Johnwan Usman, Johnwan
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Missed Opportunities for Immunization at The Out-Patient Clinic: Prevalence and Related Factors Abubakar, Hafiz; Antoni, Ali; Usman, Johnwan; Lubis, Iskandar Z.; Erma, RA. Aggraini
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 36 No 7-8 (1996): July - August 1996
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi36.7-8.1996.146-54

Abstract

From November 1992 through Januaiy 1993 a cross sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and related factors of missed opportunities for immunization (MOI). The study involved 280 babies aged less than 12 months. Inter­view was performed by using a questionnaire as the babies left the clinic after seeing the clinic personnel (exit interview). The primary source of information was the accom­panying person and their immunization card. There were 149 (53%) male and 131 (47%) female babies. A total of 208 babies (74.3%) stated to have immunization card, although only 19 (9.1°/.) look it at the time of the study. Out of 234 babies (83.5%) with partial immunization status, 9 had contraindication to immunization. Among 225 ba- es without contraindication, only 88 babies were suggested to have immunization. MOI was found in 137 (48.8%) babies (95% confidence interval: 43%; 55%). Concerning the kind of vaccine, OFV was the most often missed. Of 88 babies (31.4%) suggested for immunization, 43 agreed and had been given various vaccines including simultaneus immunization at the Well-Child Clinic. Screening for immunization not consistently practiced, missed interpretation to contraindication was detected. Among babies sug­gested for immunization, significant relationships were found between the number of children in the family (p<0.05), father's (p<0.05) and mother's education (p<0.001) and acceptance to immunization.
Steatocrit Value in New-Born Babies Usman, Johnwan; Abdullah, Irfan; Muhazar, Muhazar; Sinuhaji, Atan Baas; Sutanto, A. H.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 35 No 7-8 (1995): July - August 1995
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi35.7-8.1995.190-3

Abstract

A prospective study on steatocrit value in full-term or preterm newborn babies of~ 2 days of age in Dr. Pimgadi Hospital, Medan is reported. This study was conducted from December 7, 1992, to February 7, 1993; there were 72 newborn babies (37 males and 35 females). The body weight was> 2500 gin 60 babies and s. 2500 gin 12 babies. The median steatocrit value in babies with body weight of> 2500 g was 9%, and it was 32% in babies less than 2500 g of body weight. The proportion of babies with > 25% steatocrit value was larger in babies less than 2500 g than that in 2500 g by the diet patterns of breast milk, breast milk and milk formula, milk formula. The proportion of babies with < 25% steatocrit value was higher in babies with body weight of< 2500 g than that in babies > 2500 g for those who had either breast milk, breast milk and milk formula or milk formula. There was significant difference (p<0,05) in the steatocrit levels between babies with the body weight of > 2500 g and those who had body weight of ≤ 2500 g.
Bowel Habits in Children Sulastri, Sri; Iqbal, M.; Usman, Johnwan; Sinuhaji, Atan Baas; Sutanto, A. H.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 35 No 1-2 (1995): January - February 1995
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (490.743 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi35.1-2.1995.41-6

Abstract

A cross sectional study of the bowel habits of 119 children (aged 2 years or less) was performed at PTP VIII, North Sumatera. The study was carried out on Desember 18 and 19, 1992, using questionnaire. Mean frequency of defecation was 1.2 times/day (± 0.49) and median volume of defecation was 25 mL/day. Out of 119 children, 9 children were on fluid diet, the mean frequency of defecation was 1.5 times/day (± 0.71) and the median volume of defecation was 5 mL/day. Eighty-eight children who were on fluid diet plus solid diet had a mean frequency of defecation 1.1 times/day (± 0.48) and median volume of defecation was 25 mL/day. Twenty two children who received solid diets had a mean frequency of defecation of 1.2 times/day (± 0.35) and median volume of defecation was 57.5 mL/day. The volume of defecation in children who received solid_diets was higher than children who bad not received solid diets (p < 0.05). There was a positive corelation between age and stool volume (r=0.4; p < 0.05).