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Primbon: Representation of Kraton Yogyakarta Ami Arfianti; Murni Rachmawati; Purwanita Setijanti
Interiority Vol. 5 No. 1 (2022)
Publisher : Department of Architecture Faculty of Engineering Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/in.v5i1.177

Abstract

Primbon as Javanese local knowledge has been a guide for Javanese everyday and ritual life, included buildings, for decades. This paper intends to investigate the use of primbon in the Kraton Yogyakarta (Palace of Yogyakarta) as the representation of the sultan (king). The investigation was conducted through interpretive criticism to reveal the degree of conformity under the rules and principles in primbon as an attempt to form a new perspective in understanding the primbon. The analysis focuses on verses 172 and 194–196 of Primbon Betaljemur Adammakna, which deals with the arrangement of buildings. By transliterating the verses into English and interpreting the application of the verses in Kraton Yogyakarta, the study demonstrated the manifestation of the primbon verses in the kraton’s building arrangement. The study of primbon reveals the role of kraton as the representation of the earth in the universe, while the representation here displays the hierarchical arrangement of building facilities, from sacred to nonsacred or from private to public.
The Most Influential Aspects of the Phenomenon Public Space in Jalan Wisata Kerto Menanggal Shabrina Nareswara; Purwanita Setijanti; Murni Rachmawati
IPTEK Journal of Proceedings Series No 6 (2020): 6th International Seminar on Science and Technology 2020 (ISST 2020)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12962/j23546026.y2020i6.11095

Abstract

Public space is one of the important components in the city and participates in improving the quality of life of the people in a city. The city of Surabaya as the capital of East Java with high public space development needs, often the development of public space is more concentrated in the city center. The Public Space of Menanggal Tourism Road located on the border of Surabaya City and Sidoarjo Regency is experiencing a phenomenon that causes a decrease in the image of the region and abuse of the function of public facilities. Behavior of users of public space at the time of the phenomenon is the key to the occurrence of the problem. Therefore an appropriate theoretical approach is needed to understand the phenomenon as a whole. Behavior setting is an approach that connects activity patterns and behavior patterns in a physical environment that is used to understand the phenomenon. This research uses naturalistic paradigms and qualitative strategies with data collection techniques using observation and in-depth interviews. To identify the aspects that most influence on the formation and continuity of the phenomenon of the Tourism Road Region to date these data, data analysis using the Miles and Huberman model is used. The results showed that the affective meaning and activity system were the most influential aspects in the continuity of the phenomenon. These aspects can be used as a basis for developing concepts to overcome the problems that arise during the phenomenon.
Preliminary study towards eco-design of housing in coastal settlements in Surabaya (Case study of fishermen housing design after the development of Kenjeran Bridge, Surabaya) Dewi Septanti; Rika Kisnarini; Purwanita Setijanti; Ayi Syaeful Bahri; Wahyu Setyawana
IPTEK Journal of Proceedings Series No 3 (2017): 8th International Conference on Architecture Research and Design 2016
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (376.361 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j23546026.y2017i3.2497

Abstract

This paper involves a discourse about design based research and the research itself. To capture the goals, the issues of this paper are how to re-design the housing surrounding the bridge which built for tourism reason ecologically. In order to improve the quality of the area surrounding the bridge and due to support the tourism and human life, this study would like to investigate the issues about the improvement of settlements quality related to their impact of post construction of the bridge. The study focused on the households’ requirements for functionality of houses especially to support tourism and business activities at home. Although several studies on coastal housing problems have been conducted widely, investigation on sustainability of the building is still limited (Kobayashi, 2000; Marfa’i, M.A, 2008). In term of method, this study was design as an explorative, descriptive, ex-poste and evaluation study. By using the in- depth interviews method, the idea, hope, expectation of inhabitants was gained. 30 respondents were taken from 3 local sub district area. The results showed that the households’ needs can be observed through their activities. Households’ activities determine their requirements for the houses design. The kind of activities also influence the houses design and it’s attributes (e.g size, the type of space). By comparing the attributes of the houses and households’ requirements, the design is determined. In which kinds of tourism activities are included in their daily activities.
Driver’s Visual Engagement in Urban Streetscape Lanta Kautsar Akromi; Bambang Soemardiono; Purwanita Setijanti
IPTEK Journal of Proceedings Series No 6 (2020): 6th International Seminar on Science and Technology 2020 (ISST 2020)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12962/j23546026.y2020i6.8907

Abstract

Representation of visual engagement in urban street through the streetscape is an important in urban design research as a city framework. Urban street are composed of various classifications and attract more attention from townspeople. Visual engagement is an important component for understanding a city. Human's perception of the nature environment and build environment gives a difference feeling to the visual. The city formed by many urban street that forms it. However, the establishment of this street still does not pay attention to the interests about visual on the street system as a city frameworks, but only pay attention to the function of the street. Urban street have regulations related to speed limits that are affect the visual of the driver. The importance of visual engagement driver’s when through the street to understanding of the city. The methodology in this study uses a post-positivist paradigm with quantitative strategies. Data collection tactics using Likert scale questionnaires was given to drivers or people who through the street by car with intensity once a week and data analysis uses SPSS application with descriptive statistics to identify factors that the most affect. The results of this study are to identify the factors of the urban streetscape that the most affect to the drivers when through the street. The visual elements factor that include the mass of the building, building entrance, textures, colours, and materials was establish the enclosure space on the street corridor. from these results identified a new factors that affect to visual engagement drivers.
The Influence of Islam and Javanese Culture on The Meaning of Keraton Surakarta Hadiningrat’s Architecture Ihdina Sabili; Murni Rachmawati; Purwanita Setijanti
IPTEK Journal of Proceedings Series No 6 (2020): 6th International Seminar on Science and Technology 2020 (ISST 2020)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12962/j23546026.y2020i6.9188

Abstract

The effects of religion and culture to the people’s life in Indonesia certainly become inevitability. Keraton, as the residence of the king and the family has philosophical concepts and meanings on each element. Keraton Surakarta in physically and principle adheres to the philosophy of the Javanese people’s life as a media of Islamic development as well as the Javanese culture. This study aims to find out the influence of Islamic values and Javanese culture on the architecture of Keraton Surakarta, especially on the philosophical meaning. The research paradigm used in this study is the Inter-subjective Paradigm. The method applied is Combined Strategies, between Historical Research and Qualitative Research. The data collection was obtained through the literary study, observations, and interview of Keraton Royal Family and The Servants. Research conclusions came from verifying data with interpretation and historiography on the research object. The result of this study is the architectural significance of Keraton Surakarta applying islamic values combined with Java 'cultural philosophy especially to the building orientation and layout sequences. Imprinted meaning derived from the core of the value of human's relationship with god and the courtship philosophy of the Manunggaling kawula gusti.
Transitional Space as Solution for Occupants Safety: Learning from the Past Ami Arfianti; Murni Rachmawati; Purwanita Setijanti
Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings 5th International Seminar of Research Month 2020
Publisher : Future Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2021.0919

Abstract

This paper aims to show that for the safety of the occupants in today's architecture, we could learn from the spatial arrangement of the past architecture. In this paper, the adoption of the historiography method from historians was used to trace the genealogy of past architecture. Historiography is a method that is used to trace history back to the past to understand the past. By using historiography, the genealogy (line of a descendant) of vernacular Javanese building will be traced to find the transitional space in the spatial arrangement of the complex of housing. And then, the genealogy of vernacular Japanese buildings will be traced too, to find the transitional space in their spatial arrangement housing. To represent the European building, the genealogy of the Greek building will be used. Again, transitional space will be traced in their building. After that, the finding from these tracing will be compared to find the similarity and differences of the transition spaces. The result of this study showed that people from countries of samples did not design their building with open access to the spatial arrangement. There is always a transitional space from outside of the building to inside of the building. Because open access will make the occupants of the building prone to safety. Not only from tangible (physical) threats but also the intangible threats.