Ariadi Hazmi
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Penghilangan Mikroorganisme dalam Air Minum dengan Dielectric Barrier Discharge Ariadi Hazmi; Reni Desmiarti; Eka Putra Waldi; Arief Hadiwibowo; . Darwison
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika Vol 10, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.425 KB) | DOI: 10.17529/jre.v10i1.143

Abstract

Microorganisms such as Escherichia coli in water are a component that is difficult to remove in conventional water treatment systems. Several systems have been implemented to reduce levels of microorganisms is the use of disinfectants, the membrane filtration and activated carbon absorption. These systems have several weaknesses, so that not all microorganisms can be removed from drinking water. The plasma system is an applicable technology for removing organic compounds and microorganisms in drinking water. By creating plasma in water will produce several of active species such as OH-, H+, O3 and H2O2 that has a high oxidation potential, decompose organic compounds and kill microorganisms in the water significantly. This paper will describe the removal of microorganisms in drinking water using a plasma system by the method of dielectric barrier discharge (DBD ). The results howed that the pH of drinking water produced in the range 6.5 to 7.3. The higher voltage causes the higher the conductivity, temperature and ORP water. Removal efficiency for the content of microorganisms Coli Fecal and Coliform in the range 99.2 to 100% after water was injected voltage of 13-17 kV for 10 minutes.
Aplikasi Plasma Dengan Metoda Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) Untuk Pengolahan Limbah Cair Kelapa Sawit Yulastri .; Ariadi Hazmi; Reni Desmiarti
JURNAL NASIONAL TEKNIK ELEKTRO Vol 2 No 2: September 2013
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Elektro Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (363.608 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jnte.v2n2.85.2013

Abstract

The processing of palm oil into crude palm oil (CPO) produced palm oil mill effluent (POME) as many as 2500 l/ton of CPO. POME contains Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) average of 21,280 mg/l, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) average of 34,720 mg/l, fatty oils average of 3,075 mg/l and the average pH of 4. Wastewater treatment systems in the palm oil industry is the combination of physical processes such as sedimentation and biological processes, either anaerobic or aerobic. The weaknesses of conventional processing systems is a long processing time (10-90 days) and require extensive land area (± 6 times the total area of the factory). This study aims to provide an alternative method for POME treatment with plasma system through  Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD). The results showed removal efficiency for COD, BOD and fatty are 53%, 55 % and 40 % with the processing time of 4 hours, respectively. Beside, consumed energy was 7.2 kWh/l for voltage application of 19 kV.Keywords: oil palm wastewater, DBD plasma, compounds organics, energy consumptionAbstrakProses pengolahan kelapa sawit menjadi minyak sawit mentah atau Crude Palm Oil (CPO) menghasilkan limbah cair sawit sebanyak 2500 l/ton CPO. Limbah cair kelapa sawit ini mengandung Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) rata-rata sebesar 21.280 mg/l, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) rata-rata sebesar 34.720 mg/l, minyak lemak rata-rata sebesar 3.075 mg/l dan pH rata-rata sebesar 4. Sistem pengolahan limbah cair kelapa sawit di industri adalah dengan kombinasi proses fisik seperti sedimentasi dan proses biologi, baik secara anaerob atau aerob. Kelemahan dari sistem pengolahan konvensional adalah waktu pengolahan yang lama (10-90 hari) dan membutuhkan lahan yang sangat luas (± 6 kali dari luas areal pabrik). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan alternatif pengolahan limbah cair kelapa sawit dengan sistem plasma melalui metoda Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD). Hasil penelitian menunjukan efisiensi penghilangan COD sebesar 53%, BOD sebesar 55% dan minyak lemak 40% dengan waktu pengolahan 4 (empat) jam. Konsumsi energi yang dibutuhkan 7,2 kWh/l untuk tegangan pembangkitan 19 kV.     Keywords: oil palm wastewater, DBD plasma, compounds organics, energy consumption  
Sistem Informasi Petir (SIP) Dengan Metode Lightning Distribution (LD) di Wilayah Sumatera Barat Andrew Kurniawan Vadreas; Primas Emeraldi; Ariadi Hazmi
JURNAL NASIONAL TEKNIK ELEKTRO Vol 3 No 2: September 2014
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Elektro Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1833.812 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jnte.v3n2.83.2014

Abstract

This paper mapped 200 locations of lightning strikes in West Sumatra province. Mapping the location of lightning strikes as part of Lightning Information System  was designed with the method of Lightning Distribution (LD). To get the location of lightning strikes obtained from the calculation reflection of ionosphere method to determine the distance of a lightning strike from stations of lightning and methods of Magnetic Direction Finding (MDF) to get directions from the lightning strike. Direction data obtained processed to generate a lightning incident location, then that location will be displayed on Google Maps. After that in the process of Lightning Distribution method which is a form of lightning strike density mapping by using the "File Format" grid, where each grid was measured to be 1 x 1 km2 called the Local Density Flash (LFD). If there are multiple point strikes on the grid will change the color that is on the map fit how many number of strikes on the grid which is a Probabilistic computation Flash Density (PFD). The depiction of the scale of danger  lightning in the form of variations color changes at the point where the bolt of green color represents the minimum number density of lightning strikes that contains a single point and the red color represents the maximum number density of strikes which contains more than ten points strike. Based on the color distribution of lightning strikes and Payakumbuh Agam area has the highest rate of lightning strikes in the study period.Key words: reflection ionosphere, magnetic direction finding (MDF), lightning distribution, lightning information system, and google maps API. AbstrakPaper ini memetakan 200 lokasi sambaran petir di daerah Sumatera Barat. Pemetaan lokasi sambaran petir sebagai bagian dari Sistem Informasi Petir (SIP) dirancang dengan metode Lightning Distribution (LD). Lokasi sambaran petir diperoleh menggunakan metode refleksi ionosfer untuk mengetahui jarak sambaran petir dari stasiun pendeteksi petir dan metode Magnetic Direction Finding (MDF) untuk mendapatkan arah dari sambaran petir. Data arah kemudian diproses untuk menghasilkansuatulokasikejadianpetir, kemudian lokasitersebutakan ditampilkan pada Google Maps. Setelah itu di proses dengan metode Lightning Distribution yang merupakan bentuk pemetaan kerapatan sambaran petir dengan menggunakan “Format File grid”, dimana setiap grid diukur sebesar 1 x 1 km2 yang disebut dengan Local Flash Density (LFD). Jika terdapat beberapa titik sambaran pada satu grid akan merubah warna yang ada pada peta sesuai seberapa banyak jumlah sambaran pada satu grid yang merupakan perhitungan Probabilistic Flash Density (PFD). Penggambaran besarnya skala bahaya petir berupa variasi perubahan warna pada titik sambaran dimana warna hijau mewakili jumlah minimum kerapatan sambaran yang berisikan satu titik sambaran dan warna merah mewakili jumlah maximum kerapatan sambaran yang berisikan lebih dari sepuluh titik sambaran. Berdasarkan warna distribusi sambaran petir daerah Kabupaten Agam dan Payakumbuh memiliki tingkat sambaran petir tertinggi pada periode penelitian ini.Kata kunci :          refleksi ionosfer, magnetic direction finding (MDF), lightning distribution, sistem informasi petir, dangoogle maps API
Analisis Gelombang Elektromagnetik dan Seismik yang Ditimbulkan oleh Gejala Gempa Agus Rahmad Timor; Hanalde Andre; Ariadi Hazmi
JURNAL NASIONAL TEKNIK ELEKTRO Vol 5 No 3: November 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Elektro Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (631.412 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jnte.v5n3.297.2016

Abstract

Earthquakes are a natural phenomenon which is difficult to predict when and how it will happen. Effort is needed to minimize the risk of earthquakes, such as the observation of the early signs before an earthquake occurs (precursor). This study was conducted to observe earthquakes in West Sumatra in two ways. Observations eleketromagnetik waves utilizing radio waves from the two stations. The study also uses seismic wave sensors that are placed in the Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Andalas. Based on the results of data processing of the transmission of radio waves, it is known that electromagnetic anomalies can be recorded by utilizing radio wave propagation. However, with the line of sight propagation cause a lot of loss propagation, and less effective in recording. For the recording of the earthquake through the seismic waves very well. The measurement results for the direction of the epicenter compared with the measurement result BMKG for some earthquakes end of 2013 were felt in the West Sumatra. The average error of measurement gained 9.6% since the phase delay is affected by the accuracy of the sensor device.Keywords: Earthquakes, Electromagnetic, SeismicAbstrak- Gempa bumi adalah fenomena alam yang sulit diprediksi kapan dan bagaimana akan terjadi. Diperlukan usaha untuk meminimalisir resiko gempa bumi, seperti pengamatan tanda tanda awal sebelum gempabumi terjadi (prekursor). Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengamati kejadian gempa di Sumatera Barat melalui dua cara.  Pengamatan gelombang eleketromagnetik memanfaatkan gelombang radio dari dua stasiun. Penelitian juga menggunakan sensor gelombang seismic yang ditempatkan di jurusan Teknik Elektro, Universitas Andalas. Berdasar hasil pengolahan data dari transmisi gelombang radio, maka diketahui bahwa anomaly elektromagnetik  dapat direkam dengan memanfaatkan propagasi gelombang radio. Namun propagasi dengan line of sight banyak menimbulkan rugi-rugi propagasi, dan kurang efektif dalam perekaman. Untuk rekaman gempa melalui gelombang seismik sangat baik. Hasil pengukuran untuk arah pusat gempa dibandingkan dengan hasil pengukuran BMKG untuk beberapa kejadian gempa akhir tahun 2013 yang dirasakan di Sumatera Barat. Adapun error rata-rata pengukuran yang didapat 9.6% karena dipengaruhi oleh keakurasian delay phasa alat sensor.Kata kunci: Gempa bumi, Elektromagnetik, Seismik