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Aspek radiografis dan biologis tulang dalam penilaian kualitas tulang pada osteoporosis Lita, Yurika Ambar; Azhari, Azhari; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih; Epsilawati, Lusi; Pramanik, Farina
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI) Vol 3 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI)
Publisher : Ikatan Radiologi Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32793/jrdi.v3i2.490

Abstract

Objectives: This scientific paper discusses aspects of biological bone and radiograph examination in helping diagnose systemic diseases with a decrease in bone quality more accurately. Literature Review: Osteoporosis often occurs in postmenopausal women because of reduced estrogen. Sign analysis is related to four important factors to assess bone quality, namely bone density, bone turnover, bone size and bone architecture. Mineral Bone Examination Density is a gold standard examination by the World Health Organization for the diagnosis of osteoporosis and bone biomarkers can provide an overview of the renovation process being carried out. Conclusion: Panoramic radiographs are expected to be a potential checkpoint for early detection of systemic diseases that manifest in the maxillofacial region with bone conversations characterized by bone enlargement, changes in bone microstructure and trabeculae that indicate changes in bone quality.
Nilai ketebalan kortikal mandibula pada anak dan remaja terinfeksi HIV Rahman, Fadhlil Ulum Abdul; Ramadhan, Alongsyah Zulkarnaen; Pramanik, Farina; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI) Vol 3 No 3 (2019): Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI)
Publisher : Ikatan Radiologi Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32793/jrdi.v3i3.437

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to obtain the value of mandibular cortical thickness in HIV-infected children and adolescents based on panoramic radiographs. Material and Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out on 43 panoramic radiographs of HIV-infected children and adolescents. The value of mandibular cortical thickness were measured by three indices regarded as mental index (MI), gonial index (GI), and antegonial index (AGI) using a digital calipers directly on the panoramic radiographs which had been taken previously. Results: Among 43 panoramic radiographs, 18 (41,86%) were boys and 25 (58,14%) were girls. Based on age range, there are 30 samples (69,77%) were categorized as children with age range 5-11 years and 13 samples (30,23%) were categorized as adolescents with age range 12-16 years. The lower value of mandibular cortical thickness based on MI, AGI, and AGI was seen in girls compared to boys. The adolescents have a higher value of mandibular cortical thickness compared with the children. Conclusion: There are different values of mandibular cortical thickness in HIV-infected children and adolescents based on sex and age.
Klasifikasi impaksi caninus rahang atas pada pemeriksaan radiograf panoramik dan CBCT sebagai penunjang odontomy Rachmawati, Ika; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI) Vol 4 No 2 (2020): Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI)
Publisher : Ikatan Radiologi Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32793/jrdi.v4i2.532

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the difficulty level of dental impaction treatment. This article discusses the problem of odontomy treatment based on the classification of maxillary canine impaction through panoramic radiograph examination and CBCT. Literature Review: Impacted tooth is pathological where the tooth fails to reach its normal functional position. Impaired maxillary canine second order placement after impact of third molars. The location of impacted jaw canine teeth most often occurs in the palatal region with a horizontal position according to the maxillary sinus and nasal cavity so that complications are required during odontomy. Conclusion: Based on this literature study, classification on impacted maxillary canine teeth has been developed based on panoramic (2D) and CBCT (3D) radiography, so thus resulting in a complete classification of impacted maxillary canine teeth and can be used as a predictor of the difficulty level of maxillary canine tooth impaction treatment.
Differences of temporomandibular joint condyle morphology with and without clicking using digital panoramic radiograph Pramanik, Farina; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih; Sam, Belly
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 28, No 3 (2016): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (276.904 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol28no3.13672

Abstract

Introduction: Clicking is the most common clinical symptom in patients with Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD). Lacking attention by either the patient or dentist, many patients were found to have suffered from morphologic alteration of the condyles seen in the panoramic radiograph inadvertently. The purpose of the study was to determine the differences of condyle morphology of the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) with and without the existence of clicking by means of digital panoramic radiographs. Methods: This study was based on an analytic descriptive research, whereas subjects are digital panoramic radiographs taken from clicking and non-clicking patients at the Radiology Installation of Dental Hospital Universitas Padjadjaran. 16 samples of each group were chosen in a non-random purposive sampling manner. Results: The research showed the mean of condyle morphology, HOC height  on clicking (6.31 mm) was shorter than the non clicking (7.63 mm), the width of HOC on clicking (10.38 mm) was higher than the non clicking (10.22 mm) and height of the processus condylaris on clicking (19.70 mm) was shorter than non clicking (20.04 mm). Ratio of the high of HOC, width of HOC and high of processus condylaris were 12.13 (clicking), and 12.63 (non-clicking). Conclusion: There was no significant difference between the morphology of the TMJ condyle between clicking and not clicking group, except on high of HOC.
Normal, inflammation and necrosis pulp radiograph image using 3D cone beam computed tomography Pramanik, Farina; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih; Oscandar, Fahmi; Epsilawati, Lusi
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 28, No 2 (2016): July
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (228.253 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol28no2.13720

Abstract

Introduction: Abnormalities of the dental pulp can have several different diagnoses. Therefore, the dental pulp characteristics must be known in more detail and clear so that diagnosis be established more precisely and accurately.  One characteristic of the pulp can be seen from the density value through the 3D Cone Beam Computed Tomography (3D CBCT). Methods: The study  was  conducted  with  a  simple  descriptive  method.  The population is all the data 3D CBCT of patients who visited the Universitas Padjadjaran Dental Hospital (RSGM Unpad) in 2012. Samples of the research were 75 pulps  with normal, inflammation, and necrosis conditions and calculate the average density value. Results: Density values for dental pulps in the normal teeth between 465 - 775 HU, the inflammation teeth between 243.5 - 396 HU, and necrosis teeth between - 461.5 - -170 HU. Conclusion: There are differences in dental pulp density between the normal pulp, inflammation and necrosis through 3D CBCT.
The difference of canine, first and second premolar tooth size resulted from cone beam computed tomography imaging with Moyers Prediction Table on the working study model Sugiaman, Julies Hariani; Thahar, Bergman; Mardiati, Endah; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 23, No 1 (2011): March
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1860.306 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol23no1.14055

Abstract

Model study is one of the standard orthodontic components which is important for diagnosis and treatment plan, but in some patients with the high gag reflex, it will be difficult to get this kind of study models. The existence of a new device which is able to show the condition of patients mouth in three space areas (axial, sagittal, and coronal) is expected to be an alternative when a study model is difficult to get. The purpose of this study is to find out whether or not there are any differences on the size of canines mesiodistal, first and second premolar resulted from CBCT imaging with Moyers analysis on the study models. The method of the research is comparative descriptive. Measurements are made on 10 CBCT imaging results and 10 study models. The mesiodistal size, the result of CBCT imaging is measured by the available computer program and also the mesiodistal size of the study models is measured using a sliding compass, and then the size of canines, first and second premolar teeth resulted from CBCT imaging are compared to the result of Moyers method analysis on the study models. The t-test is used to find out if there is a difference between teeth size value between the CBCT imaging with the study models. The significance is determined based on the p-value < 0,05. The statistical test result shows a significant difference between the size of canines mesiodistal, first and second premolar teeth, the result of CBCT imaging and the Moyers analysis result in the study models in which t count > t table.
Determination of pulp necrosis based on periapical digital radiography histogram and pulp histopathology Khoironi, Emi; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih; A, Azhari; Oscandar, Fahmi
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.878 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol29no3.14300

Abstract

Introduction: Radiographic examination is needed to determine the diagnosis of pulp necrosis in addition to a clinical examination. Visual observation was limited in seeing the colour change degree and hence an effort taken by assessing the histogram value. The purpose of this study was to obtain the pulp chamber histogram pattern which reveals its grey scale value, trend, intensity average, histogram variation, and histograms maximum regional of interest (ROI) through digital periapical radiograph. Methods: This study was a descriptive study of the total of nine pulp chamber periapical radiograph data samples. The samples were divided into three groups, the 1st group was the data taken prior to the tooth extraction, the 2nd group was the data collected after the teeth extraction, and the 3rd group was the data of priorly pulpless teeth. Results: There was a tendency of histogram graphic shifting to the left side, likely towards the radiolucent area on ROI of the pulp at the apical region, whilst histopathologically, a massive infiltration of a round PMN cells was found in the area. This finding supported the determination of pulp necrosis diagnose. Conclusion: The tooth with a pulp necrosis showed a tendency that led to radiolucency on periapical radiograph histogram, and histopathologic examination showed massive infiltration of a round PMN cells, thus supported the pulp necrosis diagnose.
Shortened of the crown and root lengths of the mandibular permanent molar in beta major thalassemia children Primathena, Indra; Riyanti, Eriska; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 23, No 2 (2011): July
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (181.566 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol23no2.14024

Abstract

Beta major thalassemia is a genetically inherited blood disorder due to a genetic mutation on the polypeptide chains of hemoglobin which is manifested in the growth and development of the tooth. The objectives of the investigation were to obtain differences of the crown and root lengths of the mandibular first right side permanent molar between beta major thalassemia children and normal children group at the matching ages of 11 to 13 years old. The descriptive comparative method was used in the study and samples were selected using the purposive sampling technique. Sample numbers, which were obtained using the consecutive sampling technique, consists of 12 children of beta major thalassemia and 12 of normal children at the matching ages of 11 to 13 years. Periapical radiographs of both thalassemia and normal children were administered using the method of Seow and Lai. Data were analyzed using t-test method. The study revealed that the crown and root lengths of the mandibular first right side permanent molar of beta major thalassemia children were shorter than normal children at the ages of 11 to 13 years.
Analisis gambaran CBCT pada kista dentigerous gigi supernumerary anterior rahang atasCBCT images analysis of the anterior maxillary supernumerary teeth dentigerous cysts Kurniati, Novi; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih
Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran Vol 30, No 2 (2018): Agustus
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (354 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkg.v30i3.18530

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Kista dentigerous atau kista follikular adalah kista odontogenik jinak yang tumbuh lambat akibat kelainan perkembangan epitel email pembentuk gigi. Kebanyakan kista dentigerous berhubungan dengan gigi molar ketiga mandibula, tetapi jarang melibatkan impaksi gigi supernumerary anterior rahang atas, sehingga pada tulisan ini akan menganalisis kista dentigerous akibat impaksi gigi supernumerari anterior rahang menggunakan CBCT terhadap seorang laki-laki berusia 50 tahun. Laporan Kasus: Keluhan berupa pembengkakan pada cuping hidung dan gusi anterior rahang atas disertai keluarnya darah dan cairan menyerupai nanah. Hasil CBCT menunjukan gambaran lesi radiolusen berbatas radioopak meluas di daerah rahang atas hingga sinus maksilaris dextra dan sinistra berbentuk irreguler disertai gambaran radioopak pada bagian tengah lesi (menyerupai gigi supernumerary). Suspek radiologis adalah kista dentigerous karena impaksi gigi supernumerary anterior rahang atas disertai penebalan sinus maksilaris sinistra. CBCT menawarkan pendekatan alternatif yang menjanjikan karena menyediakan gambar sub-milimeter dengan resolusi kualitas diagnostik yang tinggi, waktu pemindaian singkat dan mengurangi dosis radiasi. Simpulan: Gambaran CBCT pada kista dentigerous gigi supernumerary anterior rahang atas dapat terlihat akurat, sehingga sangat berguna sebagai alat penunjang untuk diagnosis dan perencanaan operasi pada kasus kista dentigerous. Penampakan 3D CBCT menawarkan akurasi yang tinggi dalam merencanakan perawatan bedah, sehingga hasil perawatan lebih efektif. ABSTRACTIntroduction: Dentigerous cysts or follicular cysts are benign odontogenic cysts that grow slowly due to tooth-forming enamel epithelial developmental abnormalities. Most dentigerous cysts are associated with mandibular third molars, but rarely involve impaction of the maxillary anterior supernumerary teeth, so in this paper we will analyze dentigerous cysts due to impact of anterior jaw supernumerary teeth using CBCT on a 50-year-old man. Case Report: Complaints include swelling of the nostrils and anterior maxillary gums accompanied by blood and pus-like fluid. CBCT results show radiolucent lesions with well-defined radiopaque boundaries extending in the upper jaw region to the maxillary and left maxillary sinuses irregularly shaped with radiopaque features in the center of the lesion (resembling supernumerary teeth). Radiological suspicion is a dentigerous cyst caused by impaction of the maxillary anterior supernumerary teeth accompanied by thickening mucous of the left maxillary sinus. Conclusion: CBCT offers a promising alternative approach because it provides sub-millimeter images with high diagnostic quality resolution, short scanning times and reduced radiation doses. CBCT evaluation in this case shows the entire large area of the lesion and helps the surgeon to accurately assess the extent of the lesion and also determine the relationship of the lesion to the adjacent vital structures. Keywords: CBCT, dentigerous cyst, impaction, supernumerary teeth, anterior supernumerary teeth, anterior.
Differences of temporomandibular joint condyle morphology with and without clicking using digital panoramic radiograph Pramanik, Farina; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih; Sam, Belly
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 28, No 3 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (276.904 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol28no3.13672

Abstract

Introduction: Clicking is the most common clinical symptom in patients with Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD). Lacking attention by either the patient or dentist, many patients were found to have suffered from morphologic alteration of the condyles seen in the panoramic radiograph inadvertently. The purpose of the study was to determine the differences of condyle morphology of the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) with and without the existence of clicking by means of digital panoramic radiographs. Methods: This study was based on an analytic descriptive research, whereas subjects are digital panoramic radiographs taken from clicking and non-clicking patients at the Radiology Installation of Dental Hospital Universitas Padjadjaran. 16 samples of each group were chosen in a non-random purposive sampling manner. Results: The research showed the mean of condyle morphology, HOC height  on clicking (6.31 mm) was shorter than the non clicking (7.63 mm), the width of HOC on clicking (10.38 mm) was higher than the non clicking (10.22 mm) and height of the processus condylaris on clicking (19.70 mm) was shorter than non clicking (20.04 mm). Ratio of the high of HOC, width of HOC and high of processus condylaris were 12.13 (clicking), and 12.63 (non-clicking). Conclusion: There was no significant difference between the morphology of the TMJ condyle between clicking and not clicking group, except on high of HOC.