Food ScienTech Journal
Vol 1, No 2 (2019)

AMYLOGRAPHY PROFILE AND MICROSTRUCTURE OF BENENG TARO BANTEN (Xanthosoma undipes K. Koch) STARCH

Pamela, Vega Yoesepa (Food Technology Department University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa)
Nurtiana, Winda (Food Technology Department University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa)
Meindrawan, Bayu (Food Technology Department Bina Nusantara University)



Article Info

Publish Date
30 Dec 2019

Abstract

High demand of flour import for food applications was a big threaten for food security in Indonesia. The utilization of carbohydrate sources from local food plants can be an alternative to overcome this problem. Beneng taro is a local food from Pandeglang, Banten Province that potential to be used as composite flour. The application of food products, Beneng taro can be used as starch. The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of Beneng taro starch on the amylographic profile of the granules and their morphology. The extraction method used is wet extraction using distilled water. The ratio of taro and distilled water used is 1: 3. The optimum formulation (1: 3) was then tested for morphological properties using SEM instrument and amylograph profile using RVA instrument. SEM test results showed uniform starch granules and polygon-shaped granules. The amylographic profile shown a maximum viscosity of 1075cP with a temperature of 92.4oC at 270 seconds, a set back value of 186 cP and a break down of 214 cP. Based on the amylographic profile, beneng taro starch still has many weaknesses (large set back and break down) so it needs to be modified so that it can be applied to food products.

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Journal Info

Abbrev

fsj

Publisher

Subject

Agriculture, Biological Sciences & Forestry Biochemistry, Genetics & Molecular Biology Chemical Engineering, Chemistry & Bioengineering Control & Systems Engineering Immunology & microbiology

Description

FSJ is an open access, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal dedicated to the publication of novel research in all aspects of Food Technology, with particular attention paid to the exploration and development of natural products derived from tropical—and especially Indonesian—biodiversity. ...