Khoiron Khoiron, Khoiron
Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Jember

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PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH PADA FASILITAS PELAYANAN KESEHATAN (STUDI DI UNIT PELAKSANA TEKNIS UNEJ MEDICAL CENTRE) Khoiron, Khoiron
IKESMA Vol 6, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

Health-care waste includes all the waste generated by health-care establishments, research facilities, and laboratories. The waste produced by health-care providers are non-risk  (domestic waste) and risk  (infectious waste).   The waste produced in the course of health-care activities carries a higher potential for infection and injury than any other type of waste. The study was conducted to explain the waste management in health care facility. The study is descriptive research  used cross sectional design. The Results showed that solids, liquids, and little gases waste are  produced by Technical Organizing Unit Unej Medical Centre. Solid waste treatment is operated by separation infectious and domestic waste, than they are  removed and combusted in incenerator at TPA Pakusari. Liquid waste treatment is operated by saptic tank. Keywords : Waste, Management, Health care fasility
ANALISIS KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH PERKOTAAN DI KOTA MALANG Khoiron, Khoiron
IKESMA Vol 6, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

Solid waste is important issue in urban area that is faced continously in line with increase number of residents and improvement of development activity. Every day 2-3 litres of solid waste is produced by everyone in urban area. Solid waste could cause environmental pollution and a threat to human health The purpose of this research is  describing and analyzing policy of local government in management of municipal waste wich comprised by; organization, accomplishment of infrastructures and human resources, regulations, programs and analyze barrier factors in implementation municipal waste management policy. This research is descriptive research by using qualitative method, during four months (September – December 2007) in region Malang City. The result of this research is the organization which manage municipal solid waste has operated concordant with regulations. Limited quantity and quality of human resources,  infrastructures (dust bin, transfer of depo, truck conveyor, heavy equipment and landfill area). Has not regulation about municipal solid waste management comprehensively. The main barrier factors of implementation municipal solid waste management are limited budget, limited infrastructure, low of awareness and participation of resident.   Keywords : policy analysis, municipal solid waste, management
DAMPAK PERUBAHAN IKLIM GLOBAL TERHADAP KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT DI INDONESIA Khoiron, Khoiron
IKESMA Vol 5, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

Climate change occurred in many areas in all over the world, have closely relationship with public health. The climate change brought damage for people’s live. Climate change caused by adding of greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide). On the  other hands, people can cause increase of greenhouse gases. This paper  discusses relationship between climate change and public health, in the sense of climate change’s “contributions” to environment change, which leads to climate change and another way around the impact of climate change to the public health situation. Evidences from many regions show that climate change caused disasters and extreme weather. Disaster and extreme weather caused death, food scarcity, malnutrition, scarcity of fresh water, hence poor sanitation, change in vector prevalence, air pollution rises, and health risk with additional climate related disease burdens. On another side, some human cause climate change occurred through people’s practices of habbits  and behaviors that caused increasing of greenhouse gases. Their practices of  felling forest trees excessively and forest burning that caused deforestations, treatment of municipal waste with open dumping method, and used fossil energy excessively. Key words : impact, global climate change, public health
PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP ODHA (ORANG DENGAN HIV DAN AIDS) TENTANG HIV DAN AIDS DAN PENCEGAHANNYA Rokhmah, Dewi; Khoiron, Khoiron
IKESMA Vol 9, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

AIDS is spreading both in numbers and geographic area, it is revewed as a major public health threat and stategies are underway to increase AIDS awareness and knowledge among general public include from PLHA.In Indonesia, HIV/AIDS programmes still less in PLHA included, because of stigma and discrimination in society.Included PLHA in intervention planning, is the efective strategy in reducing stigma and discrimination and increasing commitment to change policy and supporting environment in HIV/AIDS programmes. The aims of this research is analizing knowledge and attitudes of PLHA about HIV/AIDS and its prevention.Thisresearch used descriptivemethod. The population is PLHA in Banyuwangi Regency, and affordable target is PLHA who visit and get service in VCT of Genteng Hospital in Juni-July 2012. Sample is collected with consecuttve sampling to all subject compleded collection criteria. Collected data was analyzed descriptively with table and naration.This research showed  that the amount of respondents was men, aged more than 30years, have married, and graduated from senior and junior high shcool, and as PLHA  since 1-5 years, with risk factors from heterosex without condom, IDU, infant from the mother and homosex (gay/lesbian).All of respondents have high knowledge about HIV/AIDS and its prevention efforts, consist of meaning, causes, transmission, prevention and terapy of HIV/AIDS. The numbers of respondents have positive attitudes towards HIV/AIDS and its prevention efforts, showed by statement supported to prevention behaviour of HIV/AIDS, specifically: faith to one partner, use condoms in sexual intercourse, check to health provider, and HIV/AIDS can spread and cause death.The increasing of knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS of PLHA and society is needed as involvement at HIV/AIDS prevention programme by behaviour change from risk to healthy behaviour in order to reduce stigma and discrimination in PLHA. Keywords : Attitudes, Knowledge, PLHA, HIV & AIDS
AKUNTABILITAS PEMERINTAHAN DESA; Sebuah Telaah atas Perdes Nomor 01 Tahun 2011 tentang Biaya Administrasi Pelayanan di Desa Landungsari Kecamatan Dau Kabupaten Malang Khoiron, Khoiron
Publisia: Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Publik Vol 1, No 2 (2016): October 2016
Publisher : Universitas Merdeka Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (817.423 KB) | DOI: 10.26905/pjiap.v1i2.503

Abstract

Government bureaucracy is the most visible institutions to be monitored by the societies obviously at the village level, associated with the service. As a public institution, the village government is expected to actualize the future goals of the central government under President Joko Widodo called the concept of "nawa cita". Al elements of nation have to team up in setting up the nation on all fronts and sectors particularly public services; as a result of, rapid social transformation and the increasing complexity of the issues, encountered by the modern government. Those are prominent since the quality of public bureaucracy can be parameterized from the apparatus abilities degree in response to demands of the public. A qualified, accessible, and transparent service is the expectations and demands of society in almost all the world, including in Indonesia. Therefore, rejuvenation of the bureaucracy in the public service sector became a sort of a major reformation agenda in Indonesia since 1998 ago. Al in all, the encouragement to the improvement of reformation in service sector became a timeless expectation to be actualized. The society as users of services also must be good at monitoring; controlling and reporting if discomfort able thing occurred. For example practices of mal-administration, extortion and bribe public seemed to be a bureaucratic culture since long ago. Therefore, it required collective seriousness to carry out the reformation agenda to be accomplished with public expectations.DOI: https://doi.org/10.26905/pjiap.v1i2.503