Defi Efendi
Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

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Pemberian Posisi (Positioning) dan Nesting pada Bayi Prematur: Evaluasi Implementasi Perawatan di Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Defi Efendi; Dian Sari; Yanti Riyantini; Novardian Novardian; Dian Anggur; Pipit Lestari
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 3 (2019): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i3.619

Abstract

Pemberian posisi yang salah dapat meningkatkan risiko morbiditas dan mortalitas. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menggali pemberian posisi (positioning) dan nesting pada bayi prematur di NICU. Penelitian ini berupa studi literatur tahun 2007-2017, serta pengalaman penulis dalam aplikasi pemberian posisi dan nest di dua rumah sakit rujukan nasional dalam lima tahun terakhir. Hasil studi ini menunjukkan beberapa posisi yang dapat diberikan pada bayi prematur di antaranya adalah posisi supinasi, lateral kiri, lateral kanan, pronasi, dan quarter/semi pronasi. Posisi pronasi dan kuarter/semi pronasi direkomendasikan untuk bayi prematur dengan Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS). Posisi lateral kanan direkomendasikan untuk bayi prematur dengan Gastroesofageal reflux (GER). Posisi supinasi merupakan alternatif terakhir pemberian posisi pada bayi prematur dengan kontraindikasi posisi pronasi, kuarter/semi pronasi, dan lateral. Pembuatan nest dapat dimodifikasi dari potongan beberapa kain yang digulung. Perawat hendaknya meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan agar mampu memberikan variasi posisi sesuai kondisi dan indikasi bayi yang dirawat di NICU. Kata Kunci: Bayi prematur, pemberian posisi, nest, perawatan intensif  Abstract Positioning and Nesting for the Preterm Infant: Evaluation for Nursing Care in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit  (NICU). Incorrect positioning may increase the risk of morbidity and mortality. This article aims to explore positioning and nesting in a preterm infant in NICU. This study is a literature study in 2007-2017, as well as documentation of the application of positioning and nest at two national top referral hospitals in the last five years. The alternative position for preterm infants include supine, left lateral, right lateral, pronation, and quarter/semi-prone positions. The pronation and quarter/semi-prone are recommended for preterm infants with Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS). Right lateral positions are recommended for preterm infants with Gastroesophageal reflux (GER). The supination is the last alternative when the other positions are contraindicated. The nurses can modify nest from pieces of some rolled fabric. Nurses should increase their knowledge and skills in order to be able to provide proper position according to the conditions and indications of the infant cared in NICU. Keywords: intensive care, nest, positioning, preterm infant
Aplikasi Mobile–Health sebagai Upaya Peningkatan Kualitas Pelayanan Keperawatan Anak dengan Penyakit Kronis pada Setting Home Hospital Defi Efendi; Dian Sari
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2017): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v20i1.447

Abstract

Dominasi penyakit pada anak di Indonesia mulai bergeser dari penyakit akut menjadi penyakit kronis. Perawatan jarak jauh (home hospital) merupakan tren pada anak dengan penyakit kronis yang membutuhkan perawatan kontinu dalam waktu yang lama. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menggali potensi penerapan sistem mobile–health di Indonesia. Telaah literatur dari artikel ini didapatkan dari PubMed, CINAHL, dan Medline sejak tahun 2004-2014. Mobile–health merupakan aplikasi yang menawarkan integrasi berbagai fungsi perawatan melalui penggunaan telepon pintar. Beberapa negara percontohan seperti Amerika Serikat, Swedia, dan Jepang telah membuktikan kontribusi mobile – health dalam meningkatkan kualitas pelayanan. Indonesia sejauh ini belum melakukan pengembangan mobile – health di berbagai layanan kesehatan. Penggunaan telepon pintar di Indonesia telah meluas untuk berbagai tujuan, sehingga aplikasi mobile – health untuk pelayanan keperawatan anak sangat mungkin dan  mudah diterapkan. Perawat anak di Indonesia hendaknya mulai mengambil inisiatif untuk mengenali aplikasi program, melakukan riset, dan kolaborasi dengan beberapa profesi terkait agar dapat berkontribusi terhadap perbaikan pelayanan kesehatan di masa yang akan datang.  Abstract Mobile-Health Application as The Efforts to Improve of Nursing Service Quality in Children with Chronic Disease at Home Hospital Set: Literature Review. The dominance of the disease in children in Indonesia began to shift from the acute disease into a chronic disease. Care distance (home hospital) is a trend in children with chronic diseases who require continuous treatment for a long time. This article aimed to explore the potential application of mobile-health system in Indonesia. Literature reviews in this study were obtained from PubMed, CINAHL and Medline since 2004-2014. Mobile-health is an application that offers the integration of various functions of the above treatments through the use of smartphones. Some pilot countries such as the USA, Sweden, and Japan has proved mobile contribution - health in improving the quality of service. Up to now, Indonesia has not yet conducted any mobile-health development at various health service. In fact, the use of smartphone in Indonesia has been extended for numerous purposes, therefore mobile-health application is possibly and easily implemented in pediatric nursing area. The pediatric nurse in Indonesia should commence an initiative to identify kind of applications, conduct research, and collaborate with some associated disciplines to contribute to the improvement of future health services.  Keywords: mobile-health, child with chronic illness, home hospitals
Facilitated Tucking Effective to Pain Relief on The Preterm Infants in Perinatal Unit in Jakarta Eva Oktaviani; Yeni Rustina; Defi Efendi
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2018): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v21i1.539

Abstract

Most preterm infants often need to be hospitalized more than one week in intensive care, so they undergo numerous repeated painful procedures such as blood collection. The study aimed to identify the effect of facilitated tucking for pain respond that is physiological parameter and duration of crying in preterm infants during blood collection. The study design was quasi experimental with nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Fourty babies were divided into two groups; the intervention group (n= 20) who received facilitated tucking during blood collection and the control group (n= 20) without facilitated tucking, with consecutive sampling technique. Statistical analyses used were General Linear Model+post hoc, Mann-Whitney, and Independent T-Test. There were significant means the difference in the heart rate, oxygen saturation, and duration of crying infants between non-intervention and intervention group. Duration of crying infants in intervention is shorter than the control group. Facilitated tucking is effective in pain reduction and crying time during blood collection. This finding implies a part of developmental care and should be attention for promoting pain management infants. Keywords: developmental care, facilitated tucking, pain, preterm infantsEfektivitas Facilitated Tucking Terhadap Respon Nyeri Bayi Prematur Selama Pengambilan Darah di Unit Perinatal di Jakarta. Mayoritas bayi prematur akan mengalami perawatan yang lama di ruang intensif, sehingga terpapar sejumlah prosedur menyakitkan berulang yang menimbulkan respon nyeri salah satunya pengambilan darah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengidentifikasi pengaruh penerapan facilitated tucking terhadap respon nyeri berupa parameter fisiologis dan lama menangis selama dilakukan pengambilan darah. Desain penelitian adalah quasi experimental dengan nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Empat puluh bayi pada sampel penelitian dibagi menjadi dua kelompok; kelompok intervensi (n= 20) dengan facilitated tucking dan kelompok kontrol (n= 20) tanpa facilitated tucking, diambil secara consecutive sampling. Analisis menggunakan uji General Linear Model+post hoc, Mann-Whitney, dan Independent T-Test. Ada perbedaan signifikan rerata frekuensi nadi, saturasi oksigen, dan lama menangis antara kedua kelompok selama pengambilan darah. Lama menangis pada kelompok intervensi menjadi lebih singkat. Facilitated tucking efektif mengurangi nyeri dan lama menangis selama pengambilan darah. Facilitated tucking dapat diterapkan sebagai bagian dari asuhan perkembangan untuk mendukung program pengendalian nyeri pada neonatus. Kata kunci: asuhan perkembangan, bayi prematur, facilitated tucking, nyeri