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Antibacterial Activity of Aloe Vera Gel-based Edible Coating with the addition of Gum Arabic and Ascorbic Acid Ni Made Defy Janurianti; I Made Supartha Utama; Ida Bagus Wayan Gunam
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2021)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (172.756 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v5i1.59

Abstract

Aloe vera gel has antibacterial properties. The content of antibacterial compounds in aloe vera gel is saponins, anthraquinones, tannins, aloin, and acemannan. Aloe vera gel has the potential as an edible coating for food products. The Processing carried out goes through a heating process that does think to damage the antibacterial compounds in the aloe vera gel. This study aims to determine the antibacterial activity of aloe vera gel formulated as an edible coating on S. aureus, S. mutans, E. coli and K. pneumoniae bacteria. The research method used is the disc diffusion method. Based on the test results, pure aloe vera gel has a larger inhibition zone diameter than aloe vera gel processed into an edible coating. Diameter of pure aloe vera gel inhibition zone in S. aureus, S. mutans, E. coli, and K. pneumoniae bacteria. respectively 10.966 ± 0.573 mm; 11.806 ± 0.215 mm; 10,860 ± 0.675 mm, and 10.686 ± 0.081 mm. Aloe vera gel formulated into an edible coating with antibacterial ability, namely at a concentration of 100%, which has anti activity with the inhibition zone's diameter in S. aureus, S. mutans E. coli, and K. pneumoniae bacteria, respectively. is 10,470 ± 0.213 mm; 10,673 ± 0.127 mm; 10,113 ± 0.040 mm, and 9.676 ± 0.604 mm.
Colour and Quality of Strawberry fruit (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) at Different Levels of Maturity Ni Made Defy Janurianti; I Made Supartha Utama; Ida Bagus Wayan Gunam
SEAS (Sustainable Environment Agricultural Science) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2021)
Publisher : Warmadewa University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.673 KB) | DOI: 10.22225/seas.5.1.3166.22-28

Abstract

Strawberry fruit has five levels of maturity in terms of the color of the strawberry fruit. One of the important factors that affect the fruit's resistance from mechanical damage is the level of fruit maturity. At different levels of ripeness, strawberries have different nutritional content. The strawberries used are obtained from strawberry farmers in Pancasari Village, Tabanan Regency. The level of fruit maturity analyzed was divided into five stages, namely 0, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of the red fruit. Based on the ANOVA variety results, the parameters of color, texture, pH, total acid content, total acid content, vitamin C content, and anthocyanin levels of strawberries at different levels of maturity showed very significant differences (P <0.01). Strawberry fruit at the optimal level of maturity obtained the value of L *, namely 18.45, a *, namely 67.04, b *, namely 20.86, texture of 7.46 N, pH of 3.36, total acid of 2.09 (meq NaOH / g), total dissolved solids was 6.40 oBrix, vitamin C levels were 66.24 mg / 100, and anthocyanin levels were 329.07 (mg PGN / 100 g).