Budi Anna Keliat
Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

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Terapi Kelompok Terapeutik Dalam Meningkatkan Kemampuan Ibu, Bayi dan Rasa Percaya Bayi Yuniar Mansye Soeli; Budi Anna Keliat; Titin Ungsianik
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 20, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v20i3.364

Abstract

Abstrak Stimulasi bayi adalah kegiatan merangsang kemampuan dasar bayi yang diberikan dari lingkungan luar hidup bayi. Kegiatan stimulasi yang dilakukan secara rutin dapat meningkatkan kemampuan bayi. Tujuan penelitian ini mengidentifikasi pengaruh terapi kelompok terapeutik terhadap kemampuan ibu, kemampuan bayi dan rasa percaya bayi. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah quasi eksperimen pre post test with control group. Responden dalam penelitian ini dipilih secara purposive sampling. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah ibu yang memiliki bayi usia 6-12 bulan sebanyak 80 ibu dan bayinya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terapi kelompok terapeutik meningkatkan kemampuan ibu, kemampuan bayi dan rasa percaya bayi secara bermakna (p< 0,05) serta lebih tinggi secara bermakna dibanding ibu yang tidak mendapatkan terapi kelompok terapeutik.Terapi kelompok terapeutik direkomendasikan untuk dilakukan pada tatanan pelayanan kesehatan di masyarakat sebagai bentuk pelayanan kesehatan jiwa bagi ibu yang mempunyai bayi. Kata kunci: kemampuan ibu menstimulasi, kemampuan perkembangan, rasa percaya bayi, terapi kelompok terapeutik Abstract Stimulation is an activity to stimulate baby’s basic ability that is given from the outside environment. Stimulation activity which is carried out repeatedly can enhance babies’ ability. The purpose of this study identifies therapy effect of therapeutic group toward mothers’ ability, the babies’ ability and babies’ confidence. The research design is quasi-experimental that is used pre-post test with a control group. In this study, respondents were selected by purposive sampling. Moreover, the sample of this study was 80 mothers who had babies on 6 to 12 months. The results showed that therapy of therapeutic group increased mothers’ ability in stimulating babies developmental significantly (p value> 0.05). Furthermore, the therapy for therapeutic group also was increasing the babies developmental significantly (p value> 0.05), and enhanced the babies’ confidence significantly (p value> 0.05). The result of this study, mothers who received therapeutic therapy had significantly result higher than mothers who did not receive therapeutic therapy. Therapeutic group therapy is recommended to be used in the health service framework on the community as a form of mental health services for mothers who have had a baby.  Keywords: mothers’ ability to stimulate, ability developmental, babies’ confidence, therapy of therapeutic group
Terapi Kelompok Asertif Efektif Meningkatkan Kemampuan Asertif dan Resiliensi pada Remaja di SMPN Padangpanjang Rosa Fitri Amalia; Budi Anna Keliat
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2018): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v21i1.509

Abstract

Kurangnya kemampuan remaja dalam berperilaku asertif menyebabkan terjadinya penyimpangan perilaku seperti tidak mampu mengungkapkan keinginan dengan baik, melanggar hak orang lain dan meminta dengan paksa. Untuk mengatasi hal tersebut perlu ditingkatkan kemampuan asertif dan resiliensi pada remaja dengan terapi kelompok asertif. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui pengaruh terapi kelompok asertif terhadap kemampuan asertif dan resiliensi pada remaja. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian Quasi Experimental Pre test-Pos test with control group. Kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol masing-masing terdiri dari 42 orang. Terapi kelompok asertif dilakukan sebanyak 6 sesi. Hasil penelitian didapatkan terjadi peningkatan secara signifikan terhadap kemampuan asertif (p= 0,000) dan kemampuan resiliensi (p= 0,015) pada kelompok intervensi. Sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol tidak ada perbedaan secara signifikan antara hasil pre test dan post test. Selain itu ditemukan terdapat korelasi yang positif (r= 0,396) antara kemampuan asertif dengan kemampuan resiliensi. Terapi ini direkomendasikan pada pelayanan kesehatan di masyarakat khususnya kepada anak remaja. Kata Kunci: Asertif, resiliensi, remaja, terapi kelompok asertif Abstract  The Effect of Assertive Group Therapy on Assertive and Resilience Ability of Adolescent in Padangpanjang Junior High School. Adolescent’s lack of ability in assertive behaviour causes deviant behaviour e.g. unable to express wishes, violate other people right and ask forcefully. One solution to overcome this is that assertive ability and resilience need to be improved through assertive group therapy. This study aims to find the effect of assertive group therapy on assertive ability and resilience of adolescents. Quasi Experimental Pre and Post-test with control group was used. Intervention has been performed to 42 participants while 42 others were as a control group. Six sessions of assertive group therapy has been done. The findings show that a significant increase of assertive ability in intervention group has been found (p= 0.000) while ability resilience also raises significantly (p= 0.015). On the other hand, no significant difference is noted between pre-test and post-test in control group since the value of assertive and resilience ability are (p= 0.287) and (p= 0.658) respectively. Moreover, a positive correlation (r= 0.0396) has been found between assertive ability and resilience ability. The therapy is recommended as one of health care treatment in society particularly for adolescent.  Keywords: adolescent, assertive, assertive group therapy, resilience