian terhadap Kejadian TB Paru : Pengaruh Kelembaban Udara, Suhu dan Kepadatan Hunian terhadap Kejadian TB Paru Wildanny Nur Maulinda; Sri Hernawati; Ancah Caesarina Novi Marchiant
Jurnal MID-Z (MIDWIFERI ZIGOT) Vol 4 No 2 (2021): NOVEMBER
Publisher : Universitas Islam Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.56013/jurnalmidz.v4i2.1129

Abstract

Pulmonary tuberculosis is an infectious disease. It spreads through droplets of people who have been infected with the tuberculosis bacillus caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Various strategies have been implemented to reduce the prevalence of pulmonary TB. However, in reality, they have not succeeded significantly. This research was a quantitative research with an analytical observational method. The research objective was to analyze the effect of air humidity, temperature and occupancy density as the cause of pulmonary tuberculosis incidence. The research was carried out from January to March 2021. The research results showed that most respondents’ houses have met the healthy housing requirements based on the healthful housing parameters of both the control group and the case group. Furthermore, the statistical results of the three research variables showed that the state of the house temperature had a significant effect on the pulmonary TB.
Laju aliran saliva dan insidensi kandidiasis oral pada pasien lansia perokok dan bukan perokokSalivary flow rate and incidence of oral candidiasis in elderly smokers and nonsmokers Dyah Indartin Setyowati; Leni Rokhma Dewi; Sri Hernawati; Iin Eliana Triwahyuni; Safira Zahra Marari
Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran Vol 32, No 3 (2020): Desember 2020
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/jkg.v32i3.28849

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Merokok merupakan salah satu kebiasaan yang sering dilakukan oleh masyarakat, termasuk kelompok lanjut usia (lansia). Kebiasaan merokok dapat mempengaruhi sekresi saliva pada lansia yang secara fisiologis mengalami penurunan sekresi saliva dan penipisan epitel mukosa mulut karena proses penuaan. Perubahan sekresi saliva dan penipisan epitel mukosa mulut dapat meningkatkan resiko infeksi rongga mulut seperti kandidiasis oral. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis perbedaan sekresi saliva melalui pengukuran laju aliran saliva serta terjadinya kandidiasis oral pada pasien lansia perokok dan bukan perokok, di Rumah Sakit Gigi Mulut  Universitas Jember (RSGM UNEJ). Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan analitik observasional pada pasien lansia RSGM UNEJ di Bagian Penyakit Mulut meliputi status merokok, pengukuran laju aliran saliva unstimulated, dan insidensi kandidiasis oral berdasarkan hasil pemeriksaan mikrobiologi oral swab. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh pasien lansia RSGM UNEJ Bagian Penyakit Mulut periode September 2019-Januari 2020. Metode pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah  total sampling. Hasil: Hasil uji Mann-Whitney menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan signifikan antara sekresi saliva unstimulated pasien lansia perokok dan bukan perokok. Terdapat perbedaan kejadian kandidiasis oral antara pasien lansia yang merokok dengan yang tidak merokok (nilai p=0,065; derajat kepercayaan=90%). Simpulan: Tidak terdapat perbedaan laju aliran saliva pada lansia perokok dan bukan perokok, namun terdapat perbedaan terjadinya kandidiasis oral antara lansia perokok dan bukan perokok.Kata kunci: Laju aliran saliva, merokok, kandidiasis oral, lansia. ABSTRACTIntroduction: Smoking is one of the habits often carried out by the community, including the elderly. Smoking habits can affect salivary secretion in the elderly, who physiologically experience decreased salivary secretion and thinning of the oral mucosal epithelium due to the ageing process. The salivary secretion change and thinning of the oral mucosal epithelium can increase the risk of oral infections such as oral candidiasis. The purpose of this study was to analyse the differences in salivary secretion by measuring the salivary flow rate and the occurrence of oral candidiasis in elderly smokers and nonsmokers at the University of Jember Dental Hospital. Methods: This study was an observational analytic study in elderly patients of the Department of Oral Diseases University of Jember Dental Hospital, including the smoking status, measurement of unstimulated salivary flow, and the incidence of oral candidiasis based on the results of the oral microbiological swab. This study’s population were all elderly patients at the Department of Oral Diseases University of Jember Dental Hospital for September 2019-January 2020. The sampling method used was total sampling. Results: The Mann-Whitney test results showed no significant difference between the unstimulated saliva secretion of elderly smokers and nonsmokers. There was a difference in the incidence of oral candidiasis between elderly smokers’ patients and nonsmokers (p-value = 0.065; confidence level = 90%). Conclusion: There is no difference in the salivary flow rate in elderly smokers and nonsmokers, however, there are differences in the occurrence of oral candidiasis between elderly smokers and nonsmokers.Keywords: Salivary flow rate, smoking, oral candidiasis, elderly.