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The Relation between Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Histopatological Appearance in male Wistar Rats Model Fridayanti, Febrina Sylva; Sulistyaningsih, Erma; Sakinah, Elly Nurus
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University (Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Jember)

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Abstract

Fractures are a serious health problem in Indonesia due to increasing prevalence. The healing process of fracture is disturbed by the oxidative stress that caused by imbalance quantity of free radical and antioxidant. An antioxidant such as polyphenol, which can be found in cocoa, is needed to suppress oxidative stress. The study aimed to investigate the effect of the ethanolic extract of cacao on fracture healing process in a rat model through MDA concentration and histopatological appearance. This study is in vivo experimental study with post-test only controlled group design. 30 male Wistar rats were randomized and divided into 5 groups. 1 group was rats without fractured. The negative control and three treatment groups were rats with fractured manually on left tibia under anesthesia and immobilized by bandage. The treatment groups treated with cocoa ethanolic extract in a dose of 125 mg/kgBW, 250 mg/kgBW, and 500 mg/kgBW orally for 21 days. The result showed that there was a significant different between the treatment groups and the negative control group on MDA concentration and histopatological appearance (p>0,05). The corelation between them were strong and had negative direction (R=-0,771). The study concluded that cocoa ethanolic extract had a positive effect to supress oxidation stress and increases the number of osteoblast on fracture healing process.   Key words: cocoa ethanolic extract, polyphenol, fracture healing process, oxidative stress
Cloning of cDNA Encoding GRA1 Protein of Tachyzoite Toxoplasma Gondii Local Isolate Sulistyaningsih, Erma; Moeljopawiro, Sukarti; Subandono, Jarot; Artama, Wayan T.
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 10, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Gene encoding GRA1 protein is potent DNA-vaccine candidate against toxoplasmosis. The aim of the researchwas to clone the gene encoding GRA1 protein of tachyzoite Toxoplasma gondii local isolate by DNA recombinanttechnology. Tachyzoite was grown in Balb/c mice in vivo. Messenger RNA was isolated from total RNA and itwas used to synthesis cDNA. Complementary DNA encoding GRA1 protein of tachyzoite Toxoplasma gondii localisolate was amplified and cloned in a prokaryote cloning vector. The recombinant GRA1-encoding gene was thendigesting using EcoRI restriction endonuclease and sequencing. The result showed that the recombinant GRA1-encoding gene consisted of DNA sequences encoding all signal peptide and mature peptide of GRA1 protein.Alignment of recombinant GRA1 sequence to gene encoding GRA1 protein of Toxoplasma gondii RH isolate showed100% homologous.Keywords: GRA1 protein, Toxoplasma gondii, tachyzoite, cloning, cDNA
The Density of Dermatophagoides sp. in Households and its Correlation with the Score for Allergic Rhinitis in Jember, East Java Sulistyaningsih, Erma; Laili, Elisa Fadia; Abrori, Cholis
Mutiara Medika: Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 21, No 1: January 2021
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/mmjkk.v21i1.7925

Abstract

The prevalence of allergic rhinitis (AR) in Indonesia is an estimated 24.3% and increasing each year. The majority cause of AR is house dust mites (HDMs) allergens, especially Dermatophagoides sp. The screening tool to estimate the prevalence and diagnose AF in a population setting is the Score for Allergic Rhinitis (SFAR) questionnaire. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the density of Dermatophagoides sp. in households and the SFAR in Jember, East Java. The study enrolled 30 housewives as respondents, which were selected by stratified random sampling. Respondents were interviewed using the SFAR questionnaire. The dust sample from each house of the respondent was collected, the HDMs either Dermatophagoides sp. or others were identified and the density of Dermatophagoides sp. was calculated. Data were analyzed using the Pearson Test. Dermatophagoides sp. were found in 21 out of 30 samples and 11 out of 30 respondents had an SFAR of ≥ 7. The Pearson analysis showed the value of p = 0.555 and r = 0.136. Dermatophagoides sp. was the majority of species of HDMs, but there was no significant correlation between the density of Dermatophagoides sp. in households and the SFAR among housewives  in Jember.
Specific sequence of Plasmodium falciparum DBL domains associated with severe malaria outcome Sulistyaningsih, Erma; Fitri, Loeki Enggar; Loescher, Thomas; Berens-Riha, Nicole
UNEJ e-Proceeding Indonesian Protein Society (IPS), International Seminar and Workshop 2014
Publisher : UNEJ e-Proceeding

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Abstract

Duffy-binding like (DBL) domains of Plasmodium falciparum are believed to be involved in erythrocytes invasion and infected erythrocytes cytoadhesion during the blood stage of malaria infection. In Plasmodium falciparum, DBL domains found in the two different protein families; Erythrocyte Binding Ligand (EBL) including EBA-175, EBA-140, EBA-181 and EBL-1, and Plasmodium falciparum Erythrocyte Membrane Protein-1. The study aimed at investigating the specific sequence of Plasmodium falciparum involved in severe malaria outcome.Blood samples from severe and uncomplicated falciparum malaria cases from Papua and South Kalimantan province, Indonesia, were collected for DNA extraction. A dried blood on filter paper were used for RNA extraction. PCR was performed using UNIEBP primers and directly sequenced. Internal var D primers were designed according to the sequencing of the ~550 bp band produced by UNIEBP primers. The nucleotide sequences were analyzed by NCBI BLAST. Multiple bands ranging from nearly 250 bp to 1 kb were resulted from gDNA in all samples. Two isolates yielded bands of 450 and 525 bp, three isolates showed three bands additionally 250 bp, one isolate presented four bands additionally 800 bp and one isolate resulted one band additionally 1 kb.Amplification of cDNA from severe malaria cases produced one to four bands ranging from 250 bp to 700 bp, and no band observed from cDNA of uncomplicated malaria. Sequencing of the 418 bp bands matched with the eba-175 gene, the 316 bp determined as DBL1a domain and 486 bp band matched with the DBLg domain isolated from placenta of PAM’s Malawian woman. The expression of a 237 bp sequence corresponding to var D gene, was detected solely in severe malaria patients, implicating an association of gene expression and manifestation of severe malaria. Further characterization of the var D gene with a larger sample size is required to draw a definite conclusion. Keywords: DBL domains, Plasmodium falciparum, severe malaria, var D gene.
Sensitivity and Specificity of Nested PCR for Diagnosing Malaria: Cases in Several Areas of Indonesia Arifin, Samsul; Fitri, Loeki Enggar; Sujuti, Hidayat; Hermansyah, Bagus; Endharti, Agustina Tri; Burhan, Niniek; Candradikusuma, Didi; Sulistyaningsih, Erma; Tuda, Josef Sem Berth; Zein, Umar
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 8, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.08.02.11

Abstract

Indonesia is still included in high endemic area of malaria infection. Early detection as well as appropriate and quick treatment is needed to be able to prevent and treat malaria in Indonesia. Laboratory examination using a microscopic method is still used as the gold standard to diagnose malaria cases. However, the morphology similarity of some Plasmodium species and the number of parasites that can be seen under microscopy causes malaria diagnosis become difficult if only relying on microscopy diagnostic method. The purpose of this study is to analyze the sensitivity and specificity of nested PCR compared to microscopic examination in diagnosing malaria cases. A cross-sectional study has been carried out in some areas of Indonesia and the microscopic analysis as well as nest PCR was done in Laboratory of Parasitology and Laboratory of Central Biomedical Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang East Java Indonesia. A total of 149 blood samples from patients with clinical symptoms of malaria had been obtained from Sumatra, Sulawesi and East Java during December 2011 to December 2013. From 149 sample, 81.9% samples were diagnosed malaria positive by microscopy examination, whereas the PCR results showed that 90.6% of samples were positive. Nested PCR sensitivity is 97.5%, and microscopy 88.2%. Nested PCR specificity is 40.7%, whereas microscopy 78.5%. PPV and NPV for nested PCR are 88,2% and 78.5% respectively, and for microscopy are 97.5% and 40.7% respectively. Nested PCR has a higher sensitivity than microscopy in diagnosing malaria and is able to detect mixed infection better than microscopic examination. However, it is statistically less specific than microscopy examination.
THE CIDR1α-PfEMP1 SEQUENCE FROM INDONESIAN PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM AND ITS POTENTIAL ASSOCIATION WITH THE CEREBRAL OUTCOME Sulistyaningsih, Erma; Armiyanti, Yunita; Dewi, Rosita
Malang Neurology Journal Vol 7, No 1 (2021): January
Publisher : Malang Neurology Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.mnj.2021.007.01.8

Abstract

Background: Plasmodium falciparum Erythrocyte Membrane Protein 1 (PfEMP1) is an important protein responsible for the pathogenesis of severe malaria, including cerebral malaria. The protein is highly diverse. The CIDR1α-PfEMP1 binds endothelial protein receptor (EPCR) and may associated with the brain swelling in childhood malaria.Objective: To analyze the CIDR1α-PfEMP1 from Indonesian isolate and determine its association with cerebral malaria outcome.Methods: Fifteen blood samples of clinically mild to severe malaria-patient were collected for DNA extraction. Malaria diagnosis was conducted microscopically by Giemsa-stained thin blood smear. The CIDR1α domain was amplified by PCR using specific primer and PCR product was sequenced. The nucleotide sequences were analyzed by NCBI blast, DNASIS MAX 3 and translated into amino acid sequences using Expasy Translation Tool.Results: One out of fifteen samples was severe malaria case and infected with P.  falciparum, the rest were clinically mild to moderate malaria and infected with pure P. falciparum or mixed infection of P. falciparum and P. vivax. Amplification for CIDR1α domain resulted a single band of + 550 bp from a severe sample only. Sequencing of PCR product on both strands read 524 nucleotides and BLAST analysis confirmed as CIDR1α sequence. Multiple alignment showed 74-78% nucleotide sequence similarity with reference sequences, but amino acid sequences presented 23.5% homologous.Conclusion: An identified CIDR1α domain only from severe case implicating the potential association with the severe outcome including cerebral malaria, but the highly diverse of the domain needs further studies on the interaction with the pathological-causing receptor in the host. 
Pembentukan Model Keluarga Sadar Gizi (KADARZI) dan Kader Siaga Stunting sebagai Upaya Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Desa Sukogidri-Jember dalam Mengatasi Stunting Sulistyaningsih, Erma; Dewanti, Parawita; Pralampita, Pulong Wijang
Jurnal ABDINUS : Jurnal Pengabdian Nusantara Vol 5 No 2 (2021): Volume 5 Nomor 2 Tahun 2021
Publisher : Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29407/ja.v5i2.15364

Abstract

Stunting is a major health problem in Indonesia. Sukogidri Village is one of the villages that contribute to stunting in Jember Regency. There are 18 stunting children under five from 353 total children under five in the village. The effort to solve the stunting problem should involve community participation through empowerment. This community service aimed to increase community empowerment to solve the stunting by forming the nutritionally-aware family (Keluarga Sadar Gizi = KADARZI) model and the stunting-alert cadres. KADARZI model was chosen in selected families and trained on the definition of KADARZI, the efforts and steps undertaken as a model for KADARZI in selected families. The stunting-alert cadres were formed from health cadres who were provided with intensive education and training materials on the stunting, its dangers and how to prevent it. After going through serial training, 10 KADARZI models and 10 stunting-alert cadres were formed in Sukogidri Village, Jember. It is hoped that the KADARZI model and stunting alert cadres will play an active role in overcoming stunting in the village.
The Density of Dermatophagoides sp. in Households and its Correlation with the Score for Allergic Rhinitis in Jember, East Java Sulistyaningsih, Erma; Laili, Elisa Fadia; Abrori, Cholis
Mutiara Medika: Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 21, No 1 (2021): January
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/mmjkk.v21i1.7925

Abstract

The prevalence of allergic rhinitis (AR) in Indonesia is an estimated 24.3% and increasing each year. The majority cause of AR is house dust mites (HDMs) allergens, especially Dermatophagoides sp. The screening tool to estimate the prevalence and diagnose AF in a population setting is the Score for Allergic Rhinitis (SFAR) questionnaire. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the density of Dermatophagoides sp. in households and the SFAR in Jember, East Java. The study enrolled 30 housewives as respondents, which were selected by stratified random sampling. Respondents were interviewed using the SFAR questionnaire. The dust sample from each house of the respondent was collected, the HDMs either Dermatophagoides sp. or others were identified and the density of Dermatophagoides sp. was calculated. Data were analyzed using the Pearson Test. Dermatophagoides sp. were found in 21 out of 30 samples and 11 out of 30 respondents had an SFAR of ≥ 7. The Pearson analysis showed the value of p = 0.555 and r = 0.136. Dermatophagoides sp. was the majority of species of HDMs, but there was no significant correlation between the density of Dermatophagoides sp. in households and the SFAR among housewives  in Jember.