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Model Komunikasi Untuk Membangun Kapasitas Kewirausahaan dan Kesiapan Perubahan Pedagang Pasar Tradisional Akhmad Edhy Aruman; Sumardjo Sumardjo; Nurmala K Panjaitan; Dwi Sadono
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 14 No. 1 (2018): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences and PAPPI (Perhimpunan Ahli Penyuluh Pertanian Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (448.556 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v14i1.16363

Abstract

Berangkat dari kondisi rendahnya kapasitas kewirausahaan dan ketidaksiapan pedagang pasar tradisional menghadapi persaingan dari peritel modern, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merumuskan model komunikasi untuk membangun kesiapan perubahan pedagang pasar tradisional. Metode yang digunakan adalah survey dengan mewawancarai 559 pedagang pasar tradisional menggunakan instrumen kuesioner. Hasilnya dianalisis dengan menggunakan pendekatan kausalitas dengan alat bantu LISREL dan diperkuat dengan hasil dari wawancara mendalam. Hasilnya diperoleh gambaran bahwa dalam menghadapi revitalisasi, pedagang berada dalam situasi ketidakpastian. Seluruh unsur mulai dari karakteristik pedagang, sumber pesan, pesan, dan komunikasi partisipatif memberikan dampak positif terhadap kesiapan pedagang terkait dengan revitalisasi dengan kondisi kapasitas kewirausahaan pedagang tinggi. Karenanya, untuk membangun kesiapan pedagang, hal utama yang perlu dilakukan adalah membangun kapasitas kewirausahaan pedagang. Kekurangberhasilan membangun kapasitas kewirausahaan berdampak ketidaksiapan pedagang untuk berubah. Model komunikasi yang dinilai tepat adalah melibatkan pengelola pasar sebagai sumber pesan yang kredibel, dengan muatan pesan tentang manfaat dan risiko revitalisasi ternyata efektif bila melalui pengembangan motivasi pedagang untuk berubah, dan media yang memungkinkan terjadi tanggapan langsung dari pelaku komunikasi. 
Strategi Pengelolaan Usaha Jasa Rumah Pemotongan Hewan Ruminansia Secara Berkelanjutan (MANAGEMENT STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE RUMINANT-CATTLE SLAUGHTERHOUSE (RC-S) SERVICES) Maya Dewi Dyah Maharani; Sumardjo Sumardjo; Eriyatno Eriyatno; Eko Sugeng Pribadi
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 18 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (314.608 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2017.18.1.94

Abstract

Uncontrolled cattle slaughtering may result in reduce water quantity and quality, number of cattle, and product of animal origin that does not fit the criteria of safety-healthy-whole-halal. The research objective was to analyze and measure important variables which might be required in developing a modelas well as to formulate strategic plans for managing sustainable abattoir services. Analysis methods used in this study were: Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) or rap-slaughterhouse, Monte Carlo Analysis, and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Results of the analysis showed that the important variables were, i.e.: water availability and animal health status (ecological dimension); willingness to conduct hygienic and sanitation procedures at business scale level, service business orientation, availability of animal and slaughtering schedule management (economical dimension); workers safety and security (sociological dimension), noncompliance of the use of infrastructure by managers, workers and service users; lack off ulfillment of the requirements of the building frame (dimension regulations); and processing technology (technological dimension). The priority strategic analysis concluded that supply services of product of animal origin is eligible to be considered as components required in the food security program through the development and renovation program of effective slaughter houses. ABSTRAK Pemotongan hewan yang tidak terkendali mengakibatkan penurunan ketersediaan jumlah dan mutu air, hewan, dan pangan asal ternak yang tidak sesuai kriteria aman-sehat-utuh-halal (ASUH). Tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis dan mengukur peubah-peubah penting yang diperlukan untuk menyusun model dan merancang rencana strategik pengelolaan usaha jasa rumah pemotongan hewan ruminansia secara berkelanjutan. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah Multi Dimensional Scaling (MDS) atau rap-slaughterhouse, Monte Carlo, dan Analytical Hierarchy Process. Hasil analisis mendapatkan beberapa faktor-faktor penting, yaitu ketersediaan air bersih dan status kesehatan hewan untuk dimensi ekologi; kesediaan melaksanakan perlakuan yang higienis dan sanitasi pada tingkatan skala usaha; orientasi usaha jasa; ketersediaan hewan; pengaturan jadwal waktu pemotongan untuk dimensi ekonomi; keselamatan dan keamanan pekerja (dimensi sosial); ketidaktaatan penggunaan sarana dan prasarana oleh pengelola, pekerja dan pengguna jasa; kurang dipenuhinya persyaratan rangka bangunan (dimensi peraturan); dan teknologi pengolahan (dimensi teknologi). Strategi prioritas yang dihasilkan adalah pelayanan penyediaan pangan asal ternak layak untuk dijadikan komponen yang wajib dalam program ketahanan pangan melalui program pembangunan dan renovasi rumah pemotongan hewan ruminansia yang efektif.
PERAN KELOMPOK TANI DALAM KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAHTANGGA PETANI (Desa Banjarsari dan Desa Tanjungsari, Kecamatan Sukaresik, Kabupaten Tasikmalaya, Propinsi Jawa Barat) Mochamad Januar; Sumardjo Sumardjo
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 6 No. 2 (2010): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences and PAPPI (Perhimpunan Ahli Penyuluh Pertanian Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (233.336 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i2.11448

Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengidentifikasi tingkat keamanan pangan rumah tangga petani yang telahterwujud, menganalisis faktor yang mempengaruhi keamanan pangan rumah tangga petani dan mengidentifikasiperan kelompok tani dalam rumah tangga untuk mencapai ketahanan pangan petani. Pendekatan penelitiandengan survai, responden penelitian adalah 60 kepala keluarga anggota petani dan Kelompok Tani Tanjungsaridari Desa Banjarsari, Kecamatan Sukaresik, Kabupaten tasikmalaya, provinsi jawa barat. Penelitianmenggunakan metode statistik dengan kuantitatif dan kualitatif spearman korelasi untuk memeriksa variabelperingkat. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan bahwa petani ketersediaan pangan rumah tangga sudah cukupmemadai tetapi masih belum stabil ketika musim menghadapi kelaparan, panen kekeringan atau tak lamasebelum.Perlu meningkatkan peran kelompok tani untuk mencapai keamanan pangan rumah tangga petani.Kunci: ketahanan pangan, rumah tangga petani, kelompok tani.
Kinerja Penyuluhan di Nusa Tenggara Timur Jelamu Ardu Marius; Sumardjo Sumardjo; Margono Slamet; Pang S Asngari
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 5 No. 1 (2009): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences and PAPPI (Perhimpunan Ahli Penyuluh Pertanian Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (273.219 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9799

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to portray the influence of internal and external  factors to the performance of the agricultural extension. The individual characrterization of the agricultural extension agents were the internal factors which assumed to influence toward the performance of agricultural extension and  those other i.e the non formal extension education (diklat), the milieu, and the extension organization structure were the external factors. The respondents were selected by the random and purposive sampling method in the three regency as research area. Data analysis was done by using descriptive and Linear Structural Relationship (LISREL) program 8.72 by Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) models.   The results of the research showed that the non formal extension education and the extension organization structure were influenced positively and significantly to  the performacen of extension (external factors), but those other were not.
Perilaku Masyarakat dalam Pelestarian Hutan Mangrove di Kabupaten Pangkep Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan Zainudin Zainudin; Sumardjo Sumardjo; Djoko Susanto
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 11 No. 1 (2015): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences and PAPPI (Perhimpunan Ahli Penyuluh Pertanian Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (275.979 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i1.9936

Abstract

Mangrove forest is one natural resource which essential for the life of living creatures that lives on its surrounding. The existence of mangrove forests has become an integral part of the lives of coastal communities; hence the existence of mangrove forests should be maintained and preserved. Mangrove forest sustainability cannot be separated from the behavior of the people who live around that forest. The objective of this research was (1) to examine the behavior of the coastal communities conserving mangrove forests, (2) to examine the factors related to coastal communities’ behavior in managing and conserving mangrove forest. The populations were the 100 heads of fisherman households taken from Tekolabbua and Pundata Baji Village of Pangkep District. This research was correlational research. This data was analyzed using Spearman Rank correlation by using SPSS programming. The result shows that the behavior of coastal communities in the preservation Pangkep mangrove forests is in the middle level. Factors related to this are behavior is the intensity of extension activities and environmental support.Keywords: coastal community behavior, managing and conserving mangrove forests
PEMBERDAYAAN PEJABAT STRUKTURAL KEPEGAWAIAN PEMERINTAH TERHADAP PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA YANG BERMUTU: Kasus dalam Bidang Kepegawaian di Provinsi DKI Jakarta dan Provinsi DI Yogyakarta Djoko Sutrisno; Sumardjo Sumardjo; Pang S Asngari; Soedijanto Padmowihardjo; Prabowo Tjitropranoto
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 2 No. 1 (2006): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences and PAPPI (Perhimpunan Ahli Penyuluh Pertanian Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (148.566 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i1.2141

Abstract

The civil service management was changed of paradigm to some extent, that is appointment of the personnel of government structural officials (PSOG) is carried out based on profesionalisme principle. Although in implementation, work achievement of the personnel of goverment structural officials (PSOG) indicate is still unsatisfying. This research objectives are: (1) to evaluate the level of empowerment, internal characteristics of organization, motivation, and competency of PSOG; (2) to decide the determinant factors that influence the empowerment, competence, and motivation of PSOG; (3) to formulate the model to increase competency of the personnel of government structural officials (PSOG). Location of the research are in DKI Jakarta and DI Yogyakartaof which 14 government offices were selected as study sites From the analysis of data obtained the scores as follow: (1) Level of empowerment, attitudes, motivation, and competency with category good. Level of non formal education (seminar, discussion and workshop) and organization technology with category good. Level of works experience with category not good; (2) The factors of non formal education (seminar, discussion and workshop), attitudes and organization technology is significantly influence the empowerment of PSOG; (3) The factors of empowerment and motivation of PSOG significantly influence competency; (4) The factor of empowerment of PSOG is significantly influence the motivation of PSOG.
Model Komunikasi untuk Membangun Kesiapan Perubahan Akhmad Edhy Aruman; Sumardjo Sumardjo; Nurmala Katrina Panjaitan; Dwi Sadono
Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan Vol. 15 No. 1 (2017): Februari 2017
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1060.835 KB) | DOI: 10.46937/15201722768

Abstract

This study aims to formulate a communication model to build the readiness of changes in traditional market traders. This research is related to traditional market revitalization plan to face competition especially from modern retailer. The method used is survey which result is analyzed by using causality approach with LISREL tool and reinforced with result from depth interview. The result is in the picture that in the face of revitalization, traders are in a situation of uncertainty. On the other hand, overall elements ranging from trader characteristics, message sources, messages, and participatory communications have a positive impact on merchant readiness associated with revitalization with high-capacity merchant corporation conditions. However, to build the readiness of traders, the main thing to do is to build the entrepreneurial capacity of traders. The lack of success in building entrepreneurial capacity has a negative impact on the readiness of traders. Appropriate communication models involving market managers as a credible source of messages, message content on the benefits and risks of effective revitalization develop the trader's motivation to change, and the media that permits immediate responses from communication actors.
Strategi Penyuluhan di Kawasan Konservasi (Kasus Taman Nasional Kepulauan Togean) Muhd Nur Sangadji; Sumardjo Sumardjo; Pang S Asngari; Soenarmo H Soewito
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 7 No. 2 (2011): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences and PAPPI (Perhimpunan Ahli Penyuluh Pertanian Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (303.042 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v7i2.9797

Abstract

The aim of this research are (1) To describe the factors influences the community participation on mana­gement of Togean Island National Park. (2) To analyze the role of extension and it’s correlation to the community participation. (3). To formulate an extension strategy to increase the community participation on management of Togean Island National Park. The research was conducted in Togean Island National Park in Central Sulawesi on August to Septembre 2008 and March to April 2009. Five variables are used to measure the community participation by using Structural Equation Model (SEM) and LISEREL 8.30 sofware. Those variables are internal characteristic, extension process, eksternal factor, community capacity and community participation. The result of research shown that extension proccess have a significant effect on the community capacity. Community capacity have a significant effect to the community participation on management of Togean Island National Park. The strategy that can be used to increase the community participation is to improve the process of extension.  Keywords: extension, community participation and national park.
Strategi Pengembangan Kemandirian Pelaku Muda Agribisnis “ Brain Gain Actors” di Jawa Barat Iwan Setiawan; Sumardjo Sumardjo; Arif Satria; Prabowo Tjitropranoto
MIMBAR (Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan) Volume 31, No. 2, Year 2015 [Accredited by Ristekdikti]
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/mimbar.v31i2.1491

Abstract

Brain gain is one approach innovation to the regeneration of agriculture and ruraldevelopment actors who are a warm discourse in the world. Independence developmentof agribusiness young actors (AYA) are educated and skilled representation of brain gainprocess. As a complex process, brain gain needs to be initiated and developed into aregeneration policy in Indonesia. Quality management business perspective asserts, toarrive at a policy, it is necessary strategies. This study aims to formulate a independencedevelopment strategy of AYA. Articles that are designed in mixed method describes thelevel independence of AYA and formulate independence development strategy of AYA usinganalytical tools SEM and SSM. The study shows, the level independence of AYA relativelyless, particularly aspects of quality and competitiveness. Hybrid and collaborative strategycan be done to strengthening aspects of readiness, personal factors, pull factors and pushfactors the significant effect, both quantitatively and qualitatively.
PENGARUH FAKTOR INTERNAL DAN EKSTERNAL PENYULUH TERHADAP KOMPETENSI PENYULUH DI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Jelamu Ardu Marius; Sumardjo Sumardjo; Margono Slamet; Pang S. Asngari
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 3 No. 2 (2007): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences and PAPPI (Perhimpunan Ahli Penyuluh Pertanian Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (326.192 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i2.2155

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to portray the influence of internal and external factors to the competencies of the agricultural extension agents. The individual characrterization of the agricultural extension agents were the internal factors which assumed to influence in creating the competencies, and those other i.e the non formal education (diklat), the milieu, and the extension organization structure were the external factors. The respondents were selected by the random and purposive sampling method in the three regency as research area. Data analysis was done by using descriptive and Linear Structural Relationship (LISREL) program 8.72 by Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) models. The results of the research showed that the internal factors were influenced positively and significantly to the competencies of the agricultural extension agents both before and after the autonomy, but those other were not.