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KELAYAKAN USAHATANI TEMBAKAU VIRGINIA: STUDI KOMPARASI PADA PROSES PENGOVENAN DI KABUPATEN LOMBOK TIMUR Muhammad Anwar; Rini Endang Prasetyowati; Hidayatul Ahyani
JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 14 No 1 (2021): JURNAL SOSIAL EKONOMI PERTANIAN (J-SEP)
Publisher : University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jsep.v14i1.19608

Abstract

There are two methods of flue curing process used in virginia tobacco farmers in East Lombok, which are curing with fossil fuel and curing with local (alternative) fuels (candlenut shell, palm kernel shells, wood, and corn cobs). Now days, due to increasing fossil fuels price, farmer tend to use local fuels. The research objective was to compare the costs, income, and feasibility level of virginia tobacco farming on the use of various alternative fuels in the oven process in East Lombok Regency. The method used is descriptive survey method to 40 farmers. The cost of farming virginia tobacco using candlenut shell as fuel is Rp. 44,788,057/ha/planting season with an R/C ratio of 1.6 palm kernel shells of 45,081,109/ha/planting season with an R/C ratio of 1.5 wood of Rp. 49,498,452/ha/planting season with an R/C ratio of 1.4 and corn cobs of Rp. 39,184,196/ha/planting season with an R/C ratio of 1.8. The highest income is obtained from farmers who use corn cobs as fuel of Rp. 30,037,854/ha/planting season, the income of the farmers who use hazelnut shell and palm shell as fuel each is Rp. 25,938,788/ha/planting season and Rp. 23,757,891/ha/planting season. The lowest income using wood fuel is Rp. 16,883,748/ha/planting season. Because the R/C value is more than 1, it means that virginia tobacco farming using various alternative materials in the oven process in East Lombok Regency is feasible.
DAMPAK KEMITRAAN PT INDOFOOD FRITOLAY MAKMUR (IFM) TERHADAP PENDAPATAN PETANI KENTANG DI KECAMATAN SEMBALUN KABUPATEN LOMBOK TIMUR HENI SOPIANA; RINI ENDANG PRASETYOWATI
Journal Ilmiah Rinjani : Media Informasi Ilmiah Universitas Gunung Rinjani Vol. 8 No. 1 (2020): Journal Ilmiah Rinjani: Media Informasi Ilmiah Universitas Gunung Rinjani
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Gunung Rinjani

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (174.45 KB) | DOI: 10.12345/jir.v8i1.73

Abstract

Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah 1). Mengetahui pendapatan usahatani kentang 2). mengetahui perbandingan pendapatan usahatani kentang mitra dan usahatani kentang non mitra dan 3) Dampak kemitraan PT Indofood fritolay Makmur (IFM) terhadap pendapatan petani kentang dikecamatan Sembalun Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Metode yang digunakan dalam Penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif. Pemilihan lokasi dilakukan secara tertuju (purposive) dengan pertimbangan bahwa Kecamatan Sembalun merupakan lokasi kemitraan IFM. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara quota sampling yaitu sebanyak 30 orang responden, terdiri dari 15 petani mitra diambil secara proporsional random sampling. Sedangkan 15 petani non mitra dilakukan dengan metode snowball sampling. Uji analisis yang digunakan adalah uji statistik T-Test, untuk mengetahui perbedaan pendapatan antara petani mitra dan petani non mitra. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Rata-rata pendapatan total petani mitra adalah sebesar Rp.35.354.405,96/Ha sedangkan petani non mitra Rp.20.492.483,54/Ha. R/C rasio atas biaya tunai petani mitra sebesar 1,61. dan petani non mitra hanya memperoleh sebesar 1,38. R/C atas biaya total juga diperoleh lebih tinggi oleh petani mitra yaitu sebesar 1,47 dan 1,22 untuk R/C rasio petani non mitra. Hasil uji t perbandingan rata-rata pendapatan tunai dan total petani mitra dan non mitra tidak berbeda secara signifikan pada taraf lima persen yang artinya kemitraan PT Indofood Fritolay Makmur tidak memberi dampak positif terhadap pendapatan usahatani kentang di Kecamatan Sembalun Kabupaten Lombok Timur.
TINGKAT KEPUASAN IBU RUMAH TANGGA DALAM MENGONSUMSI MINYAK GORENG KEMASAN MEREK BIMOLI DI KECAMATAN SELONG KABUPATEN LOMBOK TIMUR: TINGKAT KEPUASAN KONSUMEN Haprihatun, Rini Endang Prasetyowati
Journal Ilmiah Rinjani : Media Informasi Ilmiah Universitas Gunung Rinjani Vol. 8 No. 2 (2020): Journal Ilmiah Rinjani: Media Informasi Ilmiah Universitas Gunung Rinjani
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Gunung Rinjani

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini adalah 1) untuk mengetahui tingkat kepuasan ibu rumah tangga terhadap atribut produk minyak goreng kemasan merek bimoli. 2) untuk mengetahui atribut-atribut produk minyak goreng kemasan merek bimoli yang memiliki nilai kepuasan yang tinggi. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah deskriptif. Pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini menggunaan tehnik kuesioner. Lokasi penelitian dilakuakukan di Kecamatan Selong, dalam hal ini ditentukan secara purposive sample. Analisis yang digunakan adalah Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI) dan Importance Performance Analysis (IPA). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kepuasan ibu rumah tangga sebesar 78,83% temasuk dalam kriteria puas. Atribu-atribut minyak goreng kemasan merek bimoli yang memiliki nilai kepuasan yang tinggi adalah kejernihan, penambahan vitamin, adanya ijin BPOM, adanya logo halal, informasi nilai gizi, kode kadaluarsa, aroma dan kemudahan didapat
KARAKTERISTIK PETANI DAN KERAGAAN USAHATANI JAGUNG (Zea mays) LAHAN KERING BERIKLIM KERING (LKBK) DI KECAMATAN PRINGGABAYA Muhammad Anwar; Rini Endang Prasetyowati
Journal Ilmiah Rinjani : Media Informasi Ilmiah Universitas Gunung Rinjani Vol. 9 No. 1 (2021): Journal Ilmiah Rinjani: Media Informasi Ilmiah Universitas Gunung Rinjani
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Gunung Rinjani

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Abstract

The corn commodity can grow in various agricultural agro-ecosystems, one of which is dry land with a dry climate. Pringgebaya Subdistrict has the potential for dry land with a dry climate reaching 6,624 ha (23.50 percent) of the total dry land area in East Lombok Regency. This study aims to determine the description of the characteristics of farmers and the performance of corn farming. Dry land with dry climate in Pringgebaya District, East Lombok Regency. The method used is a descriptive survey. Determination of the research location using purposive sampling technique on farmers who are trying to plant corn in dry climate dry land in Pringgabaya District of East Lombok Regency. The number of respondents was determined by quota sampling, namely 40 respondents, then the selection of respondents used accidental sampling techniques. Additional data related to descriptions, technology packages and management of dry land farming with dry climates were obtained from key informants from the Field Officer of Pringgebaya Integrated Agricultural Service Unit. The farm data used are the planting season data for 2019/2020. Characteristics of the age of farmers are mostly at the productive age (87,5%) with the age range of 25 - 62 years, the level of formal education is dominated by junior high school education (40%), the number of family dependents is < 4 people (77.5%) with the category of small dependents, broad arable land at medium scale is 0.5-1 hectare per person (47.5%). The use of labor that is poured into corn farming in dry land with dry climates of Pringgebaya District is an average of 40-55 HOK / ha of Rp. 3,160,000 (42.5%) dominated by female agricultural workers / laborers. The use of fertilizer and pesticide production factors is 26.1% (Rp. 1,936,070) The use of production factors (irrigation, land rent, depreciation of agricultural machinery, and taxes) is 18.3% (Rp. 1,360,000).
FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS OF CAPITAL CHILLIES IN SURALAGA DISTRICT EAST LOMBOK REGENCY Saiful wathan saiful; Rini Endang Prasetyowati; Muhammad Anwar
Journal of Agri Rinjani: Social Agricultural Economics - Faculty of Agriculture, UGR Vol. 1 No. 2 (2021): RAGAM USAHATANI KOMODITAS PERTANIAN DI KABUPATEN LOMBOK TIMUR
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gunung Rinjani

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1183.216 KB) | DOI: 10.53952/jar.v1i2.57

Abstract

Cayenne pepper is one of the horticultural commodities that can be relied upon to increase farmers' income and state revenue. At first, cayenne pepper was cultivated to meet household consumption needs, namely as vegetables and cooking spices. In addition, cayenne pepper is also consumed by food industry companies that require raw materials for cayenne pepper, for example chili sauce or just a complement to cooking spices. This research was conducted in Suralaga Subdistrict, East Lombok Regency in 2021, from 15 villages 3 villages were taken using a purposive sampling method including Anjani Village, Tebaban Village, Bagek Payung Village, the number of farmers was determined by Quota Sampling as many as 30 people. Proportional Random Sampling and in this study used descriptive methods while data collection was carried out using survey techniques. The objectives of this study are: (1) To determine the costs and income of cayenne pepper farming in Suralaga District, East Lombok Regency. (2) To determine the feasibility of cayenne pepper farming in Suralaga District, East Lombok Regency. (3) To find out the constraints faced by farmers in cayenne pepper farming in Suralaga District, East Lombok Regency. Based on the results of the research, it can be concluded that: (1) Financially, the production cost of Rawit Chili in Suralaga District, East Lombok Regency is Rp. 12,524,018/LLG and Rp. 25,787,271/Ha. And the production value is Rp.18.691.000/LLG and Rp38.485.244/Ha. (2) Farmer's income obtained is Rp.6.166.982/LLG and Rp.12.697.973 /Ha. From the results of the calculation of the R/C Ratio, a value of Rp. 1.4 is obtained, which is greater than 1. This indicates that the Chili Rawit farming in Suralaga District, East Lombok Regency is feasible.
PELATIHAN PEMBUATAN PUPUK ORGANIK DENGAN DEKOMPOSER MICROBACTER ALFAAFA-11 (MA-11) di DESA GAPUK KECAMATAN SURALAGA Muhammad Joni Iskandar; Dwi Haryati Ningsih; Rini Endang Prasetyowati; Rizal Ahmadi
Journal of Agri Rinjani: Social Agricultural Economics - Faculty of Agriculture, UGR Vol. 2 No. 1 (2022): Vol 2 No 1
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gunung Rinjani

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (459.261 KB) | DOI: 10.53952/jar.v2i1.88

Abstract

The need for organic fertilizers is always increasing in the development of food crops in Indonesia, especially in the East Lombok Regency. The increase in fertilizer demand was driven by the scarcity of fertilizers and the lack of subsidized fertilizers in various regions. In processing livestock manure such as cow manure, it is still very minimal because farmers in the area have not processed it optimally. This is because cow dung is considered to cause an unpleasant odor, is dirty and can cause many diseases, causing the desire to throw it away. Whereas cow dung can be utilized optimally as the main ingredient for making compost. Efforts to add compost activator can be done by adding MA-11 or better known as microbacter alfaafa-11 as the main decomposer. The purpose of this community service (PKM) is for farmer groups in Gapuk Village by utilizing cow dung so that its management can be processed optimally so that in the long term it is expected to be able to produce at affordable prices and environmentally friendly. This activity uses the following methods: a) counseling and face-to-face on the importance of processing cow dung into organic fertilizer, b) knowledge training on how to make organic fertilizer with cow dung and MA-11 decomposer, and c) demonstration of making organic fertilizer.
ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF PORANG FARMING IN EAST LOMBOK REGENCY Muhammad Joni Iskandar; Rini Endang Prasetyowati; Idiatul Fitri Danasari
Journal Ilmiah Rinjani : Media Informasi Ilmiah Universitas Gunung Rinjani Vol. 10 No. 2 (2022): Journal Ilmiah Rinjani: Media Informasi Ilmiah Universitas Gunung Rinjani
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Gunung Rinjani

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53952/jir.v10i2.420

Abstract

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri B) or known as elephant yam is one of the leading agricultural commodities which has economic potential. This potential is shown by its export value over the last few years. The increase in planting area and its institutional board is a strategy to boost production yields. The production volume has not reached the requirement because currently is still a small-scale business model and an introduction plant to commercial farming. East Lombok Regency has the opportunity to be a strategic region for pouring farming development due to its agro-climatic characteristics that met its growing conditions. This study aims to analyze the economic efficiency of porang farming in the East Lombok Regency. The research locations were determined purposively in Sembalun District, Masbagik District, and Pringgasela District. The data we're collecting through census involved 15 members of porang farmers. The data was estimated using the Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) frontier 4.1c program. The results showed that the production factors that significantly affected the increase in economic value were seeds, SP-36 fertilizer, organic fertilizers, and pesticides. The estimation of economic efficiency of porang farming economically had efficient. This is indicated by the value of the average economic efficiency of porang farmers 0.9111. Abstrak Tanaman porang sebagai salah satu komoditas pertanian unggulan bernilai ekonomis. Potensi tersebut ditunjukkan dengan permintaan ekspor Indonesia cukup baik selama beberapa tahun terakhir. Peningkatan luas areal tanam dan kelembagaan merupakan kebijakan untuk meningkatkan hasil produksi. Volume produksi belum mencapai target kebutuhan disebabkan skala usaha masih gurem dan porang menjadi introduksi usahatani komersil. Kabupaten Lombok Timur merupakan salah satu daerah yang berpeluang strategis didalam pengembangan usahatani porang dengan karakteristik agroklimat yang sesuai syarat tumbuh. Penelitian bertujuan untuk menganalisis efisisensi ekonomi usahatani porang di Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Lokasi penelitian ditentukan secara purposive di Kecamatan Sembalun, Kecamatan Masbagik, dan Kecamatan Pringgasela. Pengumpulan data secara sensus melibatkan seluruh anggota petani porang berjumlah 15 petani. Data diestimasi menggunakan Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) program frontier 4.1c. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor produksi yang berpengaruh nyata terhadap peningkatan nilai ekonomis adalah benih, pupuk SP-36, pupuk organik dan pestisida. Hasil estimasi efisiensi ekonomi usahatani porang telah efisien secara ekonomi. Hal tersebut ditunjukkan dengan nilai rata-rata efisiensi ekonomi petani porang 0,9111. Kata kunci: efisiensi ekonomi, faktor produksi, porang
ANALISIS NILAI TAMBAH PRODUK BLACK GARLIC INDUSTRI RUMAH TANGGA DI KECAMATAN SEMBALUN (STUDI KASUS UD RINJANI SEJAHTERA DESA SEMBALUN BUMBUNG) Idiatul Fitri Danasari; Rini Endang Prasetyowati; Novita Isnaini; Siska Ita Selvia
JURNAL AGRIMANSION Vol 24 No 1 (2023): Jurnal Agrimansion April 2023
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Social Economics Faculty of Agriculture University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/agrimansion.v24i1.1368

Abstract

Black Garlic merupakan salah satu produk turunan dari bawang putih yang memiliki nilai jual tinggi. Kecamatan Sembalun yang diketahui sebagai sentra produksi bawang putih memiliki peluang dalam melakukan usaha dalam bidang pengolahan produk mentah hasil pertanian. Diketahui terdapat beberapa industri rumah tangga di Kecamatan Sembalun yang melakukan usaha pengolahan bawang putih seperti menjadi black garlic, minyak astiri, bawang goreng, dan lainnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis nilai tambah produk turunan bawang putih yaitu, black garlic. Penelitian dilakukan pada salah satu rumah industri yang memproduksi black garlic yaitu UD. Rinjani di Desa Sembalun Bumbung, Kecamatan Sembalun, Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah metode Hayami. Berdasarkan penelitian yang dilakukan bahwa usaha industri rumah tangga black garlic pada UD. Rinjani Sejahtera menghasilkan 100 kg bawang putih biasa menjadi black garlic biasa menghasilkan nilai tambah sebesar Rp. 29.412.584 dengan rasio nilai tambah 84% dan tingkat keuntungan sebesar 90%. Sedangkan 100 kg bawang putih nunggal menjadi black garlic nunggal menghasilkan nilai tambah sebesar Rp. 74.017.584 atau 85% dengan ingkat keuntungan sebesar 95%.
EFISIENSI PEMASARAN BLACK GARLIC (Allium sativum L.) SEMBALUN LOMBOK TIMUR Rendi; Rini Endang Prasetyowati; Dwi Haryati Ningsih
Journal of Agri Rinjani: Social Agricultural Economics - Faculty of Agriculture, UGR Vol. 3 No. 1 (2023): Agribisnis dan Pembangunan Pertanian Berkelanjutan
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gunung Rinjani

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53952/jar.v3i1.168

Abstract

Sektor pertanian merupakan sektor unggulan ekonomi sampai saat ini. Hal ini dibuktikan dengan kekuatan didalam menghadapi goncangan ekonomi yang kurang menguntungkan. Namun sektor pertanian masih memberikan kontribusi terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi nasional. Kontribusi ini harus dan perlu dilakukan secara berkelanjutan dengan strategi-strategi baru yang lebih tepat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui margin pemasaran, bagian petani dan efisiensi pemasaran bawang putih hitam di Sembalun. Lokasi penelitian ditentukan secara purposive. Sampel penelitian ditentukan secara sensus sebanyak 8 orang yang berprofesi sebagai produsen sekaligus stakeholder black garlic. Metode dasar estimasi saluran pemasaran bawang putih hitammenggunakan analisis deskriptif. Margin marketing diukur dengan menggunakan harga tingkat produsen dikurangi harga ditingkat konsumen. Sementara diestimasi saham petani menggunakan rumus satu dikurang dengan rasio margin dengan harga yang ditinggkat produsen. Efisiensi pemasaran diestimasi dengan konsep perbandingan total biaya pemasaran dengan nilai produk yang dipasarkan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa marjin pemasaran black garlicmulai dari produsen ke konsumen akhir, produsen ke konsumen (online), produsen ke konversi baru ke konsumen akhir. Margin pemasaran paling besar pada saluran pemasaran I dan saluran pemasaran paling kecil II. Famer share yang diterima petani paling tinggi pada saluran pemasaran I dan saluran pemasaran II. Efisiensi pemasaran masing-masing saluran menunjukkan saluran pemasaran I yang paling efisien.
Financial Prospects of Porang Cultivation in East Lombok Regency, Indonesia Rini Endang Prasetyowati; Idiatul Fitri Danasari; Murah Murah; Muhammad Joni Iskandar; Rizal Ahmadi; Rio Akbar Rahmatullah
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 12, No 1 (2023): June
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tanjungpura University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v12i1.64899

Abstract

Porang or Amphophallus, locally known as porang or suweg, is a plant widely cultivated using traditional ecological knowledge in East Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara Province. However, the increasing number of farmers in several villages in East Lombok Regency is still not followed by knowledge and skills in accordance with good agricultural practices. This study investigated the prospects of porang cultivation in East Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara Province. The research used quantitative methods through a feasibility study approach on financial aspects. Data were collected by FGDs and interviews with 25 farmers, including key informants who were purposively selected considering having expertise and knowledge about porang in East Lombok Regency. The results showed that the prospect of porang through financial aspects in East Lombok Regency is prospective and profitable. This is evidenced by the R/C ratio of 2.1, the B/C ratio of 1.01, and the BEP of Rp27,471,818/Ha.