Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 10 Documents
Search

Efektivitas Sari Buah Belimbing Wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi L) sebagai Larvasida Alami terhadap Nyamuk Aedes sp Yunus, Reni; Afrindayanti, Afrindayanti; Petrus, Petrus
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian Vol 10 No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Kendari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (708.766 KB) | DOI: 10.36990/hijp.v10i2.110

Abstract

Wuluh starfruit (Averrhoa bilimbiL.) Is a plant that is used daily as a cooking spice. Wuluh starfruit (Averrhoa bilimbiL.) Is a plant that has the potential as a larvicide, containing starfruit (Averrhoa bilimbiL.) Which can function as larvacides, namely alkaloids, saponins, and flavonoids. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of star fruit wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi L.) as a larvicide for Aedes sp. This research was an experimental laboratory study with a post test only control group design, the subjects were divided into two groups, namely the treatment group and the control group. The sample of this research was 350 larvae of Aedessp ovitrap. The results showed that the effectiveness of the starfruit fruit (Averrhoa bilimbiL.) The death of Aedes sp larvae within 24 hours was declared ineffective at concentrations of 2%, 3%, and 4% while those declared effective were at concentrations of 5%, 6%, 7%. and 8%. The results of the calculation of the probit analysis show that the value of LC50 is 4.080% and LC90 is 7.014%. Wuluh starfruit is effective as a natural larvicide for the Aedes sp.
HEMOGLOBIN LEVELS IN PREGNANT WOMEN LIVING IN COASTAL AND PLATEAU AREAS, KENDARI, INDONESIA Rosanty, Anita; Yunus, Reni
Public Health of Indonesia Vol 3, No 3 (2017): July-September 2017
Publisher : YCAB Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.204 KB) | DOI: 10.36685/phi.v3i3.129

Abstract

Background: Insufficient hemoglobin levels are one of the most vulnerable health problems during pregnancy. Hemoglobin levels less than 11 g/dL indicate anemia in pregnant women. However, it is assumed that there is a difference of hemoglobin levels between pregnant women in coastal and plateau areas. Objective: To compare the hemoglobin levels in pregnant women who live in the coastal and plateau areas in the working area of the Community Health Center of Mata, Kendari. Methods: This was an observational analytic research with cross sectional approach, conducted in May-June 2014. There were 38 pregnant women using quota sampling, divided into 19 respondents in coastal areas and 19 respondents in plateau areas. Blood sampling was performed in each respondent, and categorized into mild, moderate, and severe anemia. Data were analyzed using chi-square test. Results: The proportion of pregnant women with anemia in the working area of the Community Health Center of Mata was 94.74%. Chi-square test showed p-value 0.307 (0.05). Conclusion: There was no significant difference in hemoglobin levels in pregnant women in coastal and plateau areas in the working area of the Community Health Center of Kendari district. 
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE, ACTION OF FAMILY IN DCB (DRAIN, CLOSE, AND BURY) PROGRAM, AND THE EXISTENCE OF EGGS OF AEDES AEGYPTI MOSQUITO ON OVITRAP IN KANDAI KENDARI, INDONESIA Yunus, Reni; Rosanty, Anita
Public Health of Indonesia Vol 2, No 4 (2016): October-December 2016
Publisher : YCAB Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.368 KB) | DOI: 10.36685/phi.v2i4.97

Abstract

Background: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a contagious disease caused by the dengue virus infection through Aedes aegypti mosquito. DHF often causes epidemics and Extraordinary Events (EE) in tropical and subtropical regions, including Indonesia.Objective: This study aims to examine the relationship between knowledge and society action on the prevention of dengue with the amount of mosquitoes trapped in ovitrap in Kandai, Kendari, Indonesia.Methods: The research method was an observational study with cross sectional design. The research was conducted at Kandai village, Kendari on May to July 2014. It was 87 homes with 87 families were recruited as sample size for this study. Ovitrap was used inside and outside of their homes.Results: DCB family knowledge and the existence of Aedes sp mosquitoes eggs on ovitrap were analyzed and observed in this study. Chi square test showed that X2 count value (1.261) was less than X2 table value (3.814) at error level 5% (α = 0.05) indicated that Ha was rejected and Ho was accepted. Meanwhile, Chi square test for the action of the family about DCB and the existence of eggs Aedes sp mosquito on ovitrap showed that X2 count value (4.115) was greater than X2 table value (3.814) at the error level 5% (α = 0.05), indicated that Ho was rejected and Ha was accepted.Conclusions:
 It was concluded that (1) there was no  relationship between DCB family knowledge and the existence of Aedes sp mosquitoes eggs on ovitrap, and (2) there was a relationship between the action of family about DCB and the existence of aedes sp mosquitoes eggs on ovitrap in Kandai Kendari.
Cemaran Bakteri Gram Negatif pada Jajanan Siomay di Kota Kendari Yunus, Reni; Mongan, Ruth; Rosnani, Rosnani
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2017): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (763.524 KB) | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v3i1.111

Abstract

Foodborne disease caused by food infection is one of health concern which cause of consumption of contaminated foods that containing living microorganisms. There are several kinds of microorganisms that can cause food infection, one of them is Salmonella sp, a negative Gram basil shaped-bacteria as the cause typhoid and paratyphoid diseases. The purpose of this study is isolate and identify negative Gram bacteria on snacks in the traditional market Anduonuhu Kendari. This research is a descriptive study with dumplings samples which sale on the traditional Market Anduonohu as population. Samples were taken as a total sampling with pour plate method was used for bacterial isolation. All 10 samples were shown positive result which growth in Brain Heart Infusion Broth media as 7 of them are positively grow in Salmonella Shigella Agar with negative Gram basil-shaped bacteria was found under the microscope after Gram staining, suspected as negative Gram baceria. It can be concluded that 7 (70%) out of of 10 dumplings samples were contaminated negative Gram bacteria. This research can be continued by identifying other pathogenic bacteria which are the bacteria that cause food borne disease.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN RANGE OF MOTION (ROM) PASIF TERHADAP FLEKSIBILITAS SENDI PADA LANSIA DI PANTI SOSIAL TRESNA WERDA MINAULA KENDARI Sahmad, Sahmad; Yunus, Reni; Sarmawan, Andi
Jurnal Kesehatan Manarang Vol 2 No 2 (2016): Desember 2016
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Mamuju

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (260.125 KB) | DOI: 10.33490/jkm.v2i2.21

Abstract

Aging is a physiological process that will reduce all the functions of organs, one of which is on the musculoskeletal system which can lead to limited motion. This study aimed to determine the effect of Range Of Motion (ROM) of the passive joint flexibility in the elderly in PSTW Minaula Kendari. This research was conducted in PSTW Minaula Kendari. Number of samples 12 people. This study uses the design of one group pretest-posttest. Leverage data is done through observation and documentation. Data were analyzed using paired t-test at 95% confidence level with a = 0.05 using computerized tools (SPSS-20). The results showed that there is the effect of passive ROM tehadap right knee joint flexibility by providing flexion (p = 0.00), extension (p = 0.00), the left knee with the provision of flexion (p = 0.01), extension (p = 0.00), with the provision of the right ankle dorsi flexion (p = 0.00), plantar flexion (p = 0.00), the left ankle with the provision of dorsi flexion (p = 0.00), plantar flexion (p = 0.00), the right foot by giving inverse (p = 0.00), eversion (p = 0.00), the left foot by giving inverse (p = 0.00), eversion (p = 0.00). The conclusion of this study is to show that there is the effect of passive ROM to the flexibility of the joints in the elderly.  
Uji Bioaktivitas Ekstrak Daun Tawa Ndokulo (Kleinnhovia hospita Linn) Terhadap Bakteri Enteropatogenik Yunus, Reni; Malik, Nurhayu
Jurnal Endurance Vol 4, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Endurance : Kajian Ilmiah Problema Kesehatan
Publisher : Lembaga Layanan Pendidikan Tinggi (LLDIKTI) Wilayah X

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (204.757 KB) | DOI: 10.22216/jen.v4i1.3163

Abstract

Biodiversity in Indonesia  stored potential nutritious plants that can be used for the treatment and its potential further development. One plant in southeast Sulawesi, which is an endemic plant is tawa ndokulo (Kleinnhovia hospita L) has been studied. This plant containing chemical compound saponin,cardenolin, bufadienol and anthraquinone. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of  tawa ndakulo leaf extract (Kleinnhovia hospita L) against enteropathogenic bacteria. This was an experimental laboratory, to design a one-shot case study is a design study with the treatment of the variables followed by observation or measurement of the independent variables. Test bioactivity tawa ndokulo leaf extract showed levels Minimal inhibitory tawa ndokulo leaf extracts against E.coli is at a concentration of 35%. While the minimal inhibitory concentration tawa ndokulo leaf extract  against  Salmonella thypu  bacteria are at a concentration of 55%. Based on Test bioactivity, tawa ndokulo  leaf extracts showed antibacterial activity against  E. coli and Salmonella thypi.  Biodiversitas di Indonesia tersimpan potensi tumbuhan berkhasiat yang dapat dimanfaatkan potensinya untuk pengobatan dan pengembangan lebih lanjut. Salah satu tanaman di Sulawesi tenggara yang merupakan tanaman endemik adalah tawa ndokulo ( Kleinnhovia hospita L). Tanaman ini telah diteliti mengandung senyawa kimia saponin, cardenolinn, bufadienol dan antrakinon. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas ekstrak daun tawa ndakulo (Kleinnhovia hospita L) terhadap bakteri enteropatogenik.Penelitian  ini  merupakan eksperimental laboratory, dengan desain one-shot case study yaitu suatu desain penelitian dengan perlakukan terhadap variabel yang diikuti dengan pengamatan atau pengukuran terhadap variabel independen. Uji bioaktivitas ekstrak daun tawa ndokulo menunjukkan Kadar Hambat Minimal ekstrak daun tawa ndokulo terhadap bakteri E.coli adalah pada konsentrasi 35 %. Sedangkan kadar  hambat minimal ekstrak daun tawa ndokulo terhadap bakteri Salmonella thypi adalah pada konsentrasi 55 %. Berdasarkan uji bioaktivitas ini, diketahui bahwa bahwa ekstrak daun tawa ndokulo efektif sebagai  antibakteri terhadap bakteri E.coli maupun bakteri Salmonella thypi.
Inhibition of Juice Komba-Komba (Chromolaenaodorata) Leaf Against Growth of Bacteria Staphylococcus aureus Yunus, Reni; Hilam, Muhammad; Darmayani, Satya
International Journal of Applied Biology Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): International Journal of Applied Biology
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/ijab.v3i1.6062

Abstract

Nowadays many plants can be used as traditional medicines to overcome various diseases including infections, because the use of traditional medicines is relatively safer compared to drugs derived from chemicals. One of the local plants in Southeast Sulawesi that has been empirically used as a medicine for wounds is a race of plants. Komba-komba leaves (Chromolaena odorata) containcompounds alkaloid, flavonoids, tannins, phenols, triterpenoids, saponins and steroids which have their respective functions in inhibiting the growth of microorganisms or antibacterial. This study aims to determine the inhibition of komba-komba leaf extract (Chromolaena odorata) on the growth ofbacteria Staphylococcus aureus. This type of research is experimental laboratories. The method used was agar diffusion with 5 treatment concentrations, namely komba-sheep leaf extract concentration (Chromolaena odorata) 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100%, positive control (tetracycline) and negative control (aquadest) and repetition . The results showed that there was a inhibition zone of komba-komba leaf extract (Chromolaena odorata) on the growth ofbacteria Staphylococcus aureus at a concentration of 20% at 2 mm, a concentration of 40% at 3.7 mm, a concentration of 60% at 4.7 mm, a concentration of 80% 6.2 mm and a concentration of 100% by 8 mm.
Analisis Perbedaan Jumlah Nyamuk Aedes sp. yang Terperangkap pada Ovitrap Standar dan Ovitrap Bambu Askrening; Yunus, Reni; Susilawati
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian Vol 12 No 1 (2020): Juni
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Kendari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36990/hijp.vi.149

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is an infectious disease that occurs because of dengue virus infection, which is carried by the vector Aedes sp. Kendari City is one of the dengue-endemic areas in Southeast Sulawesi Province. Some control programs of Aedes sp. so far less successful because it places more emphasis on fogging for adult mosquitoes. There are methods of controlling Aedes sp. without insecticide which has so far reduced vector density in some countries, namely the use of egg traps (ovitrap). This study aims to determine differences in the number of eggs trapped in standard ovitrap and bamboo ovitrap. This research is an observational study with a cross-sectional method. The results showed that the p-value 0.6168 which meant that there was no difference between mosquito eggs trapped in standard ovitrap and bamboo ovitrap.
Penataan Penjualan Ikan Asin Bebas Formalin sebagai Makanan Khas Masyarakat Kota Kendari Menuju Produk Unggulan Yang Sehat dan Higienis: (Studi Kasus: Pasar Tradisional dan Modern Kota Kendari) Darmayani, Satya; Hasnah, Nur; Yuniarty, Tuty; Yunus, Reni
Journal of Community Development Articles In Press
Publisher : Indonesian Journal Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Community services are focused on getting healthy and hygienic food sold in the city of Kendari. In the initial stage, the examination is carried out by taking samples of salted fish sold in traditional and modern markets and then tested whether they contain formaldehyde. If the findings of salted fish contain formaldehyde, education and guidance will be given about alternative formalin ingredients that are safe for health. A total of 60 samples of salted fish were taken from 7 traditional markets in Kendari city and 2 modern markets. The formalin content of fish was analyzed qualitatively. The results of this analysis showed 6 samples or about 10% contained formaldehyde. Based on the results of the analysis of 60 samples, it was found positive results in traditional markets and negative results for samples from modern markets. Thus, the Kendari City Traditional Market has stated that salted fish contains formaldehyde and is very dangerous if consumed continuously.
Factors related to the presence of mosquito eggs trapped in ovitraps DHF-endemic areas in Kendari City, Indonesia Askrening, Askrening; Supryatno, Adi; Yunus, Reni; Supiati, Supiati
Public Health of Indonesia Vol 7, No 4 (2021): October - December 2021
Publisher : YCAB Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36685/phi.v7i4.445

Abstract

Background: Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), one type of infectious disease caused by the dengue virus, is still becoming a public health problem in Indonesia. The high number of dengue cases in Indonesia, especially in Kendari City itself, is closely related to environmental conditions, especially when it is known that the city has entered the rainy season.Objective: This study aimed to identify and analyze the factors associated with the presence of mosquito eggs trapped in ovitraps DHF-endemic area in Kendari City, Indonesia.Methods: This study used an analytic observational approach with a cross-sectional design. The research sample in this study was 50 houses located in endemic areas of Kendari selected using simple random sampling. Data were collected by observation using a checklist sheet and direct observation in each room of the respondent's house based on lighting, temperature, humidity, and physical environmental conditions, as well as the presence of mosquito eggs or larvae trapped in the ovitrap. The analysis was carried out in two stages, namely univariate analysis and bivariate analysis using the Chi-Square test.Result: From 50 houses observed, 13 houses (26%) had the presence of mosquito eggs, 42 houses (84%) had bad air temperature, 19 houses (38%) had poor humidity, and 35 houses (70%) had a higher frequency. In addition, the temperature, lighting, and environmental conditions did not have a significant relationship with the presence of mosquito eggs in ovitraps in endemic areas of Kendari City, with p-values of 0.94, 0.52, and 0.39, respectively. In contrast, the humidity factor has a significant relationship with the presence of eggs with a p-value of 0.000.Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between humidity and the presence of mosquito eggs in ovitraps in endemic areas of Kendari City, Indonesia. It is recommended that residents increase Mosquito Nest Eradication (PSN) activities, perform selective abatization, and disseminate information about DHF through counseling or other activities conveyed through health workers with full support from community leaders and adjusted to the level of education of the local population.