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Rural Farm and Non-farm Linkages in a Predominantly Manufacturing Region: The Case of Semarang Regency, Indonesia Puji Hardati; Rijanta Rijanta; Su Ritohardoyo
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 52, No 1 (2020): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (20.823 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.47450

Abstract

This paper aimed to explore the correlation between the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors in the rural area affected by the manufacturing industry agglomeration of Semarang. Data on agricultural commodities, non-agricultural labor, and economic service facilities were reduced using factor analysis to form the typology of agricultural commodity areas and typology of rural diversification respectively. The two groups of score factors were correlated to predict the magnitude, direction, and significance of the inter-sectoral linkages. Data interpretation was made with the help of agricultural commodity flow data from the selected market. The study confirms the weak linkages between large-scale manufacturing industries and the agricultural economy in the hinterland. The study reflects weak linkages between the agricultural sector and rural diversification, as indicated by the weak correlation between factor scores. A rather strong linkage is shown by dryland agricultural areas associated with inland fisheries and rural diversification associated with tourism. 
PENDIDIKAN UNTUK PEMBANGUNAN BERKELANJUTAN DI PONDOK PESANTREN Wuryadi, Wuryadi; Rijanta, R.; Tandjung, S. Djalal; Ngabekti, Sri
Prosiding Seminar Biologi Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Seminar Nasional IX Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS

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Abstract

ABSTRAK   Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi praktek Pendidikan untuk Pembangunan Berkelanjutan (PPB) di Pondok Pesantren. Setting penelitian: Pondok Pesantren Modern Selamat Kendal yang sudah ada motivasi dalam pengelolaan lingkungan fisik dan biologis. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah kualitatif naturalistik yang mengedepankan adanya interaksi dan observasi partisipatif dengan subjek yang diteliti, dan melakukan observasi, dan wawancara dengan komunitas pondok pesantren. Pemilihan sampel secara purposive, accidental, dan snow-ball sampling. Kondisi lingkungan dan proses pembelajaran PPB diobservasi secara mendalam. Hasil wawancara ditranskrip, kemudian disajikan secara deskriptif. Data penelitian kualitatif berupa naratif, deskriptif, dokumen pribadi, catatan lapangan, dokumen pondok pesantren, foto, video-tapes, dan hasil rekaman CCTV. Guna memperoleh validitas data, komponen analisis data yang dilakukan adalah pengelompokan data, refleksi, dan triangulasi. Hasil penelitian menemukan 5 dimensi PPB yakni dimensi lingkungan, ekonomi, sosial-budaya, edukasional dan spiritual yang telah diimplementasikan dengan baik dalam kehidupan sehari-hari oleh seluruh komunitas pondok. Implementasi  ini terutama didukung oleh faktor kurukulum, proses pembelajaran pengetahuan umum dan agama, serta aktivitas spiritual komunitas pesantren dan Pendirinya.   Kata Kunci: PPB, pondok pesantren
Exploring Typology of Residents Staying in Disaster-Prone Areas: A Case Study in Tambak Lorok, Semarang, Indonesia Rijanta, R; Sukamdi, S; Amin, Choirul
Forum Geografi Vol 32, No 1 (2018): July 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v32i1.5817

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Studies about population immobility, especially immobility associated with climate change-related disaster, are very limited. As a consequence, the explanation of population immobility in disaster prone areas is still blurred. This study contributes in explaining population immobility by exploring the typology of residents who did not move from disaster-prone areas. The survey was conducted towards the residents of Kampung Tambak Lorok Semarang, which is prone to three disasters simultaneously i.e. sea level rise, land subsidence, and tidal inundation. The study sample was 235 heads of households selected using proportional sampling area technique. Data were collected using a questionnaire consisting of two parts: (1) demographic, social, and economic characteristics of people who did not move from disaster prone areas; and (2) staying intention in disaster prone areas. Data analysis used descriptive analysis by using table and graph of respondent characteristic and relation between respondent characteristic and staying intention in research area. Three (3) typologies have been identified, namely: Type-1 are residents who wishes to stay; Type-2 are residents who still have not decided whether to stay or move; and Type-3 are residents who do not want to stay/want to move. Each of these typologies is described by place of birth, age, length of stay, education, occupation, and income. The understanding of the typology of residents living in disaster prone areas is important as inputs for policy-makers, especially regarding the relocation of people from disaster prone areas to be effective. The results of this study also contribute empirical evidence to the migration theory debate at the micro level, namely that the staying intention is a key element in the black box of immobile decision-making from disaster prone areas.
“Kampung” as a Formal and Informal Integration Model (Case Study: Kampung Pahandut, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia) Rijanta, R; Marfai, Muh. Aris; Hamidah, Noor; Setiawan, Bakti
Forum Geografi Vol 31, No 1 (2017): July 2017
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v31i1.3047

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Kampung is a mixed formal and informal settlements which has a long history. Kampung has always been occupied by millions of in Indonesia. Kampung shows its capacity to integrate formal and informal activities both within the kampung itself and activities at city level. This research try to explore Kampung Pahandut, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia as a case study of embryo settlement close to the river. The objective of this research is to describe of formal and informal in formal and informal activities within Kampung Pahandut. This research attempt to study the pattern and the forms of socio-economic integration of the community. This research applies mixed method (qualitative and quantitative) through field observation as a step to find the integration of formal and informal activity in Kampung. Data collection is primarily to record both social and economic activities since field observation records physical appearances of infrastructure. In addition, this Kampung research was also conducted through in-depth interview to explore information from the selected resource persons. This research approves that Kampung, in the case of Kampung Pahandut, is not separated both physical and social from the city of Palangka Raya. It is reveal that internal social activity of  Kampung are able to maintain ‘gotong-royong’ and external social activity showed by ‘green kampung’. Kampung Pahandut is a part of the Palangka Raya city government by kampung improvement program. It means integration through physical and social activities shows that kampungs are not isolation settlements. Kampung has its significant contributions to the social and physical of the Palangka Raya city. It is as proven by formal and informal activities of Kampung Pahandut which is found to be fully integrated to the city of Palangka Raya.
Contributions of Non-Farm Employment Opportunities on Household Income: Study on Itinerant Vegetable Traders in Sumowono Village Ritohardoyo, Su; Rijanta, R; Hardati, Puji
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 7, No 1 (2015): Komunitas, March 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v7i1.3599

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This study aims to analyze the contribution of non-farm employment opportunities to household income. The experiment was conducted in the Sumowono Village, Semarang Regency Central Java province. Respondents were itinerant vegetable traders and community leaders. Data collection is carried out by means of in-depth interviews. The analysis showed that non-farm employment opportunities in rural areas conducted by itinerant vegetable traders became one of alternative employment and contribute to labor force participation. Generally itinerant vegetable vendor is male. Mostly are married, have an average of two children, and only 20 percent is unmarried. The majority of junior high school education is finished. Reach of the work area is varies, begin from the surrounding villages in the sub-district, outside the district, regencies and outside the province. Motorcycle become one of the means of transportation used. The outpouring of working time each day an average of 9 hours. Contribution to household income by 70 percent.       Penelitian bertujuan menganalisis kontribusi kesempatan kerja non-pertanian terhadap pendapatan rumahtangga. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Desa Sumowono Kabupaten Semarang provinsi Jawa Tengah. Responden adalah pedagang sayur keliling dan tokoh masyarakat. Pengumpulan data dilaksanakan dengan cara wawancara mendalam. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa  kesempatan kerja non-pertanian di perdesaan yang dilakukan oleh pedagang sayur keliling menjadi salah satu alternatif kerja dan berkontribusi terhadap partisipasi angkatan kerja. Umumnya pedagang sayur keliling berjenis kelamin laki-laki. Sebagian besar berstatus kawin, dengan rata-rata memiliki anak 2 orang, dan hanya 20 persen bujang. Pendidikan mayoritas adalah tamat sekolah lanjutan pertama. Jangkauan wilayah kerja bervariasi, mulai dari desa sekitar satu wilayah kecamatan, luar kecamatan, luar kabupaten dan luar provinsi. Sepeda motor menjadi salah satu alat transportasi yang digunakan. Curahan waktu kerja setiap hari 9 jam. Kontribusi terhadap pendapatan rumahtangga sebesar 70 persen.
Perkembangan Kondisi Demografi dan Sosial-Ekonomi di Kotamadya Yogyakarta Beserta Implikasinya untuk Pengembangan Fasilitas Kota R Rijanta
Forum Geografi Vol 7, No 2 (1993): December 1993
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v7i2.4804

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Tulisan ini bertujuan menunjukkan perubaban demografis di Kotamadia Yogyakarta dan sekttarnya agar supaya dapat mengidentifikasi masing-masing konsekuensinya pada perencanaan fasilitas pelayanan. Data yang digunakan dalam tulisan ini berasal dari berbagai sumber, utamanya dari sensus penduduk tabun 1980, 1990 dan dokumen-dokumen lainnya. Dinamisasi penduduk dideteksi dari berbagai macam variabel perkembangan (ukuran, kepadatan, ukuran rumah tangga, struktur, pekerjaan dan pendidikan) pada dua dekade terakhir dimana dapat memberikan gagasan kasar dari arab dimana fasilitas-fasilitas pelayanan dikembangkan. Beberapa penyesuaian pada strategi-strategi pengembangan sektoral pada dekade berikutnya perlu dipertimbangkan sebagai sesuatu yang penting agar supaya dapat mengantisipasi dampak demografis dari perubaban demografis akhir-akhir ini.
Local Food Crops and the Poor (The Case of the Three Geographical Regions of Kulon Progo Regency) Widiyanto, Dodi; Rijanta, R.; Toekidjo, Toekidjo
International Journal of Planning and Development Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract: It is believed that local food crops are available widely in rural regions. However, not all of the people consume them. The facts also show that local food crops are placed as secondary sources of foodstuff. This research aims at (1) describing the profile of local food crops consumed by the poor rural households and 2) exploring causes and mechanism of the poor rural household in maintaining local food crops as their food sources in the three different geographical regions of Kulon Progo Regency, namely the upland region, the transitional region, and the lowland region of Kulon Progo Regency. A household survey is conducted to achieve the above mentioned objectives. Respondents of this research are chosen purposively from the poor households’ data as listed by the Kulon Progo Regional Planning Board to represent the three regions in the regency. Three districts in the regency are selected to represent the three types of regions respectively, i.e: Samigaluh, Pengasih, and Lendah. A questionnaire is distributed in order to collect the data from the selected household respondents. The findings of this research are (1) there are various kinds of local food crops that were consumed by the respondents from three different geographical regions. The researchers collected that there were 36 types of local food totally from these three geographical regions, (2) there were also several motives that were important to be described in order to explained the reason why the respondents processed local food crops such as to be sold or to be consumed by themselves, (3) spatially, there are a specific pattern of harvested local food crops based on the respondents perceptions in three geographical areas: (i) based on nature, and (ii) based on human decision , (4) there were also various methods of utilisation local food crops, such as boiled, fried, steamed, cooked into intermediate products, or cooked into final commodities that were ready to be consumed.Keywords: background, geographical regions, harvested pattern, local food crops, poor households
IMPLEMENTASI DIMENSI LINGKUNGAN DALAM PENDIDIKAN UNTUK PEMBANGUNAN BERKELANJUTAN DI PONDOK PESANTREN MODERN SELAMAT KENDAL Ngabekti, Sri; Tandjung, S. Djalal; Wuryadi, Wuryadi; Rijanta, R.
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 19, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi Implementasi Dimensi Lingkungan dalam Pendidikan untuk Pembangunan Berke1anjutan (PPB) di Pondok Pesantren. Setting penelitian: Pondok Pesantren Modem Selamat Kendal yang sudah ada motivasi dalam pengelolaan lingkungan fisik dan biologis. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah kualitatif-induktif yang mengedepankan adanya interaksi dan observasi partisipatif dengan subjek yang diteliti, dan melakukan observasi, dan wawancara dengan komunitas pondok pesantren. Pemilihan sampel secara purposive, accidental, dan snow-ball sampling. Kondisi lingkungan fisik, biologis, dan sosial-budaya diobservasi secara mendalam. Hasil wawancara ditranskrip, kemudian disajikan secara deskriptif Data penelitian kualitatif berupa naratif, deskriptif, dokumen pribadi, catatan lapangan, dokumen pondok pesantren, foto, video-tapes, dan hasil rekarnan CCTV. Guna memperoteh validitas data, komponen analisis data yang dilakukan adalah pengelompokan data, refleksi, dan triangulasi. Hasil eksplorasi implementasi dimensi lingkungan daiam PPB di Pondok Pesantren Modem Selamat Kendal menemukan bahwa dimensi lingkungan fisik, bioiogis, dan sosial-budaya, telah diimplementasikan dengan baik dalam kehidupan sehari-hari oleh seluruh komunitas pondok. Implementasi ini juga didukung oleh faktor lain yakni kurikulum, proses pembeJajaran pengetahuan umum dan agama, serta faktor spiritual Pendirinya.
PERAN PEMERINTAH DAN PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DALAM REHABILITASI HUTAN MANGROVE: KASUS DI KECAMATAN PEMANGKAT KABUPATEN SAMBAS KALIMANTAN BARAT Fitriadi, Fitriadi; Gunawan, Totok; Rijanta, Rijanta
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 12, No 3 (2005)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peran Pemerintah Daerah dan partisipasi masyarakat dalam rehabilitasi hutan mangrove dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi partisipasi masyarakat. Daerah penelitian adalah Desa Pemangkat Kota Kecamatan Pemangkat Kabupaten Sambas Kalimantan Barat. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Analisis data dilakukan dengan analisis deskriptif. Responden penelitian terdiri dari masyarakat Desa Pemangkat Kota yang terlibat langsung dalam kegiatan rehabilitasi hutan mangrove dan aparat Pemerintah Daerah yang terkait dengan kegiatan rehabilitasi hutan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara, observasi lapangan dan wawancara mendalam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peran Pemerintah Daerah dalam rehabilitasi hutan mangrove Tanjung Bila, dan partisipasi masyarakat dalam proses perencanaan adalah rendah. Hal ini disebabkan oleh kurang dilibatkannya masyarakat dalam proses perencanaan, sikap apatis dari masyarakat, dan rendahnya tingkat pendidikan masyarakat.
DAMPAK PERKEMBANGAN KAWASAN PENDIDIKAN DI TEMBALANG SEMARANG JAWA TENGAH Samadikun, Budi Prasetyo; Sudibyakto, Sudibyakto; Setiawan, Bakti; Rijanta, Rijanta
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 21, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Kawasan Tembalang merupakan salah satu wilayah pemekaran Kota Semarang Propinsi Jawa Tengah yang peruntukannya sebagai daerah pusat pengembangan pendidikan serta  pertumbuhan perumahan dan permukiman.  Pada tahap awal,  perkembangan kampus (kawasan pendidikan) di wilayah ini masih berdampak positif, khususnya pada pertumbuhan/perbaikan infrastruktur. Seiring dengan berjalannya waktu, ternyata mulai timbul dampak negatif pada lingkungan di sekitar kawasan kampus. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji tahapan dan bentuk perubahan yang terjadi di Kawasan Tembalang, serta mengkaji kondisi eksisting permukiman dan infrastruktur di wilayah ini. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian survei dengan menggabungkan metode kuantitatif dan metode kualitatif. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik purposive, teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner, wawancara mendalam, dan observasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat beberapa tahapan dan bentuk perubahan yang terjadi selama empat tahap mencakup aspek kependudukan, matapencaharian, kondisi sosial-ekonomi-budaya, suplai kebutuhan, tata guna lahan, kondisi infrastruktur, dan lingkungan. Nilai skoring terhadap infrastruktur eksisting bernilai baik untuk kondisi transportasi dan drainase, kondisi bangunan dinilai buruk, dan kondisi persampahan dinilai sedang. 
Co-Authors A. J. Suharjo Agus Heruanto Hadna, Agus Heruanto Agus Joko Pitoyo Ahmad Syukron Prasaja Ali Agus Ambar Pertiwiningrum Ari Caesar Pratama Ari Susanto ARI SUSANTO Astri Hanjarwati Bakti Setiawan Bakti Setiawan Bakti Setiawan Bakti Setiawan Bambang Sriyanto Eko Prakoso Budi Prasetyo Samadikun Budi Setiawan Budi Setiawan Chairunnisa, Indira Choirul Amin Dodi Widiyanto Dodi Widiyanto Dodi Widiyanto Dyah Rahmawati Hizbaron Endy Agustian Fitriadi Fitriadi Fitrianingrum, Miftahul Hanifah Hamidah, Noor Hasanati, Surani Hizbaron, Dyah Rahmawati Iis Herliany Indira Chairunnisa Jangkung Handoyo Mulyo Jaswadi Jaswadi Junun Sartohadi Leksono Probo Subanu M. Baiquni M. Pramono Hadi Mohammad Pramono Hadi Muh Aris Marfai Muh. Aris Marfai Muh. Aris Marfai Muh. Aris Marfai Muh. Aris Marfai Muhadjir Darwin Muhammad Baiquni Muhammad Baiquni Muhammad Baiquni Nasruddin Harahap Niki Stenly Kondo Noor Hamidah Noor Hamidah, Noor Nur Mohammad Farda Permana, Sendi Pitoyo, AJ Puji Hardati Puji Hardati R Agung Pangarso R Widiati, R R. Suharyadi Rimawan Pradiptyo Rini Rachmawati Rini Rachmawati Rini Rachmawati Rini Widiati Riza Fadholi Pasha rosalina kumalawati S Andarwati, S S Sukamdi S. Djalal Tandjung S. Djalal Tandjung Sara Dwi Kumiarto Saratri Wilonoyudho Seftiawan Samsu Rijal Sendi Permana Sheily Widyaningsih Siti Andarwati Sri Ngabekti Sri Ngabekti Sri Rum Giyarsih Su Ritohardoyo Su Ritohardoyo Sudibyakto Sudibyakto Sukamdi Sulistyo, Ari Supriadi Supriadi Sutikno Sutikno Toekidjo Toekidjo, Toekidjo Totok Gunawan Umi Listyaningsih Wuryadi Wuryadi Wuryadi Wuryadi Y Opatpatanakit, Y Yanin Opatpatanakit Yanmesli Yanmesli Yeremias T. Keban Yeremias Torontuan Keban Yoga Pranata Yoga Pranata Yundari, Yundari Yusuf Amri